Steven J.  Fishman

Steven J. Fishman, MD

Co-Director, Vascular Anomalies Center; Senior Associate in Surgery; Stuart and Jane Weitzman Family Chair in Surgery; Vice Chair in Surgery for Clinical Operations; President of PO/SVP of Access and Business Services

Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School

    Contact: 617-355-3040
  • Fax: 617-730-0752

Medical Services

Specialties

  • General Surgery
  • Vascular Anomalies
  • Thoracic Surgery
  • Circumcision
  • Undescended Testicles

Departments

  • Surgery

Programs

  • Advanced Fetal Care Center
  • Vascular Anomalies Center
  • Surgery Program
To schedule an appointment: Call 617-355-3040 or Request an Appointment

Experience and Education

Education

Medical School

Northwestern University Medical School, 1986

Chicago, IL

Internship

Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, 1986-1987

Philadelphia, PA

Residency

Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, 1987-1992

Philadelphia, PA

Fellowship, Surgery

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1989-1990

Philadelphia, PA

Fellowship, Pediatric Surgery

Boston Children's Hospital, 1992-1994

Boston, MA

Certifications

  • Surgery, Pediatric Surgery

Professional History

Steven J. Fishman, M.D. is Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School and the Stuart and Jane Weitzman Family Chair in Surgery at Boston Children's Hospital. He obtained his B.S. and M.D. degrees at Northwestern University and completed his training in General Surgery at the University of Pennsylvania and in Pediatric Surgery at Boston Children's Hospital. He is active in the practice and teaching of the broad spectrum of Pediatric Surgery, with particular clinical and research focus in the area of Vascular Anomalies. He is Co-Director of the Vascular Anomalies Center at Boston Children's Hospital. This multidisciplinary group evaluates approximately 1700 patients annually with hemangiomas, rare vascular tumors and vascular malformations of all types. He is President of the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Dr. Fishman created and hosts an international registry of hepatic hemangiomas. He has authored over 175 scientific publication and chapters and two books, including a recent comprehensive reference work on Vascular Anomalies with Drs. John Mulliken and Patricia Burrows. He is an Editorial Consultant for the Journal of Pediatric Surgery and on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports. He has chaired the Publications Committee of the Surgical Section of the AAP. Dr. Fishman frequently serves as visiting professor and speaker nationally and internationally. In addition, he advises several patient/family-oriented support groups and frequently participates in their gatherings and clinics. At Boston Children's, Dr. Fishman serves in many leadership roles including as President of the Physician's Organization, a member of the Board of Trustees and the Hospital Executive Committee and as Vice-Chair of Surgery for Clinical Operations.

Dr. Fishman has a particular focus on developing an understanding and approach to visceral vascular anomalies. Though these anomalies are extremely rare, an international referral practice has facilitated the recognition of patterns in clinical presentation and opportunities for treatment. He has focused on developing evaluation and intervention techniques including innovative operative procedures for the treatment of visceral vascular anomalies. The utility of a modified endorectal pull-through technique for the treatment of colorectal venous malformations has been demonstrated. A surgical technique to eradicate gastrointestinal bleeding in the Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome has been developed and proven successful. Dr. Fishman has extensive experience with resecting, debulking and reconstructing vascular malformations and associated overgrown tissues of the torso, genitalia, neck and extremities. In addition, the role of dynamic contrast lymphangiography of the thoracic duct has allowed for novel treatments and reconstruction of thoracic duct anomalies. Recognizing the limitations of surgical techniques, he is also focusing on understanding the biologic mechanisms involved in the development and progression of these lesions.

