EDUCATION

Undergraduate Degree

  • Dartmouth College , 1978 , Hanover , NH

Medical School

  • Dartmouth Medical School , 1981 , Hanover , NH

Residency

Chief Resident, Anesthesia
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center , 1985 , Boston , MA

Fellowship

Cardiovascular Anesthesia
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center , 1985 , Boston , MA

CERTIFICATIONS

  • American Board of Anesthesiology

PUBLICATIONS

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Viscoelastic hemostatic assays: Update on technology and clinical applications. Am J Hematol. 2021 Jul 01. View abstract
  2. Bivalirudin: Are kids just adults to the ¾ power? Paediatr Anaesth. 2021 Jun; 31(6):628-630. View abstract
  3. The Association Between Race and Adverse Postoperative Outcomes in Children With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2021 May 13. View abstract
  4. The Role of Anesthetic Selection in Perioperative Bleeding. Biomed Res Int. 2021; 2021:5510634. View abstract
  5. Commentary: Hydrogen: Lightweight molecule takes on a heavyweight problem. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 May 07. View abstract
  6. Relationship of Preoperative Thyroid Dysfunction to Clinical Outcomes in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2021 Apr 23; 106(5):e2129-e2136. View abstract
  7. Milrinone Administration and Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: Beloved but Sadly Misunderstood. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2021 07; 35(7):2079-2081. View abstract
  8. Racial Disparities in Perioperative Outcomes in Children: Where Do We Go From Here? Anesth Analg. 2021 03 01; 132(3):676-678. View abstract
  9. Commentary: Understanding principal strain need not be stressful. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 Feb 22. View abstract
  10. Hands-free continuous transthoracic echocardiography: A contemporary evolution of the precordial stethoscope. Paediatr Anaesth. 2021 May; 31(5):616-618. View abstract
  11. Hyperlactataemia as a predictor of adverse outcomes post-cardiac surgery in neonates with congenital heart disease. Cardiol Young. 2021 Feb 09; 1-6. View abstract
  12. Pediatric Acute Kidney Injury After Noncardiac Surgery: Another Vulnerable Population. Anesth Analg. 2021 02 01; 132(2):329-331. View abstract
  13. Elective Non-Urgent Balloon-Atrial Septostomy in Infants with d-Transposition of the Great Arteries Does Not Eliminate the Need for PGE1 Therapy at the Time of Arterial Switch Operation. Pediatr Cardiol. 2021 Mar; 42(3):597-605. View abstract
  14. Trends in mortality rate in patients with congenital heart disease undergoing noncardiac surgical procedures at children's hospitals. Sci Rep. 2021 Jan 15; 11(1):1543. View abstract
  15. Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Morbidity in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: An Institutional Experience. Anesth Analg. 2020 11; 131(5):1607-1615. View abstract
  16. Hospitalization Patterns for Inpatient Pediatric Surgery and Procedures in California: The Ground Is Shifting. Anesth Analg. 2020 10; 131(4):1066-1069. View abstract
  17. Integration of the Intrinsic Surgical Risk With Patient Comorbidities and Severity of Congenital Cardiac Disease Does Not Improve Risk Stratification in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2020 10; 131(4):1083-1089. View abstract
  18. Peri-operative right ventricular dysfunction-the anesthesiologist's view. Cardiovasc Diagn Ther. 2020 Oct; 10(5):1725-1734. View abstract
  19. Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Morbidity in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: An Institutional Experience. Anesth Analg. 2020 Sep 07. View abstract
  20. Sensitivity of a Next-Generation NIRS Device to Detect Low Mixed Venous Oxyhemoglobin Saturations in the Single Ventricle Population. Anesth Analg. 2020 09; 131(3):e138-e141. View abstract
  21. Airway Abnormalities in Patients With Congenital Heart Disease: Incidence and Associated Factors. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2021 Jan; 35(1):139-144. View abstract
  22. Considerations for Pediatric Heart Programs During COVID-19: Recommendations From the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society. Anesth Analg. 2020 08; 131(2):403-409. View abstract
  23. In Response. Anesth Analg. 2020 08; 131(2):e82-e83. View abstract
  24. Superior Cavopulmonary Connection: Its Physiology, Limitations, and Anesthetic Implications. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 Dec; 24(4):337-348. View abstract
