Current Environment:


Patients under the age of 5, with a diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), unbalanced atrioventricular canal (uAVC), or borderline left heart who are undergoing staged LV recruitment following bidirectional Glenn (BDG) or undergoing BDG with plans for LV recruitment will be considered for enrollment in this study. Those patients enrolled in the study will be randomized to either the experimental arm or control arm of the study. Those patients randomized to the experimental arm will receive mesenchymal precursor cells (MPCs) injected directly into the LV endocardium during their LV recruitment or BDG procedure. Those patients randomized to the control arm will receive normal standard of care during their procedure with no injection of MPCs. It is believed that injection of MPCs will help improve the chances of those patients with single ventricle or borderline left ventricle being converted to biventricular circulation which could improve quality of life and longevity over palliation.


Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, Atrioventricular Canal

Recruitment Status

Active, not recruiting

Detailed Description

This is a prospective, single center, safety and feasibility, blinded, randomized trial to evaluate the use of MPCs in children with complex cardiac anatomy requiring surgical repair. Patients scheduled to undergo bidirectional Glenn (BDG) with future plans for LV recruitment, or patients with a history of BDG who are currently scheduled to undergo LV recruitment will be eligible. Twenty-four subjects will be enrolled, 12 to the MPC treatment arm and 12 to the control arm following a 1:1 randomization schema. Randomization will be stratified according to surgeon to assure random distribution of subjects by surgeon. Families, the biostatistician, all clinical staff outside the operating room, and research staff completing data analysis will be blinded to randomization assignment. The PI, operating room staff, and research staff assisting with delivery will be unblinded to the randomization assignment. Families will be made aware of their randomization assignment once all subjects have completed their study Visit 4. Those randomized to the treatment arm will receive MPCs injected directly into the LV endocardium following clinical surgical maneuvers to recruit the LV (mitral valve repair, aortic valve repair, and/or resection of endocardial fibroelastosis) or BDG. Those subjects randomized to the control arm will receive standard LV recruitment or BDG with no injection. All cardiac tissue acquired as part of a clinically indicated procedure will be collected on enrolled subjects. Most of the tissue sample will be analyzed at the time of collection (histology and H+E stain); the remainder will be banked for potential future testing.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients with a history of single ventricle palliation (Stage 1 palliation, PA band, or hybrid procedure) undergoing bidirectional Glenn (BDG) with simultaneous left ventricle (LV) recruitment procedures or those patients undergoing LV recruitment procedures will be considered for enrollment.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with current or history of myocardial tumors
Patients with aortic or mitral atresia
Patients with a history of high grade ventricular arrhythmias
Patients with a known allergy to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)
Patient has known allergy to mouse and/or cow products.
Patient is prior recipient of stem cell therapy for cardiac repair.
Patient has received treatment and/or is within an incomplete follow-up treatment of any investigational cell based therapy within 6 months prior to randomization.


Intervention Type

Intervention Name


MPC; rexlemestrocel-L


Phase 1, Phase 2



Min Age


Max Age

5 Years

Download Date

April 21, 2023

Principal Investigator

Sitaram Emani

Primary Contact Information

For more information on this trial, visit


For more information and to contact the study team:

Mesoblast Stem Cell Therapy for Patients With Single Ventricle and Borderline Left Ventricle NCT03079401