Publications

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Kulungowski AM, Hassanein AH, Foster CC, Greene AK, Fishman SJ. Bevacizumab and interferon reduce venous recanalization following sclerotherapy. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Oct; 51(10):1670-3.
  2. Goyal P, Alomari AI, Kozakewich HP, Trenor CC, Perez-Atayde AR, Fishman SJ, Greene AK, Shaikh R, Chaudry G. Imaging features of kaposiform lymphangiomatosis. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Aug; 46(9):1282-90.
  3. Fullington NM, Potanos KM, Cauley RP, Purcell P, Zurakowski D, Fishman SJ, Vakili K, Kim HB. Strain induced esophageal growth in a novel rodent model. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Aug; 51(8):1273-8.
  4. Soukoulis IW, Liang MG, Fox VL, Mulliken JB, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ. Gastrointestinal Infantile Hemangioma: Presentation and Management. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Oct; 61(4):415-20.
  5. Potanos K, Fullington N, Cauley R, Purcell P, Zurakowski D, Fishman S, Vakili K, Kim HB. Tissue expander stimulated lengthening of arteries (TESLA) induces early endothelial cell proliferation in a novel rodent model. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Apr; 51(4):617-21.
  6. Israeli E, Goldin E, Fishman S, Konikoff F, Lavy A, Chowers Y, Melzer E, Lahat A, Mahamid M, Shirin H, Nussinson E, Segol O, Ya'acov AB, Shabbat Y, Ilan Y. Oral administration of non-absorbable delayed release 6-mercaptopurine is locally active in the gut, exerts a systemic immune effect and alleviates Crohn's disease with low rate of side effects: results of double blind Phase II clinical trial. Clin Exp Immunol. 2015 Aug; 181(2):362-72.
  7. Rialon KL, Murillo R, Fevurly RD, Kulungowski AM, Zurakowski D, Liang M, Kozakewich HP, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ. Impact of Screening for Hepatic Hemangiomas in Patients with Multiple Cutaneous Infantile Hemangiomas. Pediatr Dermatol. 2015 Nov-Dec; 32(6):808-12.
  8. Rork JF, Alomari AI, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Liang MG. Diffuse capillary malformation in association with fetal pleural effusion: report of five patients. Pediatr Dermatol. 2015 Jan-Feb; 32(1):70-5.
  9. Rialon KL, Murillo R, Fevurly RD, Kulungowski AM, Christison-Lagay ER, Zurakowski D, Kozakewich HP, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ. Risk factors for mortality in patients with multifocal and diffuse hepatic hemangiomas. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 May; 50(5):837-41.
  10. Dasgupta R, Fishman SJ. Management of visceral vascular anomalies. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2014 Aug; 23(4):216-20.
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  12. Schook CC, Kulungowski AM, Greene AK, Fishman SJ. Male genital lymphedema: clinical features and management in 25 pediatric patients. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Nov; 49(11):1647-51.
  13. Hsi Dickie B, Fishman SJ, Azizkhan RG. Hepatic vascular tumors. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2014 Aug; 23(4):168-72.
  14. Dasgupta R, Fishman SJ. Vascular anomalies in infants and children. Preface. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2014 Aug; 23(4):157.
  15. Dasgupta R, Fishman SJ. ISSVA classification. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2014 Aug; 23(4):158-61.
  16. Uller W, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI. Overgrowth syndromes with complex vascular anomalies. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2014 Aug; 23(4):208-15.
  17. Chaudry G, Guevara CJ, Rialon KL, Kerr C, Mulliken JB, Greene AK, Fishman SJ, Boyer D, Alomari AI. Safety and efficacy of bleomycin sclerotherapy for microcystic lymphatic malformation. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2014 Dec; 37(6):1476-81.
  18. Kawasaki J, Aegerter S, Fevurly RD, Mammoto A, Mammoto T, Sahin M, Mably JD, Fishman SJ, Chan J. RASA1 functions in EPHB4 signaling pathway to suppress endothelial mTORC1 activity. J Clin Invest. 2014 Jun; 124(6):2774-84.
  19. Maclellan RA, Vivero MP, Purcell P, Kozakewich HP, Divasta AD, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Greene AK. Abstract 63: expression of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor in vascular anomalies. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 Apr; 133(4 Suppl):1024.
  20. Maclellan RA, Vivero MP, Purcell P, Kozakewich HP, DiVasta AD, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Greene AK. Expression of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor in vascular anomalies. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 Mar; 133(3):344e-351e.
  21. Maclellan RA, Vivero MP, Purcell P, Kozakewich HP, DiVasta AD, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Greene AK. Abstract 75: expression of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor in vascular anomalies. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 Mar; 133(3 Suppl):86.
  22. Shaikh R, Alomari AI, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Kozakewich HP, Chaudry G. Subfascial involvement in glomuvenous malformation. Skeletal Radiol. 2014 Jul; 43(7):895-7.
  23. Turkbey B, Kobayashi H, Hoyt RF, Choyke PL, Nakajima T, Griffiths GL, Bernardo M, Rialon K, Fishman SJ, Sena LM. Magnetic resonance lymphography of the thoracic duct after interstitial injection of gadofosveset trisodium: a pilot dosing study in a porcine model. Lymphat Res Biol. 2014 Mar; 12(1):32-6.
