Research

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Gerald Marx, MD

Gerald Marx, MD
Department:
Cardiology Research
Hospital Title:
Senior Associate in Cardiology
Academic Title:
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School

Publications

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  1. Simpson J, Lopez L, Acar P, Friedberg M, Khoo N, Ko H, Marek J, Marx G, McGhie J, Meijboom F, Roberson D, Van den Bosch A, Miller O, Shirali G. Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease: an expert consensus document from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and the American Society of Echocardiography. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Oct; 17(10):1071-97.
  2. Emani SM, Marx GR. Operations for improving left ventricular diastolic function. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2016 Jan; 31(1):101-8.
  3. Myers PO, Baird CW, Del Nido PJ, Pigula FA, Lang N, Marx GR, Emani SM. Neonatal Mitral Valve Repair in Biventricular Repair, Single Ventricle Palliation, and Secondary Left Ventricular Recruitment: Indications, Techniques, and Mid-Term Outcomes. Front Surg. 2015; 2:59.
  4. Baird CW, Zurakowski D, Bueno A, Borisuk MJ, Raju V, Mokashi SA, Emani S, Marx GR, Del Nido PJ. Outcomes and Short-Term Follow-Up in Complex Ross Operations in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Damus-Kaye-Stansel Takedown. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016; 28(1):81-9.
  5. Myers PO, del Nido PJ, Bautista-Hernandez V, Marx GR, Emani SM, Pigula FA, Borisuk M, Baird CW. Biventricular repair for common atrioventricular canal defect with parachute left atrioventricular valve. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2016 Feb; 49(2):546-51; discussion 551-2.
  6. Zachariah JP, Ingul CB, Marx GR. Linking pediatric obesity to subclinical alterations in cardiac structure and function. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Dec; 7(12):1206-8.
  7. Myers PO, del Nido PJ, Emani SM, Marx GR, Baird CW. Valve-sparing aortic root replacement and remodeling with complex aortic valve reconstruction in children and young adults with moderate or severe aortic regurgitation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Jun; 147(6):1768-74.
  8. Shivapour JK, Sherwin ED, Alexander ME, Cecchin F, Mah DY, Triedman JK, Marx GR, del Nido PJ, Walsh EP. Utility of preoperative electrophysiologic studies in patients with Ebstein's anomaly undergoing the Cone procedure. Heart Rhythm. 2014 Feb; 11(2):182-6.
  9. Myers PO, Bautista-Hernandez V, Baird CW, Emani SM, Marx GR, del Nido PJ. Tricuspid regurgitation or Ebsteinoid dysplasia of the tricuspid valve in congenitally corrected transposition: is valvuloplasty necessary at anatomic repair? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Feb; 147(2):576-80.
  10. Bautista-Hernandez V, Myers PO, Cecchin F, Marx GR, Del Nido PJ. Late left ventricular dysfunction after anatomic repair of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Jul; 148(1):254-8.
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  12. Marx GR, Shirali G, Levine JC, Guey LT, Cnota JF, Baffa JM, Border WL, Colan S, Ensing G, Friedberg MK, Goldberg DJ, Idriss SF, John JB, Lai WW, Lu M, Menon SC, Ohye RG, Saudek D, Wong PC, Pearson GD. Multicenter study comparing shunt type in the norwood procedure for single-ventricle lesions: three-dimensional echocardiographic analysis. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Nov; 6(6):934-42.
  13. Myers PO, Bautista-Hernandez V, del Nido PJ, Marx GR, Mayer JE, Pigula FA, Baird CW. Surgical repair of truncal valve regurgitation. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2013 Nov; 44(5):813-20.
  14. Bautista-Hernandez V, Myers PO, Loyola H, Marx GR, Bacha EA, Baird CW, del Nido PJ. Atrioventricular valve annular remodeling with a bioabsorbable ring in young children. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Nov 20; 60(21):2256-8.
  15. Emani SM, McElhinney DB, Tworetzky W, Myers PO, Schroeder B, Zurakowski D, Pigula FA, Marx GR, Lock JE, del Nido PJ. Staged left ventricular recruitment after single-ventricle palliation in patients with borderline left heart hypoplasia. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Nov 6; 60(19):1966-74.
  16. Karamichalis JM, Colan SD, Nathan M, Pigula FA, Baird C, Marx G, Emani SM, Geva T, Fynn-Thompson FE, Liu H, Mayer JE, del Nido PJ. Technical performance scores in congenital cardiac operations: a quality assessment initiative. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Oct; 94(4):1317-23; discussion 1323.
  17. Myers PO, del Nido PJ, Marx GR, Emani S, Mayer JE, Pigula FA, Baird CW. Improving left ventricular outflow tract obstruction repair in common atrioventricular canal defects. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Aug; 94(2):599-605; discussion 605.
  18. Kipps AK, Graham DA, Lewis E, Marx GR, Banka P, Rhodes J. Natural history of exercise function in patients with Ebstein anomaly: A serial study. Am Heart J. 2012 Mar; 163(3):486-91.
  19. Baird CW, Myers PO, Marx G, Del Nido PJ. Mitral valve operations at a high-volume pediatric heart center: Evolving techniques and improved survival with mitral valve repair versus replacement. Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Jan; 5(1):13-20.
  20. Bickenbach J, Fries M, Offermanns V, Von Stillfried R, Rossaint R, Marx G, Dembinski R. Impact of early vs. late tracheostomy on weaning: a retrospective analysis. Minerva Anestesiol. 2011 Dec; 77(12):1176-83.
