Toxoplasmosis | Diagnosis & Treatment

How is toxoplasmosis diagnosed?

A blood test before or during pregnancy can determine if you have been exposed to the toxoplasma gondii parasite.

If you are infected, another type of test can determine whether the baby is infected. In addition, fetal ultrasounds/ prenatal ultrasounds can determine if the baby's organs are damaged.

Currently, physicians in the United States do not routinely screen pregnant women for toxoplasma gondii.

How is toxoplasmosis treated?

If detected early, antiparasitic treatments can eliminate toxoplasmosis before the parasite harms the fetus.

What is the likelihood that my baby will have toxoplasmosis?

Fortunately, the risk of maternal transmission of the parasite to the fetus during the first trimester of pregnancy (when the baby is most vulnerable) is relatively low — at 15-20 percent.

However, by the third trimester, a pregnant woman with toxoplasmosis has a 60 percent chance of infecting her child. So, it's very important to get checked out if you think you may have been exposed to the parasite.