Current Environment:


Prospective data collection and evaluation of complete data sets will be performed in the course of routine clinical care of a cohort of consecutive patients (children up to 16 years old) presenting with an isolated femur shaft fracture. Data will be collected during follow-up visits at 3 to 6 weeks, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months, with additional follow-up visits as needed or dictated by individual practice. Final follow-up will be at 24 months, unless a patient requires additional follow-up or another intervention to address an unfavorable outcome (e.g. malalignment, nonunion, limb length discrepancy) noted at the 24 month follow-up visit.


Femoral Shaft Fracture

Recruitment Status

Active, not recruiting

Detailed Description

There is limited evidence about the comparative effectiveness of different treatments for pediatric femur fractures. The most common method used for isolated femur shaft fractures of children older than 5 years of age is elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN). It is thought to be the ideal indication for children up to the age of 10 to 12 and it is the most commonly employed method of internal fixation in this age group, but other treatments include external fixation, plating, other forms of flexible or rigid intramedullary nailing and non-operative options such as spica casts or traction. In children under the age of 5 non-operative methods are believed to work well with few complications. Imperfect alignment is more acceptable because of the tremendous remodelling potential in young growing children. Internal fixation is believed to be unnecessary as it is more invasive, with some risk of complications and likely need for a second surgical procedure to remove it. Biomechanical properties are different in this age group. Consequently, operative treatment of these fractures is generally not recommended in children under the age of 3 according to the German guidelines (, not under the age of 5 in the American guidelines (; and in Great Britain, surgical management in preschool children is restricted to polytrauma and complex injuries ( Despite these recommendations and the general acceptance of non-operative treatment for younger children , a survey of clinical practice in Germany revealed that 50% of children under the age of 3 years are treated with ESIN, because some surgeons believe that patients seem less comfortable when treated with traction or spica casting and might experience a higher rate of loss of reduction. Consequently, the use of ESIN for fractures in preschool children has become more prevalent in the last years. Similarly, there is wide variation in the preferred management of femoral shaft fractures in older children, with little evidence about the comparative effectiveness of different treatments for pediatric femur fractures. There is an imperative to collect prospective data to generate higher quality evidence. The purpose of this proposed registry is to collect the clinical outcomes (fracture healing & patient reported outcomes and complications) of the treatment of isolated femur shaft fractures in children up to skeletal maturity. Additionally, health economic aspects will be evaluated to give possible recommendations from a health economic perspective.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Age less than 16 years of age at the time of the injury
Open distal physis of the femur
Diagnosis of isolated closed femur shaft fracture (3.2-D)
Willingness and ability of the patient/parents/legally responsible care giver to participate in the clinical investigation including imaging and FU procedures as standard of care in each clinic
Willingness and ability of the parent(s) to support the patient in his/her study participation
Ability of parents to understand the content of the patient information / ICF and participation in the clinical investigation
Signed ICF by patient and/or parent(s) according to local policies and regulations

Exclusion Criteria:

Polytraumatized patient
Closed distal physis of the femur
Pathologic fractures and fractures in patients with metabolic bone disease, osteogenesis imperfecta, neuromuscular disorder, endocrinologic disease or other conditions influencing the bony structure
Participation in any other medical device or medicinal product study within the previous month that could influence the results of the present study


Intervention Type

Intervention Name


Conservative (non-surgical) treatment


Surgical treatment



Min Age


Max Age

16 Years

Download Date

February 14, 2024

Principal Investigator


Primary Contact Information

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For more information and to contact the study team:

Pediatric Femur Fracture Registry NCT03211546