Caregiver Profile

Caregiver Profile

Meet. Dr. Christopher P. Duggan


Medical School

  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine , 1987 , Baltimore , MD


  • Johns Hopkins Hospital , 1988 , Baltimore , MD


  • Johns Hopkins Hospital , 1990 , Baltimore , MD


  • Boston Children's Hospital , 1994 , Boston , MA

Philosophy of Care

My interest in pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition was driven by formative experiences in medical school and residency where I saw how important nutritional interventions can be to improve maternal and child health.  My work in Tanzania, India and other countries informs the care of my patients in Boston, both scientifically and philosophically.  Diseases that are easily prevented in the US by clean water, good food and vaccines unfortunately still plague many of the world’s children, and by studying better interventions among children with diarrhea, we can improve medical and nutritional outcomes for all.  I enjoy working in the collaborative, multidisciplinary environment that the field of nutrition engenders, and have the privilege of working with excellent physicians, nurses, dieticians and research staff in many settings.


Christopher Duggan, M.D., M.P.H. is a pediatric gastroenterologist and nutrition physician at Boston Children's Hospital where he directs the Center for Nutrition. He is Medical Director of the Center for Advanced Intestinal Rehabilitation, one of the largest centers in the US for the care of children with intestinal failure/chronic diarrhea syndrome.

His clinical activities focus on optimizing outcomes for children with diarrheal diseases and nutritional problems.  In the US, these include children with intestinal failure (short bowel syndrome), as well as children with critical illness, cancer, HIV infection, cystic fibrosis and other conditions.  In a variety of low and middle income countries, he and colleagues are evaluating the role of micronutrient supplementation in reducing diarrhea and other infectious and nutritional illnesses in mothers and children. Recent studies include the development of new biomarkers of environmental enteric dysfunction, as well as the evaluation of nutritional status on neurodevelopment.

He is course co-director of the Bangalore, Boston Nutrition Collaborative. He is also the course co-director of the Harvard College course “Nutrition and Global Health” and mentors undergraduate, graduate and post-doctoral students at Harvard Medical School and the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health.

Past and present research support has come from the National Institutes of Health, the Gates Foundation, and the World Health Organization.


