Carol E.  Barnewolt

Carol E. Barnewolt, MD

Assistant Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School

Medical Services


  • Ultrasonography
  • Genitourinary Radiology
  • Fetal Imaging
  • Bladder extrophy
  • Body Imaging


  • Radiology


  • Computed Tomography (CT)
  • Diagnostic Radiology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Ultrasound
  • Center for Congenital Anomalies of the Reproductive Tract
  • Advanced Fetal Care Center
To schedule an appointment: Call 617-355-6286
Carol E.  Barnewolt


 My goal is to provide thoughtful, individualized imaging evaluation of the fetus, infant, and child through direct collaboration with the patient, family, sonographers/technologists, referring clinicians, and subspecialists, while minimizing cost and exposure to risks such as ionizing radiation and sedation/anesthesia. 

Experience and Education


Undergraduate School

Santa Clara University, 1983

Santa Clara, CA

Medical School

Chicago Medical School, 1987

Chicago, IL


UCSF Valley Medical Center of Fresno, 1987-1988

Fresno, CA


UCSF - Fresno Hospitals, 1988-1992

Fresno, CA


Boston Children's Hospital, 1992-1994

Boston, MA


  • American Board of Radiology, Pediatric Radiology

Professional History

I have been a full-time radiology faculty member since 1994.  Areas of interest were broad initially and have gradually become more concentrated in the areas of integrated fetal and pediatric genitourinary imaging and ultrasound/MRI correlation.  This has led to a close relationship and collaboration with pediatric gynecology, urology, general surgery, rheumatology, orthopedic, and fetal subspecialists in daily problem solving.  My work centers around the Advanced Fetal Care Center at Children's Hospital and the development of techniques in fetal imaging as a natural extension of expertise in the field of Pediatric Radiology.  Our goal is to cultivate a center that supports families faced with anomalous pregnancies beginning with accurate, precise diagnosis, connection with appropriate subspecialties, counseling, delivery, treatment, and health care throughout childhood.



Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Back SJ, Maya C, Darge K, Acharya PT, Barnewolt CE, Coleman JL, Dillman JR, Fordham LA, Hwang M, Lim A, McCarville MB, Munden MM, Paltiel HJ, Volberg FM. Pediatric contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the United States: a survey by the Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Task Force of the Society for Pediatric Radiology. Pediatr Radiol. 2018 Feb 13.
  2. Alves K, Spencer H, Barnewolt CE, Waters PM, Bae DS. Early Outcomes of Vein Grafting for Reconstruction of Brachial Arterial Injuries in Children. J Hand Surg Am. 2018 Mar; 43(3):287.e1-287.e7.
  3. Velazco CS, Fullerton BS, Brazzo JA, Hong CR, Jaksic T, Barnewolt CE. Radiographic measurement of intestinal length among children with short bowel syndrome: Retrospective determination remains problematic. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Dec; 52(12):1921-1924.
  4. Tsai A, Barnewolt CE, Prabhu SP, Yonekura R, Hosmer A, Schulz NE, Weinstock PH. Erratum to "Creation and Validation of a Simulator for Neonatal Brain Ultrasonography: A Pilot Study": [Acad Radiol 2017; 24:76-83]. Acad Radiol. 2017 May 18.
  5. Shieh HF, Barnewolt CE, Wilson JM, Zurakowski D, Connolly SA, Estroff JA, Zalieckas J, Smithers CJ, Buchmiller TL. Percent predicted lung volume changes on fetal magnetic resonance imaging throughout gestation in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Jun; 52(6):933-937.
  6. Brodsky JR, Irace AL, Didas A, Watters K, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE, Perez-Atayde A, Rahbar R. Teratoma of the neonatal head and neck: A 41-year experience. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Jun; 97:66-71.
  7. Tsai A, Barnewolt CE, Prahbu SP, Yonekura R, Hosmer A, Schulz NE, Weinstock PH. Creation and Validation of a Simulator for Neonatal Brain Ultrasonography: A Pilot Study. Acad Radiol. 2017 Jan; 24(1):76-83.
  8. Colleran GC, Barnewolt CE, Chow JS, Paltiel HJ. Intrarenal Reflux: Diagnosis at Contrast-Enhanced Voiding Urosonography. J Ultrasound Med. 2016 Aug; 35(8):1811-9.
  9. Colleran GC, Paltiel HJ, Barnewolt CE, Chow JS. Residual intravesical iodinated contrast: a potential cause of false-negative reflux study at contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Oct; 46(11):1614-7.
  10. Afacan O, Gholipour A, Mulkern RV, Barnewolt CE, Estroff JA, Connolly SA, Parad RB, Bairdain S, Warfield SK. Fetal lung apparent diffusion coefficient measurement using diffusion-weighted MRI at 3 Tesla: Correlation with gestational age. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2016 Dec; 44(6):1650-1655.
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  12. Gholipour A, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE, Robertson RL, Grant PE, Gagoski B, Warfield SK, Afacan O, Connolly SA, Neil JJ, Wolfberg A, Mulkern RV. Fetal MRI: A Technical Update with Educational Aspirations. Concepts Magn Reson Part A Bridg Educ Res. 2014 Nov; 43(6):237-266.
  13. Youngster M, Ward VL, Blood EA, Barnewolt CE, Emans SJ, Divasta AD. Utility of ultrasound in the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome in adolescents. Fertil Steril. 2014 Nov; 102(5):1432-8.
  14. Dobson LJ, Barnewolt CE, Morash D, Connolly SA, Estroff JA. Human fetal sacrococcygeal extension or 'tail' in the second trimester: prenatal diagnosis, associated findings, and clinical outcome. Prenat Diagn. 2013 Feb; 33(2):134-40.
  15. Nuchtern JG, London WB, Barnewolt CE, Naranjo A, McGrady PW, Geiger JD, Diller L, Schmidt ML, Maris JM, Cohn SL, Shamberger RC. A prospective study of expectant observation as primary therapy for neuroblastoma in young infants: a Children's Oncology Group study. Ann Surg. 2012 Oct; 256(4):573-80.
  16. Penna FJ, Chow JS, Minnillo BJ, Passerotti CC, Barnewolt CE, Treves ST, Fahey FH, Dunning PS, Freilich DA, Retik AB, Nguyen HT. Identifying ureteropelvic junction obstruction by fluorescence imaging: a comparative study of imaging modalities to assess renal function and degree of obstruction in a mouse model. J Urol. 2011 Jun; 185(6):2405-13.
  17. Nicksa GA, Yu DC, Kalish BT, Klein JD, Turner CG, Zurakowski D, Barnewolt CE, Fauza DO, Buchmiller TL. Serial amnioinfusions prevent fetal pulmonary hypoplasia in a large animal model of oligohydramnios. J Pediatr Surg. 2011 Jan; 46(1):67-71.
