William Pu

William Pu, MD

Assistant in Cardiology

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School

    Contact: 617-355-7696
  • Fax: 617-739-3784

Medical Services

Specialties

  • Cardiology
  • Research

Departments

  • Cardiology
  • Cardiovascular Program
To schedule an appointment: Call 617-355-7696 or Request an Appointment

Experience and Education

Education

Undergraduate Degree

Yale University , 1988

New Haven, CT

Medical Degree

Harvard Medical School, 1993

Boston, MA

Internship

Boston Children's Hospital, 1993-1994

Boston, MA

Residency

Boston Children's Hospital, 1996

Boston, MA

Fellowship

Boston Children's Hospital, 1996-1999

Boston, MA

Certifications

  • Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology

Publications

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Day DS, Zhang B, Stevens SM, Ferrari F, Larschan EN, Park PJ, Pu WT. Comprehensive analysis of promoter-proximal RNA polymerase II pausing across mammalian cell types. Genome Biol. 2016 Jun 03; 17(1):120.
  2. Yu W, Huang X, Tian X, Zhang H, He L, Wang Y, Nie Y, Hu S, Lin Z, Zhou B, Pu W, Lui KO, Zhou B. GATA4 regulates Fgf16 to promote heart repair after injury. Development. 2016 Mar 15; 143(6):936-49.
  3. Zhou P, Pu WT. Recounting Cardiac Cellular Composition. Circ Res. 2016 Feb 5; 118(3):368-70.
  4. von Gise A, Stevens SM, Honor LB, Oh JH, Gao C, Zhou B, Pu WT. Contribution of Fetal, but Not Adult, Pulmonary Mesothelium to Mesenchymal Lineages in Lung Homeostasis and Fibrosis. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2016 Feb; 54(2):222-30.
  5. Pu W, Luo Q, Palaniyappan L, Xue Z, Yao S, Feng J, Liu Z. Failed cooperative, but not competitive, interaction between large-scale brain networks impairs working memory in schizophrenia. Psychol Med. 2016 Apr; 46(6):1211-24.
  6. Vicente-Steijn R, Scherptong RW, Kruithof BP, Duim SN, Goumans MJ, Wisse LJ, Zhou B, Pu WT, Poelmann RE, Schalij MJ, Tallquist MD, Gittenberger-de Groot AC, Jongbloed MR. Regional differences in WT-1 and Tcf21 expression during ventricular development: implications for myocardial compaction. PLoS One. 2015; 10(9):e0136025.
  7. Prendiville TW, Guo H, Lin Z, Zhou P, Stevens SM, He A, VanDusen N, Chen J, Zhong L, Wang DZ, Gao G, Pu WT. Novel Roles of GATA4/6 in the Postnatal Heart Identified through Temporally Controlled, Cardiomyocyte-Specific Gene Inactivation by Adeno-Associated Virus Delivery of Cre Recombinase. PLoS One. 2015; 10(5):e0128105.
  8. Tian X, Pu WT, Zhou B. Cellular origin and developmental program of coronary angiogenesis. Circ Res. 2015 Jan 30; 116(3):515-30.
  9. Lin Z, Pu WT. Releasing YAP from an a-catenin trap increases cardiomyocyte proliferation. Circ Res. 2015 Jan 2; 116(1):9-11.
  10. Yang L, Grishin D, Wang G, Aach J, Zhang CZ, Chari R, Homsy J, Cai X, Zhao Y, Fan JB, Seidman C, Seidman J, Pu W, Church G. Targeted and genome-wide sequencing reveal single nucleotide variations impacting specificity of Cas9 in human stem cells. Nat Commun. 2014 Nov 26; 5:5507.
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  12. Harvey RP, Graham RM, Pu WT. Introduction to the special issue on heart regeneration and rejuvenation. Stem Cell Res. 2014 Nov; 13(3 Pt B):521-2.
  13. He A, Gu F, Hu Y, Ma Q, Ye LY, Akiyama JA, Visel A, Pennacchio LA, Pu WT. Dynamic GATA4 enhancers shape the chromatin landscape central to heart development and disease. Nat Commun. 2014 Sep 24; 5:4907.
  14. Lin Z, Zhou P, von Gise A, Gu F, Ma Q, Chen J, Guo H, van Gorp PR, Wang DZ, Pu WT. Pi3kcb links Hippo-YAP and PI3K-AKT signaling pathways to promote cardiomyocyte proliferation and survival. Circ Res. 2015 Jan 2; 116(1):35-45.
  15. Li K, Wang G, Andersen T, Zhou P, Pu WT. Optimization of genome engineering approaches with the CRISPR/Cas9 system. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8):e105779.