  • American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Gastroenterology


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. A guide for authors and readers of the American Society for Nutrition Journals on the proper use of P values and strategies that promote transparency and improve research reproducibility. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 10 04; 114(4):1280-1285. View abstract
  2. Where there is no local author: a network bibliometric analysis of authorship parasitism among research conducted in sub-Saharan Africa. BMJ Glob Health. 2021 10; 6(10). View abstract
  3. Dietary intake of sulfur amino acids and risk of kwashiorkor malnutrition in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 09 01; 114(3):925-933. View abstract
  4. Prenatal alcohol-related alterations in maternal, placental, neonatal, and infant iron homeostasis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 09 01; 114(3):1107-1122. View abstract
  5. All moderately wasted children are at risk, but some are more at risk than others. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 09 01; 114(3):835-836. View abstract
  6. Reporting of Race and Ethnicity in Medical and Scientific Journals. JAMA. 2021 08 17; 326(7):673. View abstract
  7. 50 Years Ago in TheJournalofPediatrics: Albumin Synthesis in Children: Still a Relevant Biomarker. J Pediatr. 2021 05; 232:79. View abstract
  8. Gestational Age, Birth Weight, and Neurocognitive Development in Adolescents in Tanzania. J Pediatr. 2021 Sep; 236:194-203.e6. View abstract
  9. Timing of parenteral nutrition is associated with adequacy of nutrient delivery and anthropometry in critically ill children: A single-center study. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2021 Feb 19. View abstract
  10. Prenatal dietary diversity may influence underweight in infants in a Ugandan birth-cohort. Matern Child Nutr. 2021 07; 17(3):e13127. View abstract
  11. 50 Years Ago in TheJournalofPediatrics: Oral rehydration solution in children with cholera: proof of an important concept for child health. J Pediatr. 2021 02; 229:133. View abstract
  12. Pediatric undernutrition defined by body composition-are we there yet? Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 12 10; 112(6):1424-1426. View abstract
  13. Race, ethnicity, and racism in the nutrition literature: an update for 2020. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 12 10; 112(6):1409-1414. View abstract
  14. Identifying Infants and Young Children at Risk of Unplanned Hospital Admissions and Clinic Visits in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2020 12; 39(12):e428-e434. View abstract
  15. Lower-Dose Zinc for Childhood Diarrhea - A Randomized, Multicenter Trial. N Engl J Med. 2020 09 24; 383(13):1231-1241. View abstract
  16. Antenatal Depressive Symptoms and Neurodevelopment Outcomes in Children at 30 Months. A Study From South India. Front Psychiatry. 2020; 11:486175. View abstract
  17. Maternal dietary diversity and dietary quality scores in relation to adverse birth outcomes in Tanzanian women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 09 01; 112(3):695-706. View abstract
  18. Markers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction Are Associated with Poor Growth and Iron Status in Rural Ugandan Infants. J Nutr. 2020 08 01; 150(8):2175-2182. View abstract
  19. Predictors of low birth weight and preterm birth in rural Uganda: Findings from a birth cohort study. PLoS One. 2020; 15(7):e0235626. View abstract
  20. Vitamin B-12 Supplementation during Pregnancy and Early Lactation Does Not Affect Neurophysiologic Outcomes in Children Aged 6 Years. J Nutr. 2020 07 01; 150(7):1951-1957. View abstract
  21. Stress ulcer prophylaxis versus placebo-a blinded randomized control trial to evaluate the safety of two strategies in critically ill infants with congenital heart disease (SUPPRESS-CHD). Trials. 2020 Jun 29; 21(1):590. View abstract
  22. Risk factors for mortality among Tanzanian infants and children. Trop Med Health. 2020; 48:43. View abstract
  23. Interleukin-10 and Zonulin Are Associated With Postoperative Delayed Gastric Emptying in Critically Ill Surgical Pediatric Patients: A Prospective Pilot Study. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2020 11; 44(8):1407-1416. View abstract
  24. Prenatal Zinc and Vitamin A Reduce the Benefit of Iron on Maternal Hematologic and Micronutrient Status at Delivery in Tanzania. J Nutr. 2020 02 01; 150(2):240-248. View abstract
  25. Growth in Infants and Children With Intestinal Failure-associated Liver Disease Treated With Intravenous Fish Oil. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2020 02; 70(2):261-268. View abstract
  26. Knowledge and debate in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: new sections, new science, and looking forward and outward. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 01 01; 111(1):1-3. View abstract
  27. Elimination of diarrheal mortality in children - the last half million. J Glob Health. 2019 12; 9(2):020102. View abstract
