Microcephaly | Frequently Asked Questions

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Q: Will my child with microcephaly be OK?

A: Your child’s exact prognosis depends on his or her specific symptoms and circumstances. Keep in mind that head size doesn’t always predict how a child will do.

While microcephaly cannot be cured, support and therapy can help new brain connections grow, even if the brain remains small. Even in the most severe cases, there are treatment options that can help your child feel and function better.

Q: Can microcephaly be prevented?

A: When microcephaly is genetic, it cannot be prevented, but genetic counseling can be help you learn if the mutation is inherited and the likelihood that future children could be affected.

Those who live in or travel to areas where the Zika virus is common can prevent microcephaly by taking steps avoiding mosquito bites. Some health authorities suggest that women in Zika-affected areas postpone pregnancy until the Zika outbreak is contained.

Expectant mothers can also reduce the risk of having a baby with microcephaly by not using drugs or alcohol, eating a nutritious diet, and avoiding exposure to toxic chemicals and other viruses that can cause microcephaly.

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