Wilms Tumor

What is Wilms tumor?

Wilms tumor (also called nephroblastoma) is a cancerous tumor in the cells of the kidney. Fortunately, with the right treatment, Wilms tumor is highly treatable. Wilms tumor can occur at any age between infancy and age 15, but is most common in children age 5 or younger. Adults rarely have Wilms tumor. The tumor can spread outside the kidney, most often to the abdominal lymph nodes and lungs. With prompt and aggressive treatment, Wilms tumor is successfully treated in the majority of children. Multidisciplinary approaches, including a combination of surgery, and/or chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy can be used.

How we approach Wilms Tumor at Dana-Farber/Boston Children's

Children with Wilms Tumor receive highly coordinated multidisciplinary care through the Kidney Tumor Program at Dana-Farber/Boston Children's. As a regional, national and international referral center, our surgeons and solid tumor oncologists have extensive expertise in the care of children with Wilms tumor, particularly those with bilateral tumors (tumors on both sides of the abdomen), large tumors, or "unfavorable" tumor subtypes rarely seen elsewhere. Our multidisciplinary team, which draws on specialists from across Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Boston Children's Hospital, works in concert to develop thoughtful and precise treatment plans.

Find in-depth information on Wilms tumor on the Dana-Farber/Boston Children's website, including answers to:

  • What causes Wilms tumor?
  • How do you diagnose Wilms tumor?
  • How do you treat Wilms tumor?
  • What is the latest research on Wilms tumor?
  • What is the long-term outlook for children with Wilms tumor?