Enchondroma | Diagnosis & Treatments

How are enchondromas diagnosed?

Your child’s doctor will diagnose an enchondroma after doing a thorough medical history and physical examination.

In addition, the following diagnostic tests may also be performed:

  • X-rays: A diagnostic test that uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This test is particularly useful in identifying tumors in areas that are difficult to image on a plain x-ray.
  • Computerized tomography scan (also called CT or CAT scan): A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs.
  • Bone scan: A nuclear imaging method to evaluate any degenerative and/or arthritic changes in the joints, to detect bone diseases and tumors, and to determine the cause of bone pain or inflammation.

How are enchondromas treated?

Your child will receive individualized treatment decided upon by his doctor. The doctor will take into the account the following information:

  • your child's general health
  • your child's medical history
  • the extent of the condition

If your child shows no sign of bone weakness or continued tumor growth, your child's doctor may decide to simply observe the affected area to make sure the tumor is not getting worse.

If your child is in pain

Your child's doctor will recommend surgical removal of the enchondroma if it has caused:

Your child's doctor may also recommend surgery if the tumor has grown abnormally or if your child has multiple tumors.

Surgical treatment typically involves removing the enchondroma and using bone grafts to help in healing the area of the surgery.

What's my child's long-term outlook?

It depends on the severity of the condition, but most enchondromas respond well to treatment and do not recur.