  16. Prendiville TW, Ma Q, Lin Z, Zhou P, He A, Pu WT. Ultrasound-guided transthoracic intramyocardial injection in mice. J Vis Exp. 2014 Aug 05; (90):e51566.
  17. Tian X, Hu T, Zhang H, He L, Huang X, Liu Q, Yu W, He L, Yang Z, Yan Y, Yang X, Zhong TP, Pu WT, Zhou B. Vessel formation. De novo formation of a distinct coronary vascular population in neonatal heart. Science. 2014 Jul 4; 345(6192):90-4.
  18. Lin Z, Pu WT. Strategies for cardiac regeneration and repair. Sci Transl Med. 2014 Jun 4; 6(239):239rv1.
  19. Zhang B, Pu WT. Notching up vascular regeneration. Cell Res. 2014 Jul; 24(7):777-8.
  20. Lin Z, von Gise A, Zhou P, Gu F, Ma Q, Jiang J, Yau AL, Buck JN, Gouin KA, van Gorp PR, Zhou B, Chen J, Seidman JG, Wang DZ, Pu WT. Cardiac-specific YAP activation improves cardiac function and survival in an experimental murine MI model. Circ Res. 2014 Jul 18; 115(3):354-63.
  21. Wang G, McCain ML, Yang L, He A, Pasqualini FS, Agarwal A, Yuan H, Jiang D, Zhang D, Zangi L, Geva J, Roberts AE, Ma Q, Ding J, Chen J, Wang DZ, Li K, Wang J, Wanders RJ, Kulik W, Vaz FM, Laflamme MA, Murry CE, Chien KR, Kelley RI, Church GM, Parker KK, Pu WT. Modeling the mitochondrial cardiomyopathy of Barth syndrome with induced pluripotent stem cell and heart-on-chip technologies. Nat Med. 2014 Jun; 20(6):616-23.
  22. Lin Z, Pu WT. Harnessing Hippo in the heart: Hippo/Yap signaling and applications to heart regeneration and rejuvenation. Stem Cell Res. 2014 Nov; 13(3 Pt B):571-81.
  23. Hu Y, Pu WT. Hippo activation in arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. Circ Res. 2014 Jan 31; 114(3):402-5.
  24. Tian X, Hu T, He L, Zhang H, Huang X, Poelmann RE, Liu W, Yang Z, Yan Y, Pu WT, Zhou B. Peritruncal coronary endothelial cells contribute to proximal coronary artery stems and their aortic orifices in the mouse heart. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e80857.
  25. Christoffels VM, Pu WT. Developing insights into cardiac regeneration. Development. 2013 Oct; 140(19):3933-7.
  26. Zangi L, Lui KO, von Gise A, Ma Q, Ebina W, Ptaszek LM, Später D, Xu H, Tabebordbar M, Gorbatov R, Sena B, Nahrendorf M, Briscoe DM, Li RA, Wagers AJ, Rossi DJ, Pu WT, Chien KR. Modified mRNA directs the fate of heart progenitor cells and induces vascular regeneration after myocardial infarction. Nat Biotechnol. 2013 Oct; 31(10):898-907.
  27. Zhou P, Zhang Y, Ma Q, Gu F, Day DS, He A, Zhou B, Li J, Stevens SM, Romo D, Pu WT. Interrogating translational efficiency and lineage-specific transcriptomes using ribosome affinity purification. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Sep 17; 110(38):15395-400.
  28. Stevens SM, Pu WT. HCN4 charges up the first heart field. Circ Res. 2013 Aug 2; 113(4):350-1.
  29. Zhang B, Pu WT. The mysterious origins of coronary vessels. Cell Res. 2013 Sep; 23(9):1063-4.
  30. Zhang B, Day DS, Ho JW, Song L, Cao J, Christodoulou D, Seidman JG, Crawford GE, Park PJ, Pu WT. A dynamic H3K27ac signature identifies VEGFA-stimulated endothelial enhancers and requires EP300 activity. Genome Res. 2013 Jun; 23(6):917-27.
  31. Zou L, Luo Y, Chen M, Wang G, Ding M, Petersen CC, Kang R, Dagnaes-Hansen F, Zeng Y, Lv N, Ma Q, Le DQ, Besenbacher F, Bolund L, Jensen TG, Kjems J, Pu WT, Bünger C. A simple method for deriving functional MSCs and applied for osteogenesis in 3D scaffolds. Sci Rep. 2013; 3:2243.
  32. Sartori DJ, Wilbur CJ, Long SY, Rankin MM, Li C, Bradfield JP, Hakonarson H, Grant SF, Pu WT, Kushner JA. GATA factors promote ER integrity and ß-cell survival and contribute to type 1 diabetes risk. Mol Endocrinol. 2014 Jan; 28(1):28-39.
  33. Zhou B, Pu WT. Genetic Cre-loxP assessment of epicardial cell fate using Wt1-driven Cre alleles. Circ Res. 2012 Nov 9; 111(11):e276-80.