  28. Growth in Infants and Children with Intestinal Failure Associated-Liver Disease Treated with Intravenous Fish Oil. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019 Nov 06. View abstract
  29. Hemoglobin and hepcidin have good validity and utility for diagnosing iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 05; 74(5):708-719. View abstract
  30. Early life risk factors of motor, cognitive and language development: a pooled analysis of studies from low/middle-income countries. BMJ Open. 2019 10 03; 9(10):e026449. View abstract
  31. Pathobiome driven gut inflammation in Pakistani children with Environmental Enteric Dysfunction. PLoS One. 2019; 14(8):e0221095. View abstract
  32. Effects of animal protein supplementation of mothers, preterm infants, and term infants on growth outcomes in childhood: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 08 01; 110(2):410-429. View abstract
  33. Anaemia and iron deficiency in pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcomes in Southern India. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 01; 74(1):112-125. View abstract
  34. Third Trimester Vitamin D Status Is Associated With Birth Outcomes and Linear Growth of HIV-Exposed Uninfected Infants in the United States. . 2019 07 01; 81(3):336-344. View abstract
  35. Water Source Correlates with E. Coli Contamination and Markers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction in Rural Ugandan Infants (P10-123-19). Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Jun; 3(Suppl 1). View abstract
  36. Percent Fat Mass Increases with Recovery, But Does Not Vary According to Dietary Therapy in Young Malian Children Treated for Moderate Acute Malnutrition. J Nutr. 2019 06 01; 149(6):1089-1096. View abstract
  37. Anemia, Iron Deficiency, and Iron Supplementation in Relation to Mortality among HIV-Infected Patients Receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy in Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2019 06; 100(6):1512-1520. View abstract
  38. 50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics: Malnutrition and Brain Development. J Pediatr. 2019 May; 208:29. View abstract
  39. Effect of dose reduction of supplemental zinc for childhood diarrhoea: study protocol for a double-masked, randomised controlled trial in India and Tanzania. BMJ Paediatr Open. 2019; 3(1):e000460. View abstract
  40. Markers of Systemic Inflammation and Environmental Enteric Dysfunction Are Not Reduced by Zinc or Multivitamins in Tanzanian Infants: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial. J Pediatr. 2019 07; 210:34-40.e1. View abstract
  41. Effects of maternal B12 supplementation on neurophysiological outcomes in children: a study protocol for an extended follow-up from a placebo randomised control trial in Bangalore, India. BMJ Open. 2019 02 19; 9(2):e024426. View abstract
  42. Effect of antenatal and infant micronutrient supplementation on middle childhood and early adolescent development outcomes in Tanzania. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2019 09; 73(9):1283-1290. View abstract
  43. Effect of Maternal Vitamin B12 Supplementation on Cognitive Outcomes in South Indian Children: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Matern Child Health J. 2019 Feb; 23(2):155-163. View abstract
  44. Onward and upward. Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 02 01; 109(2):245-246. View abstract
  45. Mid-arm muscle area and anthropometry predict low birth weight and poor pregnancy outcomes in Tanzanian women with HIV. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018 Dec 17; 18(1):500. View abstract
  46. Nutritional, Socioeconomic, and Delivery Characteristics Are Associated with Neurodevelopment in Tanzanian Children. J Pediatr. 2019 04; 207:71-79.e8. View abstract
  47. Unsafe Drinking Water Is Associated with Environmental Enteric Dysfunction and Poor Growth Outcomes in Young Children in Rural Southwestern Uganda. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 12; 99(6):1606-1612. View abstract
  48. Development and validation of a quantitative choline food frequency questionnaire for use with drinking and non-drinking pregnant women in Cape Town, South Africa. Nutr J. 2018 11 22; 17(1):108. View abstract
  49. Maternal aflatoxin exposure during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes in Uganda. Matern Child Nutr. 2019 04; 15(2):e12701. View abstract
  50. Fetal sex modifies the effect of maternal macronutrient intake on the incidence of small-for-gestational-age births: a prospective observational cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2018 10 01; 108(4):814-820. View abstract
  51. Biomarkers of maternal environmental enteric dysfunction are associated with shorter gestation and reduced length in newborn infants in Uganda. Am J Clin Nutr. 2018 10 01; 108(4):889-896. View abstract
  52. The role of dietary diversity in the response to treatment of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition among children in Niger: a prospective study. BMC Nutr. 2018; 4:35. View abstract
