Testing & Diagnosis for Hematuria in Children

How is hematuria diagnosed?

In several ways. Your child's doctor could recommend any of these studies:

  • blood tests

  • radiographic imaging

  • cystoscopy - An examination in which a scope is inserted through the urethra to examine the bladder and urinary tract

  • renal bladder ultrasound

  • intravenous pyelogram - A special x-ray of the kidneys, ureters and bladder that shows how well the kidneys drain urine

  • voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) - A bladder and urethra x-ray that takes moving pictures (see more information for boys and girls)

  • renal biopsy (very rare)  - removal of a small sample of kidney tissue through a needle for testing