Fetal-Neonatal Neurology Program Conditions We Treat

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In our Fetal-Neonatal Neurology Program at Boston Children’s Hospital, we provide comprehensive care for babies who experienced a brain injury or have a congenital neurological condition.

We care for children with a variety of conditions, including:

Conditions acquired in utero (before a child is born)—also called congenital (present at birth) conditions:

Brain malformations:

  • holoprosencephaly
  • schizencephaly
  • lissencephaly
  • pachygyria
  • polymicrogyria
  • periventricular nodular heterotopia
  • other migrational disorders
  • focal cortical dysplasias
  • Chiari malformations, types I and II (spina bifida)
  • agenesis or dysgenesis of the corpus callosum
  • Dandy-Walker malformation and other malformations of the posterior fossa
  • congenital hydrocephalus, e.g., due toaqueductal stenosis

Congenital infections:


Conditions acquired by newborns and young infants:


Neurological symptoms or signs in newborns or young infants:


Evaluation and care

By seeing your child while he is very young, we can identify neurological problems early and intervene quickly.

We may prescribe medicines to treat your child’s seizures, spasticity or other neurological problems.

An important part of our evaluation process is testing your child’s cognitive and language development, which is done by our developmental psychologist.

Other types of care that we may recommend for your child include:

  • physical therapy
  • occupational therapy
  • speech and language therapy
  • vision therapy

Most of these therapies are provided through Early Intervention programs in your community. We may also make referrals for evaluations for these therapies at Boston Children’s.

As your child grows up

If your child needs ongoing neurological care, we will help you make the transition to another Boston Children’s program that specializes in caring for older children. This usually happens when your child is around 3 years old.

The programs we refer patients to include:

The future of pediatrics will be forged by thinking differently, breaking paradigms and joining together in a shared vision of tackling the toughest challenges before us.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO
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