Treatments for Croup in Children

What treatments are available for croup?

Supportive treatments you can do at home that your child's doctor may recommend include:

  • using a cool mist humidifier
  • taking your child outside into cool, dry, night air
  • increasing your child's fluid intake (giving more liquids)
  • treating your child's fever with acetaminophen or ibuprofen, as instructed by your doctor
  • keeping your child as quiet and calm as possible (to help decrease the breathing effort)

Your child's physician may also prescribe the following medications to help alleviate your child's symptoms:

  • breathing treatments (to help open up the airways)
  • injections of medications (to help decrease the swelling in the airways)
  • steroids given by mouth (to also help with the swelling of the airways)

If the croup is severe, or if your child is not breathing well, we may need to hospitalize your child. It can sometimes be hard to tell how severe croup is because the disease fluctuates, and your child may seem better at one moment and then get worse the next.