Current Environment:

Summary

Literature provides overwhelming evidence supporting the use of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) a rapid onset, broad spectrum, topical antiseptic for reducing healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). CHG is believed to be superior to other forms of antiseptics because, when it is applied to the skin surface, it leaves a lasting residue on the skin. CHG has been shown to be well tolerated in patients 2 months of age and older. However there is limited evidence to support the use of topically applied CHG in infants less than 2 months of age because of potential safety concerns in this population. The purpose of this study will be to describe the safety of bi-weekly CHG baths in a sample of Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) patients by measuring the incidence of skin problems and CHG blood levels.

Conditions

Chlorhexidine Allergy, Infection, Rash

Recruitment Status

Completed

Detailed Description

Evidence overwhelmingly supports the use of Chlorhexidine Gluconate (CHG) a rapid onset, broad spectrum, topical antiseptic for reducing Healthcare-associated Infections (HAIs). CHG provides prolonged protection against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. Reports indicate CHG is well tolerated in patients greater than two months of age. However, due to safety concerns, there is limited evidence to support the use of topically applied CHG in infants less than 2 months of age. The purpose of this Phase I Clinical (pilot) study is to describe the safety of bi-weekly CHG baths in a sample of 50 Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) patients, (36 weeks PMA or older, less than 2 months of age or 48 weeks PMA and with a CVC), by measuring the incidence of skin problems and CHG blood levels. CHG baths will be performed every Monday and Thursday during the day shift, for up to 12 weeks post enrollment or until the CVC is removed or the patient is discharged. Chlorhexidine Gluconate bathing cloths are marketed for peri-operative skin preparation. However, daily CHG baths are a common practice in ICUs around the nation because of its proven method for preventing HAIs in patients > 2 months of age and older. Furthermore, CHG use for skin antisepsis has become a widely accepted practice, and it is now part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) CVC maintenance bundle for use in patients greater than 2 months of age, and a recommendation to use with caution in infants < 2 months of age. Hypothesis 1:CHG will be safe for use in a sample of infants 36 weeks PMA or older, and less than 2 months of age (48 weeks PMA) with a CVC as evidenced by an adverse event rate less than 10%. Hypothesis 2: Twice weekly CHG baths do not lead to rising (cumulative) CHG blood levels, LFTs (AST/ALT) and Serum Creatinine over time in a sample of infants 36 weeks PMA or older, and less than 2 months of age (48 weeks PMA) with a CVC..

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion criteria.

Greater than/equal to 36 weeks PMA (gestational age + chronological age)
Less than/equal to 48 weeks PMA (gestational age + chronological age)
Greater than/equal to 3 days of age
Existing or soon to be placed, peripheral or surgical CVC
Permission to participate in trial by attending physician
Parent or legal guardian informed consent to participate in the trial

Exclusion criteria.

• Infant with a large open lesion or severe skin condition (i.e., Myelomeningocele, Gastroschisis, lymphatic malformation, open chest, ostomies and/or mucus fistulas or Icthyosis)
Infants with active seizure disorders
Infants with Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
Infants with severe multi-system organ failure or Liver failure as defined by documentation of abnormal liver function tests: alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and L-lactate dehydrogenase (LD).
Infant with renal impairment as defined by: documented serum Creatinine greater than 0.7, renal disorders (renal agenesis, polycystic kidney disease, dysplastic kidneys, acute renal injury).
Infants deemed clinically unstable by their physician such as patients that are extremely fragile and wouldn't tolerate the stimulation of the bathing process or those infants being considered for withdrawal of care.

Intervention

Intervention Type

Intervention Name

Drug

Chlorhexidine gluconate

Phase

Phase 1

Gender

All

Minimum Age

36 Weeks

Maximum Age

48 Weeks

Download Date

July 27, 2021

Principal Investigator

Celeste Chandonnet

Primary Contact Information

For more information on this trial, visit clinicaltrials.gov.

Contact

For more information and to contact the study team: