Congenital Scoliosis | Symptoms and Causes

What are the symptoms of congenital scoliosis?

Although congenital scoliosis is present at birth, it may not become apparent until an adolescent growth spurt. Congenital scoliosis often worsens as a child grows.

Common signs and symptoms of scoliosis may include:

  • uneven hip heights or positions
  • uneven shoulder blade heights or arm lengths
  • head not centered with the rest of the body
  • when bending forward, the left and right sides of the back are not even

Features of scoliosis

In addition, children with congenital scoliosis may also have signs of associated conditions:

  • hairy patch or dimples on back
  • rib hump or small bump on back
  • pain or spasticity in lower extremities
  • stiff neck or short neck or spine
  • abnormally formed hand, arm or foot
  • difficulty hearing
  • bladder or kidney problems
  • other problems with the bones, muscles or joints

What are the causes of congenital scoliosis?

Congenital scoliosis occurs early in pregnancy when some of the vertebrae in the spine don’t form completely or don’t separate correctly. In some cases, it’s caused by a combination of both of these problems.