  25. Predictors of Increased Lactate in Neonatal Cardiac Surgery: The Impact of Cardiopulmonary Bypass. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2021 Jan; 35(1):148-153. View abstract
  26. Point-of-care ultrasound in pediatric anesthesia: perioperative considerations. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2020 Jun; 33(3):343-353. View abstract
  27. Integration of the Intrinsic Surgical Risk With Patient Comorbidities and Severity of Congenital Cardiac Disease Does Not Improve Risk Stratification in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2020 May 29. View abstract
  28. Con: Extubation in the Operating Room After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 09; 34(9):2542-2544. View abstract
  29. Definition of Clinical Outcomes in Pediatric Anesthesia Research: It Is Like the Tower of Babel! Anesth Analg. 2020 02; 130(2):550-554. View abstract
  30. Incidence and predictors of postoperative nausea and vomiting in children undergoing electrophysiology ablation procedures. Paediatr Anaesth. 2020 02; 30(2):147-152. View abstract
  31. Improving Pediatric Risk Stratification: Reply. Anesthesiology. 2020 01; 132(1):213-214. View abstract
  32. Pulse Oximetry. Pediatr Rev. 2019 Nov; 40(11):605-608. View abstract
  33. Prospective External Validation of the Pediatric Risk Assessment Score in Predicting Perioperative Mortality in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2019 10; 129(4):1014-1020. View abstract
  34. Focused Cardiac Ultrasound in the Pediatric Perioperative Setting. Anesth Analg. 2019 10; 129(4):925-932. View abstract
  35. Titration of Bivalirudin Infusion in the Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory: A Case Report. A A Pract. 2019 Jul 15; 13(2):65-68. View abstract
  36. Intraluminal Pulmonary Vein Stenosis in Children: A "New" Lesion. Anesth Analg. 2019 07; 129(1):27-40. View abstract
  37. Anesthesia in Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: Defining the Risk. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 Feb; 34(2):470-478. View abstract
  38. Pediatric Risk Stratification Is Improved by Integrating Both Patient Comorbidities and Intrinsic Surgical Risk. Anesthesiology. 2019 06; 130(6):971-980. View abstract
  39. Cerebral Oximetry in Children: So NIRS Yet So Far. Anesth Analg. 2019 04; 128(4):605-606. View abstract
  40. Reply to Li, J "The Fick principle remains accurate to calculate cardiac output under hyperoxia". Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2019 07; 63(6):828. View abstract
  41. Never Say Never: The Use of Nitric Oxide in Patients With Obstructed Pulmonary Veins: A Case Report. A A Pract. 2019 Mar 15; 12(6):205-207. View abstract
  42. Selected 2018 Highlights in Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2019 Oct; 33(10):2833-2842. View abstract
  43. Sedative and Analgesic Drug Sequestration After a Single Bolus Injection in an Ex Vivo Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Infant Circuit. ASAIO J. 2019 02; 65(2):187-191. View abstract
  44. Complications of Transthoracic Intracardiac and Central Venous Lines in Neonates Undergoing Cardiac Surgery. Pediatr Cardiol. 2019 Apr; 40(4):733-737. View abstract
  45. Recombinant Activated Factor VII in Children Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: Remember How and Why to Use It. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2019 05; 33(5):1276-1278. View abstract
  46. Anesthesia for high-risk procedures in the catheterization laboratory. Paediatr Anaesth. 2019 05; 29(5):491-498. View abstract
  47. Elective Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support for High-Risk Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2019 Jul; 33(7):1932-1938. View abstract
  48. Bivalirudin for Pediatric Procedural Anticoagulation: A Narrative Review. Anesth Analg. 2019 01; 128(1):43-55. View abstract
  49. Balancing competing risks. Paediatr Anaesth. 2019 01; 29(1):6-7. View abstract
  50. Incidence and Risk Factors for Perioperative Cardiovascular and Respiratory Adverse Events in Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Noncardiac Procedures. Anesth Analg. 2018 09; 127(3):724-729. View abstract
  51. Physiologic effects of delayed sternal closure following stage 1 palliation. Cardiol Young. 2018 Dec; 28(12):1393-1403. View abstract
  52. Changes in tissue oxygen tension, venous saturation, and Fick-based assessments of cardiac output during hyperoxia. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2019 01; 63(1):93-100. View abstract