  18. Senapati GM, Levine D, Smith C, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE, Robertson RL, Poussaint TY, Mehta TS, Werdich XQ, Pier D, Feldman HA, Robson CD. Frequency and cause of disagreements in imaging diagnosis in children with ventriculomegaly diagnosed prenatally. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Nov; 36(5):582-95.
  19. Gholipour A, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE, Connolly SA, Warfield SK. Fetal brain volumetry through MRI volumetric reconstruction and segmentation. Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2011 May; 6(3):329-39.
  20. Nicksa GA, O'Neil E, Yu DC, Curatolo AS, McNeish BL, Barnewolt CE, Zurakowski D, Buchmiller TL, Moses MA, Rosen S, Fauza DO. Correlation between prenatal urinary matrix metalloproteinase activity and the degree of kidney damage in a large animal model of congenital obstructive uropathy. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jun; 45(6):1120-5.
  21. Beeghly M, Ware J, Soul J, du Plessis A, Khwaja O, Senapati GM, Robson CD, Robertson RL, Poussaint TY, Barnewolt CE, Feldman HA, Estroff JA, Levine D. Neurodevelopmental outcome of fetuses referred for ventriculomegaly. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Apr; 35(4):405-16.
  22. Limperopoulos C, Folkerth R, Barnewolt CE, Connolly S, Du Plessis AJ. Posthemorrhagic cerebellar disruption mimicking Dandy-Walker malformation: fetal imaging and neuropathology findings. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 2010 Mar; 17(1):75-81.
  23. Nicksa GA, Yu DC, Curatolo AS, McNeish BL, Barnewolt CE, Valim C, Buchmiller TL, Moses MA, Fauza DO. Prenatal urinary matrix metalloproteinase profiling as a potential diagnostic tool in fetal obstructive uropathy. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jan; 45(1):70-3.
  24. Bae DS, Barnewolt CE, Jennings RW. Prenatal diagnosis and treatment of congenital differences of the hand and upper limb. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Jul; 91 Suppl 4:31-9.
  25. Steigman SA, Nemes L, Barnewolt CE, Estroff JA, Valim C, Jennings RW, Fauza DO. Differential risk for neonatal surgical airway intervention in prenatally diagnosed neck masses. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 Jan; 44(1):76-9.
  26. Ward VL, Strauss KJ, Barnewolt CE, Zurakowski D, Venkatakrishnan V, Fahey FH, Lebowitz RL, Taylor GA. Pediatric radiation exposure and effective dose reduction during voiding cystourethrography. Radiology. 2008 Dec; 249(3):1002-9.
  27. Passerotti CC, Barnewolt C, Xuewu J, Passerotti AM, Ward V, Dunning P, Retik AB, Nguyen HT. In utero treatment for bladder outlet obstruction using robot assisted laparoscopic techniques. J Urol. 2008 Oct; 180(4 Suppl):1790-4; discussion 1794.
  28. Blackman SC, Evenson AR, Voss SD, Barnewolt CE, Puder M. Prenatal diagnosis and subsequent treatment of an intermediate-risk paraspinal neuroblastoma: case report and review of the literature. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2008; 24(2):119-25.
  29. Limperopoulos C, Robertson RL, Khwaja OS, Robson CD, Estroff JA, Barnewolt C, Levine D, Morash D, Nemes L, Zaccagnini L, du Plessis AJ. How accurately does current fetal imaging identify posterior fossa anomalies? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Jun; 190(6):1637-43.
  30. Levine D, Feldman HA, Tannus JF, Estroff JA, Magnino M, Robson CD, Poussaint TY, Barnewolt CE, Mehta TS, Robertson RL. Frequency and cause of disagreements in diagnoses for fetuses referred for ventriculomegaly. Radiology. 2008 May; 247(2):516-27.
  31. Kunisaki SM, Barnewolt CE, Estroff JA, Nemes LP, Jennings RW, Wilson JM, Fauza DO. Liver position is a prenatal predictive factor of prosthetic repair in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2008; 23(4):258-62.
  32. Moniotte S, Powell AJ, Barnewolt CE, Annese D, Geva T. Prenatal diagnosis of thoracic ectopia cordis by real-time fetal cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and by echocardiography. Congenit Heart Dis. 2008 Mar-Apr; 3(2):128-31.
  33. Kunisaki SM, Barnewolt CE, Estroff JA, Ward VL, Nemes LP, Fauza DO, Jennings RW. Large fetal congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations: growth trends and patient survival. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Feb; 42(2):404-10.
