Current Environment:


The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted anesthesia care all over the world. There remains very little data on current practice patterns and patient outcomes, particularly in anesthetized children. This is a prospective observational, multi-center study to investigate airway management related outcomes in children undergoing anesthesia during this pandemic. The investigators will compare the incidence of complications (particularly hypoxemia) in patients with COVID-19 to those who are COVID-19 negative during airway management. PAWS COVID-19 Registry Registration link


Airway Management, COVID19

Recruitment Status


Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Undergoing an inpatient or outpatient procedure under general anesthesia with or without regional analgesia
Undergoing a diagnostic procedure under sedation or general anesthesia
Undergoing an urgent or emergent procedure performed during and outside of the regular operating room schedule hours.

Exclusion Criteria:

Age > 18 years.
Children admitted to the operating room already intubated
Children who require tracheal intubation for life-threatening conditions in the emergency department, intensive care, or hospital ward.


Intervention Type

Intervention Name


airway management during sedation or general anesthesia



Min Age


Max Age

18 Years

Download Date

October 22, 2021

Principal Investigator

Mary Lyn Stein

Primary Contact Information

For more information on this trial, visit


For more information and to contact the study team:

The PAWS-COVID-19 (Pediatric AirWay complicationS COVID-19) Registry NCT04449042