Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

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Contact the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

  • 617-355-8076

The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a 24-bed tertiary referral center for critically ill infants requiring complex medical and surgical care. It is an exciting innovative environment where highly specialized physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses and support staff collaborate in the care of critically ill infants and their families. A multidisciplinary team provides technologically advanced therapies and family centered care for infants from local, regional and international points of origin. The NICU works closely with the Advanced Fetal Care Center to coordinate both prenatal consultation and postnatal intensive care for infants with a wide range of prenatally diagnosed conditions. Neonatology attendings, fellows, pediatric surgical residents and either neonatal nurse practitioners or pediatrician hospitalists are available on the unit 24 hours a day.

Neonates admitted to the NICU frequently originate from community hospital Special Care Nurseries and Neonatal Intensive Care Units within the Children's Hospital Network: Beverly Hospital, South Shore Hospital and Winchester Hospital. These institutions maintain perinatal affiliation agreements with Children's Hospital. These affiliation agreements facilitate neonatologist staffing, subspecialty referrals, and quality improvement efforts within the network institutions, thus improving the health care outcomes of over 18,000 newborns per year. A significant number of admissions to the NICU are neonatal referrals from other Level III institutions in the Commonwealth, including Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Boston Medical Center. All three institutions are academic affiliates of the Division of Newborn Medicine and two are sites for Neonatal-Perinatal Fellowship training. Newborns referred from these Level III units, as well as from hospitals throughout New England, the United States and international sites require advanced medical or surgical therapies not available in their birth institution.

Life-saving treatments

Boston Children's is the first and only hospital in Massachusetts to offer induced hypothermia protocol to prevent secondary brain damage in newborns. This protocol may prevent or minimize the long-term consequences of brain injury due to loss of oxygen at birth, such as cerebral palsy, cognitive and visual impairments.

Quality and safety

At Boston Children's Hospital, we believe that patients and families deserve to know whether the hospital where they have chosen to receive their care meets the highest standards and is committed to excellence. Through our Program for Patient Safety and Quality, we continually monitor and improve the care we provide to our patients. Since the diseases and chronic conditions that affect children and adolescents are quite different from those of adults, it is often not appropriate to use adult measures to evaluate the quality of pediatric care. That’s why we have taken a leadership role in developing scientifically sound methods to measure the quality of care provided to all children and adolescents.


Brynn, NICU Graduate 2015, Margaret Lampert Photography


We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 617-355-6000 | 800-355-7944

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