  34. Lage K, Greenway SC, Rosenfeld JA, Wakimoto H, Gorham JM, Segrè AV, Roberts AE, Smoot LB, Pu WT, Pereira AC, Mesquita SM, Tommerup N, Brunak S, Ballif BC, Shaffer LG, Donahoe PK, Daly MJ, Seidman JG, Seidman CE, Larsen LA. Genetic and environmental risk factors in congenital heart disease functionally converge in protein networks driving heart development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Aug 28; 109(35):14035-40.
  35. He A, Pu WT. Mature cardiomyocytes recall their progenitor experience via polycomb repressive complex 2. Circ Res. 2012 Jul 6; 111(2):162-4.
  36. Sunshine SB, Dallabrida SM, Durand E, Ismail NS, Bazinet L, Birsner AE, Sohn R, Ikeda S, Pu WT, Kulke MH, Javaherian K, Zurakowski D, Folkman JM, Rupnick M. Endostatin lowers blood pressure via nitric oxide and prevents hypertension associated with VEGF inhibition. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jul 10; 109(28):11306-11.
  37. von Gise A, Pu WT. Endocardial and epicardial epithelial to mesenchymal transitions in heart development and disease. Circ Res. 2012 Jun 8; 110(12):1628-45.
  38. Lin RZ, Moreno-Luna R, Zhou B, Pu WT, Melero-Martin JM. Equal modulation of endothelial cell function by four distinct tissue-specific mesenchymal stem cells. Angiogenesis. 2012 Sep; 15(3):443-55.
  39. Ounzain S, Kobayashi S, Peterson RE, He A, Motterle A, Samani NJ, Menick DR, Pu WT, Liang Q, Chong NW. Cardiac expression of ms1/STARS, a novel gene involved in cardiac development and disease, is regulated by GATA4. Mol Cell Biol. 2012 May; 32(10):1830-43.
  40. Huang ZP, Young Seok H, Zhou B, Chen J, Chen JF, Tao Y, Pu WT, Wang DZ. CIP, a cardiac Isl1-interacting protein, represses cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Circ Res. 2012 Mar 16; 110(6):818-30.
  41. von Gise A, Lin Z, Schlegelmilch K, Honor LB, Pan GM, Buck JN, Ma Q, Ishiwata T, Zhou B, Camargo FD, Pu WT. YAP1, the nuclear target of Hippo signaling, stimulates heart growth through cardiomyocyte proliferation but not hypertrophy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 14; 109(7):2394-9.
  42. Bisping E, Ikeda S, Sedej M, Wakula P, McMullen JR, Tarnavski O, Sedej S, Izumo S, Pu WT, Pieske B. Transcription factor GATA4 is activated but not required for insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1)-induced cardiac hypertrophy. J Biol Chem. 2012 Mar 23; 287(13):9827-34.
  43. Zhou B, Pu WT. Isolation and characterization of embryonic and adult epicardium and epicardium-derived cells. Methods Mol Biol. 2012; 843:155-68.
  44. Zhou P, He A, Pu WT. Regulation of GATA4 transcriptional activity in cardiovascular development and disease. Curr Top Dev Biol. 2012; 100:143-69.
  45. Chong JJ, Chandrakanthan V, Xaymardan M, Asli NS, Li J, Ahmed I, Heffernan C, Menon MK, Scarlett CJ, Rashidianfar A, Biben C, Zoellner H, Colvin EK, Pimanda JE, Biankin AV, Zhou B, Pu WT, Prall OW, Harvey RP. Adult cardiac-resident MSC-like stem cells with a proepicardial origin. Cell Stem Cell. 2011 Dec 2; 9(6):527-40.
  46. Zhou B, Pu WT. Epicardial epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in injured heart. J Cell Mol Med. 2011 Dec; 15(12):2781-3.
  47. Seok HY, Tatsuguchi M, Callis TE, He A, Pu WT, Wang DZ. miR-155 inhibits expression of the MEF2A protein to repress skeletal muscle differentiation. J Biol Chem. 2011 Oct 14; 286(41):35339-46.
  48. van Berlo JH, Elrod JW, Aronow BJ, Pu WT, Molkentin JD. Serine 105 phosphorylation of transcription factor GATA4 is necessary for stress-induced cardiac hypertrophy in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Jul 26; 108(30):12331-6.