  21. Marx GR. Echocardiography in heterotaxy syndrome. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2011 Apr; 2(2):253-7.
  22. Bickenbach J, Fries M, Rex S, Stitz C, Heussen N, Rossaint R, Marx G, Dembinski R. Outcome and mortality risk factors in long-term treated ICU patients: a retrospective analysis. Minerva Anestesiol. 2011 Apr; 77(4):427-38.
  23. Nathan M, Emani S, Marx G, Pigula F. Anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery in hypoplastic left hearts: case series and review of literature. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Jul; 142(1):225-7.
  24. Marx GR. Echocardiography for discordant atrioventricular connections. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2011 Jan; 2(1):54-8.
  25. Schneider RJ, Perrin DP, Vasilyev NV, Marx GR, del Nido PJ, Howe RD. Mitral annulus segmentation from 3D ultrasound using graph cuts. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2010 Sep; 29(9):1676-87.
  26. Emani SM, Bacha EA, McElhinney DB, Marx GR, Tworetzky W, Pigula FA, del Nido PJ. Primary left ventricular rehabilitation is effective in maintaining two-ventricle physiology in the borderline left heart. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Dec; 138(6):1276-82.
  27. McElhinney DB, Marshall AC, Wilkins-Haug LE, Brown DW, Benson CB, Silva V, Marx GR, Mizrahi-Arnaud A, Lock JE, Tworetzky W. Predictors of technical success and postnatal biventricular outcome after in utero aortic valvuloplasty for aortic stenosis with evolving hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Circulation. 2009 Oct 13; 120(15):1482-90.
  28. Zoghbi WA, Chambers JB, Dumesnil JG, Foster E, Gottdiener JS, Grayburn PA, Khandheria BK, Levine RA, Marx GR, Miller FA, Nakatani S, Quiñones MA, Rakowski H, Rodriguez LL, Swaminathan M, Waggoner AD, Weissman NJ, Zabalgoitia M. Recommendations for evaluation of prosthetic valves with echocardiography and doppler ultrasound: a report From the American Society of Echocardiography's Guidelines and Standards Committee and the Task Force on Prosthetic Valves, developed in conjunction with the American College of Cardiology Cardiovascular Imaging Committee, Cardiac Imaging Committee of the American Heart Association, the European Association of Echocardiography, a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology, the Japanese Society of Echocardiography and the Canadian Society of Echocardiography, endorsed by the American College of Cardiology Foundation, American Heart Association, European Association of Echocardiography, a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology, the Japanese Society of Echocardiography, and Canadian Society of Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2009 Sep; 22(9):975-1014; quiz 1082-4.
  29. Tworetzky W, McElhinney DB, Marx GR, Benson CB, Brusseau R, Morash D, Wilkins-Haug LE, Lock JE, Marshall AC. In utero valvuloplasty for pulmonary atresia with hypoplastic right ventricle: techniques and outcomes. Pediatrics. 2009 Sep; 124(3):e510-8.
  30. Robinson JD, Marx GR, Del Nido PJ, Lock JE, McElhinney DB. Effectiveness of balloon valvuloplasty for palliation of mitral stenosis after repair of atrioventricular canal defects. Am J Cardiol. 2009 Jun 15; 103(12):1770-3.
  31. Lim HG, Bacha EA, Marx GR, Marshall A, Fynn-Thompson F, Mayer JE, Del Nido P, Pigula FA. Biventricular repair in patients with heterotaxy syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Feb; 137(2):371-379.e3.
  32. Schneider RJ, Perrin DP, Vasilyev NV, Marx GR, Del Nido PJ, Howe RD. Mitral Annulus Segmentation from Three-Dimensional Ultrasound. Proc IEEE Int Symp Biomed Imaging. 2009; 779-782.
  33. Meadows J, Lang P, Marx G, Rhodes J. Fontan fenestration closure has no acute effect on exercise capacity but improves ventilatory response to exercise. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Jul 8; 52(2):108-13.
  34. Vida VL, Bacha EA, Larrazabal A, Gauvreau K, Dorfman AL, Marx G, Geva T, Marshall AC, Pigula FA, Mayer JE, del Nido PJ, Fynn-Thompson F. Surgical outcome for patients with the mitral stenosis-aortic atresia variant of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Feb; 135(2):339-46.
  35. Kühn B, Peters J, Marx GR, Breitbart RE. Etiology, management, and outcome of pediatric pericardial effusions. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 Jan; 29(1):90-4.
  36. Sakr Y, Reinhart K, Bloos F, Marx G, Russwurm S, Bauer M, Brunkhorst F. Time course and relationship between plasma selenium concentrations, systemic inflammatory response, sepsis, and multiorgan failure. Br J Anaesth. 2007 Jun; 98(6):775-84.
  37. Bautista-Hernandez V, Marx GR, Bacha EA, del Nido PJ. Aortic root translocation plus arterial switch for transposition of the great arteries with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction: intermediate-term results. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Jan 30; 49(4):485-90.
  38. Bautista-Hernandez V, Marx GR, Gauvreau K, Mayer JE, Cecchin F, del Nido PJ. Determinants of left ventricular dysfunction after anatomic repair of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Dec; 82(6):2059-65; discussion 2065-6.
  39. Bautista-Hernandez V, Marx GR, del Nido PJ. One-stage neonatal corrective repair for d-transposition of the great arteries and complete atrio-ventricular canal. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2007 Jan; 31(1):135-7.
  40. Vasilyev NV, Martinez JF, Freudenthal FP, Suematsu Y, Marx GR, del Nido PJ. Three-dimensional echo and videocardioscopy-guided atrial septal defect closure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Oct; 82(4):1322-6; discussion 1326.
