Thyroid Nodules

What are thyroid nodules?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces hormones that are important for growth and metabolism. A thyroid nodule is a solid or fluid-filled lump that forms within the thyroid gland. Most thyroid nodules that develop in children are benign (not cancer). However, careful evaluation is important to detect the 20% of thyroid nodules that are a thyroid cancer.

Most thyroid nodules in children are discovered as a lump in the front of the neck found by the patient, by a parent, or by a physician during a routine examination. Some thyroid nodules are discovered by chance during medical imaging performed for another reason.

How we care for thyroid nodules

Children and adolescents with thyroid nodules are treated by an integrated multi-disciplinary team that includes the Boston Children’s Hospital Thyroid Center and the Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Rare Tumors Treatment Program.

Our Thyroid Center is one of the only centers in the United States devoted exclusively to the care of children with thyroid diseases. The specialists in this multidisciplinary program have expertise in thyroid ultrasound, fine needle aspiration, thyroid surgery, nuclear medicine imaging, and radioactive iodine therapy.

Learn more about what to expect during a visit to our Thyroid Nodule Clinic

Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center is one of the largest pediatric cancer programs in the world. The breadth of our expertise allows us to assemble a team of experts to meet the specific needs of our individual patients, even those with very rare tumors.