Dr. Bosquet Enlow’s research program examines the diverse routes by which intergenerational effects influence mental health risk, integrating genetics and epigenetics, neuroscience, biological psychology, and socio-emotional processes. Her studies focus on the impact of maternal and child stress and trauma exposures and maternal psychopathology (depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) on child development. She has conducted research examining the ways that mothers’ trauma histories may disrupt development in pregnancy, infancy, and the preschool period and the ways that such disruptions may increase vulnerability to mental health problems in later life. Dr. Bosquet Enlow has a particularly keen interest in understanding risk factors for anxiety disorders. She has also extended her research program to include how early processes may impact child physical health and neurocognitive development. In addition, Dr. Bosquet Enlow has contributed to the development of clinical measures for assessing traumatic stress responses in children, including the Traumatic Events Screening Inventory-Parent Report Revised, the Child Stress Disorders Checklist-Short Form, and an acute stress disorder module adapted from the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents (DICA).


Dr. Bosquet Enlow is a developmental and clinical psychologist with specialized training in infant mental health (birth to age 5), the assessment and treatment of traumatic stress in children and adults, the development of child stress regulation, and the etiology and maintenance of anxiety. She received a B.A. in Psychology from Yale University (mentor Dr. Alice Carter) and a Ph.D. from the Developmental Psychopathology and Clinical Science program at the University of Minnesota (mentor Dr. Byron Egeland); she completed an internship in Clinical Psychology and a fellowship in Infant Mental Health at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (mentor Dr. Joy Osofsky) and an APA-accredited postdoctoral fellowship in Clinical Psychology through the Boston Consortium in Clinical Psychology (mentor Dr. Glenn Saxe). Dr. Bosquet Enlow is particularly interested in understanding how risk for mental health difficulties throughout life are established in early development. Ultimately, she aims to design interventions that support healthy development and prevent the occurrence of mental health problems, particularly in highly vulnerable populations.


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  1. Corrigendum to "Patterns of change in telomere length over the first three years of life in healthy children" [Psychoneuroendocrinology 115 (2020) 104602]. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2021 Nov; 133:105419. View abstract
  2. Targeting the stress response in pediatric pain: current evidence for psychosocial intervention and avenues for future investigation. Pain Rep. 2021 Sep-Oct; 6(3):e953. View abstract
  3. Preferential responses to faces in superior temporal and medial prefrontal cortex in three-year-old children. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2021 08; 50:100984. View abstract
  4. Early Adverse Experiences and Repeated Wheezing From 6 to 30 Months of Age: Investigating the Roles of Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Functioning, Child Sex, and Caregiving Sensitivity. Child Dev. 2021 Jun 15. View abstract
  5. Infants' neural responses to emotional faces are related to maternal anxiety. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2021 May 16. View abstract
  6. Maternal experiences of childhood maltreatment moderate patterns of mother-infant cortisol regulation under stress. Dev Psychobiol. 2021 Jul; 63(5):1309-1321. View abstract
  7. Associations of Maternal Trait Anger Expression and Lifetime Traumatic and Non-traumatic Experiences with Preterm Birth. Matern Child Health J. 2021 Apr; 25(4):635-644. View abstract
  8. Disentangling Associations Among Maternal Lifetime and Prenatal Stress, Psychological Functioning During Pregnancy, Maternal Race/Ethnicity, and Infant Negative Affectivity at Age 6 Months: A Mixtures Approach. Health Equity. 2020; 4(1):489-499. View abstract
  9. Maternal psychosocial functioning, obstetric health history, and newborn telomere length. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2021 01; 123:105043. View abstract
  10. Cardiac sympathetic activation and parasympathetic withdrawal during psychosocial stress exposure in 6-month-old infants. Psychophysiology. 2020 12; 57(12):e13673. View abstract
  11. Pathways to social-emotional functioning in the preschool period: The role of child temperament and maternal anxiety in boys and girls. Dev Psychopathol. 2020 08; 32(3):961-974. View abstract
