Conditions + Treatments

Myopia Symptoms & Causes

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What's the difference between refractive and non-refractive errors?

  • refractive errors: Refractive errors occur when the eye does not focus the light that enters the eye, resulting in blurred vision.
  • non-refractive errors: Non-refractive errors are caused by eye diseases.

What causes refractive errors?

Refractive errors (myopia and hyperopia­, or "farsightedness") have been found to cluster in families. These inherited patterns may be:

  • dominant (one gene was inherited from a parent with a refractive error)
  • recessive (caused by two genes, one inherited from each parent, who may or may not have a refractive error)
  • multifactorial (combination of genes and environment)

Refractive errors are also present in a number of genetic disorders, such as Marfan syndrome and Down syndrome.

What are the symptoms of myopia?

Myopia is usually noted in children around the ages of 9 or 10. It might be discovered if your child cannot read the blackboard from the back of the room, but can see to write and read without a problem.

Other signs and symptoms may include:

  • headaches
  • nausea after reading
  • holding books close to his face
  • writing with his head very close to the table
  • sitting very close to the television
  • squinting when looking at things that are far away
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