  24. Yilmaz S, Kozakewich HP, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB, Chaudry G. Intramuscular capillary-type hemangioma: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 May; 44(5):558-65.
  25. Croteau SE, Kozakewich HP, Perez-Atayde AR, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI, Chaudry G, Mulliken JB, Trenor CC. Kaposiform lymphangiomatosis: a distinct aggressive lymphatic anomaly. J Pediatr. 2014 Feb; 164(2):383-8.
  26. Nolan KA, Kling M, Birge M, Kling A, Fishman S, Phelps R. Melanoma arising in a tattoo: case report and review of the literature. Cutis. 2013 Nov; 92(5):227-30.
  27. Sulemanji MN, Azpurua H, Suh M, Potanos K, Cauley R, Kunisaki SM, Modi B, Zurakowski D, Fishman SJ, Kim HB. Ductus venosus closure results in transient portal hypertension--is this the silent trigger for necrotizing enterocolitis? J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Oct; 48(10):2067-74.
  28. Porras D, Stein DR, Ferguson MA, Chaudry G, Alomari A, Vakili K, Fishman SJ, Lock JE, Kim HB. Midaortic syndrome: 30 years of experience with medical, endovascular and surgical management. Pediatr Nephrol. 2013 Oct; 28(10):2023-33.
  29. Lala S, Mulliken JB, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ, Kozakewich HP, Chaudry G. Gorham-Stout disease and generalized lymphatic anomaly--clinical, radiologic, and histologic differentiation. Skeletal Radiol. 2013 Jul; 42(7):917-24.
  30. Kim HB, Vakili K, Modi BP, Ferguson MA, Guillot AP, Potanos KM, Prabhu SP, Fishman SJ. A novel treatment for the midaortic syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2012 Dec 13; 367(24):2361-2.
  31. Croteau SE, Liang MG, Kozakewich HP, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB, Trenor CC. Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma: atypical features and risks of Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon in 107 referrals. J Pediatr. 2013 Jan; 162(1):142-7.
  32. Kulungowski AM, Hassanein AH, Nosé V, Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB, Upton J, Zurakowski D, DiVasta AD, Greene AK. Expression of androgen, estrogen, progesterone, and growth hormone receptors in vascular malformations. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2012 Jun; 129(6):919e-924e.
  33. Kurek KC, Luks VL, Ayturk UM, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ, Spencer SA, Mulliken JB, Bowen ME, Yamamoto GL, Kozakewich HP, Warman ML. Somatic mosaic activating mutations in PIK3CA cause CLOVES syndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Jun 8; 90(6):1108-15.
  34. Fevurly RD, Fishman SJ. Vascular anomalies in pediatrics. Surg Clin North Am. 2012 Jun; 92(3):769-800, x.
  35. Behr GG, Fishman SJ, Caty MG, Kulungowski AM, Paltiel HJ, Alomari AI. Hepatic mesenchymal hamartoma and infantile hemangioma: a rare association. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Mar; 47(3):448-52.
  36. Hassanein AH, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI, Zurakowski D, Greene AK. Venous malformation: risk of progression during childhood and adolescence. Ann Plast Surg. 2012 Feb; 68(2):198-201.
  37. Hassanein AH, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Quatrano NA, Zurakowski D, Greene AK. Lymphatic malformation: risk of progression during childhood and adolescence. J Craniofac Surg. 2012 Jan; 23(1):149-52.
  38. Fevurly RD, Hasso S, Fye A, Fishman SJ, Chan J. Novel zebrafish model reveals a critical role for MAPK in lymphangiogenesis. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jan; 47(1):177-82.
  39. Kulungowski AM, Alomari AI, Chawla A, Christison-Lagay ER, Fishman SJ. Lessons from a liver hemangioma registry: subtype classification. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jan; 47(1):165-70.
  40. Lu L, Bischoff J, Mulliken JB, Bielenberg DR, Fishman SJ, Greene AK. Increased endothelial progenitor cells and vasculogenic factors in higher-staged arteriovenous malformations. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 Oct; 128(4):260e-269e.
  41. Bell D, Kozakewich HP, Fishman SJ, Kulungowski AM, Alomari AI. Liver hemangiomas and elevated serum a-fetoprotein: unsolved questions. Hum Pathol. 2011 Sep; 42(9):1369-71; author reply 1371-2.
  42. Greene AK, Liu AS, Mulliken JB, Chalache K, Fishman SJ. Vascular anomalies in 5,621 patients: guidelines for referral. J Pediatr Surg. 2011 Sep; 46(9):1784-9.
  43. Choi E, Landrigan-Ossar M, Fishman SJ, Seefelder C. Exsanguination by intent: controlled phlebotomy during resection of a giant vascular malformation in a 22-month-old child. Paediatr Anaesth. 2011 Nov; 21(11):1159-62.
  44. Kulungowski AM, Schook CC, Alomari AI, Vogel AM, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ. Vascular anomalies of the male genitalia. J Pediatr Surg. 2011 Jun; 46(6):1214-21.
  45. Schook CC, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Grant FD, Zurakowski D, Greene AK. Primary lymphedema: clinical features and management in 138 pediatric patients. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 Jun; 127(6):2419-31.
  46. Siddiqui AA, Fishman SJ, Bauer SB, Nurko S. Long-term follow-up of patients after antegrade continence enema procedure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 May; 52(5):574-80.
