Overview

Dr. Charlton's epidemiologic research primarily focuses on reproductive health. One area of her work examines the development and prevention of sexual orientation-related disparities with a focus on reproductive health topics such as HPV/cervical cancer, teen pregnancy, and family planning. A second area of her research investigates the health effects of using contraceptives.

Background

Dr. Brittany Charlton is an Assistant Professor at Harvard Medical School, Boston Children’s Hospital, and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health's Department of Epidemiology. She is also an Associate Epidemiologist in the Channing Division of Network Medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital and a Lecturer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Previously, Dr. Charlton worked on Capitol Hill as well as for non-profit organizations including NARAL and the Center for Reproductive Rights. She completed a year of national service in AmeriCorps, during which she was based at New York’s LGBT Callen-Lorde Community Health Center. Dr. Charlton trained as a predoctoral fellow at Brigham and Women’s Hospital’s Ob/Gyn Epidemiology Center and was a Visiting Scientist at the Statens Serum Institut in Copenhagen, Denmark. She completed the Postdoctoral Fellowship in Sexual Orientation and Health Disparities Research at Boston Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Dr. Charlton holds a BA from The New School as well as an MSc and ScD from the Department of Epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

PUBLICATIONS

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  1. Solazzo AL, Geller AC, Hay JL, Ziyadeh NJ, Charlton BM, Frazier AL, Austin SB. Indoor Ultraviolet Tanning Among U.S. Adolescents and Young Adults: Results From a Prospective Study of Early Onset and Persistence. J Adolesc Health. 2020 May 06. View abstract
  2. Schneider MP, Vitonis AF, Fadayomi AB, Charlton BM, Missmer SA, DiVasta AD. Quality of Life in Adolescent and Young Adult Women With Dyspareunia and Endometriosis. J Adolesc Health. 2020 Apr 11. View abstract
  3. Solazzo AL, Agénor M, Austin SB, Chavarro JE, Charlton BM. Sexual Orientation Differences in Cervical Cancer Prevention among a Cohort of U.S. Women. Womens Health Issues. 2020 Jul - Aug; 30(4):306-312. View abstract
  4. Raifman J, Charlton BM, Arrington-Sanders R, Chan PA, Rusley J, Mayer KH, Stein MD, Austin SB, McConnell M. Sexual Orientation and Suicide Attempt Disparities Among US Adolescents: 2009-2017. Pediatrics. 2020 03; 145(3). View abstract
  5. Tabaac AR, Solazzo AL, Gordon AR, Austin SB, Guss C, Charlton BM. Sexual orientation-related disparities in healthcare access in three cohorts of U.S. adults. Prev Med. 2020 03; 132:105999. View abstract
  6. Charlton BM, Farland LV, Boehmer U, Tamimi RM, Collins LC, VanKim NA, Bertone-Johnson ER, Potter J, Sarda V, Austin SB. Sexual orientation and benign breast disease in a cohort of U.S. women. Cancer Causes Control. 2020 Feb; 31(2):173-179. View abstract
  7. Charlton BM, Everett BG, Light A, Jones RK, Janiak E, Gaskins AJ, Chavarro JE, Moseson H, Sarda V, Austin SB. Sexual Orientation Differences in Pregnancy and Abortion Across the Lifecourse. Womens Health Issues. 2020 Mar - Apr; 30(2):65-72. View abstract
  8. Stark B, Hughto JMW, Charlton BM, Deutsch MB, Potter J, Reisner SL. The contraceptive and reproductive history and planning goals of trans-masculine adults: a mixed-methods study. Contraception. 2019 12; 100(6):468-473. View abstract
  9. Solazzo AL, Tabaac AR, Agénor M, Austin SB, Charlton BM. Sexual orientation inequalities during provider-patient interactions in provider encouragement of sexual and reproductive health care. Prev Med. 2019 09; 126:105787. View abstract
  10. Charlton BM, Hatzenbuehler ML, Jun HJ, Sarda V, Gordon AR, Raifman JRG, Austin SB. Structural stigma and sexual orientation-related reproductive health disparities in a longitudinal cohort study of female adolescents. J Adolesc. 2019 07; 74:183-187. View abstract
  11. Charlton BM, Nava-Coulter B, Coles MS, Katz-Wise SL. Teen Pregnancy Experiences of Sexual Minority Women. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2019 Oct; 32(5):499-505. View abstract
  12. Charlton BM, Janiak E, Gaskins AJ, DiVasta AD, Jones RK, Missmer SA, Chavarro JE, Sarda V, Rosario M, Austin SB. Contraceptive use by women across different sexual orientation groups. Contraception. 2019 09; 100(3):202-208. View abstract
  13. Chen Y, Haines J, Charlton BM, VanderWeele TJ. Positive parenting improves multiple aspects of health and well-being in young adulthood. Nat Hum Behav. 2019 07; 3(7):684-691. View abstract
  14. Charlton BM, Kahn JA, Sarda V, Katz-Wise SL, Spiegelman D, Missmer SA, Austin SB. Maternal Factors and Sexual Orientation-Related Disparities in Cervical Cancer Prevention. Womens Health Issues. 2019 May - Jun; 29(3):238-244. View abstract
  15. Jones RK, Jerman J, Charlton BM. Sexual Orientation and Exposure to Violence Among U.S. Patients Undergoing Abortion. Obstet Gynecol. 2018 09; 132(3):605-611. View abstract
  16. Charlton BM, Gordon AR, Reisner SL, Sarda V, Samnaliev M, Austin SB. Sexual orientation-related disparities in employment, health insurance, healthcare access and health-related quality of life: a cohort study of US male and female adolescents and young adults. BMJ Open. 2018 07 26; 8(6):e020418. View abstract