  34. Kunisaki SM, Fauza DO, Barnewolt CE, Estroff JA, Myers LB, Bulich LA, Wong G, Levine D, Wilkins-Haug LE, Benson CB, Jennings RW. Ex utero intrapartum treatment with placement on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for fetal thoracic masses. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Feb; 42(2):420-5.
  35. Barnewolt CE, Kunisaki SM, Fauza DO, Nemes LP, Estroff JA, Jennings RW. Percent predicted lung volumes as measured on fetal magnetic resonance imaging: a useful biometric parameter for risk stratification in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jan; 42(1):193-7.
  36. Kunisaki SM, Barnewolt CE, Estroff JA, Myers LB, Fauza DO, Wilkins-Haug LE, Grable IA, Ringer SA, Benson CB, Nemes LP, Morash D, Buchmiller TL, Wilson JM, Jennings RW. Ex utero intrapartum treatment with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jan; 42(1):98-104; discussion 104-6.
  37. Riedlinger WF, Vargas SO, Jennings RW, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE, Lillehei CW, Wilson JM, Colin AA, Reid LM, Kozakewich HP. Bronchial atresia is common to extralobar sequestration, intralobar sequestration, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, and lobar emphysema. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2006 Sep-Oct; 9(5):361-73.
  38. Ward VL, Nishino M, Hatabu H, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE, Feldman HA, Levine D. Fetal lung volume measurements: determination with MR imaging--effect of various factors. Radiology. 2006 Jul; 240(1):187-93.
  39. Benacerraf BR, Sadow PM, Barnewolt CE, Estroff JA, Benson C. Cleft of the secondary palate without cleft lip diagnosed with three-dimensional ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in a fetus with Fryns' syndrome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2006 May; 27(5):566-70.
  40. Limperopoulos C, Robertson RL, Estroff JA, Barnewolt C, Levine D, Bassan H, du Plessis AJ. Diagnosis of inferior vermian hypoplasia by fetal magnetic resonance imaging: potential pitfalls and neurodevelopmental outcome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Apr; 194(4):1070-6.
  41. Ward VL, Barnewolt CE, Strauss KJ, Lebowitz RL, Venkatakrishnan V, Stehr M, McLellan DL, Peters CA, Zurakowski D, Dunning PS, Taylor GA. Radiation exposure reduction during voiding cystourethrography in a pediatric porcine model of vesicoureteral reflux. Radiology. 2006 Jan; 238(1):96-106.
  42. Ward VL, Estroff JA, Nguyen HT, Lakshmanan Y, Hayward A, Jaramillo D, Zurakowski D, Dunning PS, Peters CA, Barnewolt CE. Fetal sheep development on ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging: a standard for the in utero assessment of models of congenital abnormalities. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2006; 21(5):444-57.
  43. Kunisaki SM, Fauza DO, Nemes LP, Barnewolt CE, Estroff JA, Kozakewich HP, Jennings RW. Bronchial atresia: the hidden pathology within a spectrum of prenatally diagnosed lung masses. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Jan; 41(1):61-5; discussion 61-5.
  44. Gargollo PC, Borer JG, Retik AB, Peters CA, Diamond DA, Atala A, Barnewolt CE. Magnetic resonance imaging of pelvic musculoskeletal and genitourinary anatomy in patients before and after complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 2):1559-66; discussion 1566.
  45. Rahbar R, Vogel A, Myers LB, Bulich LA, Wilkins-Haug L, Benson CB, Grable IA, Levine D, Fishman SJ, Jennings RW, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE. Fetal surgery in otolaryngology: a new era in the diagnosis and management of fetal airway obstruction because of advances in prenatal imaging. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 May; 131(5):393-8.
  46. Gargollo PC, Barnewolt CE, Diamond DA. Pediatric ceftriaxone nephrolithiasis. J Urol. 2005 Feb; 173(2):577-8.
  47. Kocher MS, Mandiga R, Zurakowski D, Barnewolt C, Kasser JR. Validation of a clinical prediction rule for the differentiation between septic arthritis and transient synovitis of the hip in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Aug; 86-A(8):1629-35.