  12. Patterns of change in telomere length over the first three years of life in healthy children. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2020 05; 115:104602. View abstract
  13. Hair cortisol in pregnancy interacts with maternal depressive symptoms to predict maternal disrupted interaction with her infant at 4 months. Dev Psychobiol. 2020 09; 62(6):768-782. View abstract
  14. Data-driven discovery of mid-pregnancy immune markers associated with maternal lifetime stress: results from an urban pre-birth cohort. Stress. 2020 05; 23(3):349-358. View abstract
  15. Child Maltreatment, Autonomic Nervous System Responsivity, and Psychopathology: Current State of the Literature and Future Directions. Child Maltreat. 2020 02; 25(1):3-19. View abstract
  16. Differential Effects of Stress Exposures, Caregiving Quality, and Temperament in Early Life on Working Memory versus Inhibitory Control in Preschool-Aged Children. Dev Neuropsychol. 2019 07; 44(4):339-356. View abstract
  17. Sex-specific associations between prenatal negative life events and birth outcomes. Stress. 2019 11; 22(6):647-653. View abstract
  18. P300 amplitude attenuation in high risk and early onset psychosis youth. Schizophr Res. 2019 08; 210:228-238. View abstract
  19. The association between adversity and hair cortisol levels in humans: A meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2019 05; 103:104-117. View abstract
  20. Maternal cortisol output in pregnancy and newborn telomere length: Evidence for sex-specific effects. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2019 04; 102:225-235. View abstract
  21. Associations among maternal socioeconomic status in childhood and pregnancy and hair cortisol in pregnancy. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2019 01; 99:216-224. View abstract
  22. Cumulative lifetime maternal stress and epigenome-wide placental DNA methylation in the PRISM cohort. Epigenetics. 2018; 13(6):665-681. View abstract
  23. Sex differences in effects of maternal risk and protective factors in childhood and pregnancy on newborn telomere length. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2018 09; 95:74-85. View abstract
  24. Early development of attention to threat-related facial expressions. PLoS One. 2018; 13(5):e0197424. View abstract
  25. Potentially traumatic events in youth with and at clinical high risk for psychosis. Early Interv Psychiatry. 2019 08; 13(4):805-809. View abstract
  26. Prenatal particulate matter exposure and mitochondrial dysfunction at the maternal-fetal interface: Effect modification by maternal lifetime trauma and child sex. Environ Int. 2018 03; 112:49-58. View abstract
  27. Maternal Lifetime Stress and Prenatal Psychological Functioning and Decreased Placental Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number in the PRISM Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2017 Dec 01; 186(11):1227-1236. View abstract
  28. Associations among prenatal stress, maternal antioxidant intakes in pregnancy, and child temperament at age 30 months. J Dev Orig Health Dis. 2017 Dec; 8(6):638-648. View abstract
  29. The Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised: Factor structure in a culturally and sociodemographically diverse sample in the United States. Infant Behav Dev. 2016 May; 43:24-35. View abstract
  30. Maternal Childhood Maltreatment History and Child Mental Health: Mechanisms in Intergenerational Effects. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2018; 47(sup1):S47-S62. View abstract
  31. N100 Repetition Suppression Indexes Neuroplastic Defects in Clinical High Risk and Psychotic Youth. Neural Plast. 2016; 2016:4209831. View abstract
  32. Lifetime exposure to traumatic and other stressful life events and hair cortisol in a multi-racial/ethnic sample of pregnant women. Stress. 2016; 19(1):45-52. View abstract
  33. Early auditory processing evoked potentials (N100) show a continuum of blunting from clinical high risk to psychosis in a pediatric sample. Schizophr Res. 2015 Dec; 169(1-3):340-345. View abstract
  34. Childhood abuse is associated with increased hair cortisol levels among urban pregnant women. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2015 Dec; 69(12):1169-74. View abstract
  35. Maternal sensitivity and infant autonomic and endocrine stress responses. Early Hum Dev. 2014 Jul; 90(7):377-85. View abstract
  36. Effects of Prenatal Social Stress and Maternal Dietary Fatty Acid Ratio on Infant Temperament: Does Race Matter? Epidemiology (Sunnyvale). 2014; 4(4). View abstract
  37. Racial/ethnic and sociodemographic factors associated with micronutrient intakes and inadequacies among pregnant women in an urban US population. Public Health Nutr. 2014 Sep; 17(9):1960-70. View abstract
