This is a Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-finding study of SC411 in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of three different doses of SC411 compared to a placebo. All patients will undergo eight weeks of oral study treatment and a four-week safety follow-up period. Patients will be randomized to one of three dose levels of SC411 or placebo.
Sickle Cell Disease
This Phase 2 study is to be conducted in two parts. Part A is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-finding study of SC411 in children with SCD. This part of the study will consist of a screening period of up to 2 weeks, followed by an eight-week treatment period. Part B is an optional 49-month open-label extension for patients who have completed Part A.
Aged greater than or equal to 5 years and less than or equal to 17 years at screening;
Has been diagnosed with SCD that includes the phenotypes HbSS, hemoglobin SC, and HbS/beta-thalassemia. Hemoglobin phenotyping must be previously documented by either hemoglobin high-performance liquid chromatography [HPLC] or electrophoresis at time of Screening. If a patient does not have documented hemoglobin phenotyping at the time of Screening, or has received a blood transfusion within the two months prior to the Screening Visit, hemoglobin phenotyping should be documented by hemoglobin HPLC;
Has had at least two and no more than ten documented episodes of clinical sickle cell crises within 12 months prior to the Screening Visit. A sickle cell crisis is defined as an episode of vaso-occlusive event:
Painful crisis defined as new onset of pain that lasts two or more hours for which there is no explanation other than vaso-occlusion, and which requires therapy with oral or parenteral opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or other analgesics prescribed by a healthcare provider in a medical setting such as a hospital, clinic, or emergency room visit, or documented telephone management (Ballas, 2010; Heeney, 2016; Jacob, 2005); and
Acute chest syndrome defined as acute illness characterized by a new segmental pulmonary infiltrate on a chest x-ray, and fever (greater than or equal to 38.5°C) or respiratory symptoms such as hypoxia, chest pain, tachypnea, wheezing, or cough (Ballas, 2010);
Is either not on hydroxyurea at the Screening Visit and does not plan on receiving it during the course of the first 12 weeks of the study (Part A), or has received hydroxyurea for a minimum of 6 months and, except for safety reasons, will remain on the same weight-based dose of hydroxyurea from screening throughout the duration of Part A of the study;
Parent or guardian is able to give written informed consent, and the potential pediatric patient is able to provide assent in a manner approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and comply with the requirements of the study other than for safety reasons; and
If sexually active, agrees to use a reliable method of birth control (eg, barrier, birth control pills, abstinence) during the study and for one month following the last dose of study drug.
Has a significant medical condition that required hospitalization (other than sickle cell crisis) within two months of the Screening Visit;
Has a known allergy or hypersensitivity to fish or shellfish;
Has a known allergy or hypersensitivity to soy;
Is planning to initiate, terminate, or alter the dosing of hydroxyurea during the first 12 weeks of the study, other than for safety reasons;
Has chronic daily use (more than 30 consecutive days during the last six months prior to enrollment) of opioid analgesia for any reason;
Has a diagnosis of chronic pain or chronic pain syndrome (eg, chronic pain from the repeated vaso-occlusive events, chronic pain from avascular necrosis);
Has a history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C infection;
Has a history of documented episode(s) of priapism within 12 months of the Screening Visit;
Has a history of atrial or ventricular arrhythmia;
Has an international normalized ratio (INR) >2.0, or is on regular anticoagulation therapy, or has a history of a known bleeding diathesis;
Has thrombocytopenia (platelets less than 80,000) or is on chronic acetylsalicylic acid therapy;
Has increased risk of stroke: documented abnormal or "high conditional" transcranial Doppler (TCD) mean velocity (TCD V) by STOP criteria (Adams, 1998) within the preceding year or has a history of known cerebrovascular disease:
"High conditional" = TCD V greater than or equal to 185 to 199 cm/sec, or TCDi V greater than or equal to 170 to 184 cm/sec, or TCD maximum V greater than or equal to 250 cm/sec; or
Abnormal = TCD V greater than or equal to 200 cm/sec, or abnormal high TCDi V greater than or equal to 185 cm/sec, or TCD maximum V greater than or equal to 250 cm/sec;
Has received a blood transfusion or exchange transfusion in the three months prior to the Screening Visit;
Has renal insufficiency (creatinine greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal [ULN], or requiring peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis);
Has liver dysfunction (ALT greater than 2.0 times ULN);
Has other concomitant chronic medical or psychiatric condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise participation in the study or confound the evaluation of the study outcome;
Is pregnant or lactating or has the intention of becoming pregnant during the study (if a female of child-bearing potential or partner of a patient participating in the study);
Is currently taking, or has been treated with, any form of omega-3 fatty acid or fish oil supplement within 30 days of the Screening Visit or during the course of the study;
Has been treated with an experimental anti-sickling medication/treatment within 30 days of the Screening Visit or during the course of the study;
Is currently taking or has been treated with any investigational drug for any disease within 30 days of the Screening Visit or during the course of the study;
Is currently enrolled in an investigational drug or device study and/or has participated in such a study within 30 days of the Screening Visit or during the course of the study; or
There are factors that would, in the judgment of the Investigator, make it difficult for the patient to comply with the requirements of the study (eg, inability to swallow capsules due to past history of stroke, or poor compliance).
January 31, 2019
Primary Contact Information
For more information on this trial, visit clinicaltrials.gov.
For more information and to contact the study team: