Testing & Diagnosis for Bunions in Children

Tests

How does a doctor know my child has a bunion?

An evaluation should be performed by a pediatric orthopedic surgeon. The surgeon will want to take a medical history and will perform a very careful physical examination. This will involve observing your child's

  • foot alignment
  • weight-bearing alignment
  • walking alignment
  • mobility of the affected joint

The surgeon will also want to know what kind of shoes your child wears and what types of shoes most aggravate the symptoms. He or she will try to determine whether any pain caused by the bunion is due to specific activities and whether the bunion is causing any functional limitations.

X-ray imaging may be used to help determine the extent of the damage and deformity of the toe joint.