  47. Schook CC, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI, Grant FD, Greene AK. Differential diagnosis of lower extremity enlargement in pediatric patients referred with a diagnosis of lymphedema. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 Apr; 127(4):1571-81.
  48. Alomari AI, Chaudry G, Rodesch G, Burrows PE, Mulliken JB, Smith ER, Fishman SJ, Orbach DB. Complex spinal-paraspinal fast-flow lesions in CLOVES syndrome: analysis of clinical and imaging findings in 6 patients. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2011 Nov-Dec; 32(10):1812-7.
  49. Hassanein AH, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Greene AK. Evaluation of terminology for vascular anomalies in current literature. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 Jan; 127(1):347-51.
  50. Couto RA, Kulungowski AM, Chawla AS, Fishman SJ, Greene AK. Expression of angiogenic and vasculogenic factors in human lymphedematous tissue. Lymphat Res Biol. 2011; 9(3):143-9.
  51. Smith JR, Marqusee E, Webb S, Nose V, Fishman SJ, Shamberger RC, Frates MC, Huang SA. Thyroid nodules and cancer in children with PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jan; 96(1):34-7.
  52. Kulungowski AM, Fishman SJ. Management of combined vascular malformations. Clin Plast Surg. 2011 Jan; 38(1):107-20.
  53. Golewale N, Paltiel HJ, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI. Portal vascular anomalies in Down syndrome: spectrum of clinical presentation and management approach. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Aug; 45(8):1676-81.
  54. Kulungowski AM, Fox VL, Burrows PE, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ. Portomesenteric venous thrombosis associated with rectal venous malformations. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jun; 45(6):1221-7.
  55. Alomari AI, Burrows PE, Lee EY, Hedequist DJ, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ. CLOVES syndrome with thoracic and central phlebectasia: increased risk of pulmonary embolism. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Aug; 140(2):459-63.
  56. Liu AS, Mulliken JB, Zurakowski D, Fishman SJ, Greene AK. Extracranial arteriovenous malformations: natural progression and recurrence after treatment. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Apr; 125(4):1185-94.
  57. Page MP, Kim HB, Fishman SJ. Small intestinal volvulus caused by loose surgical staples. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 Sep; 44(9):1824-6.
  58. Chumpitazi BP, Fishman SJ, Nurko S. Long-term clinical outcome after botulinum toxin injection in children with nonrelaxing internal anal sphincter. Am J Gastroenterol. 2009 Apr; 104(4):976-83.
  59. Burrows PE, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Klement GL, Folkman J. Pharmacological treatment of a diffuse arteriovenous malformation of the upper extremity in a child. J Craniofac Surg. 2009 Mar; 20 Suppl 1:597-602.
  60. Viswanathan V, Smith ER, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Kozakewich HP, Burrows PE, Orbach DB. Infantile hemangiomas involving the neuraxis: clinical and imaging findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 May; 30(5):1005-13.
  61. Bruder E, Perez-Atayde AR, Jundt G, Alomari AI, Rischewski J, Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB, Kozakewich HP. Vascular lesions of bone in children, adolescents, and young adults. A clinicopathologic reappraisal and application of the ISSVA classification. Virchows Arch. 2009 Feb; 454(2):161-79.
  62. Atalabi OM, Fishman SJ, Kozakewich HP, Alsamarah AY, Alomari AI. A lethal form of Gorham disease associated with extensive musculoskeletal pneumatosis: case report and review of the literature. Skeletal Radiol. 2008 Nov; 37(11):1041-6.
  63. Ikwueke I, Bandara S, Fishman SJ, Vargas SO. Congenital dermal sinus tract in the lateral buttock: unusual presentation of a typically midline lesion. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Jun; 43(6):1200-2.
  64. Page MP, Ricca RL, Resnick AS, Puder M, Fishman SJ. Newborn and toddler intestinal obstruction owing to congenital mesenteric defects. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Apr; 43(4):755-8.
  65. Hyder AA, Wali S, Fishman S, Schenk E. The burden of unintentional injuries among the under-five population in South Asia. Acta Paediatr. 2008 Mar; 97(3):267-75.
  66. Kharbanda AB, Fishman SJ, Bachur RG. Comparison of pediatric emergency physicians' and surgeons' evaluation and diagnosis of appendicitis. Acad Emerg Med. 2008 Feb; 15(2):119-25.
  67. Burrows PE, Mitri RK, Alomari A, Padua HM, Lord DJ, Sylvia MB, Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB. Percutaneous sclerotherapy of lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. Lymphat Res Biol. 2008; 6(3-4):209-16.
  68. Greene AK, Kim S, Rogers GF, Fishman SJ, Olsen BR, Mulliken JB. Risk of vascular anomalies with Down syndrome. Pediatrics. 2008 Jan; 121(1):e135-40.
  69. Lessler J, Cummings DA, Fishman S, Vora A, Burke DS. Transmissibility of swine flu at Fort Dix, 1976. J R Soc Interface. 2007 Aug 22; 4(15):755-62.
  70. Christison-Lagay ER, Burrows PE, Alomari A, Dubois J, Kozakewich HP, Lane TS, Paltiel HJ, Klement G, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ. Hepatic hemangiomas: subtype classification and development of a clinical practice algorithm and registry. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jan; 42(1):62-7; discussion 67-8.
  71. Vogel AM, Yang EY, Fishman SJ. Hydrostatic stretch-induced growth facilitating primary anastomosis in long-gap esophageal atresia. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Jun; 41(6):1170-2.