  53. Can We Replace Midazolam With Massage Therapy in the Pediatric Cardiac ICU? Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 08; 19(8):780-782. View abstract
  54. Induction techniques for pediatric patients with congenital heart disease undergoing noncardiac procedures are influenced by cardiac functional status and residual lesion burden. J Clin Anesth. 2018 Nov; 50:14-17. View abstract
  55. Unanticipated hospital admission in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease undergoing ambulatory noncardiac surgical procedures. Paediatr Anaesth. 2018 07; 28(7):607-611. View abstract
  56. Thromboelastography Is Associated With Surrogates for Bleeding After Pediatric Cardiac Operations. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 09; 106(3):799-806. View abstract
  57. The American College of Surgeons Children's Surgery Verification and Quality Improvement Program: Be Careful What You Wish For! Anesth Analg. 2018 05; 126(5):1438-1440. View abstract
  58. Use of Oxyhemoglobin Saturation or Oxygen Tension-an Unsolved Question-Reply. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 04 01; 172(4):390-391. View abstract
  59. Inclusion of non-English-speaking patients in research: A single institution experience. Paediatr Anaesth. 2018 05; 28(5):415-420. View abstract
  60. A red cell preservation strategy reduces postoperative transfusions in pediatric heart surgery patients. Paediatr Anaesth. 2018 05; 28(5):450-457. View abstract
  61. Williams Syndrome and Anesthesia for Non-cardiac Surgery: High Risk Can Be Mitigated with Appropriate Planning. Pediatr Cardiol. 2018 Aug; 39(6):1123-1128. View abstract
  62. Hypoxemia After Percutaneous Mitral Valve Replacement: Management. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 10; 32(5):2263-2270. View abstract
  63. Red Cell Transfusion and Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation-The Perpetrator Finally Identified or Guilt by Association Again? Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 02; 19(2):174-175. View abstract
  64. Consensus Statement by the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society: Milestones for the Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia Fellowship. Anesth Analg. 2018 01; 126(1):198-207. View abstract
  65. Measurement of Dead Space Fraction Upon ICU Admission Predicts Length of Stay and Clinical Outcomes Following Bidirectional Cavopulmonary Anastomosis. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 01; 19(1):23-31. View abstract
  66. Preoperative Thromboelastographic Profile of Patients with Congenital Heart Disease: Association of Hypercoagulability and Decreased Heparin Response. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 08; 32(4):1657-1663. View abstract
  67. Validation of a Mathematical Model of Bidirectional Glenn Circulation With Aortopulmonary Collaterals and the Implications for QP/QS Calculation. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 02; 32(1):395-401. View abstract
  68. Use of Oxyhemoglobin Saturation, Rather Than Oxygen Tension, as a Marker of Oxygenation in Cyanotic Patients. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 10 01; 171(10):1012-1014. View abstract
  69. Predictors of Mortality in Children with Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum. Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Dec; 38(8):1627-1632. View abstract
  70. Berlin Heart Explant in an Infant. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 06; 32(3):1383-1385. View abstract
  71. Inferior Vena Cava Thrombus in a Postpartum Patient With Fontan Physiology: A Case Report. A A Case Rep. 2017 Sep 01; 9(5):136-139. View abstract
  72. Outcomes and Costs of Cardiac Surgery in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease. Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Oct; 38(7):1359-1364. View abstract
  73. Platelet testing to guide aspirin dose adjustment in pediatric patients after cardiac surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 11; 154(5):1723-1730. View abstract
  74. A Method to Account for Variation in Congenital Heart Surgery Length of Stay. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Jun; 18(6):550-560. View abstract
  75. Cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy insensitively detects low cerebral venous oxygen saturations after stage 1 palliation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 09; 154(3):1056-1062. View abstract
