Testing and Diagnosis for Craniosynostosis in Children

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How is craniosynostosis diagnosed?

Many children with craniosynostosis display visible symptoms—namely, a misshapen, enlarged or asymmetrical head and skull—at birth. Other times, a child’s craniosynostosis is diagnosed during a routine physical examination. 

Once an initial finding of craniosynostosis is made, your clinician may take the following steps to confirm the diagnosis:

  • obtaining a full family medical history
  • determining whether your child is experiencing any developmental delays or other problems in meeting age-appropriate milestones
  • measuring the circumference of your child’s head and plotting these measurements on a graph to detect unusual patterns
  • ordering x-rays, pictures taken with small doses of radiation
  • ordering a computed tomography (CT) scan, a non-invasive procedure using x-ray equipment and powerful computers to create detailed images of particular parts of the body

Boston Children’s Fetal-Neonatal Neurology Program helps newborns and infants with neurological problems.

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- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

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