  41. Kassis I, Zangi L, Rivkin R, Levdansky L, Samuel S, Marx G, Gorodetsky R. Isolation of mesenchymal stem cells from G-CSF-mobilized human peripheral blood using fibrin microbeads. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2006 May; 37(10):967-76.
  42. Shimony N, Gorodetsky R, Marx G, Gal D, Rivkin R, Ben-Ari A, Landsman A, Haviv YS. Fibrin microbeads (FMB) as a 3D platform for kidney gene and cell therapy. Kidney Int. 2006 Feb; 69(3):625-33.
  43. Knauth AL, Marshall AC, Geva T, Jonas RA, Marx GR. Respiratory symptoms secondary to aortopulmonary collateral vessels in tetralogy of Fallot absent pulmonary valve syndrome. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Feb 15; 93(4):503-5.
  44. Marx G, Cope T, McCrossan L, Swaraj S, Cowan C, Mostafa SM, Wenstone R, Leuwer M. Assessing fluid responsiveness by stroke volume variation in mechanically ventilated patients with severe sepsis. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2004 Feb; 21(2):132-8.
  45. Cannon JW, Howe RD, Dupont PE, Triedman JK, Marx GR, del Nido PJ. Application of robotics in congenital cardiac surgery. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2003; 6:72-83.
  46. Cannon JW, Stoll JA, Salgo IS, Knowles HB, Howe RD, Dupont PE, Marx GR, del Nido PJ. Real-time three-dimensional ultrasound for guiding surgical tasks. Comput Aided Surg. 2003; 8(2):82-90.
  47. Therrien J, Marx GR, Gatzoulis MA. Late problems in tetralogy of Fallot--recognition, management, and prevention. Cardiol Clin. 2002 Aug; 20(3):395-404.
  48. Bacha EA, Satou GM, Moran AM, Zurakowski D, Marx GR, Keane JF, Jonas RA. Valve-sparing operation for balloon-induced aortic regurgitation in congenital aortic stenosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2001 Jul; 122(1):162-8.
  49. Acar P, Marx GR, Saliba Z, Sidi D, Kachaner J. Three-dimensional echocardiographic measurement of left ventricular stroke volume in children: comparison with Doppler method. Pediatr Cardiol. 2001 Mar-Apr; 22(2):116-20.
  50. Marx GR. "Repaired" aortic coarctation in adults: not a "simple" congenital heart defect. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Mar 15; 35(4):1003-6.
  51. Marx G, Vangerow B, Hecker H, Leuwer M, Jankowski M, Piepenbrock S, Rueckoldt H. Predictors of respiratory function deterioration after transfer of critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med. 1998 Nov; 24(11):1157-62.
  52. Marx GR, Geva T. MRI and echocardiography in children: how do they compare? Semin Roentgenol. 1998 Jul; 33(3):281-92.
  53. Berul CI, Hill SL, Wang PJ, Marx GR, Fulton DR, Estes NA. Neonatal radiofrequency catheter ablation of junctional tachycardias. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 1998 Mar; 2(1):91-100.
  54. McElhinney DB, Reddy VM, Feuerstein BG, Marx GR, Hanley FL. Intraoperative discovery of neuroblastoma in an infant with pulmonary atresia. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Dec; 64(6):1827-9.
  55. Berul CI, Hill SL, Geggel RL, Hijazi ZM, Marx GR, Rhodes J, Walsh KA, Fulton DR. Electrocardiographic markers of late sudden death risk in postoperative tetralogy of Fallot children. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1997 Dec; 8(12):1349-56.
  56. Rhodes J, Geggel RL, Marx GR, Bevilacqua L, Dambach YB, Hijazi ZM. Excessive anaerobic metabolism during exercise after repair of aortic coarctation. J Pediatr. 1997 Aug; 131(2):210-4.
  57. Gidding SS, Leibel RL, Daniels S, Rosenbaum M, Van Horn L, Marx GR. Understanding obesity in youth. A statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Atherosclerosis and Hypertension in the Young of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young and the Nutrition Committee, American Heart Association. Writing Group. Circulation. 1996 Dec 15; 94(12):3383-7.
  58. Irons MB, Bianchi DW, Geggel RL, Marx GR, Bhan I. Possible new autosomal recessive syndrome of lymphedema, hydroceles, atrial septal defect, and characteristic facial changes. Am J Med Genet. 1996 Dec 2; 66(1):69-71.
  59. Rhodes J, Hijazi ZM, Marx GR, Fulton DR. Aerobic exercise function of patients with persistent coronary artery aneurysms secondary to Kawasaki disease. Pediatr Cardiol. 1996 Jul-Aug; 17(4):226-30.
  60. Hijazi ZM, al-Fadley F, Geggel RL, Marx GR, Galal O, al-Halees Z, Abbag F, Fulton DR. Stent implantation for relief of pulmonary artery stenosis: immediate and short-term results. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1996 May; 38(1):16-23.
  61. Warner KG, Payne DD, Fulton DR, Geggel RL, Marx GR, Schwartz SL, Weintraub AR. Excision of a pulmonary valve abscess in a 61-year-old woman with single ventricle. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Jan; 61(1):213-5.
  62. Simpson LL, Marx GR, D'Alton ME. Management of supraventricular tachycardia in the fetus. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Oct; 7(5):409-13.
  63. Hijazi ZM, Udelson JE, Snapper H, Rhodes J, Marx GR, Schwartz SL, Fulton DR. Physiologic significance of chronic coronary aneurysms in patients with Kawasaki disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 Dec; 24(7):1633-8.