  76. Development of a Pediatric Risk Assessment Score to Predict Perioperative Mortality in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2017 05; 124(5):1514-1519. View abstract
  77. Recombinant Factor VIIa Is Associated With Increased Thrombotic Complications in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Patients. Anesth Analg. 2017 05; 124(5):1431-1436. View abstract
  78. Relationship Between Transfusion of Blood Products and the Incidence of Thrombotic Complications in Neonates and Infants Undergoing Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017 Dec; 31(6):1943-1948. View abstract
  79. From the Cover: Prolonged Exposure to Volatile Anesthetic Isoflurane Worsens the Outcome of Polymicrobial Abdominal Sepsis. Toxicol Sci. 2017 04 01; 156(2):402-411. View abstract
  80. Association of Preoperative Anemia With Postoperative Mortality in Neonates-Reply. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 02 01; 171(2):196-197. View abstract
  81. Pediatric Perioperative Stress Responses and Anesthesia. Transl Perioper Pain Med. 2017; 2(1):1-12. View abstract
  82. Relationship Between Preoperative Anemia and In-Hospital Mortality in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2016 12; 123(6):1582-1587. View abstract
  83. Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor-Based Vasodilation Improves Oxygen Delivery and Clinical Outcomes Following Stage 1 Palliation. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 11 02; 5(11). View abstract
  84. Adverse Outcomes in Neonates and Children with Pulmonary Artery Hypertension Supported with ECMO. ASAIO J. 2016 Nov/Dec; 62(6):728-731. View abstract
  85. Development and Validation of a Risk Stratification Score for Children With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2016 10; 123(4):824-30. View abstract
  86. To beat acute kidney injury, you need to keep your eye on the goal. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 01; 153(1):126-127. View abstract
  87. Cardiac Embryology and Molecular Mechanisms of Congenital Heart Disease: A Primer for Anesthesiologists. Anesth Analg. 2016 09; 123(3):551-69. View abstract
  88. Association of Preoperative Anemia With Postoperative Mortality in Neonates. JAMA Pediatr. 2016 09 01; 170(9):855-62. View abstract
  89. Multivariable predictors of substantial blood loss in children undergoing craniosynostosis repair: implications for risk stratification. Paediatr Anaesth. 2016 Oct; 26(10):960-9. View abstract
  90. Noninvasive Cardiac Output Estimation by Inert Gas Rebreathing in Mechanically Ventilated Pediatric Patients. J Pediatr. 2016 10; 177:184-190.e3. View abstract
  91. Sedation and Analgesia in Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 08; 17(8 Suppl 1):S225-31. View abstract
  92. Relationship between transfusion volume and outcomes in children undergoing noncardiac surgery. Transfusion. 2016 Oct; 56(10):2487-2494. View abstract
  93. Association of Hospital Structure and Complications With Mortality After Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 07; 17(7):684-91. View abstract
  94. Incidence and Predictors for Postoperative Thrombotic Complications in Children With Surgical and Nonsurgical Heart Disease. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Oct; 102(4):1360-7. View abstract
  95. Effects of commonly used inotropes on myocardial function and oxygen consumption under constant ventricular loading conditions. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2016 07 01; 121(1):7-14. View abstract
  96. Red Blood Cell Transfusion and Massive Bleeding in Children Undergoing Heart Transplant. Anesth Analg. 2016 May; 122(5):1245-6. View abstract
  97. Incidence and risk factors for postoperative vomiting following atrial septal defect repair in children. Paediatr Anaesth. 2016 Jun; 26(6):644-8. View abstract
  98. Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society 2014 Consensus Statement: Pharmacotherapies in Cardiac Critical Care: Sedation, Analgesia and Muscle Relaxant. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Mar; 17(3 Suppl 1):S3-S15. View abstract
  99. Arterial Limb Microemboli during Cardiopulmonary Bypass: Observations from a Congenital Cardiac Surgery Practice. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2016 Mar; 48(1):5-10. View abstract
  100. Post-Operative Outcomes in Children With and Without Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 Feb 23; 67(7):793-801. View abstract
