Current Environment:


Cystic fibrosis (CF), a life-shortening genetic disease, is marked by acute episodes during which symptoms of lung infection increase and lung function decreases. These pulmonary exacerbations are treated with varying antibiotics for varying time periods based on needs determined by individual patients, their families, and the health care providers. Cystic fibrosis pulmonary guidelines for the treatment of pulmonary exacerbation published by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CFF) in 2009 provided recommendations for treatment and also identified key questions for which additional studies were needed. A strong desire among clinicians to reduce treatment durations (and reduce cost, inconvenience, and potential toxicities) is in conflict with belief that patients not responding robustly to treatment might benefit from extending treatment. This randomized, controlled, open-label study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of differing durations of IV treatment, given in the hospital or at home for a pulmonary exacerbation in adult patients with CF.


Pulmonary Cystic Fibrosis

Recruitment Status


Detailed Description

The study will assess the non-inferiority of 10 days versus 14 days treatment duration among patients who have an early robust improvement (ERR subjects) and the superiority of 21 days versus 14 days treatment duration among the subjects who do not meet the definition of ERR (non-ERR; NERR). Subjects will undergo pulmonary function testing (spirometry) and complete a respiratory symptom score [Chronic Respiratory Infection Symptom Score (CRISS)] at initiation of IV treatment (Baseline/ Visit 1) and at Day 7-10 (Visit 2). At Visit 2, subjects will be allocated to groups ERR or NERR based on their initial clinical response as determined by the change in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1; percent of predicted) and CRISS from Baseline and then randomized to an IV treatment duration (nested within group). ERR subjects [≥8% predicted improvement in FEV1 from Visit 1 to Visit 2 and CRISS reduction of ≥11 points from Visit 1 to Visit 2] will be randomized 1:1 to either 10 days or 14 days total IV antibiotic treatment duration. Remaining (NERR) subjects will be randomized 1:1 to receive either 14 or 21 days total IV antibiotic treatment duration. All subjects will be evaluated again at Visit 3, 14 days following scheduled completion of IV antibiotic treatment.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Key Inclusion Criteria:

Male or female ≥18 years of age at Visit 1
Documentation of a CF diagnosis
Enrolled in the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation National Patient Registry (CFFNPR) prior to Visit 1 (US sites only)
At the time of Visit 1, there is a plan to initiate IV antibiotics for a pulmonary exacerbation
Performed spirometry at Visit 1 and Visit 2 and willing to perform spirometry at Visit 3
Completed the CRISS questionnaire at Visit 1 and Visit 2 and willing to complete the Cystic Fibrosis Respiratory Symptoms Diary (CFRSD) questionnaire at Visit 3
Willing to adhere to a specific treatment duration determined by initial response to treatment and subsequent randomization
Willing to return for follow up Visit 3
Written informed consent obtained from the subject or subject's legal representative

Exclusion Criteria:

Key Exclusion Criteria

Previous randomization in this study
Treatment with IV antibiotics in the 6 weeks prior to Visit 1
Admission to the intensive care unit for current pulmonary exacerbation in the two weeks prior to Visit 2, unless admission was due to a desensitization protocol
Pneumothorax in the two weeks prior to Visit 2
Primary diagnosis for current hospitalization is unrelated to worsening lower respiratory symptoms (e.g., pulmonary clean out, distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS), sinusitis)
Massive hemoptysis defined as > 250 cc in a 24 hour period or 100 cc/day over 4 consecutive days occurring in the two weeks prior to Visit 2
Current pulmonary exacerbation thought to be due to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA)
At Visit 1, receiving ongoing treatment with a duration of more than 2 weeks with prednisone equivalent to >10mg/day
History of solid organ transplantation
Receiving antimicrobial therapy to treat non-tuberculous mycobacterium (e.g., M. abscessus, M. avium complex) in the two weeks prior to Visit 2


Intervention Type

Intervention Name


Standard of care IV antibiotic(s)


Phase 4



Min Age

18 Years

Max Age


Download Date

May 19, 2021

Principal Investigator

Chris Goss

Primary Contact Information

For more information on this trial, visit


For more information and to contact the study team:

Standardized Treatment of Pulmonary Exacerbations II NCT02781610