Type 1 Diabetes| Symptoms & Causes

What causes type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an immune system attack on the pancreas that impairs insulin production. Experts are not sure why some children develop type 1 diabetes. Children whose parents or close relatives have type 1 diabetes are at greater risk of developing the disease. Being exposed to a virus may trigger type 1 diabetes in these children.

What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can appear quickly, seemingly out of nowhere. They include:

  • frequent urination
  • extreme thirst
  • extreme hunger
  • weight loss
  • cuts or bruises that take a long time to heal
  • blurry vision
  • fatigue

What are the risks of type 1 diabetes?

A child with type 1 diabetes is at risk for other autoimmune diseases, including autoimmune thyroid disease, celiac disease, and in rare cases, Addison’s disease.