  64. Washington RL, Bricker JT, Alpert BS, Daniels SR, Deckelbaum RJ, Fisher EA, Gidding SS, Isabel-Jones J, Kavey RE, Marx GR, et al. Guidelines for exercise testing in the pediatric age group. From the Committee on Atherosclerosis and Hypertension in Children, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, the American Heart Association. Circulation. 1994 Oct; 90(4):2166-79.
  65. Hijazi ZM, Geggel RL, Aronovitz MJ, Marx GR, Rhodes J, Fulton DR. A new low profile balloon atrial septostomy catheter: initial animal and clinical experience. J Invasive Cardiol. 1994 Jul-Aug; 6(6):209-12.
  66. Simpson LL, Marx GR. Diagnosis and treatment of structural fetal cardiac abnormality and dysrhythmia. Semin Perinatol. 1994 Jun; 18(3):215-27.
  67. Pandian NG, Roelandt J, Nanda NC, Sugeng L, Cao QL, Azevedo J, Schwartz SL, Vannan MA, Ludomirski A, Marx G, et al. Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography: methods and clinical potential. Echocardiography. 1994 May; 11(3):237-59.
  68. Rhodes J, Udelson JE, Marx GR, Schmid CH, Konstam MA, Hijazi ZM, Bova SA, Fulton DR. A new noninvasive method for the estimation of peak dP/dt. Circulation. 1993 Dec; 88(6):2693-9.
  69. Hijazi ZM, Aronovitz MJ, Marx GR, Fulton DR. Successful placement and re-expansion of a new balloon expandable stent to maintain patency of the ductus arteriosus in a newborn animal model. J Invasive Cardiol. 1993 Nov-Dec; 5(9):351-7.
  70. Warner KG, Anderson JE, Fulton DR, Payne DD, Geggel RL, Marx GR. Restoration of the pulmonary valve reduces right ventricular volume overload after previous repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Circulation. 1993 Nov; 88(5 Pt 2):II189-97.
  71. Meissner HC, Fulton DR, Groothuis JR, Geggel RL, Marx GR, Hemming VG, Hougen T, Snydman DR. Controlled trial to evaluate protection of high-risk infants against respiratory syncytial virus disease by using standard intravenous immune globulin. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1993 Aug; 37(8):1655-8.
  72. Allen HD, Marx GR, Ovitt TW. A simplified method for catheter entry into the pulmonary artery in patients with complex congenital heart disease. Am Heart J. 1988 Dec; 116(6 Pt 1):1624-7.
  73. Marx GR, Allen HD, Ovitt TW, Hanson W. Balloon dilation angioplasty of Blalock-Taussig shunts. Am J Cardiol. 1988 Oct 1; 62(10 Pt 1):824-7.
  74. Donnerstein RL, Marx GR. Simplified method for estimation of Doppler cardiac output in the great arteries. Am J Cardiol. 1988 Jul 1; 62(1):155-6.
  75. Shenker L, Reed KL, Marx GR, Donnerstein RL, Allen HD, Anderson CF. Fetal cardiac Doppler flow studies in prenatal diagnosis of heart disease. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Jun; 158(6 Pt 1):1267-73.
  76. Alter DN, Reed KL, Marx GR, Anderson CF, Shenker L. Prenatal diagnosis of congestive heart failure in a fetus with a sacrococcygeal teratoma. Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Jun; 71(6 Pt 2):978-81.
  77. Allen HD, Goldberg SJ, Marx GR. Doppler puts pressure on our hemodynamic thinking. Am Heart J. 1988 May; 115(5):1145-8.
  78. Marx GR, Hicks RW, Allen HD, Goldberg SJ. Noninvasive assessment of hemodynamic responses to exercise in pulmonary regurgitation after operations to correct pulmonary outflow obstruction. Am J Cardiol. 1988 Mar 1; 61(8):595-601.
  79. Hegesh JT, Marx GR, Allen HD. Development of a subaortic membrane after surgical closure of a membranous ventricular septal defect in an infant. Am Heart J. 1987 Oct; 114(4 Pt 1):899-902.
  80. Shenker L, Reed KL, Anderson CF, Marx GR, Sobonya RE, Graham AR. Congenital heart block and cardiac anomalies in the absence of maternal connective tissue disease. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Aug; 157(2):248-53.
  81. Marx GR, Hicks RW, Allen HD. Measurement of cardiac output and exercise factor by pulsed Doppler echocardiography during supine bicycle ergometry in normal young adolescent boys. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1987 Aug; 10(2):430-4.
  82. Reed KL, Sahn DJ, Marx GR, Anderson CF, Shenker L. Cardiac Doppler flows during fetal arrhythmias: physiologic consequences. Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Jul; 70(1):1-6.
  83. Cohen CR, Allen HD, Spain J, Marx GR, Wolfe RW, Harvey JS. Cardiac structure and function of elite high school wrestlers. Am J Dis Child. 1987 May; 141(5):576-81.
  84. Wilson N, Goldberg SJ, Allen HD, Marx GR, Loeber CP. Does transducer selection affect aortic arch velocities? Am Heart J. 1987 Apr; 113(4):878-85.
  85. Wilson N, Reed K, Allen HD, Marx GR, Goldberg SJ. Doppler echocardiographic observations of pulmonary and transvalvular velocity changes after birth and during the early neonatal period. Am Heart J. 1987 Mar; 113(3):750-8.