  49. Zhou B, Honor LB, He H, Ma Q, Oh JH, Butterfield C, Lin RZ, Melero-Martin JM, Dolmatova E, Duffy HS, Gise Av, Zhou P, Hu YW, Wang G, Zhang B, Wang L, Hall JL, Moses MA, McGowan FX, Pu WT. Adult mouse epicardium modulates myocardial injury by secreting paracrine factors. J Clin Invest. 2011 May; 121(5):1894-904.
  50. Guo C, Sun Y, Zhou B, Adam RM, Li X, Pu WT, Morrow BE, Moon A, Li X. A Tbx1-Six1/Eya1-Fgf8 genetic pathway controls mammalian cardiovascular and craniofacial morphogenesis. J Clin Invest. 2011 Apr; 121(4):1585-95.
  51. He A, Kong SW, Ma Q, Pu WT. Co-occupancy by multiple cardiac transcription factors identifies transcriptional enhancers active in heart. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Apr 5; 108(14):5632-7.
  52. Murry CE, Pu WT. Reprogramming fibroblasts into cardiomyocytes. N Engl J Med. 2011 Jan 13; 364(2):177-8.
  53. Kuttippurathu L, Hsing M, Liu Y, Schmidt B, Maskell DL, Lee K, He A, Pu WT, Kong SW. CompleteMOTIFs: DNA motif discovery platform for transcription factor binding experiments. Bioinformatics. 2011 Mar 1; 27(5):715-7.
  54. He A, Pu WT. Genome-wide location analysis by pull down of in vivo biotinylated transcription factors. Curr Protoc Mol Biol. 2010 Oct; Chapter 21:Unit 21.20.
  55. Zhang X, Wang X, Zhu H, Zhu C, Wang Y, Pu WT, Jegga AG, Fan GC. Synergistic effects of the GATA-4-mediated miR-144/451 cluster in protection against simulated ischemia/reperfusion-induced cardiomyocyte death. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2010 Nov; 49(5):841-50.
  56. Ikeda S, Pu WT. Expression and function of microRNAs in heart disease. Curr Drug Targets. 2010 Aug; 11(8):913-25.
  57. Lage K, Møllgård K, Greenway S, Wakimoto H, Gorham JM, Workman CT, Bendsen E, Hansen NT, Rigina O, Roque FS, Wiese C, Christoffels VM, Roberts AE, Smoot LB, Pu WT, Donahoe PK, Tommerup N, Brunak S, Seidman CE, Seidman JG, Larsen LA. Dissecting spatio-temporal protein networks driving human heart development and related disorders. Mol Syst Biol. 2010 Jun 22; 6:381.
  58. Pu WT. Identification of a cardiac disease modifier gene using forward genetics in the mouse. PLoS Genet. 2009 Sep; 5(9):e1000643.
  59. Zhou B, Ma Q, Kong SW, Hu Y, Campbell PH, McGowan FX, Ackerman KG, Wu B, Zhou B, Tevosian SG, Pu WT. Fog2 is critical for cardiac function and maintenance of coronary vasculature in the adult mouse heart. J Clin Invest. 2009 Jun; 119(6):1462-76.
  60. Ikeda S, He A, Kong SW, Lu J, Bejar R, Bodyak N, Lee KH, Ma Q, Kang PM, Golub TR, Pu WT. MicroRNA-1 negatively regulates expression of the hypertrophy-associated calmodulin and Mef2a genes. Mol Cell Biol. 2009 Apr; 29(8):2193-204.
  61. Zhou B, Pu WT. More than a cover: epicardium as a novel source of cardiac progenitor cells. Regen Med. 2008 Sep; 3(5):633-5.
  62. Rojas A, Kong SW, Agarwal P, Gilliss B, Pu WT, Black BL. GATA4 is a direct transcriptional activator of cyclin D2 and Cdk4 and is required for cardiomyocyte proliferation in anterior heart field-derived myocardium. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Sep; 28(17):5420-31.
  63. Ikeda S, Kong SW, Lu J, Bisping E, Zhang H, Allen PD, Golub TR, Pieske B, Pu WT. Altered microRNA expression in human heart disease. Physiol Genomics. 2007 Nov 14; 31(3):367-73.
  64. Zeisberg EM, Tarnavski O, Zeisberg M, Dorfman AL, McMullen JR, Gustafsson E, Chandraker A, Yuan X, Pu WT, Roberts AB, Neilson EG, Sayegh MH, Izumo S, Kalluri R. Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition contributes to cardiac fibrosis. Nat Med. 2007 Aug; 13(8):952-61.
  65. Zhou B, Poon MC, Pu WT, Han ZC. Therapeutic neovascularization for peripheral arterial diseases: advances and perspectives. Histol Histopathol. 2007 Jun; 22(6):677-86.
  66. Zhou B, Han ZC, Poon MC, Pu W. Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) transfected with stromal derived factor 1 (SDF-1) for therapeutic neovascularization: enhancement of cell recruitment and entrapment. Med Hypotheses. 2007; 68(6):1268-71.