  72. Vogel AM, Alesbury JM, Burrows PE, Fishman SJ. Vascular anomalies of the female external genitalia. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 May; 41(5):993-9.
  73. Vogel AM, Smithers CJ, Kozakewich HP, Zurakowski D, Moses MA, Burrows PE, Fauza DO, Fishman SJ. Extracellular matrix dynamics associated with tissue-engineered intravascular sclerotherapy. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Apr; 41(4):757-62.
  74. Christison-Lagay ER, Fishman SJ. Vascular anomalies. Surg Clin North Am. 2006 Apr; 86(2):393-425, x.
  75. Vogel AM, Alesbury JM, Fox VL, Fishman SJ. Complex pancreatic vascular anomalies in children. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Mar; 41(3):473-8.
  76. Barnés CM, Huang S, Kaipainen A, Sanoudou D, Chen EJ, Eichler GS, Guo Y, Yu Y, Ingber DE, Mulliken JB, Beggs AH, Folkman J, Fishman SJ. Evidence by molecular profiling for a placental origin of infantile hemangioma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Dec 27; 102(52):19097-102.
  77. Yang EY, Allmendinger N, Johnson SM, Chen C, Wilson JM, Fishman SJ. Neonatal thoracoscopic repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia: selection criteria for successful outcome. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Sep; 40(9):1369-75.
  78. Vargas SO, Kozakewich HP, Boyd TK, Ecklund K, Fishman SJ, Laufer MR, Perez-Atayde AR. Childhood asymmetric labium majus enlargement: mimicking a neoplasm. Am J Surg Pathol. 2005 Aug; 29(8):1007-16.
  79. Prasad V, Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB, Fox VL, Liang MG, Klement G, Kieran MW, Burrows PE, Waltz DA, Powell J, Dubois J, Levy ML, Perez-Atayde AR, Kozakewich HP. Cutaneovisceral angiomatosis with thrombocytopenia. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2005 Jul-Aug; 8(4):407-19.
  80. Vogel AM, Paltiel HJ, Kozakewich HP, Burrows PE, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ. Iliac artery stenosis in a child with cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jul; 40(7):e9-12.
  81. Marler JJ, Fishman SJ, Kilroy SM, Fang J, Upton J, Mulliken JB, Burrows PE, Zurakowski D, Folkman J, Moses MA. Increased expression of urinary matrix metalloproteinases parallels the extent and activity of vascular anomalies. Pediatrics. 2005 Jul; 116(1):38-45.
  82. Holzman RS, Yoo L, Fox VL, Fishman SJ. Air embolism during intraoperative endoscopic localization and surgical resection for blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome. Anesthesiology. 2005 Jun; 102(6):1279-80.
  83. Smithers CJ, Vogel AM, Kozakewich HP, Freedman DA, Burrows PE, Fauza DO, Fishman SJ. An injectable tissue-engineered embolus prevents luminal recanalization after vascular sclerotherapy. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jun; 40(6):920-5.
  84. Rahbar R, Vogel A, Myers LB, Bulich LA, Wilkins-Haug L, Benson CB, Grable IA, Levine D, Fishman SJ, Jennings RW, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE. Fetal surgery in otolaryngology: a new era in the diagnosis and management of fetal airway obstruction because of advances in prenatal imaging. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 May; 131(5):393-8.
  85. Smink DS, Fishman SJ, Kleinman K, Finkelstein JA. Effects of race, insurance status, and hospital volume on perforated appendicitis in children. Pediatrics. 2005 Apr; 115(4):920-5.
  86. Gruman A, Liang MG, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Burrows PE, Kozakewich HP, Blei F, Frieden IJ. Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma without Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2005 Apr; 52(4):616-22.
  87. Fishman SJ, Smithers CJ, Folkman J, Lund DP, Burrows PE, Mulliken JB, Fox VL. Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome: surgical eradication of gastrointestinal bleeding. Ann Surg. 2005 Mar; 241(3):523-8.
  88. Smithers CJ, Vogel AM, Kozakewich HP, Freedman DA, Udagawa T, Burrows PE, Fauza DO, Fishman SJ. Enhancement of intravascular sclerotherapy by tissue engineering: short-term results. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Feb; 40(2):412-7.
  89. Di Luozzo G, Kim HB, Boiselle PM, Colin AA, Fishman SJ. Congenital absence of the right upper lobe bronchus with double segmental tracheal bronchi. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Jan; 79(1):331-4.
  90. Morof D, Levine D, Grable I, Barnewolt C, Estroff J, Fishman S, Rahbar R, Jennings RW. Oropharyngeal teratoma: prenatal diagnosis and assessment using sonography, MRI, and CT with management by ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Aug; 183(2):493-6.
  91. Downard CD, Kim HB, Laningham F, Fishman SJ. Esophageal atresia, duodenal atresia, and unilateral lung agenesis: a case report. J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Aug; 39(8):1283-5.
  92. Kassarjian A, Zurakowski D, Dubois J, Paltiel HJ, Fishman SJ, Burrows PE. Infantile hepatic hemangiomas: clinical and imaging findings and their correlation with therapy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Mar; 182(3):785-95.
  93. Fishman SJ, Jennings RW, Johnson SM, Kim HB. Contouring buttock reconstruction after sacrococcygeal teratoma resection. J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Mar; 39(3):439-41; discussion 439-41.
