I strive to treat each patient with the high degree of respect and compassion that I feel that everyone who comes through the doors of Boston Children’s Hospital deserves.


Undergraduate Degree

Engineering Sciences
  • Dartmouth College , 1993 , Hanover , NH

Graduate Degree

PhD, Biomedical Engineering
  • Duke University , 2001 , Durham , NC

Medical School

  • Duke University , 2001 , Durham , NC


  • University of California at San Francisco , 2002 , San Francisco , CA


  • University of California at San Francisco , 2004 , San Francisco , CA


  • Boston Children's Hospital , 2007 , Boston , MA


Senior Fellow, Cardiac Imaging
  • Boston Children's Hospital , 2007 , Boston , MA

Philosophy of Care

For me, being a pediatric cardiologist is a dream job. I realized during my time in college that this field perfectly combined my interest in Engineering (after all, the human heart works basically as a battery and a pump) with my affinity for the intensely personal relationships formed between a physician and his patient.  I try to bring my awareness of the importance of this combination to bear in my daily interactions with my patients, by recognizing that the style with which I communicate with them is just as important as the rigor of the science that I bring to bear in diagnosing and treating their (or their children’s) heart problems. Moreover, I strive to treat each patient with the high degree of respect and compassion that I feel that everyone who comes through the doors of Boston Children’s Hospital deserves.


In my work at Boston Children’s Hospital, I feel that I have come full circle.  I was born and grew up in Massachusetts, not far from Boston. After moving to New Hampshire to attend Dartmouth College, I embraced the field of Engineering, but also became intrigued by the Biological Sciences. It was then natural for me to enroll in a PhD program in Biomedical Engineering at my next destination, Duke University. My fascination with Biology continued, leading me towards the MD program at Duke. After finishing my MD/PhD there, I moved on to San Francisco for my pediatric residency at the University of California.  After 3 wonderful years, I applied to the Fellowship program in Pediatric Cardiology at the best program in the country, Boston Children’s Hospital.  Thrilled to have been given a spot, I spent 3 years here for my traditional fellowship then another year pursuing advanced training in Pediatric and Fetal Imaging.  Offered the opportunity to stay on as faculty, I jumped at the chance.  Since that time, I have continued to develop a strong clinical interest in fetal and pediatric cardiology, with a particular focus in imaging.  My research interests surround the development of novel ultrasound-based methods to characterize cardiac structure and function within pediatric cardiology.


  • American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Risk Factors for Left Ventricular Dysfunction Following Surgical Management of Cardiac Fibroma. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2021 Feb; 14(2):e011748. View abstract
  2. Dynamic Annular Modeling of the Unrepaired Complete Atrioventricular Canal Annulus. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020 Dec 23. View abstract
  3. Autologous mitochondrial transplantation for cardiogenic shock in pediatric patients following ischemia-reperfusion injury. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Dec 01. View abstract
  4. Cardiac Dysfunction in Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children: A Call to Action. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020 10 27; 76(17):1962-1964. View abstract
  5. Cardiac resynchronization therapy improves the ventricular function of patients with Fontan physiology. Am Heart J. 2020 12; 230:82-92. View abstract
  6. Impact of Pregnancy on Ventricular Strain in Women with Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot. Pediatr Cardiol. 2020 Dec; 41(8):1795-1799. View abstract
  7. Resynchronizing Right and Left Ventricles With Right Bundle Branch Block in the Congenital Heart Disease Population. JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2020 Dec; 6(14):1762-1772. View abstract
  8. Speckle tracking echocardiographically-based analysis of ventricular strain in children: an intervendor comparison. Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2020 May 21; 18(1):15. View abstract
  9. Three-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography for Assessment of Left Ventricular Function and Myocardial Mechanics after Pediatric Heart Transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2020 Apr; 39(4S):S457. View abstract
  10. Three-Dimensional Modeling of Surgically Implanted Stent-Based Valves in the Mitral Position in Children. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020 08; 110(2):670-675. View abstract
  11. Normal Values for Left Ventricular Strain and Synchrony in Children Based on Speckle Tracking Echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 2019 05 01; 123(9):1546-1554. View abstract
  12. Characterization of Left Ventricular Dysfunction by Myocardial Strain in Critical Pulmonary Stenosis and Pulmonary Atresia After Neonatal Pulmonary Valve Balloon Dilation. Am J Cardiol. 2019 02 01; 123(3):454-459. View abstract
  13. Three-Dimensional Mitral Valve Morphology in Children and Young Adults With Marfan Syndrome. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2018 11; 31(11):1168-1177.e1. View abstract
  14. Left Atrial Size and Function in Patients With Congenital Aortic Valve Stenosis. Am J Cardiol. 2018 11 01; 122(9):1541-1545. View abstract
  15. Impact of Ventricular Morphology on Fiber Stress and Strain in Fontan Patients. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 07; 11(7):e006738. View abstract
  16. Impact of surgical pulmonary valve replacement on ventricular strain and synchrony in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking study. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2018 06 18; 20(1):37. View abstract
  17. Impact of the cone operation on left ventricular size, function, and dyssynchrony in Ebstein anomaly: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2018 05 21; 20(1):32. View abstract
  18. Normal Values and Growth-Related Changes of Left Ventricular Volumes, Stress, and Strain in Healthy Children Measured by 3-Dimensional Echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 2018 07 15; 122(2):331-339. View abstract
  19. Left Atrial Volumes and Strain in Healthy Children Measured by Three-Dimensional Echocardiography: Normal Values and Maturational Changes. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2018 02; 31(2):187-193.e1. View abstract
  20. Three-Dimensional Mitral Valve Morphology and Age-Related Trends in Children and Young Adults with Structurally Normal Hearts Using Transthoracic Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2017 Jun; 30(6):561-571. View abstract
  21. Autologous mitochondrial transplantation for dysfunction after ischemia-reperfusion injury. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 07; 154(1):286-289. View abstract
  22. Fetal Growth Restriction and Long-Term Cardiovascular Risk: Is It Time to Get With the Program? Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 01; 10(1). View abstract
  23. Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging based strain analysis of functional single ventricles: a study of intra- and inter-modality reproducibility. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Jul; 32(7):1113-20. View abstract
  24. Comparison Between Echocardiography and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Predicting Transplant-Free Survival After the Fontan Operation. Am J Cardiol. 2015 Oct 01; 116(7):1132-8. View abstract
  25. Relation of biventricular strain and dyssynchrony in repaired tetralogy of fallot measured by cardiac magnetic resonance to death and sustained ventricular tachycardia. Am J Cardiol. 2015 Mar 01; 115(5):676-80. View abstract
  26. Impact of transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement on biventricular strain and synchrony assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Dec; 6(6):680-7. View abstract
  27. Ventricular strain in fetuses with aortic stenosis and evolving hypoplastic left heart syndrome before and after prenatal aortic valvuloplasty. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2014; 35(1):18-26. View abstract
  28. Left ventricular function and geometry in fetuses with severe tricuspid regurgitation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Jul; 40(1):55-61. View abstract
  29. Comparison of cardiac MRI tissue tracking and myocardial tagging for assessment of regional ventricular strain. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Dec; 28(8):2009-18. View abstract
  30. Circumferential and longitudinal ventricular strain in the normal human fetus. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2012 Jan; 25(1):105-11. View abstract
  31. Postnatal left ventricular diastolic function after fetal aortic valvuloplasty. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Aug 15; 108(4):556-60. View abstract
  32. Longitudinal exercise capacity of patients with repaired tetralogy of fallot. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Jul 01; 108(1):99-105. View abstract
  33. Relation of left ventricular dyssynchrony measured by cardiac magnetic resonance tissue tracking in repaired tetralogy of fallot to ventricular tachycardia and death. Am J Cardiol. 2011 May 15; 107(10):1535-40. View abstract
  34. Late pulmonary valve replacement in patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum: a case-matched study. Ann Thorac Surg. 2011 Feb; 91(2):555-60. View abstract
  35. Long-term pulmonary regurgitation following balloon valvuloplasty for pulmonary stenosis risk factors and relationship to exercise capacity and ventricular volume and function. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Mar 09; 55(10):1041-7. View abstract
  36. Pulmonary valve replacement in tetralogy of Fallot: impact on survival and ventricular tachycardia. Circulation. 2009 Jan 27; 119(3):445-51. View abstract
  37. A computer model of normal conduction in the human atria. Circ Res. 2000 Sep 29; 87(7):E25-36. View abstract
  38. A flexible method for simulating cardiac conduction in three-dimensional complex geometries. J Electrocardiol. 2000 Jul; 33(3):241-51. View abstract
  39. A finite volume model of cardiac propagation. Ann Biomed Eng. 1997 Mar-Apr; 25(2):315-34. View abstract