  48. Morof D, Levine D, Grable I, Barnewolt C, Estroff J, Fishman S, Rahbar R, Jennings RW. Oropharyngeal teratoma: prenatal diagnosis and assessment using sonography, MRI, and CT with management by ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Aug; 183(2):493-6.
  49. Stroustrup Smith A, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE, Mulliken JB, Levine D. Prenatal diagnosis of cleft lip and cleft palate using MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Jul; 183(1):229-35.
  50. Barnewolt CE, Estroff JA. Sonography of the fetal central nervous system. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2004 May; 14(2):255-71, viii.
  51. Robson CD, Barnewolt CE. MR imaging of fetal head and neck anomalies. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2004 May; 14(2):273-91, viii.
  52. Barnewolt CE. Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract. Semin Roentgenol. 2004 Apr; 39(2):263-81.
  53. Gargollo PC, Barnewolt C, Diamond DA. Calcified ureteral stricture in a child with polyarteritis nodosa. J Urol. 2004 Mar; 171(3):1254-5.
  54. Diamond DA, Roth JA, Cilento BG, Barnewolt CE. Intratesticular varicocele in adolescents: a reversible anechoic lesion of the testis. J Urol. 2004 Jan; 171(1):381-3.
  55. Levine D, Barnewolt CE, Mehta TS, Trop I, Estroff J, Wong G. Fetal thoracic abnormalities: MR imaging. Radiology. 2003 Aug; 228(2):379-88.
  56. Barnewolt CE, Jaramillo D, Taylor GA, Dunning PS. Correlation of contrast-enhanced power Doppler sonography and conventional angiography of abduction-induced hip ischemia in piglets. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003 Jun; 180(6):1731-5.
  57. Myers LB, Bulich LA, Mizrahi A, Barnewolt C, Estroff J, Benson C, Kim HB, Jennings R. Ultrasonographic guidance for location of the trachea during the EXIT procedure for cervical teratoma. J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Apr; 38(4):E12.
  58. Barnewolt CE. Pediatric spine ultrasound. Rumack C, editor. Diagnostic Ultrasound (In Press). 2003.
  59. Economy KE, Barnewolt C, Laufer MR. A comparison of MRI and laparoscopy in detecting pelvic structures in cases of vaginal agenesis. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2002 Apr; 15(2):101-4.
  60. Fauza DO, Barnewolt C, Brown SD, Jennings RW. Ultrasound-guided fetal tracheal occlusion. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Mar; 37(3):300-2.
  61. Barnewolt CE. Ultrasound of the Newborn Hip. Syllabus for the Refresher Course; Annual Meeting of the SPR. 2002.
  62. Fauza D, Barnewolt CE, Brown S, Jennings K. Ultrasound-guided fetal tracheal occlusion. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Pediatric Surgical Association. 2001; Naples, FL.
  63. Ward VL, Barnewolt CE, Lakshmanan Y, Jaramillo D, Hayward A, Dunning P. Definition of normal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging characteristics of fetal sheep development as a standard for in utero evaluation of models of congenital abnormality. Presented at the International Society for Pediatric Radiology meeting. 2001; Paris, France.
  64. Levine D, Jennings R, Barnewolt C, Mehta T, Wilson J, Wong G. Progressive fetal bronchial obstruction caused by a bronchogenic cyst diagnosed using prenatal MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001 Jan; 176(1):49-52.
  65. Nguyen HT, Bauer SB, Peters CA, Connolly LP, Gobet R, Borer JG, Barnewolt CE, Ephraim PL, Treves ST, Retik AB. 99m Technetium dimercapto-succinic acid renal scintigraphy abnormalities in infants with sterile high grade vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2000 Nov; 164(5):1674-8; discussion 1678-9.
  66. Levine D, Trop I, Barnewolt CE, Mehta T, Boiselle P, Estroff J, Abbott J. Imaging of fetal thoracic abnormalities with ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. Presented at the Radiological Society of North America Meeting. 2000; Chicago, IL.
  67. Laor T, Barnewolt CE. Nonradiopaque penetrating foreign body: "a sticky situation". Pediatr Radiol. 1999 Sep; 29(9):702-4.
  68. Gobet R, Cisek LJ, Chang B, Barnewolt CE, Retik AB, Peters CA. Experimental fetal vesicoureteral reflux induces renal tubular and glomerular damage, and is associated with persistent bladder instability. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162(3 Pt 2):1090-5.
  69. Taylor GA, Barnewolt CE, Claudon M, Dunning PS. Depiction of renal perfusion defects with contrast-enhanced harmonic sonography in a porcine model. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Sep; 173(3):757-60.