  53. More evidence for the importance of early life nutritional status on child health outcomes. J Pediatr. 2018 09; 200:2. View abstract
  54. Biomarkers of Systemic Inflammation and Growth in Early Infancy are Associated with Stunting in Young Tanzanian Children. Nutrients. 2018 Aug 24; 10(9). View abstract
  55. Lost in Aggregation: The Geographic Distribution of Kwashiorkor in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Food Nutr Bull. 2018 12; 39(4):512-520. View abstract
  56. Efficacy of Maternal Choline Supplementation During Pregnancy in Mitigating Adverse Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Growth and Cognitive Function: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2018 07; 42(7):1327-1341. View abstract
  57. Feasibility and Acceptability of Maternal Choline Supplementation in Heavy Drinking Pregnant Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2018 07; 42(7):1315-1326. View abstract
  58. Markers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction Are Associated With Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Tanzanian Children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Jun; 66(6):953-959. View abstract
  59. Virtual Telemedicine Visits in Pediatric Home Parenteral Nutrition Patients: A Quality Improvement Initiative. Telemed J E Health. 2019 01; 25(1):60-65. View abstract
  60. Innovative Discharge Process for Families with Pediatric Short Bowel Syndrome: A Prospective Nonrandomized Trial. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2018 11; 42(8):1295-1303. View abstract
  61. Effect of Zinc Supplementation on Growth Outcomes in Children under 5 Years of Age. Nutrients. 2018 Mar 20; 10(3). View abstract
  62. Serum anti-flagellin and anti-lipopolysaccharide immunoglobulins as predictors of linear growth faltering in Pakistani infants at risk for environmental enteric dysfunction. PLoS One. 2018; 13(3):e0193768. View abstract
  63. n-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation in Mothers, Preterm Infants, and Term Infants and Childhood Psychomotor and Visual Development: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Nutr. 2018 03 01; 148(3):409-418. View abstract
  64. Does early vitamin B12 supplementation improve neurodevelopment and cognitive function in childhood and into school age: a study protocol for extended follow-ups from randomised controlled trials in India and Tanzania. BMJ Open. 2018 02 22; 8(2):e018962. View abstract
  65. Iron and infection: An investigation of the optimal iron hypothesis in Lima, Peru. Am J Hum Biol. 2018 05; 30(3):e23114. View abstract
  66. Case 31-2017: A 19-Month-Old Girl with Failure to Thrive. N Engl J Med. 2018 02 15; 378(7):685-6. View abstract
  67. Neonatal and Infant Mortality Risk Associated with Preterm and Small for Gestational Age Births in Tanzania: Individual Level Pooled Analysis Using the Intergrowth Standard. J Pediatr. 2018 01; 192:66-72.e4. View abstract
  68. Understanding the Burden of Pediatric Gastrointestinal Diseases-Does a Look From the Perspective of Inpatient Administrative Databases Help? J Pediatr. 2018 03; 194:11-12. View abstract
  69. Delayed Breastfeeding Initiation Is Associated with Infant Morbidity. J Pediatr. 2017 12; 191:57-62.e2. View abstract
  70. Is Serum Methylmalonic Acid a Reliable Biomarker of Vitamin B12 Status in Children with Short Bowel Syndrome: A Case Series. J Pediatr. 2018 01; 192:259-261. View abstract
  71. Influence of gestational weight gain on low birth weight in short-statured South Indian pregnant women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 05; 72(5):752-760. View abstract
  72. Body Composition in Children with Chronic Illness: Accuracy of Bedside Assessment Techniques. J Pediatr. 2017 11; 190:56-62. View abstract
  73. Different cut points in detecting child nutritional disorders-where do we draw the line? J Pediatr. 2017 11; 190:5. View abstract
  74. Maternal Alcohol Use and Nutrition During Pregnancy: Diet and Anthropometry. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2017 Dec; 41(12):2114-2127. View abstract
  75. Vitamin D Deficiency Is Not Associated With Growth or the Incidence of Common Morbidities Among Tanzanian Infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 10; 65(4):467-474. View abstract
  76. Zinc and multivitamin supplementation have contrasting effects on infant iron status: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 01; 72(1):130-135. View abstract
  77. The extent of intestinal failure-associated liver disease in patients referred for intestinal rehabilitation is associated with increased mortality: an analysis of the Pediatric Intestinal Failure Consortium database. J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Jul; 53(7):1399-1402. View abstract
  78. Effect of maternal vitamin D3 supplementation on maternal health, birth outcomes, and infant growth among HIV-infected Tanzanian pregnant women: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2017 09 04; 18(1):411. View abstract
