Thrush Candidiasis and Yeast Infections Symptoms & Causes

What causes thrush?

Thrush is caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. It occurs mostly in the neonate and infant. The following are some of the factors that may increase the chance of the infant developing thrush:

  • antibiotics - Antibiotics can cause yeast to grow, because the normal bacteria in tissues are killed off, letting the yeast grow unhampered.
  • steroids - Steroids may decrease your child's immune system and decrease the ability to fight normal infections.
  • poor immune system - If your infant has a poor immune system and an inability to fight infection from another chronic disease, she is at an increased risk for developing thrush.

What are the symptoms of candidiasis?

The symptoms of candidiasis may resemble other skin conditions and may vary depending on the location of the infection. Each child may experience them differently, so always consult your child's physician for a diagnosis.

Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Skin folds or navel        
    • rash
    • patches that ooze clear fluid
    • pimples
    • itching and burning
  • Vagina                      
    • white or yellow discharge fro the vagina
    • itching and burning
    • redness in the external area of the vagina
  • Penis             
    • redness on the underside of the penis
    • scaling on the underside of the penis
    • painful rash on the underside of the penis
  • Mouth (thrush)                  
    • white patches on the tongue and inside of the cheeks
    • pain
  • Corners of the mouth (perlèche)            
    • cracks and/or tiny cuts at the corners of the mouth
  • Nail beds                  
    • swelling
    • pain
    • white or yellow nail that separates from the nail bed