Related Conditions and Treatments
Cardiac catheterization is a specialized procedure in which a long, flexible tube — a catheter — is inserted into a vein or artery and guided into the heart.
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses radio waves, magnets and a computer to take pictures of your child’s heart.
Cyanosis is a bluish color in the skin, lips, and nail beds caused by too little oxygen in the blood.
Edema refers to swelling in the body’s tissues caused by a buildup of fluid.
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is abnormally high blood pressure that occurs in the arteries of the lungs (the pulmonary arteries).
Pulmonary Vein Stenosis
Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a rare condition in which the veins that carry blood from the lungs back to the heart are narrowed.
Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR)
TAPVR occurs when the blood vessels that drain the lungs (pulmonary veins) are not connected normally to the heart.