  79. Home Parenteral Nutrition and Intravenous Fluid Errors Discovered Through Novel Clinical Practice of Reconciling Compounding Records: A Case Series. Nutr Clin Pract. 2017 Dec; 32(6):820-825. View abstract
  80. Pediatric Intestinal Failure. N Engl J Med. 2017 08 17; 377(7):666-675. View abstract
  81. Biomarkers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 07; 65(1):4-5. View abstract
  82. Genetic predisposition to acute recurrent and chronic pancreatitis-more evidence for a role in children. J Pediatr. 2017 07; 186:1. View abstract
  83. The Impact of Integrated Infant and Young Child Feeding and Micronutrient Powder Intervention on Feeding Practices and Anemia in Children Aged 6-23 Months in Madagascar. Nutrients. 2017 Jun 07; 9(6). View abstract
  84. Infant Nutritional Status and Markers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction are Associated with Midchildhood Anthropometry and Blood Pressure in Tanzania. J Pediatr. 2017 08; 187:225-233.e1. View abstract
  85. Timing of the initiation of parenteral nutrition in critically ill children. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2017 May; 20(3):227-231. View abstract
  86. Vitamin B12 status in pregnant women and their infants in South India. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017 09; 71(9):1046-1053. View abstract
  87. Biomarkers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction: The good, the bad and the ugly. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 Apr 05. View abstract
  88. Mortality Benefits of Vitamin A Are Not Affected by Varying Frequency, Total Dose, or Duration of Supplementation. Food Nutr Bull. 2017 06; 38(2):260-266. View abstract
  89. Complementary Feeding and Diarrhea and Respiratory Infection Among HIV-Exposed Tanzanian Infants. . 2017 Mar 01; 74(3):265-272. View abstract
  90. 50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics: Vitamin E Deficiency: A Previously Unrecognized Cause of Hemolytic Anemia in the Premature Infant. J Pediatr. 2017 02; 181:162. View abstract
  91. Vitamin A and Zinc Supplementation Among Pregnant Women to Prevent Placental Malaria: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial in Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Apr; 96(4):826-834. View abstract
  92. Etiology of Diarrhea, Nutritional Outcomes, and Novel Intestinal Biomarkers in Tanzanian Infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 01; 64(1):104-108. View abstract
  94. Outcomes from a 12-Week, Open-Label, Multicenter Clinical Trial of Teduglutide in Pediatric Short Bowel Syndrome. J Pediatr. 2017 02; 181:102-111.e5. View abstract
  95. High Burden of Morbidity and Mortality but Not Growth Failure in Infants Exposed to but Uninfected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Tanzania. J Pediatr. 2017 01; 180:191-199.e2. View abstract
  96. Enteral Nutrition and Acid-Suppressive Therapy in the PICU: Impact on the Risk of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 10; 17(10):924-929. View abstract
  97. Biomarkers of Environmental Enteropathy, Inflammation, Stunting, and Impaired Growth in Children in Northeast Brazil. PLoS One. 2016; 11(9):e0158772. View abstract
  98. Nutritional status and complementary feeding among HIV-exposed infants: a prospective cohort study. Matern Child Nutr. 2017 07; 13(3). View abstract
  99. High Prevalence of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease in Children With Intestinal Failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 09; 63(3):336-9. View abstract
  100. Risk Factors for Malnutrition and Environmental Enteric Dysfunction-You Really Are What You Eat. J Pediatr. 2016 11; 178:7-8. View abstract
  101. Nutritional Status Based on Body Mass Index Is Associated With Morbidity and Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Critically Ill Children in the PICU. Crit Care Med. 2016 Aug; 44(8):1530-7. View abstract
  102. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction in Children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 07; 63(1):6-14. View abstract
  103. Effects of maternal vitamin B12 supplementation on early infant neurocognitive outcomes: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Matern Child Nutr. 2017 04; 13(2). View abstract
  104. Maternal Antiretroviral Therapy Is Associated with Lower Risk of Diarrhea in Early Childhood. J Pediatr. 2016 08; 175:54-60. View abstract
  105. The effect of daily zinc and/or multivitamin supplements on early childhood development in Tanzania: results from a randomized controlled trial. Matern Child Nutr. 2017 04; 13(2). View abstract
  106. Iron Supplementation Affects Hematologic Biomarker Concentrations and Pregnancy Outcomes among Iron-Deficient Tanzanian Women. J Nutr. 2016 06; 146(6):1162-71. View abstract
  107. Elevations in serum anti-flagellin and anti-LPS Igs are related to growth faltering in young Tanzanian children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 06; 103(6):1548-54. View abstract