  67. Jay PY, Bielinska M, Erlich JM, Mannisto S, Pu WT, Heikinheimo M, Wilson DB. Impaired mesenchymal cell function in Gata4 mutant mice leads to diaphragmatic hernias and primary lung defects. Dev Biol. 2007 Jan 15; 301(2):602-14.
  68. Liu YE, Pu W, Jiang Y, Shi D, Dackour R, Shi YE. Chaperoning of estrogen receptor and induction of mammary gland proliferation by neuronal protein synuclein gamma. Oncogene. 2007 Mar 29; 26(14):2115-25.
  69. Bisping E, Ikeda S, Kong SW, Tarnavski O, Bodyak N, McMullen JR, Rajagopal S, Son JK, Ma Q, Springer Z, Kang PM, Izumo S, Pu WT. Gata4 is required for maintenance of postnatal cardiac function and protection from pressure overload-induced heart failure. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Sep 26; 103(39):14471-6.
  70. Bosse T, Piaseckyj CM, Burghard E, Fialkovich JJ, Rajagopal S, Pu WT, Krasinski SD. Gata4 is essential for the maintenance of jejunal-ileal identities in the adult mouse small intestine. Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Dec; 26(23):9060-70.
  71. Bisping E, Ikeda S, Kong SW, Tarnavski O, Bodyak N, McMullen JR, Rajagopal S, Son JK, Ma Q, Springer Z, Kang PM, Izumo S, Pu WT. Gata4 is required for maintenance of postnatal cardiac function and protection from pressure overload-induced heart failure . Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA. 2006; 103:14471-14476.
  72. Han Y, Chen YS, Liu Z, Bodyak N, Rigor D, Bisping E, Pu WT, Kang PM. Overexpression of HAX-1 protects cardiac myocytes from apoptosis through caspase-9 inhibition. Circ Res. 2006 Aug 18; 99(4):415-23.
  73. Buerger A, Rozhitskaya O, Sherwood MC, Dorfman AL, Bisping E, Abel ED, Pu WT, Izumo S, Jay PY. Dilated cardiomyopathy resulting from high-level myocardial expression of Cre-recombinase. J Card Fail. 2006 Jun; 12(5):392-8.
  74. Kobayashi S, Lackey T, Huang Y, Bisping E, Pu WT, Boxer LM, Liang Q. Transcription factor gata4 regulates cardiac BCL2 gene expression in vitro and in vivo. FASEB J. 2006 Apr; 20(6):800-2.
  75. Pu WT, Ishiwata T, Juraszek AL, Ma Q, Izumo S. GATA4 is a dosage-sensitive regulator of cardiac morphogenesis. Dev Biol. 2004 Nov 1; 275(1):235-44.
  76. Seigo Izumo William T. Pu. Molecular Basis of Heart Failure. Heart Failure: A Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease (D. L. Mann, ed.). 2004; 10-40.
  77. Ishiwata T, Nakazawa M, Pu WT, Tevosian SG, Izumo S. Developmental changes in ventricular diastolic function correlate with changes in ventricular myoarchitecture in normal mouse embryos. Circ Res. 2003 Oct 31; 93(9):857-65.
  78. Pu WT, Ma Q, Izumo S. NFAT transcription factors are critical survival factors that inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis during phenylephrine stimulation in vitro. Circ Res. 2003 Apr 18; 92(7):725-31.
  79. Wickman K, Pu WT, Clapham DE. Structural characterization of the mouse Girk genes. Gene. 2002 Feb 6; 284(1-2):241-50.
  80. Pu WT, Izumo S. Transcription factors and heart failure: does the stressed heart need a hand? J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2001 Oct; 33(10):1765-7.
  81. Kovoor P, Wickman K, Maguire CT, Pu W, Gehrmann J, Berul CI, Clapham DE. Evaluation of the role of I(KACh) in atrial fibrillation using a mouse knockout model. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Jun 15; 37(8):2136-43.
  82. Pu WT, Wickman K, Clapham DE. ICln is essential for cellular and early embryonic viability. J Biol Chem. 2000 Apr 28; 275(17):12363-6.
  83. Pu WT, Krapivinsky GB, Krapivinsky L, Clapham DE. pICln inhibits snRNP biogenesis by binding core spliceosomal proteins. Mol Cell Biol. 1999 Jun; 19(6):4113-20.
