Current Environment:


This is an open-label extension study for patients previously enrolled in the AB2 Bio Ltd. ongoing Phase III clinical trial NLRC4/XIAP.2016.001 (IND N° 127953). This OLE study will evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of Tadekinig alfa in patients suffering from pediatric monogenic autoinflammatory diseases harboring deleterious mutations of NLRC4 and XIAP.


XIAP Deficiency, NLRC4-MAS

Recruitment Status

Active, not recruiting

Detailed Description

Pediatric auto-inflammatory conditions related to spontaneous activating mutations of the NLRC4 and with recurrent MAS-like flares with constitutive IL-18 hypersecretion, may require long-term blockade of the IL-18 pathway. Patients with X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) deficiency and suffering from Hemophagocytic-Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), a MAS-like syndrome, also show high levels of serum IL-18 and may benefit from IL-18 blockade treatment until a curative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can be performed The safety of IL-18 blockade during long-term periods is of major interest for the treatment of these patients

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: (both criteria must be met)

Patients have participated in AB2 Bio ltd. Phase III clinical trial NLRC4/XIAP.2016.001 (IND N° 127953) by one of the following mechanisms : a) Patients that have completed the first 18-week RCT phase of the preceding clinical trial but were not eligible for the RW phase due to flare symptoms. Or b) Patients that completed the first 18-week RCT phase and completed the RW phase of the preceding clinical trial. Or c) Patients who have exited either the RCT or RW phase of the preceding clinical trial due to treatment failure requiring rescue immunosuppression. Such patients must wait a minimum of 4 weeks after treatment discontinuation from the preceding clinical trial before enrolling in this OLE. If patients do not consent to enroll in the OLE after their early termination in the main study, they will be asked to continue with the planned visits of the main study
Women of childbearing potential with negative urine pregnancy test (UPT) at all visits

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients may not enter the OLE if they voluntarily withdrew from RCT or RW study or if the time period between participation exceeds 3 months
Evidence or history of malignancy
Evidence of invasive or life-threatening infection
History of tuberculosis
Life-threatening bleeding within 2 weeks of screening
Vaccination with a live vaccine within the previous 3 months
Evidence of severe organ compromise including but not limited to: (see details in the protocol)
Pregnant or breastfeeding females
Inability to follow highly effective birth control recommendations during the study and until 1 month after the end of the treatment.
Inability to provide informed consent, and also assent if applicable
Life expectancy less than 4 weeks
Concomitant use of other immunosuppression except NSAIDs, glucocorticoids, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, IL-1 inhibitors (Anakinra, Canakinumab, or Rilonacept)


Intervention Type

Intervention Name


Tadekinig alfa


Phase 3



Min Age


Max Age


Download Date

November 8, 2023

Principal Investigator


Primary Contact Information

For more information on this trial, visit


For more information and to contact the study team:

Therapeutic Use of Tadekinig Alfa in NLRC4 Mutation and XIAP Deficiency as Open Label Extension NCT03512314