  108. Exclusive Breast-feeding Protects against Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1 through 12 Months of Age in Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2016 08; 62(4):301-7. View abstract
  109. Growth morbidity in patients with cloacal exstrophy: a 42-year experience. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Jun; 51(6):1017-21. View abstract
  110. Effect of zinc and multivitamin supplementation on the growth of Tanzanian children aged 6-84 wk: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Mar; 103(3):910-8. View abstract
  111. Determinants of Anemia Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Adults at Care and Treatment Clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Feb; 94(2):384-92. View abstract
  112. Time trends and risk factor associated with premature birth and infants deaths due to prematurity in Hubei Province, China from 2001 to 2012. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015 Dec 10; 15:329. View abstract
  113. Implementation and Operational Research: Risk Factors of Loss to Follow-up Among HIV-Positive Pediatric Patients in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. . 2015 Nov 01; 70(3):e73-83. View abstract
  114. Necrotizing enterocolitis is associated with earlier achievement of enteral autonomy in children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Jan; 51(1):92-5. View abstract
  115. Enteral autonomy, cirrhosis, and long term transplant-free survival in pediatric intestinal failure patients. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Jan; 51(1):96-100. View abstract
  116. Active Tuberculosis in HIV-Exposed Tanzanian Children up to 2 years of Age: Early-Life Nutrition, Multivitamin Supplementation and Other Potential Risk Factors. J Trop Pediatr. 2016 Feb; 62(1):29-37. View abstract
  117. A Home-Visiting Diabetes Prevention and Management Program for American Indian Youth: The Together on Diabetes Trial. Diabetes Educ. 2015 12; 41(6):729-47. View abstract
  118. Iron Supplementation in Iron-Replete and Nonanemic Pregnant Women in Tanzania: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Oct; 169(10):947-55. View abstract
  119. Waist-to-Height Ratio as an Indicator of High Blood Pressure in Urban Indian School Children. Indian Pediatr. 2015 Sep; 52(9):773-8. View abstract
  120. Daily Zinc but Not Multivitamin Supplementation Reduces Diarrhea and Upper Respiratory Infections in Tanzanian Infants: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. J Nutr. 2015 Sep; 145(9):2153-60. View abstract
  121. Tight Glycemic Control With Insulin Does Not Affect Skeletal Muscle Degradation During the Early Postoperative Period Following Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Jul; 16(6):515-21. View abstract
  122. Impact of Individualized Diet Intervention on Body Composition and Respiratory Variables in Children With Respiratory Insufficiency: A Pilot Intervention Study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Jul; 16(6):e157-64. View abstract
  123. Adequate enteral protein intake is inversely associated with 60-d mortality in critically ill children: a multicenter, prospective, cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Jul; 102(1):199-206. View abstract
  124. Predictors of Enteral Autonomy in Children with Intestinal Failure: A Multicenter Cohort Study. J Pediatr. 2015 Jul; 167(1):29-34.e1. View abstract
  125. Necrotizing Enterocolitis and Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection Are Predictors of Growth Outcomes in Infants with Short Bowel Syndrome. J Pediatr. 2015 Jul; 167(1):35-40.e1. View abstract
  126. Preservation of biochemical liver function with low-dose soy-based lipids in children with intestinal failure-associated liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Mar; 60(3):375-7. View abstract
  127. Bone loss and vitamin D deficiency in children undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2015 Apr; 62(4):687-92. View abstract
  128. Supplementation with multivitamins and vitamin A and incidence of malaria among HIV-infected Tanzanian women. . 2014 Dec 01; 67 Suppl 4:S173-8. View abstract
  129. Association of oral iron supplementation with birth outcomes in non-anaemic South Indian pregnant women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015 May; 69(5):609-13. View abstract
  130. Magnitude of surgical burden associated with pediatric intestinal failure: a multicenter cohort analysis. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Dec; 49(12):1795-8. View abstract
  131. Vitamin D status is associated with mortality, morbidity, and growth failure among a prospective cohort of HIV-infected and HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants. J Nutr. 2015 Jan; 145(1):121-7. View abstract
  132. Environmental enteric dysfunction: pathogenesis, diagnosis, and clinical consequences. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 01; 59 Suppl 4:S207-12. View abstract
  133. Metabolic bone disease in pediatric intestinal failure patients: prevalence and risk factors. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jan; 50(1):136-9. View abstract