  84. Pu W, Gao D, Wang J, Li W, Kang H. [An experimental study on effects of biomembrane on prevention of filtering bleb adhesion in trabeculectomy]. Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 1998 Jan; 34(1):68-70.
  85. Pu WT, Struhl K. Dimerization of leucine zippers analyzed by random selection. Nucleic Acids Res. 1993 Sep 11; 21(18):4348-55.
  86. Tzamarias D, Pu WT, Struhl K. Mutations in the bZIP domain of yeast GCN4 that alter DNA-binding specificity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 Mar 15; 89(6):2007-11.
  87. Pu WT, Struhl K. Uracil interference, a rapid and general method for defining protein-DNA interactions involving the 5-methyl group of thymines: the GCN4-DNA complex. Nucleic Acids Res. 1992 Feb 25; 20(4):771-5.
  88. Pu WT, Struhl K. Highly conserved residues in the bZIP domain of yeast GCN4 are not essential for DNA binding. Mol Cell Biol. 1991 Oct; 11(10):4918-26.
  89. Pu WT, Struhl K. The leucine zipper symmetrically positions the adjacent basic regions for specific DNA binding. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Aug 15; 88(16):6901-5.
  90. Pu WT, Kahn R, Munn MM, Rupp WD. UvrABC incision of N-methylmitomycin A-DNA monoadducts and cross-links. J Biol Chem. 1989 Dec 5; 264(34):20697-704.
  91. Zhou B, von Gise A, Ma Q, Hu YW, Pu WT. Genetic fate mapping demonstrates contribution of epicardium-derived cells to the annulus fibrosis of the mammalian heart. Dev Biol. 2010 Feb 15; 338(2):251-61.
  92. Zhou B, Honor LB, Ma Q, Oh JH, Lin RZ, Melero-Martin JM, von Gise A, Zhou P, Hu T, He L, Wu KH, Zhang H, Zhang Y, Pu WT. Thymosin beta 4 treatment after myocardial infarction does not reprogram epicardial cells into cardiomyocytes. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2012 Jan; 52(1):43-7.
  93. He A, Shen X, Ma Q, Cao J, von Gise A, Zhou P, Wang G, Marquez VE, Orkin SH, Pu WT. PRC2 directly methylates GATA4 and represses its transcriptional activity. Genes Dev. 2012 Jan 1; 26(1):37-42.
  94. Wu B, Zhou B, Wang Y, Cheng HL, Hang CT, Pu WT, Chang CP, Zhou B. Inducible cardiomyocyte-specific gene disruption directed by the rat Tnnt2 promoter in the mouse. Genesis. 2010 Jan; 48(1):63-72.
  95. Kong SW, Pu WT, Park PJ. A multivariate approach for integrating genome-wide expression data and biological knowledge. Bioinformatics. 2006 Oct 1; 22(19):2373-80.
  96. Misra C, Sachan N, McNally CR, Koenig SN, Nichols HA, Guggilam A, Lucchesi PA, Pu WT, Srivastava D, Garg V. Congenital heart disease-causing Gata4 mutation displays functional deficits in vivo. PLoS Genet. 2012; 8(5):e1002690.
  97. Zhou B, von Gise A, Ma Q, Rivera-Feliciano J, Pu WT. Nkx2-5- and Isl1-expressing cardiac progenitors contribute to proepicardium. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Oct 24; 375(3):450-3.
  98. Smart N, Bollini S, Dubé KN, Vieira JM, Zhou B, Davidson S, Yellon D, Riegler J, Price AN, Lythgoe MF, Pu WT, Riley PR. De novo cardiomyocytes from within the activated adult heart after injury. Nature. 2011 Jun 08; 474(7353):640-4.
  99. He A, Ma Q, Cao J, von Gise A, Zhou P, Xie H, Zhang B, Hsing M, Christodoulou DC, Cahan P, Daley GQ, Kong SW, Orkin SH, Seidman CE, Seidman JG, Pu WT. Polycomb repressive complex 2 regulates normal development of the mouse heart. Circ Res. 2012 Feb 3; 110(3):406-15.
  100. Ma Q, Zhou B, Pu WT. Reassessment of Isl1 and Nkx2-5 cardiac fate maps using a Gata4-based reporter of Cre activity. Dev Biol. 2008 Nov 1; 323(1):98-104.
  101. Rajagopal SK, Ma Q, Obler D, Shen J, Manichaikul A, Tomita-Mitchell A, Boardman K, Briggs C, Garg V, Srivastava D, Goldmuntz E, Broman KW, Benson DW, Smoot LB, Pu WT. Spectrum of heart disease associated with murine and human GATA4 mutation. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2007 Dec; 43(6):677-85.
  102. Rivera-Feliciano J, Lee KH, Kong SW, Rajagopal S, Ma Q, Springer Z, Izumo S, Tabin CJ, Pu WT. Development of heart valves requires Gata4 expression in endothelial-derived cells. Development. 2006 Sep; 133(18):3607-18.