  86. Loeber CP, Goldberg SJ, Marx GR, Carrier M, Emery RW. How much does aortic and pulmonary artery area vary during the cardiac cycle? Am Heart J. 1987 Jan; 113(1):95-100.
  87. Marx GR, Goldberg SJ, Allen HD. Two methods for measurement of ascending aortic diameter by 2D echocardiography as compared with cineangiography. Am Heart J. 1986 Jul; 112(1):172-3.
  88. Schwartz ML, Goldberg SJ, Wilson N, Allen HD, Marx GR. Relation of Still's murmur, small aortic diameter and high aortic velocity. Am J Cardiol. 1986 Jun 1; 57(15):1344-8.
  89. Marx GR, Allen HD. Accuracy and pitfalls of Doppler evaluation of the pressure gradient in aortic coarctation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986 Jun; 7(6):1379-85.
  90. Marx GR, Allen HD, Goldberg SJ. Doppler echocardiographic estimation of systolic pulmonary artery pressure in patients with aortic-pulmonary shunts. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986 Apr; 7(4):880-5.
  91. Goldberg SJ, Vasko SD, Allen HD, Marx GR. Can the technique for Doppler estimate of pulmonary stenosis gradient be simplified? Am Heart J. 1986 Apr; 111(4):709-13.
  92. Marx GR, Allen HD, Goldberg SJ. Doppler echocardiographic estimation of systolic pulmonary artery pressure in pediatric patients with interventricular communications. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1985 Nov; 6(5):1132-7.
  93. Marx GR, Allen HD, Goldberg SJ, Flinn CJ. Transatrial septal velocity measurement by Doppler echocardiography in atrial septal defect: correlation with Qp:Qs ratio. Am J Cardiol. 1985 Apr 15; 55(9):1162-7.
  94. Marx GR, Bierman FZ, Matthews E, Williams R. Two-dimensional echocardiographic diagnosis of intracardiac masses in infancy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1984 Mar; 3(3):827-32.
  95. Penkoske PA, Westerman GR, Marx GR, Rabinovitch M, Freed MD, Norwood WI, Castaneda AR. Transposition of the great arteries and ventricular septal defect: results with the Senning operation and closure of the ventricular septal defect in infants. Ann Thorac Surg. 1983 Sep; 36(3):281-8.
  96. Marx GR, Hougen TJ, Norwood WI, Fyler DC, Castaneda AR, Nadas AS. Transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum: results of mustard and senning operations in 123 consecutive patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1983 Feb; 1(2 Pt 1):476-83.
  97. Van Praagh R, Leidenfrost RD, Lee SK, Marx G, Wright GB, Van Praagh S. The morphologic method applied to the problem of "single" right ventricle. Am J Cardiol. 1982 Oct; 50(4):929-32.
  98. McElhinney DB, Marx GR, Marshall AC, Mayer JE, Del Nido PJ. Cavopulmonary pathway modification in patients with heterotaxy and newly diagnosed or persistent pulmonary arteriovenous malformations after a modified Fontan operation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Jun; 141(6):1362-70.e1.
  99. Rhodes J, Dave A, Pulling MC, Geggel RL, Marx GR, Fulton DR, Hijazi ZM. Effect of pulmonary artery stenoses on the cardiopulmonary response to exercise following repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Am J Cardiol. 1998 May 15; 81(10):1217-9.
  100. Vida VL, Hoehn R, Larrazabal LA, Gauvreau K, Marx GR, del Nido PJ. Usefulness of intra-operative epicardial three-dimensional echocardiography to guide aortic valve repair in children. Am J Cardiol. 2009 Mar 15; 103(6):852-6.
  101. Cao QL, Pandian NG, Azevedo J, Schwartz SL, Vogel M, Fulton D, Marx G. Enhanced comprehension of dynamic cardiovascular anatomy by three-dimensional echocardiography with the use of mixed shading techniques. Echocardiography. 1994 Nov; 11(6):627-33.
  102. Linguraru MG, Kabla A, Marx GR, del Nido PJ, Howe RD. Real-time tracking and shape analysis of atrial septal defects in 3D echocardiography. Acad Radiol. 2007 Nov; 14(11):1298-309.
  103. deLeon VH, Hougen TJ, Norwood WI, Lang P, Marx GR, Castaneda A. Results of the Senning operation for transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum in neonates. Circulation. 1984 Sep; 70(3 Pt 2):I21-5.
  104. Schneider RJ, Perrin DP, Vasilyev NV, Marx GR, Del Nido PJ, Howe RD. Real-time image-based rigid registration of three-dimensional ultrasound. Med Image Anal. 2012 Feb; 16(2):402-14.
  105. Mäkikallio K, McElhinney DB, Levine JC, Marx GR, Colan SD, Marshall AC, Lock JE, Marcus EN, Tworetzky W. Fetal aortic valve stenosis and the evolution of hypoplastic left heart syndrome: patient selection for fetal intervention. Circulation. 2006 Mar 21; 113(11):1401-5.
  106. Rhodes J, Warner KG, Fulton DR, Romero BA, Schmid CH, Marx GR. Fate of mitral regurgitation following repair of atrioventricular septal defect. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Nov 1; 80(9):1194-7.
  107. Bacha EA, McElhinney DB, Guleserian KJ, Colan SD, Jonas RA, del Nido PJ, Marx GR. Surgical aortic valvuloplasty in children and adolescents with aortic regurgitation: acute and intermediate effects on aortic valve function and left ventricular dimensions. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Mar; 135(3):552-9, 559.e1-3.
  108. Simpson LL, Marx GR, D'Alton ME. Supraventricular tachycardia in the fetus: conservative management in the absence of hemodynamic compromise. J Ultrasound Med. 1997 Jul; 16(7):459-64.