  101. Theoretical and Evidence-Based Benefit of Afterload Reduction in the Postoperative Pediatric Heart. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2016; 14(1):24-8. View abstract
  102. Training Pathways in Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care: Proceedings From the 10th International Conference of the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2016 Jan; 7(1):81-8. View abstract
  103. Hospital Costs for Neonates and Children Supported with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. J Pediatr. 2016 Feb; 169:69-75.e1. View abstract
  104. Early Perioperative Management After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: Review at PCICS 2014. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2015 Oct; 6(4):565-74. View abstract
  105. Quantification of Fibrinolysis Using Velocity Curves Measured with Thromboelastometry in Children with Congenital Heart Disease. Anesth Analg. 2015 Aug; 121(2):486-91. View abstract
  106. Overall Hospital Cost Estimates in Children with Congenital Heart Disease: Analysis of the 2012 Kid's Inpatient Database. Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 Jan; 37(1):37-43. View abstract
  107. Fontan physiology revisited. Anesth Analg. 2015 Jul; 121(1):172-82. View abstract
  108. Sedation and Anesthesia in Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Catheterization: A Prospective Multicenter Experience. Pediatr Cardiol. 2015 Oct; 36(7):1363-75. View abstract
  109. Patients with single ventricle physiology undergoing noncardiac surgery are at high risk for adverse events. Paediatr Anaesth. 2015 Aug; 25(8):846-851. View abstract
  110. The safety and efficacy of antifibrinolytic therapy in neonatal cardiac surgery. PLoS One. 2015; 10(5):e0126514. View abstract
  111. Cardiopulmonary bypass in the pediatric population. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2015 Jun; 29(2):241-56. View abstract
  112. Pharmacokinetics of tranexamic acid in neonates, infants, and children undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesthesiology. 2015 Apr; 122(4):746-58. View abstract
  113. Pre-operative fibrinogen supplementation in cardiac surgery patients. More is not always better. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2015 Apr; 59(4):409-13. View abstract
  114. Preoperative statins and outcomes after cardiac surgery: do not throw out the baby with the bathwater. Minerva Anestesiol. 2015 Jul; 81(7):703-4. View abstract
  115. Evaluation of cerebral oxygenation and perfusion with conversion from an arterial-to-systemic shunt circulation to the bidirectional Glenn circulation in patients with univentricular cardiac abnormalities. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2015 Feb; 29(1):95-100. View abstract
  116. Normothermic CPB for pediatric cardiac surgery, not ready for prime time. Paediatr Anaesth. 2015 Feb; 25(2):111-2. View abstract
  117. A method to account for variation in congenital heart surgery charges. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Mar; 99(3):939-46. View abstract
  118. "Kiddie" caudal: safe but more to learn. Anesth Analg. 2015 Jan; 120(1):12-3. View abstract
  119. Comparison of actual oxygen delivery kinetics to those predicted by mathematical modeling following stage 1 palliation just prior to superior cavopulmonary anastomosis. Paediatr Anaesth. 2015 Feb; 25(2):174-9. View abstract
  120. Development of a charge adjustment model for cardiac catheterization. Pediatr Cardiol. 2015 Feb; 36(2):264-73. View abstract
  121. Editorial comment: the use of veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for perinatal support of an infant with d-transposition of the great arteries, intact atrial and ventricular septa, and flow-restricted ductus arteriosus. A A Case Rep. 2014 May 15; 2(10):130. View abstract
  122. TEG and ROTEM: technology and clinical applications. Am J Hematol. 2014 Feb; 89(2):228-32. View abstract
  123. Blood transfusions might be bad for you; that is unless you are bleeding. Anesth Analg. 2013 Jun; 116(6):1201-3. View abstract
  124. Heart failure associated with adult congenital heart disease. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2013 Mar; 17(1):44-54. View abstract
  125. Cardiac arrest and neuromuscular blockade reversal agents in the transplanted heart. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2013 Dec; 27(6):1374-8. View abstract
