Treatments for Pyloric Stenosis in Children

Pyloric stenosis is a serious condition that can cause severe dehydration, weakness and weight loss if not diagnosed and treated effectively. Once the diagnosis has been made, the recommended treatment for pyloric stenosis is surgery.

At Boston Children's Hospital, skilled pediatric surgeons and other professionals will manage your infant's care. Prior to surgery, your baby will be nourished intravenously. He'll also have blood work done to make sure that the dehydration is corrected and that it is safe to proceed with anesthesia and surgery.

What does surgery entail?

A small tube may be placed through your baby's nose into the stomach to help prevent persistent vomiting. Your child may receive antibiotics during the hospital course to prevent the possibility of any infection. You will meet with a pediatric surgeon and anesthesiologist to discuss the surgery and anesthesia prior to the operation.

What happens after the surgery?

After surgery, your infant will be monitored closely. About six hours after the surgery, your child will be able to resume feedings.

This may include taking small amount of formula from a bottle or breast-feeding with mom.

Our nurses and surgeons will monitor the exact amounts of fluid that your baby has taken. It is common after the surgery that your infant may still have some intermittent episodes of vomiting, but this should stop within a few days.

Your nurses will monitor your baby for normal urine and bowel movements. Once your infant is tolerating a normal diet and appears well, preparations for discharge will be made. Your infant should be weighed prior to leaving the hospital.

What do I need to do or look for once I am at home?

  • Make a follow-up appointment with the pediatric surgeon for about two weeks after discharge, as well as with your pediatrician within one week.
  • Remember that a small amount of intermittent vomiting with feedings is expected after surgery. However, it should not occur with every feed, and it should get better each day. If your baby is still having persistent vomiting with every feed, call your pediatrician, pediatric surgeon or the pediatric nurse practitioner.
  • Keep the incision clean and dry, no tub bathing until you follow up with the pediatric surgeon or nurse practitioners.

Symptoms that you should call your pediatrician or pediatric surgeon for include:

  • any questions or concerns
  • if your baby is lethargic or feeding poorly
  • persistent vomiting with every feed
  • fever greater than 100
  • infected wound with pus, odor or redness at the incision site
  • decreased numbers of wet diapers with urine
  • decreased numbers of diapers with stool