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This is a multi-center, prospective, single cohort, observational study of pediatric heart transplant recipients designed to determine the impact of preformed versus de novo human leukocyte antigen (HLA) donor-specific antibodies (DSA), and antibodies to the self-antigens cardiac myosin and vimentin, on chronic allograft function. In addition, the investigators will explore mechanisms of action and predictors of DSA, rejection and altered pathophysiology.


Pediatric Heart Transplantation, Pediatric Heart Transplant Recipients

Recruitment Status


Detailed Description

Participants that were enrolled in the CTOTC-04 study ( Identifier NCT01005316) are invited to enroll in this CTOTC-09 study. Conversion from the CTOTC-04 to CTOTC-09 study will occur in such a manner as to avoid/minimize discontinuity of follow-up between the planned CTOTC-04 and CTOTC-09 study visits. In addition, subjects added to the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) system-or Canadian equivalent agency-at a participating study site, who are less than 21 years of age and fulfill all study eligibility criteria, will be invited to enroll in CTOTC-09. This study focuses on the importance of antibodies against the newly transplanted heart in pediatric heart transplant recipients. The investigators aim to determine if certain antibodies lead to problems with the heart transplant. Antibodies are small proteins in the blood that the body makes to fight off infections, for example with bacteria or viruses. Since a new heart is "foreign" to the recipient's body, their immune system might try to attack it with antibodies, as if it were an infection. For many years it was thought that only white blood cells attacked the new heart, causing rejection. Now there is new information showing that antibodies may also cause rejection or long-term damage to the heart. At this time, very little is known about how antibodies might cause problems after heart transplantation in transplant recipients younger than 21 years at the time of transplant. This study will collect a medical history and blood samples at specified times for research. The blood samples will be used to measure antibodies in the blood, and to perform special tests to see how these antibodies might damage the heart. Participant follow-up is from the day of the heart transplant to year 5 post-transplant.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subject and/or parent guardian able to understand and provide informed consent and where applicable assent
Planned long-term follow-up at one of the study sites

AND either:

-Enrolled in the CTOTC-04 study and actively followed at one of the study sites


-Listed at participating study sites, less than 21 years of age and not yet transplanted.

The inclusion criteria for enrollment of new study patients in the CTOTC-09 Protocol will be the same as the CTOTC-04 study (refer to ID NCT01005316).

Exclusion Criteria:

Parental withdrawal of consent from the CTOTC-04 study
Past or current medical problems or findings from physical examination or laboratory testing that, in the opinion of the investigator, may pose additional risks from participation in the study, may interfere with the participant's ability to comply with study requirements or may impact the quality or interpretation of the data obtained from the study
Listed for simultaneous multiple organ transplant.



Min Age


Max Age

20 Years

Download Date

November 29, 2019

Principal Investigator


Primary Contact Information

For more information on this trial, visit


For more information and to contact the study team:

Impact of Allo- and Autoantibodies on Chronic Cardiac Allograft Function NCT02752789