  103. Kong SW, Hu YW, Ho JW, Ikeda S, Polster S, John R, Hall JL, Bisping E, Pieske B, dos Remedios CG, Pu WT. Heart failure-associated changes in RNA splicing of sarcomere genes. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2010 Apr; 3(2):138-46.
  104. Bodyak N, Rigor DL, Chen YS, Han Y, Bisping E, Pu WT, Kang PM. Uncoupling protein 2 modulates cell viability in adult rat cardiomyocytes. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Jul; 293(1):H829-35.
  105. Asahina K, Zhou B, Pu WT, Tsukamoto H. Septum transversum-derived mesothelium gives rise to hepatic stellate cells and perivascular mesenchymal cells in developing mouse liver. Hepatology. 2011 Mar; 53(3):983-95.
  106. Moskowitz IP, Wang J, Peterson MA, Pu WT, Mackinnon AC, Oxburgh L, Chu GC, Sarkar M, Berul C, Smoot L, Robertson EJ, Schwartz R, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Transcription factor genes Smad4 and Gata4 cooperatively regulate cardiac valve development. [corrected] Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Mar 8; 108(10):4006-11.
  107. Krapivinsky G, Pu W, Wickman K, Krapivinsky L, Clapham DE. pICln binds to a mammalian homolog of a yeast protein involved in regulation of cell morphology. J Biol Chem. 1998 May 1; 273(18):10811-4.
  108. Zhou B, Ma Q, Rajagopal S, Wu SM, Domian I, Rivera-Feliciano J, Jiang D, von Gise A, Ikeda S, Chien KR, Pu WT. Epicardial progenitors contribute to the cardiomyocyte lineage in the developing heart. Nature. 2008 Jul 3; 454(7200):109-13.
  109. Beuling E, Kerkhof IM, Nicksa GA, Giuffrida MJ, Haywood J, aan de Kerk DJ, Piaseckyj CM, Pu WT, Buchmiller TL, Dawson PA, Krasinski SD. Conditional Gata4 deletion in mice induces bile acid absorption in the proximal small intestine. Gut. 2010 Jul; 59(7):888-95.
  110. Manuylov NL, Zhou B, Ma Q, Fox SC, Pu WT, Tevosian SG. Conditional ablation of Gata4 and Fog2 genes in mice reveals their distinct roles in mammalian sexual differentiation. Dev Biol. 2011 May 15; 353(2):229-41.
  111. Mellgren AM, Smith CL, Olsen GS, Eskiocak B, Zhou B, Kazi MN, Ruiz FR, Pu WT, Tallquist MD. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta signaling is required for efficient epicardial cell migration and development of two distinct coronary vascular smooth muscle cell populations. Circ Res. 2008 Dec 5; 103(12):1393-401.
  112. Smart N, Bollini S, Dubé KN, Vieira JM, Zhou B, Riegler J, Price AN, Lythgoe MF, Davidson S, Yellon D, Pu WT, Riley PR. Myocardial regeneration: expanding the repertoire of thymosin ß4 in the ischemic heart. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2012 Oct; 1269:92-101.
  113. von Gise A, Zhou B, Honor LB, Ma Q, Petryk A, Pu WT. WT1 regulates epicardial epithelial to mesenchymal transition through ß-catenin and retinoic acid signaling pathways. Dev Biol. 2011 Aug 15; 356(2):421-31.
  114. Pu WT, Chung T, Hoffer FA, Jonas RA, Geva T. Diagnosis and management of agenesis of the right lung and left pulmonary artery sling. Am J Cardiol. 1996 Sep 15; 78(6):723-7.
  115. Zeisberg EM, Ma Q, Juraszek AL, Moses K, Schwartz RJ, Izumo S, Pu WT. Morphogenesis of the right ventricle requires myocardial expression of Gata4. J Clin Invest. 2005 Jun; 115(6):1522-31.
  116. Sah R, Mesirca P, Mason X, Gibson W, Bates-Withers C, Van den Boogert M, Chaudhuri D, Pu WT, Mangoni ME, Clapham DE. Timing of myocardial trpm7 deletion during cardiogenesis variably disrupts adult ventricular function, conduction, and repolarization. Circulation. 2013 Jul 9; 128(2):101-14.
  117. Bandiera R, Vidal VP, Motamedi FJ, Clarkson M, Sahut-Barnola I, von Gise A, Pu WT, Hohenstein P, Martinez A, Schedl A. WT1 maintains adrenal-gonadal primordium identity and marks a population of AGP-like progenitors within the adrenal gland. Dev Cell. 2013 Oct 14; 27(1):5-18.