  94. Fuchs JR, Fishman SJ. Management of spontaneous colonic perforation in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV. J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Feb; 39(2):e1-3.
  95. Smink DS, Finkelstein JA, Kleinman K, Fishman SJ. The effect of hospital volume of pediatric appendectomies on the misdiagnosis of appendicitis in children. Pediatrics. 2004 Jan; 113(1 Pt 1):18-23.
  96. Hyder AA, Arifeen S, Begum N, Fishman S, Wali S, Baqui AH. Death from drowning: defining a new challenge for child survival in Bangladesh. Inj Control Saf Promot. 2003 Dec; 10(4):205-10.
  97. Ciamarra P, Nurko S, Barksdale E, Fishman S, Di Lorenzo C. Internal anal sphincter achalasia in children: clinical characteristics and treatment with Clostridium botulinum toxin. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2003 Sep; 37(3):315-9.
  98. Weber TR, Au-Fliegner M, Downard CD, Fishman SJ. Abdominal wall defects. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2002 Aug; 14(4):491-7.
  99. Kaviani A, Perry TE, Barnes CM, Oh JT, Ziegler MM, Fishman SJ, Fauza DO. The placenta as a cell source in fetal tissue engineering. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Jul; 37(7):995-9; discussion 995-9.
  100. Konez O, Burrows PE, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Kozakewich HP. Angiographic features of rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH). Pediatr Radiol. 2003 Jan; 33(1):15-9.
  101. Fishman SJ, Fox VL. Visceral vascular anomalies. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2001 Oct; 11(4):813-34, viii.
  102. Mehra M, Bahar RJ, Ament ME, Waldhausen J, Gershman G, Georgeson K, Fox V, Fishman S, Werlin S, Sato T, Hill I, Tolia V, Atkinson J. Laparoscopic and thoracoscopic esophagomyotomy for children with achalasia. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001 Oct; 33(4):466-71.
  103. Fishman SJ, Burrows PE, Upton J, Hendren WH. Life-threatening anomalies of the thoracic duct: anatomic delineation dictates management. J Pediatr Surg. 2001 Aug; 36(8):1269-72.
  104. Islam S, Hresko MT, Fishman SJ. Extrapleural thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion: a modified video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery approach to the pediatric spine. JSLS. 2001 Apr-Jun; 5(2):187-9.
  105. Mason KP, Koka BV, Eldredge EA, Fishman SJ, Burrows PE. Perioperative considerations in a hypothyroid infant with hepatic haemangioma. Paediatr Anaesth. 2001 Mar; 11(2):228-32.
  106. Fishman SJ, Islam S, Buonomo C, Nurko S. Nonfixation of an atretic colon predicts Hirschsprung's disease. J Pediatr Surg. 2001 Jan; 36(1):202-4.
  107. Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Burrows PE. Vascular anomalies. Curr Probl Surg. 2000 Aug; 37(8):517-84.
  108. Fishman SJ, Feins NR, D'Amoto RJ, Folkman J. Thalidomide for Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology. 2000 Aug; 119(2):596.
  109. Huang SA, Tu HM, Harney JW, Venihaki M, Butte AJ, Kozakewich HP, Fishman SJ, Larsen PR. Severe hypothyroidism caused by type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase in infantile hemangiomas. N Engl J Med. 2000 Jul 20; 343(3):185-9.
  110. Fishman SJ, Pelosi L, Klavon SL, O'Rourke EJ. Perforated appendicitis: prospective outcome analysis for 150 children. J Pediatr Surg. 2000 Jun; 35(6):923-6.
  111. Fishman SJ, Shamberger RC, Fox VL, Burrows PE. Endorectal pull-through abates gastrointestinal hemorrhage from colorectal venous malformations. J Pediatr Surg. 2000 Jun; 35(6):982-4.
  112. Kahn JA, Chiang VW, Shrier LA, Emans SJ, Fishman SJ, Goodman E, Laufer MR. Microlaparoscopy with conscious sedation in adolescents with suspected pelvic inflammatory disease. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 1999 Aug; 12(3):149-54.
  113. Becerra LR, Breiter HC, Stojanovic M, Fishman S, Edwards A, Comite AR, Gonzalez RG, Borsook D. Human brain activation under controlled thermal stimulation and habituation to noxious heat: an fMRI study. Magn Reson Med. 1999 May; 41(5):1044-57.
  114. Fishman SJ. Vascular anomalies of the mediastinum. Semin Pediatr Surg. 1999 May; 8(2):92-8.
  115. Fauza DO, Rawn J, Fishman SJ. Fetal response to neutral gas and liquid media for intraamniotic distension. J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Apr; 34(4):591-4.
  116. Fauza DO, Berde CB, Fishman SJ. Prolonged local myometrial blockade prevents preterm labor after fetal surgery in a leporine model. J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Apr; 34(4):540-2.
  117. Hoffer FA, Bloom DA, Colin AA, Fishman SJ. Lung abscess versus necrotizing pneumonia: implications for interventional therapy. Pediatr Radiol. 1999 Feb; 29(2):87-91.
  118. Bousvaros A, Leichtner A, Zurakowski D, Kwon J, Law T, Keough K, Fishman S. Elevated serum vascular endothelial growth factor in children and young adults with Crohn's disease. Dig Dis Sci. 1999 Feb; 44(2):424-30.
  119. Fishman SJ, Feins NR, D' Amato RJ, Folkman J. Long-term remission of Crohn's disease treated with thalidomide: a seminal case report. Angiogenesis. 1999; 3(3):201-4.
  120. Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB. Vascular anomalies. A primer for pediatricians. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1998 Dec; 45(6):1455-77.
  121. Fauza DO, Fishman SJ. Fetal carotid blood flow during videofetoscopy. J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Dec; 33(12):1737-40.
