Cholestasis| Diagnosis & Treatment

How is cholestasis diagnosed?

Your child’s doctor may order blood tests to measure the level of liver enzymes and bilirubin in your child’s blood. A high bilirubin level could indicate that not enough bile is present to carry this waste product out of the body.

Other tests to help identify the exact cause of cholestasis may include:

 How is cholestasis treated?

Treatment depends on the cause. If your child has cholestasis due to medication or parenteral nutrition, the condition will clear up when those treatments are discontinued.

If cholestasis is caused by biliary atresia, your child will need surgery called Kasai portoenterostomy. This procedure restores the drainage of bile from the bile ducts directly into the intestines.

If your child has a chronic liver condition, a liver doctor will work with your family to manage the condition and keep your child’s liver as healthy as possible.

Other treatments may include:

  • high-calorie diet with special type of fat and extra fat soluble-vitamins to help your child gain weight
  • medications for itchy skin

In the most severe cases, a child with cholestasis may develop cirrhosis or liver failure and need a liver transplant.