  109. Vogel M, Marx GR, Tworetzky W, Cecchin F, Graham D, Mayer JE, Pigula FA, Bacha EA, Del Nido PJ. Ebstein's malformation of the tricuspid valve: short-term outcomes of the "cone procedure" versus conventional surgery. Congenit Heart Dis. 2012 Jan-Feb; 7(1):50-8.
  110. Marx GR, Fulton DR, Pandian NG, Vogel M, Cao QL, Ludomirsky A, Delabays A, Sugeng L, Klas B. Delineation of site, relative size and dynamic geometry of atrial septal defects by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Feb; 25(2):482-90.
  111. Rein AJ, O'Donnell CP, Colan SD, Marx GR. Tissue velocity Doppler assessment of atrial and ventricular electromechanical coupling and atrioventricular time intervals in normal subjects. Am J Cardiol. 2003 Dec 1; 92(11):1347-50.
  112. Sutton NJ, Peng L, Lock JE, Lang P, Marx GR, Curran TJ, O'Neill JA, Picard ST, Rhodes J. Effect of pulmonary artery angioplasty on exercise function after repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Am Heart J. 2008 Jan; 155(1):182-6.
  113. Selamet Tierney ES, Wald RM, McElhinney DB, Marshall AC, Benson CB, Colan SD, Marcus EN, Marx GR, Levine JC, Wilkins-Haug L, Lock JE, Tworetzky W. Changes in left heart hemodynamics after technically successful in-utero aortic valvuloplasty. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Oct; 30(5):715-20.
  114. Delabays A, Pandian NG, Cao QL, Sugeng L, Marx G, Ludomirski A, Schwartz SL. Transthoracic real-time three-dimensional echocardiography using a fan-like scanning approach for data acquisition: methods, strengths, problems, and initial clinical experience. Echocardiography. 1995 Jan; 12(1):49-59.
  115. Kaza E, Marx GR, Kaza AK, Colan SD, Loyola H, Perrin DP, Del Nido PJ. Changes in left atrioventricular valve geometry after surgical repair of complete atrioventricular canal. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 May; 143(5):1117-24.
  116. Marshall AC, Tworetzky W, Bergersen L, McElhinney DB, Benson CB, Jennings RW, Wilkins-Haug LE, Marx GR, Lock JE. Aortic valvuloplasty in the fetus: technical characteristics of successful balloon dilation. J Pediatr. 2005 Oct; 147(4):535-9.
  117. Marx GR, Su X. Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease. Cardiol Clin. 2007 May; 25(2):357-65.
  118. Suematsu Y, Marx GR, Triedman JK, Mihaljevic T, Mora BN, Takamoto S, del Nido PJ. Three-dimensional echocardiography-guided atrial septectomy: an experimental study. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jul; 128(1):53-9.
  119. Fulton DR, Marx GR, Pandian NG, Romero BA, Mumm B, Krauss M, Wollschläger H, Ludomirsky A, Cao QL. Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiographic imaging of congenital heart defects in infants and children by computer-controlled tomographic parallel slicing using a single integrated ultrasound instrument. Echocardiography. 1994 Mar; 11(2):155-64.
  120. Marx GR. Advances in cardiac imaging in congenital heart disease. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1995 Oct; 7(5):580-6.
  121. Pandian NG, Roelandt J, Nanda NC, Sugeng L, Cao QL, Azevedo J, Schwartz SL, Vannan MA, Ludomirski A, Marx G, et al. Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography: methods and clinical potential. Echocardiography. 1994 May; 11(3):237-59.
  122. Acar P, Laskari C, Rhodes J, Pandian N, Warner K, Marx G. Three-dimensional echocardiographic analysis of valve anatomy as a determinant of mitral regurgitation after surgery for atrioventricular septal defects. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Mar 1; 83(5):745-9.
  123. Marx GR, Sherwood MC. Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease: a continuum of unfulfilled promises? No. A presently clinically applicable technology with an important future? Yes. Pediatr Cardiol. 2002 May-Jun; 23(3):266-85.
  124. Costeas XF, Berul CI, Foote CB, Homoud MK, Marx GR, Smith JJ, Estes NA, Wang PJ. Transcoronary ethanol ablation of the atrioventricular node in a young patient with tricuspid atresia. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1998 Mar; 21(3):620-3.
  125. Schneider RJ, Tenenholtz NA, Perrin DP, Marx GR, del Nido PJ, Howe RD. Patient-specific mitral leaflet segmentation from 4D ultrasound. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2011; 14(Pt 3):520-7.
  126. Mahle WT, Marx GR, Anderson RH. Anatomy and echocardiography of discordant atrioventricular connections. Cardiol Young. 2006 Sep; 16 Suppl 3:65-71.
  127. Soliman DE, Maslow AD, Bokesch PM, Strafford M, Karlin L, Rhodes J, Marx GR. Transoesophageal echocardiography during scoliosis repair: comparison with CVP monitoring. Can J Anaesth. 1998 Oct; 45(10):925-32.
  128. Mahle WT, Silverman NH, Marx GR, Anderson RH. Echo-morphological correlates concerning the functionally univentricular heart in the setting of isomeric atrial appendages. Cardiol Young. 2006 Feb; 16 Suppl 1:35-42.
  129. Ludomirsky A, Vermilion R, Nesser J, Marx G, Vogel M, Derman R, Pandian N. Transthoracic real-time three-dimensional echocardiography using the rotational scanning approach for data acquisition. Echocardiography. 1994 Nov; 11(6):599-606.