  126. Bleeding and thrombotic emergencies in pediatric cardiac intensive care: unchecked balances. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2012 Oct 01; 3(4):470-91. View abstract
  127. Echocardiographic assessment of atrial septal defects. Anesth Analg. 2012 Oct; 115(4):772-5. View abstract
  128. A mathematical model of transitional circulation toward biventricular repair in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Anesth Analg. 2012 Sep; 115(3):618-26. View abstract
  129. Ventricular-assist device therapy in children. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2012 Jun; 26(2):247-64. View abstract
  130. Improvement of PaO2 during one-lung ventilation with partial left-heart bypass in pediatric patients is caused by increased blood flow to the dependent lung. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2013 Jun; 27(3):542-5. View abstract
  131. Con: Extubation in the operating room following pediatric cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011 Oct; 25(5):877-9. View abstract
  132. Blood utilization in neonates and infants undergoing cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2011 Jul 01; 2(3):382-92. View abstract
  133. Anesthetic and cardiopulmonary bypass considerations for cardiac surgery in unique pediatric patient populations: sickle cell disease and cold agglutinin disease. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2011 Jul 01; 2(3):364-70. View abstract
  134. Endoscopic strip craniectomy in early infancy: the initial five years of anesthesia experience. Anesth Analg. 2011 Feb; 112(2):407-14. View abstract
  135. Should what we know about neurobehavioral development, complex congenital heart disease, and brain maturation affect the timing of corrective cardiac surgery? Paediatr Anaesth. 2011 Jul; 21(7):781-6. View abstract
  136. Relationship of intraoperative cerebral oxygen saturation to neurodevelopmental outcome and brain magnetic resonance imaging at 1 year of age in infants undergoing biventricular repair. Circulation. 2010 Jul 20; 122(3):245-54. View abstract
  137. Incidence and predictors of hypertension during high-dose dexmedetomidine sedation for pediatric MRI. Paediatr Anaesth. 2010 Jun; 20(6):516-23. View abstract
  138. Case 1--2010 Pulmonary thrombectomy in an adult with fontan circulation. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2010 Feb; 24(1):173-82. View abstract
  139. Nurse reports of adverse events during sedation procedures at a pediatric hospital. J Perianesth Nurs. 2009 Oct; 24(5):300-6. View abstract
  140. Agitation during procedural sedation and analgesia in children. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2010 Jan; 49(1):35-42. View abstract
  141. Hemostatic consequences of a non-fresh or reconstituted whole blood small volume cardiopulmonary bypass prime in neonates and infants. Paediatr Anaesth. 2009 Sep; 19(9):854-61. View abstract
  142. Special article: a proposal for training in pediatric cardiac anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2010 Apr 01; 110(4):1121-5. View abstract
  143. The effect of milrinone on platelet activation as determined by TEG platelet mapping. Anesth Analg. 2009 May; 108(5):1425-9. View abstract
  144. Cerebral oximetry during infant cardiac surgery: evaluation and relationship to early postoperative outcome. Anesth Analg. 2009 Apr; 108(4):1122-31. View abstract
  145. An exaggerated hypertensive response to glycopyrrolate therapy for bradycardia associated with high-dose dexmedetomidine. Anesth Analg. 2009 Mar; 108(3):906-8. View abstract
  146. Prospective longitudinal study of coagulation profiles in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome from stage I through Fontan completion. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Apr; 137(4):934-41. View abstract
  147. Congenital supravalvular aortic stenosis and sudden death associated with anesthesia: what's the mystery? Anesth Analg. 2008 Dec; 107(6):1848-54. View abstract
  148. Echocardiographic features of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Anesth Analg. 2008 Nov; 107(5):1509-11. View abstract
  149. The incidence and implications of anti-heparin-platelet factor 4 antibody formation in a pediatric cardiac surgical population. Anesth Analg. 2008 Aug; 107(2):371-8. View abstract
  150. High dose dexmedetomidine as the sole sedative for pediatric MRI. Paediatr Anaesth. 2008 May; 18(5):403-11. View abstract
  151. Large left atrial "v" waves after mitral valve replacement. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2009 Feb; 23(1):69-70. View abstract