  134. Central line-associated bloodstream infections in neonates with gastrointestinal conditions: developing a candidate definition for mucosal barrier injury bloodstream infections. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014 Nov; 35(11):1391-9. View abstract
  135. Race affects outcome among infants with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Oct; 59(4):537-43. View abstract
  136. Enteral nutrition in the management of pediatric intestinal failure. J Pediatr. 2014 Dec; 165(6):1085-90. View abstract
  137. A stepwise enteral nutrition algorithm for critically ill children helps achieve nutrient delivery goals*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 Sep; 15(7):583-9. View abstract
  138. Maternal multivitamin supplementation reduces the risk of diarrhoea among HIV-exposed children through age 5 years. Int Health. 2014 Dec; 6(4):298-305. View abstract
  139. Factors Affecting Spontaneous Closure of Gastrocutaneous Fistulae After Removal of Gastrostomy Tubes in Children With Intestinal Failure. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2015 Sep; 39(7):860-3. View abstract
  140. Pentavalent rotavirus vaccine in infants with surgical gastrointestinal disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jul; 59(1):44-8. View abstract
  141. Comparison of body composition assessment methods in pediatric intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jul; 59(1):99-105. View abstract
  142. Serum citrulline as a biomarker of gastrointestinal function during hematopoietic cell transplantation in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jun; 58(6):709-14. View abstract
  143. Variability of resting energy expenditure in infants and young children with intestinal failure-associated liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 May; 58(5):637-41. View abstract
  144. Vitamin B-12 supplementation during pregnancy and early lactation increases maternal, breast milk, and infant measures of vitamin B-12 status. J Nutr. 2014 May; 144(5):758-64. View abstract
  145. Accuracy of a simplified equation for energy expenditure based on bedside volumetric carbon dioxide elimination measurement--a two-center study. Clin Nutr. 2015 Feb; 34(1):151-5. View abstract
  146. Effect of multivitamin supplementation on the neurodevelopment of HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Trop Pediatr. 2014 Aug; 60(4):279-86. View abstract
  147. Gastrointestinal bleeding as a complication of serial transverse enteroplasty. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 May; 49(5):745-9. View abstract
  148. Innovations in nutrition education and global health: the Bangalore Boston nutrition collaborative. BMC Med Educ. 2014 Jan 08; 14:5. View abstract
  149. Growth among HIV-infected children receiving antiretroviral therapy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2014 Jun; 60(3):179-88. View abstract
  150. Nutritional factors associated with antenatal depressive symptoms in the early stage of pregnancy among urban South Indian women. Matern Child Health J. 2014 Jan; 18(1):161-170. View abstract
  151. Going with the flow or swimming against the tide: should children with central venous catheters swim? Nutr Clin Pract. 2014 Feb; 29(1):97-109. View abstract
  152. Bone mineral density of the spine in 11,898 Chinese infants and young children: a cross-sectional study. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e82098. View abstract
  153. Clinical malaria diagnosis in pregnancy in relation to early perinatal mother-to-child transmission of HIV: a prospective cohort study. HIV Med. 2014 May; 15(5):276-85. View abstract
  154. Nutritional Status and Other Baseline Predictors of Mortality among HIV-Infected Children Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy in Tanzania. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2015 Mar-Apr; 14(2):172-9. View abstract
  155. Aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index correlates with hepatic cirrhosis but not with fibrosis in pediatric patients with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Sep; 57(3):367-71. View abstract
  156. Associations between intestinal mucosal function and changes in plasma zinc concentration following zinc supplementation. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Sep; 57(3):348-55. View abstract
  157. Implications of acquired environmental enteric dysfunction for growth and stunting in infants and children living in low- and middle-income countries. Food Nutr Bull. 2013 Sep; 34(3):357-64. View abstract
  158. Multivitamin supplementation improves haematologic status in children born to HIV-positive women in Tanzania. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013 Aug 13; 16:18022. View abstract
  159. A comparison of 2 intravenous lipid emulsions: interim analysis of a randomized controlled trial. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Aug; 38(6):693-701. View abstract
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