Syncope | Diagnosis and Treatment

How is syncope diagnosed?

Most cases of syncope in children are benign, due to a vasovagal event. But because some types of syncope are caused by medical problems, any child who has a fainting spell should be seen by a doctor to determine the cause. 

To diagnose the cause of fainting, your child’s doctor will do a full exam and may ask questions about the child’s fainting, such as how many times it has happened, what the child was doing before fainting and if he or she had any symptoms before it happened.

The doctor may also run one or more tests, including:

What are the treatment options for syncope?

Treatment for syncope depends on the cause. Children with vasovagal syncope may be instructed to try to avoid situations that trigger fainting. They may also be instructed to drink more fluids and to recognize the signs of syncope. If these symptoms occur, they should sit down for as long as 10 to 15 minutes until they feel better.

If your child has a heart condition or other medical condition that is causing syncope, your doctor will advise you on the best way to prevent it from happening in the future.