Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia | Symptoms & Causes

What causes bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD), which may result in difficulty breathing and increased oxygen needs, can be caused by any of the following:

  • Prematurity: When your baby is born before the lungs, and especially the air sacs, are fully developed.
  • Oxygen use: High concentrations of oxygen can damage the cells of the lungs
  • Mechanical ventilation: Some premature babies require breathing machines, suctioning of the airways, and the use of a endotracheal tube, which is placed in the trachea and connected to a breathing machine.

What are the symptoms of BPD?

Each baby may experience different symptoms, but common symptoms of BPD include:

  • respiratory distress (rapid breathing, flaring of the nostrils, chest retractions
  • continued need for mechanical ventilation or oxygen after your premature baby reaches 36 weeks gestation