  152. Grown-up congenital heart (GUCH) disease: an evolving global challenge. Ann Card Anaesth. 2008 Jan-Jun; 11(1):3-5. View abstract
  153. Transesophageal echocardiography in pediatric surgery. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2008; 46(2):137-55. View abstract
  154. Trendelenburg position, simulated Valsalva maneuver, and liver compression do not alter the size of the right internal jugular vein in patients with a bidirectional Glenn shunt. Anesth Analg. 2007 Aug; 105(2):365-8. View abstract
  155. Phenoxybenzamine is indicated in treatment of hypoplastic left heart syndrome: con. Anesth Analg. 2007 Aug; 105(2):310-1. View abstract
  156. The frequency of anesthesia-related cardiac arrests in patients with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg. 2007 Aug; 105(2):335-43. View abstract
  157. Evaluation of the coagulation system in children with two-ventricle congenital heart disease. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 May; 83(5):1797-803. View abstract
  158. Cerebral perfusion and oxygenation after the Norwood procedure: comparison of right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit with modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Mar; 133(3):648-55. View abstract
  159. Unrecognized anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery as a cause of ventricular fibrillation after patent ductus arteriosus ligation in an infant. Anesth Analg. 2007 Jan; 104(1):81-3. View abstract
  160. Microstream capnography improves patient monitoring during moderate sedation: a randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2006 Jun; 117(6):e1170-8. View abstract
  161. An evaluation of bilateral monitoring of cerebral oxygen saturation during pediatric cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg. 2005 Nov; 101(5):1294-300. View abstract
  162. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial of triiodothyronine in neonatal heart surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Sep; 130(3):810-6. View abstract
  163. An uncommon source of mitral valve regurgitation. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2005 Feb; 19(1):123-5. View abstract
  164. Case 5--2004: Transesophageal echocardiography-guided insertion of a pulmonary artery catheter. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2004 Oct; 18(5):657-62. View abstract
  165. Anaesthesia considerations for cardiac MRI in infants and small children. Paediatr Anaesth. 2004 Jun; 14(6):471-6. View abstract
  166. Procoagulant and anticoagulant factor abnormalities following the Fontan procedure: increased factor VIII may predispose to thrombosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Jun; 125(6):1260-7. View abstract
  167. Anesthetic management for repair of Ebstein's anomaly. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2003 Apr; 17(2):232-5. View abstract
  168. Evolution of a protocol for ketamine-induced sedation as an alternative to general anesthesia for interventional radiologic procedures in pediatric patients. Radiology. 2002 Nov; 225(2):457-65. View abstract
  169. Anesthetic implications of primary cardiac tumors in infants and children. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2002 Oct; 16(5):582-6. View abstract
  170. Coagulation factor abnormalities in patients with single-ventricle physiology immediately prior to the Fontan procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002 Jun; 73(6):1770-7. View abstract
  171. Coagulation abnormalities in patients with single-ventricle physiology precede the Fontan procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002 Mar; 123(3):459-65. View abstract
  172. Use of transesophageal echocardiography for delivery of a parturient with severe pulmonary hypertension. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2002 Jan; 11(1):48-51. View abstract
  173. Alcohol, marijuana, and American youth: the unintended consequences of government regulation. J Health Econ. 2001 Nov; 20(6):991-1010. View abstract
  174. Pro: low-flow cardiopulmonary bypass is the preferred technique for patients undergoing cardiac surgical procedures. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2001 Oct; 15(5):649-51. View abstract
  175. Blood loss and transfusion requirements in patients implanted with a mechanical circulatory support device undergoing cardiac transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2000 May; 19(5):504-6. View abstract
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