Conditions + Treatments

Rheumatic Fever in Children

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Rheumatic fever is a systemic immune disease that affects the joints, skin, heart, blood, vessels, and brain.

  • Rheumatic fever may develop after your child is infected with strep throat or scarlet fever
  • Rheumatic fever is very rare in the U.S. and can be prevented by the prompt diagnosis and treatment (with antibiotics) of strep throat

How Boston Children's Hospital approaches rheumatic fever:

Your child's treatment may include a course of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and a period of bed rest (often between two and twelve weeks).

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