Current Environment:


The Finding the Optimum Regimen for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (FOR DMD) study will compare three ways of giving corticosteroids to boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) to determine which of the three ways increases muscle strength the most, and which causes the fewest side effects. Using the results of this study, the investigators aim to provide patients and families with clearer information about the best way to take these drugs.


Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Recruitment Status


Detailed Description

Boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy experience progressive muscle weakness as they grow up. Corticosteroids are currently the only medicine that has been shown to increase muscle strength in boys with DMD. Benefits include an increase in the length of time that boys could continue to walk, reduction in the development of curvature of the spine, a longer time of adequate breathing, and possible protection against the development of heart problems. Doctors have tried different ways of prescribing corticosteroids in order to decrease undesirable side effects of the drug. No controlled, long-term study has ever looked at the effects of different corticosteroids to see which one improves strength the most and which one causes the fewest side effects, over a period of time. Different doctors in different countries prescribe the drugs in different ways, and some do not prescribe corticosteroids at all. The FOR DMD study will enroll boys with DMD ages 4-7. The study will look at three ways of taking the following corticosteroids by the mouth to determine which increases muscle strength the most, and which causes the fewest side effects: Prednisone 0.75mg/kg/day Prednisone 0.75mg/kg/day switching between 10 days on and 10 days off treatment Deflazacort 0.9mg/kg/day. The study will take place at 40 academic medical centers in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany and Italy.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Evidence of signed and dated informed consent form.
Confirmed diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Age greater than or equal to 4 years and less than 8 years old
Ability to rise independently from floor, from supine to standing
Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, drug administration plan and study procedures
Ability to maintain reproducible FVC measurements.

Exclusion Criteria:

History of major renal or hepatic impairment, immunosuppression or other contraindications to corticosteroid therapy.
History of chronic systemic fungal or viral infections. Acute bacterial infection(including TB) would exclude from enrolment until the infection had been appropriately treated and resolved.
Diabetes mellitus.
Idiopathic hypercalcuria.
Lack of chicken pox immunity and refusal to undergo immunization.
Evidence of symptomatic cardiomyopathy at screening assessment (one to three months prior to the baseline visit). Asymptomatic cardiac abnormality on investigation would not be an exclusion.
Current or previous treatment (greater than four consecutive weeks of oral therapy) with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive treatments for DMD or other recurrent indications (e.g., asthma), unless approved by FOR-DMD Team (i.e., concurrent participation in another allowed DMD trial).
Inability to take tablets, as assessed by the site investigator by the end of the screening period (the screening period ranges from one to three months prior to the baseline visit).
Allergy/sensitivity to study drugs or their formulations including lactose and/or sucrose intolerance.
Severe behavioral problems, including severe autism.
Previous or ongoing medical condition, medical history, physical findings or laboratory abnormalities that could affect safety, make it unlikely that treatment and follow up will be correctly completed or impair the assessment of study results, in the judgment of the site investigator.
Weight of less than 13 kilograms.
Exposure to any investigational drug currently or within 3 months prior to start of study treatment.


Intervention Type

Intervention Name








Phase 3



Min Age

4 Years

Max Age

7 Years

Download Date

August 12, 2022

Principal Investigator

Robert Griggs, MD

Primary Contact Information

For more information on this trial, visit


For more information and to contact the study team:

Finding the Optimum Regimen for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy NCT01603407