  130. Kardon RE, Cao QL, Masani N, Sugeng L, Supran S, Warner KG, Pandian NG, Marx GR. New insights and observations in three-dimensional echocardiographic visualization of ventricular septal defects: experimental and clinical studies. Circulation. 1998 Sep 29; 98(13):1307-14.
  131. Marx GR, Sherwood MC, Fleishman C, Van Praagh R. Three-dimensional echocardiography of the atrial septum. Echocardiography. 2001 Jul; 18(5):433-43.
  132. Allen HD, Marx GR, Ovitt TW, Goldberg SJ. Balloon dilation angioplasty for coarctation of the aorta. Am J Cardiol. 1986 Apr 1; 57(10):828-32.
  133. Paris YM, Bhan I, Marx GR, Rhodes J. Truncus arteriosus with a single left ventricle: case report of a previously unrecognized entity. Am Heart J. 1997 Mar; 133(3):377-80.
  134. Linguraru MG, Vasilyev NV, Marx GR, Tworetzky W, Del Nido PJ, Howe RD. Fast block flow tracking of atrial septal defects in 4D echocardiography. Med Image Anal. 2008 Aug; 12(4):397-412.
  135. Tworetzky W, Wilkins-Haug L, Jennings RW, van der Velde ME, Marshall AC, Marx GR, Colan SD, Benson CB, Lock JE, Perry SB. Balloon dilation of severe aortic stenosis in the fetus: potential for prevention of hypoplastic left heart syndrome: candidate selection, technique, and results of successful intervention. Circulation. 2004 Oct 12; 110(15):2125-31.
  136. Yamauchi H, Vasilyev NV, Marx GR, Loyola H, Padala M, Yoganathan AP, del Nido PJ. Right ventricular papillary muscle approximation as a novel technique of valve repair for functional tricuspid regurgitation in an ex vivo porcine model. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Jul; 144(1):235-42.
  137. Vogel M, McElhinney DB, Wilkins-Haug LE, Marshall AC, Benson CB, Juraszek AL, Silva V, Lock JE, Marx GR, Tworetzky W. Aortic stenosis and severe mitral regurgitation in the fetus resulting in giant left atrium and hydrops: pathophysiology, outcomes, and preliminary experience with pre-natal cardiac intervention. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Jan 18; 57(3):348-55.
  138. Hoch M, Vasilyev NV, Soriano B, Gauvreau K, Marx GR. Variables influencing the accuracy of right ventricular volume assessment by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography: an in vitro validation study. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2007 May; 20(5):456-61.
  139. Vlahos AP, Marx GR, McElhinney D, Oneill S, Goudevenos I, Colan SD. Clinical utility of Doppler echocardiography in assessing aortic stenosis severity and predicting need for intervention in children. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 May; 29(3):507-14.
  140. Simpson LL, Marx GR, Elkadry EA, D'Alton ME. Cardiac dysfunction in twin-twin transfusion syndrome: a prospective, longitudinal study. Obstet Gynecol. 1998 Oct; 92(4 Pt 1):557-62.
  141. McElhinney DB, Marx GR, Newburger JW. Congenital portosystemic venous connections and other abdominal venous abnormalities in patients with polysplenia and functionally univentricular heart disease: a case series and literature review. Congenit Heart Dis. 2011 Jan-Feb; 6(1):28-40.
  142. Schneider RJ, Perrin DP, Vasilyev NV, Marx GR, del Nido PJ, Howe RD. Mitral annulus segmentation from four-dimensional ultrasound using a valve state predictor and constrained optical flow. Med Image Anal. 2012 Feb; 16(2):497-504.
  143. Marx GR. Doppler color flow echocardiography: indispensable application to congenital heart disease. Echocardiography. 1995 Jul; 12(4):413-24.
  144. Suematsu Y, Marx GR, Stoll JA, DuPont PE, Cleveland RO, Howe RD, Triedman JK, Mihaljevic T, Mora BN, Savord BJ, Salgo IS, del Nido PJ. Three-dimensional echocardiography-guided beating-heart surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass: a feasibility study. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Oct; 128(4):579-87.
  145. Saleeb SF, Margossian R, Spencer CT, Alexander ME, Smoot LB, Dorfman AL, Bergersen L, Gauvreau K, Marx GR, Colan SD. Reproducibility of echocardiographic diagnosis of left ventricular noncompaction. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2012 Feb; 25(2):194-202.
  146. Schwartz SL, Gillam LD, Weintraub AR, Sanzobrino BW, Hirst JA, Hsu TL, Fisher JP, Marx G, Fulton D, McKay RG, et al. Intracardiac echocardiography in humans using a small-sized (6F), low frequency (12.5 MHz) ultrasound catheter. Methods, imaging planes and clinical experience. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Jan; 21(1):189-98.
  147. Gananadha S, Hazebroek EJ, Leibman S, Berry H, Osgood L, Shon IH, Pavlakis N, Marx G, Smith GS. The utility of FDG-PET in the preoperative staging of esophageal cancer. Dis Esophagus. 2008; 21(5):389-94.
  148. Magni G, Cao QL, Sugeng L, Delabays A, Marx G, Ludomirski A, Vogel M, Pandian NG. Volume-rendered, three-dimensional echocardiographic determination of the size, shape, and position of atrial septal defects: validation in an in vitro model. Am Heart J. 1996 Aug; 132(2 Pt 1):376-81.
