Treatments for Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Children

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Treatment for necrotizing enterocolitis may include the following:

  • stopping feedings
  • inserting a nasogastric (NG) tube (nose into stomach) to keep stomach empty
  • intravenous fluids (IV) for nutrition and fluid replacement
  • antibiotics for infection
  • frequent x-rays to monitor the progress of the disease
  • extra oxygen or mechanically assisted breathing
  • isolation procedures (such as protective gowns and gloves) to keep any infection from spreading

In more severe cases, babies with NEC may require:

  • surgery to remove diseased intestine or bowel
  • connecting part of the intestine or bowel to an ostomy (opening on the abdomen)
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