Treatments for Rheumatic Fever in Children

Treatments vary based on your child's age, health, and medical history, the extent of your child's disease, his tolerance for specific medications, procedures, and therapies, and, of course, your own opinions and preference will be considered. Treatment in most cases combines the following three approaches:

  • Antibiotic treatment: Your child may continue to receive monthly doses of antibiotics to help prevent further complications.
  • Anti-inflammatory medication: To help decrease the swelling that occurs in the heart muscle, as well as to relieve joint pain.
  • Bed rest: Often for between two and twelve weeks, depending on the severity of your child's disease and the involvement of the heart and joints.

After having rheumatic fever, your child will need medications on a monthly basis to help decrease the chance of developing rheumatic fever again. Usually by the time your child is 18 and your child's physician feels he/she isn't at risk for developing heart disease, the antibiotic therapy may be stopped. Close follow-up with your child's physician is needed.