  149. Friedberg MK, Su X, Tworetzky W, Soriano BD, Powell AJ, Marx GR. Validation of 3D echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular volumes, mass, and ejection fraction in neonates and infants with congenital heart disease: a comparison study with cardiac MRI. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2010 Nov; 3(6):735-42.
  150. Soriano BD, Hoch M, Ithuralde A, Geva T, Powell AJ, Kussman BD, Graham DA, Tworetzky W, Marx GR. Matrix-array 3-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of volumes, mass, and ejection fraction in young pediatric patients with a functional single ventricle: a comparison study with cardiac magnetic resonance. Circulation. 2008 Apr 8; 117(14):1842-8.
  151. Delabays A, Sugeng L, Pandian NG, Hsu TL, Ho SJ, Chen CH, Marx G, Schwartz SL, Cao QL. Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of intracardiac blood flow jets. Am J Cardiol. 1995 Nov 15; 76(14):1053-8.
  152. Bautista-Hernandez V, Marx GR, Gauvreau K, Pigula FA, Bacha EA, Mayer JE, del Nido PJ. Coarctectomy reduces neoaortic arch obstruction in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Jun; 133(6):1540-6.
  153. Perrin DP, Vasilyev NV, Marx GR, del Nido PJ. Temporal enhancement of 3D echocardiography by frame reordering. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Mar; 5(3):300-4.
  154. Kreutzer J, Ryan CA, Wright JA, Jenkins KJ, Marx G, Van Praagh R, Lock JE. Acute animal studies of the STARFlex system: a new self-centering cardioSEAL septal occluder. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2000 Feb; 49(2):225-33.
  155. Banerjee A, Bengur AR, Li JS, Homans DC, Toher C, Bank AJ, Marx GR, Rhodes J, Das GS. Echocardiographic characteristics of successful deployment of the Das AngelWings atrial septal defect closure device: initial multicenter experience in the United States. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Apr 15; 83(8):1236-41.
  156. Mahle WT, Gonzalez JH, Kreeger J, Marx G, Duldani G, Silverman NH. Echocardiography of transposition of the great arteries. Cardiol Young. 2012 Dec; 22(6):664-70.
  157. Sugeng L, Cao QL, Delabays A, Esakof D, Marx G, Vannan M, Washburn D, Pandian NG. Three-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation of aortic disorders with rotational multiplanar imaging: experimental and clinical studies. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1997 Mar; 10(2):120-32.
  158. Suematsu Y, Martinez JF, Wolf BK, Marx GR, Stoll JA, DuPont PE, Howe RD, Triedman JK, del Nido PJ. Three-dimensional echo-guided beating heart surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass: atrial septal defect closure in a swine model. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Nov; 130(5):1348-57.
  159. Nguyen T, Miller M, Gonzalez J, Nardell K, Galas J, John JB, Timofeev S, Lambou R, Douglas K, Marx G. Echocardiography of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Cardiol Young. 2011 Dec; 21 Suppl 2:28-37.
  160. Magni G, Hijazi ZM, Pandian NG, Delabays A, Sugeng L, Laskari C, Marx GR. Two- and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in patient selection and assessment of atrial septal defect closure by the new DAS-Angel Wings device: initial clinical experience. Circulation. 1997 Sep 16; 96(6):1722-8.
  161. Nguyen T, John JB, Nardell K, Gonzalez JH, Timofeev S, Marx G. Echocardiography of common arterial trunk. Cardiol Young. 2012 Dec; 22(6):655-63.
  162. Nathan M, Liu H, Pigula FA, Fynn-Thompson F, Emani S, Baird CA, Marx G, Mayer JE, Del Nido PJ. Biventricular conversion after single-ventricle palliation in unbalanced atrioventricular canal defects. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Jun; 95(6):2086-95; discussion 2095-6.
  163. Feins EN, Yamauchi H, Marx GR, Freudenthal FP, Liu H, Del Nido PJ, Vasilyev NV. Repair of posterior mitral valve prolapse with a novel leaflet plication clip in an animal model. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Feb; 147(2):783-90; discussion 790-1.
  164. Renella P, Marx GR, Zhou J, Gauvreau K, Geva T. Feasibility and reproducibility of three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of right ventricular size and function in pediatric patients. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2014 Aug; 27(8):903-10.
  165. Escobar-Diaz MC, Friedman K, Salem Y, Marx GR, Kalish BT, Lafranchi T, Rathod RH, Emani S, Geva T, Tworetzky W. Perinatal and infant outcomes of prenatal diagnosis of heterotaxy syndrome (asplenia and polysplenia). Am J Cardiol. 2014 Aug 15; 114(4):612-7.
  166. Freud LR, McElhinney DB, Marshall AC, Marx GR, Friedman KG, del Nido PJ, Emani SM, Lafranchi T, Silva V, Wilkins-Haug LE, Benson CB, Lock JE, Tworetzky W. Fetal aortic valvuloplasty for evolving hypoplastic left heart syndrome: postnatal outcomes of the first 100 patients. Circulation. 2014 Aug 19; 130(8):638-45.
  167. Baird CW, Marx GR, Borisuk M, Emani S, del Nido PJ. Review of Congenital Mitral Valve Stenosis: Analysis, Repair Techniques and Outcomes. Cardiovasc Eng Technol. 2015 Jun; 6(2):167-73.
  168. Simpson J, Lopez L, Acar P, Friedberg MK, Khoo NS, Helen Ko H, Marek J, Marx G, McGhie JS, Meijboom F, Roberson D, Van den Bosch A, Miller O, Shirali G. Three-dimensional Echocardiography in Congenital Heart Disease: An Expert Consensus Document from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and the American Society of Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2016 Nov 9.
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