  70. Claudon M, Barnewolt CE, Taylor GA, Dunning PS, Gobet R, Badawy AB. Renal blood flow in pigs: changes depicted with contrast-enhanced harmonic US imaging during acute urinary obstruction. Radiology. 1999 Sep; 212(3):725-31.
  71. Barnewolt CE. Pediatric Musculoskeletal MR Techniques. Syllabus - Special Course in Pediatric Radiology. Current Concepts in Body Imaging at the Millenium. Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America. 1999; 183-91.
  72. Borer JG, Kaefer M, Barnewolt CE, Elias ER, Hobbs N, Retik AB, Peters CA. Renal findings on radiological followup of patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. J Urol. 1999 Jan; 161(1):235-9.
  73. Barnewolt CE, Chung T. Techniques, coils, pulse sequences, and contrast enhancement in pediatric musculoskeletal MR imaging. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 1998 Aug; 6(3):441-53.
  74. Taylor GA, Barnewolt CE, Dunning PS. Excitotoxin-induced cerebral hyperemia in newborn piglets: regional cerebral blood flow mapping with contrast-enhanced power Doppler US. Radiology. 1998 Jul; 208(1):73-9.
  75. Vazquez JL, Barnewolt CE, Shamberger RC, Chung T, Perez-Atayde AR. Ossifying renal tumor of infancy presenting as a palpable abdominal mass. Pediatr Radiol. 1998 Jun; 28(6):454-7.
  76. Taylor GA, Barnewolt CE, Dunning PS. Neonatal pig brain: lack of heating during Doppler US. Radiology. 1998 May; 207(2):525-8.
  77. Taylor GA, Barnewolt CE, Adler BH, Dunning PS. Renal cortical ischemia in rabbits revealed by contrast-enhanced power Doppler sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1998 Feb; 170(2):417-22.
  78. Barnewolt CE. Imaging techniques to assess the pelvis in young females. Semin Pediatr Surg. 1998 Feb; 7(1):73-81.
  79. Barnewolt CE, Lebowitz RL, Paltiel HJ, Kirks DR. Genitourinary tract. Practical pediatric imaging: diagnostic radiology of infants and children. 1998; 1009-1170.
  80. Gallant JM, Barnewolt CE, Taylor GA, Donovan MJ. Radiologic-Pathologic Conference of Children's Hospital Boston: bilateral asymptomatic renal enlargement. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Jul; 27(7):614-7.
  81. Dwek JR, Shapiro F, Laor T, Barnewolt CE, Jaramillo D. Normal gadolinium-enhanced MR images of the developing appendicular skeleton: Part 2. Epiphyseal and metaphyseal marrow. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1997 Jul; 169(1):191-6.
  82. Barnewolt CE, Shapiro F, Jaramillo D. Normal gadolinium-enhanced MR images of the developing appendicular skeleton: Part I. Cartilaginous epiphysis and physis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1997 Jul; 169(1):183-9.
  83. Buckley KM, Taylor GA, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE, Share JC, Paltiel HJ. Use of the mastoid fontanelle for improved sonographic visualization of the neonatal midbrain and posterior fossa. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1997 Apr; 168(4):1021-5.
  84. Kaefer M, Barnewolt C, Retik AB, Peters CA. The sonographic diagnosis of infravesical obstruction in children: evaluation of bladder wall thickness indexed to bladder filling. J Urol. 1997 Mar; 157(3):989-91.
  85. Gallant JM, Barnewolt CE, Buonomo C. Pediatric case of the day. Hepatorenal tyrosinemia (tyrosinemia type I). Radiographics. 1996 Sep; 16(5):1221-4.
  86. Barnewolt CE, Kim FM, Barnes PB, Taylor GA. Potential role of Color Doppler sonograpy in defining the location of extracerebral fluid collections in infants. Radiology. 1996; 201(P):282.
  87. Barnewolt CE, Lebowitz RL. Absence of a renal sinus echo complex in the ectopic kidney of a child: a normal finding. Pediatr Radiol. 1996; 26(5):318-23.
  88. Barnewolt CE, Share JC, Wolfsdorf JI. Serial imaging of the liver in patients with glycogen storage disease. ESPR 32nd Congress Abstracts. 1995; 78.
  89. Anderson MF, Barnewolt CE, Hudson DI. Computer-aided differential diagnosis in radiology - Hyperray. Arenson R, Friedenberg R, editors. Computer applications to assist radiology. 1990.
  90. Barnewolt CE, Green E, et al. Transendothelial transport of macromolecules in isolated perfused microvessels. Clinical Research. 1985; 33(4).
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