  118. Zhang H, von Gise A, Liu Q, Hu T, Tian X, He L, Pu W, Huang X, He L, Cai CL, Camargo FD, Pu WT, Zhou B. Yap1 is required for endothelial to mesenchymal transition of the atrioventricular cushion. J Biol Chem. 2014 Jul 4; 289(27):18681-92.
  119. Liu Q, Huang X, Oh JH, Lin RZ, Duan S, Yu Y, Yang R, Qiu J, Melero-Martin JM, Pu WT, Zhou B. Epicardium-to-fat transition in injured heart. Cell Res. 2014 Nov; 24(11):1367-9.
  120. Prendiville T, Jay PY, Pu WT. Insights into the genetic structure of congenital heart disease from human and murine studies on monogenic disorders. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2014 Oct 01; 4(10).
  121. Aronson BE, Rabello Aronson S, Berkhout RP, Chavoushi SF, He A, Pu WT, Verzi MP, Krasinski SD. GATA4 represses an ileal program of gene expression in the proximal small intestine by inhibiting the acetylation of histone H3, lysine 27. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2014 Nov; 1839(11):1273-82.
  122. Nagainis MP, Pu W, Cheng B, Taylor KE, Schmidt DE. Effects of pH and sulfhydryl specific reagents on 4-fumarylacetoacetate fumarylhydrolase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1981 Jan 15; 657(1):203-11.
  123. Ding J, Chen J, Wang Y, Kataoka M, Ma L, Zhou P, Hu X, Lin Z, Nie M, Deng ZL, Pu WT, Wang DZ. Trbp regulates heart function through microRNA-mediated Sox6 repression. Nat Genet. 2015 Jul; 47(7):776-83.
  124. Sun Y, Liu CH, SanGiovanni JP, Evans LP, Tian KT, Zhang B, Stahl A, Pu WT, Kamenecka TM, Solt LA, Chen J. Nuclear receptor RORa regulates pathologic retinal angiogenesis by modulating SOCS3-dependent inflammation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Aug 18; 112(33):10401-6.
  125. Sun Y, Ju M, Lin Z, Fredrick TW, Evans LP, Tian KT, Saba NJ, Morss PC, Pu WT, Chen J, Stahl A, Joyal JS, Smith LE. SOCS3 in retinal neurons and glial cells suppresses VEGF signaling to prevent pathological neovascular growth. Sci Signal. 2015 Sep 22; 8(395):ra94.
  126. Huang ZP, Kataoka M, Chen J, Wu G, Ding J, Nie M, Lin Z, Liu J, Hu X, Ma L, Zhou B, Wakimoto H, Zeng C, Kyselovic J, Deng ZL, Seidman CE, Seidman JG, Pu WT, Wang DZ. Cardiomyocyte-enriched protein CIP protects against pathophysiological stresses and regulates cardiac homeostasis. J Clin Invest. 2015 Nov 2; 125(11):4122-34.
  127. Stevens SM, Gise Av, VanDusen N, Zhou B, Pu WT. Epicardium is required for cardiac seeding by yolk sac macrophages, precursors of resident macrophages of the adult heart. Dev Biol. 2016 May 15; 413(2):153-9.
  128. Lin Z, Guo H, Cao Y, Zohrabian S, Zhou P, Ma Q, VanDusen N, Guo Y, Zhang J, Stevens SM, Liang F, Quan Q, van Gorp PR, Li A, Dos Remedios C, He A, Bezzerides VJ, Pu WT. Acetylation of VGLL4 Regulates Hippo-YAP Signaling and Postnatal Cardiac Growth. Dev Cell. 2016 Nov 21; 39(4):466-479.
  129. Huang ZP, Ding Y, Chen J, Wu G, Kataoka M, Hu Y, Yang JH, Liu J, Drakos SG, Selzman CH, Kyselovic J, Qu LH, Dos Remedios CG, Pu WT, Wang DZ. Long non-coding RNAs link extracellular matrix gene expression to ischemic cardiomyopathy. Cardiovasc Res. 2016 Aug 24.
  130. DeLaughter DM, Bick AG, Wakimoto H, McKean D, Gorham JM, Kathiriya IS, Hinson JT, Homsy J, Gray J, Pu W, Bruneau BG, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Single-Cell Resolution of Temporal Gene Expression during Heart Development. Dev Cell. 2016 Nov 21; 39(4):480-490.
  131. Zangi L, Oliveira MS, Ye LY, Ma Q, Sultana N, Hadas Y, Chepurko E, Später D, Zhou B, Chew WL, Ebina W, Abrial M, Wang QD, Pu WT, Chien KR. An IGF1R-Dependent Pathway Drives Epicardial Adipose Tissue Formation After Myocardial Injury. Circulation. 2016 Nov 1.
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