Vascular Ring | Symptoms & Causes

What are the symptoms of a vascular ring?

Symptoms range widely depending on the severity of the compression. If the condition is severe, symptoms can occur during infancy. Common symptoms include:

  • stridor (noisy breathing)
  • wheezing or cough
  • respiratory distress
  • difficulty feeding when you introduce solid foods
  • swallowing difficulties (dysphagia)
  • gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)
  • respiratory infections

What are the causes of a vascular ring?

Normally, the aorta develops from one in a series of symmetrical arches. By the end of the second month of fetal development, the other arches are naturally broken down or formed into arteries. When a vascular ring occurs, certain arches that should have disappeared still remain and form a ring structure.