Ovarian Cysts | Symptoms & Causes

What is the cause of ovarian cysts?

In adolescence, ovarian cysts can develop in response to fluctuating levels of female sex hormones during the menstrual cycle.

What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts may have no specific symptoms. Depend on the size, location and type of growth, your child may experience the following symptoms:

  • feeling of pressure or fullness in the abdomen or pelvis
  • firm, painless swelling in the lower abdomen
  • frequent urination or retention of urine
  • persistent abdominal pain
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Sometimes, ovarian cysts cause the ovary to twist and block blood flow from the ovary. In this situation, your child will likely experience severe abdominal pain and may vomit or pass out.

In children younger than 8, an ovarian cyst may cause secretions of estrogen, producing symptoms such as:

  • breast enlargement
  • pubic hair
  • vaginal discharge or bleeding
  • abnormal menstrual bleeding