  17. Coulter RWS, Jun HJ, Calzo JP, Truong NL, Mair C, Markovic N, Charlton BM, Silvestre AJ, Stall R, Corliss HL. Sexual-orientation differences in alcohol use trajectories and disorders in emerging adulthood: results from a longitudinal cohort study in the United States. Addiction. 2018 Apr 21. View abstract
  18. Charlton BM, Roberts AL, Rosario M, Katz-Wise SL, Calzo JP, Spiegelman D, Austin SB. Teen Pregnancy Risk Factors Among Young Women of Diverse Sexual Orientations. Pediatrics. 2018 04; 141(4). View abstract
  19. Calzo JP, Katz-Wise SL, Charlton BM, Gordon AR, Krieger N. Addressing the dearth of critical gender analysis in public health and medical pedagogy: an interdisciplinary seminar to generate student-created teaching examples. Crit Public Health. 2019; 29(1):18-26. View abstract
  20. Vargas G, Borus J, Charlton BM. Teenage pregnancy prevention: the role of young men. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2017 Aug; 29(4):393-398. View abstract
  21. Austin SB, Gordon AR, Ziyadeh NJ, Charlton BM, Katz-Wise SL, Samnaliev M. Stigma and Health-Related Quality of Life in Sexual Minorities. Am J Prev Med. 2017 Oct; 53(4):559-566. View abstract
  22. Charlton BM, Reisner SL, Agénor M, Gordon AR, Sarda V, Austin SB. Sexual Orientation Disparities in Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in a Longitudinal Cohort of U.S. Males and Females. LGBT Health. 2017 06; 4(3):202-209. View abstract
  23. Gordon AR, Krieger N, Okechukwu CA, Haneuse S, Samnaliev M, Charlton BM, Austin SB. Decrements in health-related quality of life associated with gender nonconformity among U.S. adolescents and young adults. Qual Life Res. 2017 08; 26(8):2129-2138. View abstract
  24. Charlton BM, Corliss HL, Spiegelman D, Williams K, Austin SB. Changes in Reported Sexual Orientation Following US States Recognition of Same-Sex Couples. Am J Public Health. 2016 Dec; 106(12):2202-2204. View abstract
  25. Agénor M, Peitzmeier SM, Gordon AR, Charlton BM, Haneuse S, Potter J, Austin SB. Sexual orientation identity disparities in human papillomavirus vaccination initiation and completion among young adult US women and men. Cancer Causes Control. 2016 10; 27(10):1187-96. View abstract
  26. Charlton BM, Giovannucci E, Fuchs CS, Chan AT, Lee JE, Cao Y, Missmer SA, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE, Willett W, Wu K, Michels KB. A prospective study of oral contraceptive use and colorectal adenomas. Cancer Causes Control. 2016 06; 27(6):749-57. View abstract
  27. Rosario M, Li F, Wypij D, Roberts AL, Corliss HL, Charlton BM, Frazier AL, Austin SB. Disparities by Sexual Orientation in Frequent Engagement in Cancer-Related Risk Behaviors: A 12-Year Follow-Up. Am J Public Health. 2016 Apr; 106(4):698-706. View abstract
  28. Charlton BM, Mølgaard-Nielsen D, Svanström H, Wohlfahrt J, Pasternak B, Melbye M. Maternal use of oral contraceptives and risk of birth defects in Denmark: prospective, nationwide cohort study. BMJ. 2016 Jan 06; 352:h6712. View abstract
  29. Charlton BM, Wu K, Zhang X, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Missmer SA, Rosner B, Hankinson SE, Willett WC, Michels KB. Oral contraceptive use and colorectal cancer in the Nurses' Health Study I and II. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2015 Aug; 24(8):1214-21. View abstract
  30. Charlton BM, Rich-Edwards JW, Colditz GA, Missmer SA, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE, Michels KB. Oral contraceptive use and mortality after 36 years of follow-up in the Nurses' Health Study: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2014 Oct 31; 349:g6356. View abstract
  31. Charlton BM, Carwile JL, Michels KB, Feldman S. A cervical abnormality risk prediction model: can we use clinical information to predict which patients with ASCUS/LSIL Pap tests will develop CIN 2/3 or AIS? J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2013 Jul; 17(3):242-7. View abstract
  32. Charlton BM, Corliss HL, Missmer SA, Rosario M, Spiegelman D, Austin SB. Sexual orientation differences in teen pregnancy and hormonal contraceptive use: an examination across 2 generations. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Sep; 209(3):204.e1-8. View abstract
  33. Charlton BM, Corliss HL, Missmer SA, Frazier AL, Rosario M, Kahn JA, Austin SB. Influence of hormonal contraceptive use and health beliefs on sexual orientation disparities in Papanicolaou test use. Am J Public Health. 2014 Feb; 104(2):319-25. View abstract
  34. Charlton BM, Corliss HL, Missmer SA, Frazier AL, Rosario M, Kahn JA, Austin SB. Reproductive health screening disparities and sexual orientation in a cohort study of U.S. adolescent and young adult females. J Adolesc Health. 2011 Nov; 49(5):505-10. View abstract
  35. Charlton BM. J of Sex Res. Diseased and damaged: a review of Damaged Goods? Women Living with Incurable Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2009; 4(47):405-407. View abstract
  36. Charlton BM. Sex, gender, and love on a global scale: a review of Love and Globalization: Transformations of Intimacy in the Contemporary World. J of Sex Res. 2008; 4(45):399-401. View abstract
  37. Charlton BM, Romanek J, Milgrom J. Practical progressive: how to build a twenty-first century political movement, Payne, E (ed). The conservative infrastructure. 2008. View abstract