  122. Fishman SJ, Burrows PE, Leichtner AM, Mulliken JB. Gastrointestinal manifestations of vascular anomalies in childhood: varied etiologies require multiple therapeutic modalities. J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Jul; 33(7):1163-7.
  123. Borsook D, Becerra L, Fishman S, Edwards A, Jennings CL, Stojanovic M, Papinicolas L, Ramachandran VS, Gonzalez RG, Breiter H. Acute plasticity in the human somatosensory cortex following amputation. Neuroreport. 1998 Apr 20; 9(6):1013-7.
  124. Fauza DO, Fishman SJ, Mehegan K, Atala A. Videofetoscopically assisted fetal tissue engineering: skin replacement. J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Feb; 33(2):357-61.
  125. Fauza DO, Fishman SJ, Mehegan K, Atala A. Videofetoscopically assisted fetal tissue engineering: bladder augmentation. J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Jan; 33(1):7-12.
  126. Bousvaros A, Zurakowski D, Fishman SJ, Keough K, Law T, Sun C, Leichtner AM. Serum basic fibroblast growth factor in pediatric Crohn's disease. Implications for wound healing. Dig Dis Sci. 1997 Feb; 42(2):378-86.
  127. Korn RL, Fisher CA, Livingston ER, Stenach N, Fishman SJ, Jeevanadam V, Addonizio VP. The effects of Carmeda Bioactive Surface on human blood components during simulated extracorporeal circulation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 May; 111(5):1073-84.
  128. Boon LM, Fishman SJ, Lund DP, Mulliken JB. Congenital fibrosarcoma masquerading as congenital hemangioma: report of two cases. J Pediatr Surg. 1995 Sep; 30(9):1378-81.
  129. Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB. Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of infancy and childhood. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1993 Dec; 40(6):1177-200.
  130. Kruger LM, Fishman S. Myoelectric and body-powered prostheses. J Pediatr Orthop. 1993 Jan-Feb; 13(1):68-75.
  131. Fishman SJ, McCormick CM, McBurney EI. Pulsed high-dose corticosteroids and melphalan as an alternative therapy for refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1992 Jan; 26(1):130-1.
  132. Fishman SJ, Rietschel RL, Cooper ES, McBurney E. Photopheresis in coexistent cutaneous T cell lymphoma and sickle cell disease. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1991 Aug; 25(2 Pt 1):331-2.
  133. Fishman S, Edelstein JE, Krebs DE. Icelandic-Swedish-New York above-knee prosthetic sockets: pediatric experience. J Pediatr Orthop. 1987 Sep-Oct; 7(5):557-62.
  134. Krebs DE, Edelstein JE, Fishman S. Reliability of observational kinematic gait analysis. Phys Ther. 1985 Jul; 65(7):1027-33.
  135. Krebs DE, Fishman S. Characteristics of the child amputee population. J Pediatr Orthop. 1984 Jan; 4(1):89-95.
  136. Marler JJ, Fishman SJ, Upton J, Burrows PE, Paltiel HJ, Jennings RW, Mulliken JB. Prenatal diagnosis of vascular anomalies. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Mar; 37(3):318-26.
  137. Peña BM, Taylor GA, Fishman SJ, Mandl KD. Costs and effectiveness of ultrasonography and limited computed tomography for diagnosing appendicitis in children. Pediatrics. 2000 Oct; 106(4):672-6.
  138. Greene AK, Kieran M, Burrows PE, Mulliken JB, Kasser J, Fishman SJ. Wilms tumor screening is unnecessary in Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. Pediatrics. 2004 Apr; 113(4):e326-9.
  139. Fishman SJ, Puder M, Geva T, Jenkins K, Ziegler MM, Shamberger RC. Cardiac relocation and chest wall reconstruction after separation of thoracopagus conjoined twins with a single heart. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Mar; 37(3):515-7.
  140. Tsai A, Paltiel HJ, Sena LM, Kim HB, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI. Neonatal hemochromatosis and patent ductus venosus: clinical course and diagnostic pitfalls. Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Aug; 39(8):823-7.
  141. Kharbanda AB, Taylor GA, Fishman SJ, Bachur RG. A clinical decision rule to identify children at low risk for appendicitis. Pediatrics. 2005 Sep; 116(3):709-16.
  142. Hales K, Connolly LP, Drubach LA, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ. Tc-99m red blood cell imaging of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome. Clin Nucl Med. 2000 Oct; 25(10):835-7.
  143. Hadigan C, Fishman SJ, Connolly LP, Treves ST, Nurko S. Stimulation with fatty meal (Lipomul) to assess gallbladder emptying in children with chronic acalculous cholecystitis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2003 Aug; 37(2):178-82.
  144. Smink DS, Finkelstein JA, Garcia Peña BM, Shannon MW, Taylor GA, Fishman SJ. Diagnosis of acute appendicitis in children using a clinical practice guideline. J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Mar; 39(3):458-63; discussion 458-63.
  145. Schulman JM, Christison-Lagay ER, Kozakewich HP, Boiselle PM, Burrows PE, Fox VL, Fishman SJ. Macrocystic lymphatic malformation in the pulmonary parenchyma. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 May; 87(5):1607-9.
  146. Tan WH, Baris HN, Burrows PE, Robson CD, Alomari AI, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Irons MB. The spectrum of vascular anomalies in patients with PTEN mutations: implications for diagnosis and management. J Med Genet. 2007 Sep; 44(9):594-602.
  147. Kassarjian A, Fishman SJ, Fox VL, Burrows PE. Imaging characteristics of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003 Oct; 181(4):1041-8.
  148. Alomari AI, Chaudry G, Fox VL, Fishman SJ, Buchmiller TL. Atypical manifestation of patent ductus venosus in a child: intervening against a paradoxical presentation. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Apr; 20(4):537-42.
  149. Parad RB, Applegate K, Doubilet PM, Fishman SJ, Estroff JA. Occult fetal bowel obstruction: ileal atresia presenting in a newborn infant after normal antenatal sonography. J Ultrasound Med. 1995 Feb; 14(2):161-3.
  150. Kim HB, Pomposelli JJ, Lillehei CW, Jenkins RL, Jonas MM, Krawczuk LE, Fishman SJ. Mesogonadal shunts for extrahepatic portal vein thrombosis and variceal hemorrhage. Liver Transpl. 2005 Nov; 11(11):1389-94.
  151. Norwitz ER, Hoyte LP, Jenkins KJ, van der Velde ME, Ratiu P, Rodriguez-Thompson D, Wilkins-Haug L, Tempany CM, Fishman SJ. Separation of conjoined twins with the twin reversed-arterial-perfusion sequence after prenatal planning with three-dimensional modeling. N Engl J Med. 2000 Aug 10; 343(6):399-402.
  152. Peña BM, Taylor GA, Fishman SJ, Mandl KD. Effect of an imaging protocol on clinical outcomes among pediatric patients with appendicitis. Pediatrics. 2002 Dec; 110(6):1088-93.
  153. Bloom DA, Buonomo C, Fishman SJ, Furuta G, Nurko S. Allergic colitis: a mimic of Hirschsprung disease. Pediatr Radiol. 1999 Jan; 29(1):37-41.
  154. Parsons SK, Fishman SJ, Hoorntje LE, Jaramillo D, Marcus KC, Perez-Atayde AR, Kozakewich HP, Grier HE, Shamberger RC. Aggressive multimodal treatment of pleuropulmonary blastoma. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 Sep; 72(3):939-42.
  155. Alomari AI, Orbach DB, Mulliken JB, Bisdorff A, Fishman SJ, Norbash A, Alokaili R, Lord DJ, Burrows PE. Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome and spinal arteriovenous malformations: an erroneous association. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Oct; 31(9):1608-12.
  156. Hassanein AH, Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB, Alomari AI, Kurek KC, Padua HM, Greene AK. Metastatic neuroblastoma mimicking infantile hemangioma. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Oct; 45(10):2045-9.
  157. Chaudry G, Burrows PE, Padua HM, Dillon BJ, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI. Sclerotherapy of abdominal lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2011 Oct; 22(10):1431-5.
  158. Kurek KC, Howard E, Tennant LB, Upton J, Alomari AI, Burrows PE, Chalache K, Harris DJ, Trenor CC, Eng C, Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB, Perez-Atayde AR, Kozakewich HP. PTEN hamartoma of soft tissue: a distinctive lesion in PTEN syndromes. Am J Surg Pathol. 2012 May; 36(5):671-87.
  159. Al Masalmeh O, Shaikh R, Chaudry G, Kim HB, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI. Transjugular retrograde cannulation of the portal vein via patent ductus venosus: alternative access for endovascular hepatic interventions. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2013 Jan; 24(1):81-4.
  160. Sena LM, Fishman SJ, Jenkins KJ, Xu H, Brechbiel MW, Regino CA, Kosaka N, Bernardo M, Choyke PL, Kobayashi H. Magnetic resonance lymphangiography with a nano-sized gadolinium-labeled dendrimer in small and large animal models. Nanomedicine (Lond). 2010 Oct; 5(8):1183-91.
  161. Uihlein LC, Liang MG, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI, Mulliken JB. Capillary-venous malformation in the lower limb. Pediatr Dermatol. 2013 Sep-Oct; 30(5):541-8.
  162. Alomari AI, Spencer SA, Arnold RW, Chaudry G, Kasser JR, Burrows PE, Govender P, Padua HM, Dillon B, Upton J, Taghinia AH, Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB, Fevurly RD, Greene AK, Landrigan-Ossar M, Paltiel HJ, Trenor CC, Kozakewich HP. Fibro-adipose vascular anomaly: clinical-radiologic-pathologic features of a newly delineated disorder of the extremity. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Jan; 34(1):109-17.
  163. Uihlein LC, Liang MG, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI, Mulliken JB. Capillary-venous malformation in the upper limb. Pediatr Dermatol. 2015 Mar-Apr; 32(2):287-9.
  164. Luks VL, Kamitaki N, Vivero MP, Uller W, Rab R, Bovée JV, Rialon KL, Guevara CJ, Alomari AI, Greene AK, Fishman SJ, Kozakewich HP, Maclellan RA, Mulliken JB, Rahbar R, Spencer SA, Trenor CC, Upton J, Zurakowski D, Perkins JA, Kirsh A, Bennett JT, Dobyns WB, Kurek KC, Warman ML, McCarroll SA, Murillo R. Lymphatic and other vascular malformative/overgrowth disorders are caused by somatic mutations in PIK3CA. J Pediatr. 2015 Apr; 166(4):1048-54.e1-5.
  165. Hedequist D, Spencer S, Richards BS, Fishman S, Alomari A. Surgical Treatment of Spinal Deformity in Patients With CLOVES Syndrome: A Report of 4 Cases. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Oct-Nov; 35(7):682-6.
  166. Ayturk UM, Couto JA, Hann S, Mulliken JB, Williams KL, Huang AY, Fishman SJ, Boyd TK, Kozakewich HP, Bischoff J, Greene AK, Warman ML. Somatic Activating Mutations in GNAQ and GNA11 Are Associated with Congenital Hemangioma. Am J Hum Genet. 2016 Apr 7; 98(4):789-95.
  167. Soblet J, Kangas J, Nätynki M, Mendola A, Helaers R, Uebelhoer M, Kaakinen M, Cordisco M, Dompmartin A, Enjolras O, Holden S, Irvine AD, Kangesu L, Léauté-Labrèze C, Lanoel A, Lokmic Z, Maas S, McAleer MA, Penington A, Rieu P, Syed S, van der Vleuten C, Watson R, Fishman SJ, Mulliken JB, Eklund L, Limaye N, Boon LM, Vikkula M. Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus (BRBN) Syndrome Is Caused by Somatic TEK (TIE2) Mutations. J Invest Dermatol. 2016 Aug 9.
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