  38. Sociodemographic risk, developmental competence, and PTSD symptoms in young children exposed to interpersonal trauma in early life. J Trauma Stress. 2013 Dec; 26(6):686-94. View abstract
  39. Mother-infant attachment and the intergenerational transmission of posttraumatic stress disorder. Dev Psychopathol. 2014 Feb; 26(1):41-65. View abstract
  40. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia as an index of vagal activity during stress in infants: respiratory influences and their control. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e52729. View abstract
  41. Interpersonal trauma exposure and cognitive development in children to age 8 years: a longitudinal study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Nov; 66(11):1005-10. View abstract
  42. Maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms and infant emotional reactivity and emotion regulation. Infant Behav Dev. 2011 Dec; 34(4):487-503. View abstract
  43. Cumulative Stress and Cortisol Disruption among Black and Hispanic Pregnant Women in an Urban Cohort. Psychol Trauma. 2010 Dec 01; 2(4):326-334. View abstract
  44. Children's exposure to violence and distress symptoms: influence of caretakers' psychological functioning. Int J Behav Med. 2011 Mar; 18(1):35-43. View abstract
  45. The Child Stress Disorders Checklist-Short Form: a four-item scale of traumatic stress symptoms in children. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2010 May-Jun; 32(3):321-7. View abstract
  46. A diagnostic interview for acute stress disorder for children and adolescents. J Trauma Stress. 2009 Dec; 22(6):549-56. View abstract
  47. Maternal interpersonal trauma and cord blood IgE levels in an inner-city cohort: a life-course perspective. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Nov; 124(5):954-60. View abstract
  48. Associations of maternal lifetime trauma and perinatal traumatic stress symptoms with infant cardiorespiratory reactivity to psychological challenge. Psychosom Med. 2009 Jul; 71(6):607-14. View abstract
  49. Maternal intimate partner violence and increased asthma incidence in children: buffering effects of supportive caregiving. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Mar; 163(3):244-50. View abstract
  50. Maternal stress and perinatal programming in the expression of atopy. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2008 Sep 01; 4(5):535-538. View abstract
  51. Neurobiology of stress in infancy . C.H. Zeanah, Jr. (Ed.), Handbook of Infant Mental Health. 2008. View abstract
  52. Separation anxiety as a mediator between acute morphine administration and PTSD symptoms in injured children. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Jul; 1071:41-5. View abstract
  53. The development and maintenance of anxiety symptoms from infancy through adolescence in a longitudinal sample. Dev Psychopathol. 2006; 18(2):517-50. View abstract
  54. Polymorphisms in FKBP5 are associated with peritraumatic dissociation in medically injured children. Mol Psychiatry. 2005 Dec; 10(12):1058-9. View abstract
  55. Incidence of and risk factors for acute stress disorder in children with injuries. J Trauma. 2005 Oct; 59(4):946-53. View abstract
  56. The parent-child relationship and child emotional reactivity: Mechanisms for the development of child anxiety. 2005. View abstract
  57. Screening for PTSD in injured children. 2004. View abstract
  58. Acute stress symptoms in parents of children with burns or injuries. 2004. View abstract
  59. A 4-Item Screener for ASD and PTSD in Children. 2004. View abstract
  60. Reliability and validity of the DICA-ASD. 2004. View abstract
  61. Prevalence of and risk factors for Acute Stress Disorder in children with injuries. 2004. View abstract
  62. How research informs clinical work with traumatized young children. J. D. Osofsky (Ed.), Young Children and Trauma: What do we know and what do we need to know? N. 2004. View abstract
  63. The PTSD Screen. 2004. View abstract
  64. An examination of the development of anxiety symptoms from a developmental psychopathology perspective. 2003. View abstract
  65. Continuities and discontinuities in the intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment: Implications for breaking the cycle of abuse. Browne, K., Hanks, H., Stratton, P., & Hamilton, C. (Eds.), Early prediction and prevention of child abuse: A handbook. 2002; 217-232. View abstract
  66. Emotion regulation in early childhood: The role of attachment-oriented interventions. B. S. Zuckerman, A. F. Lieberman, & N. A. Fox (Eds.), Emotional regulation and developmental health: Infancy and early childhood. 2002; 101-124. View abstract
  67. Traumatic Events Screening Inventory-Parent Report Revised. 2002. View abstract
  68. An examination of the development of anxiety symptoms from a developmental psychopathology perspective. 2001. View abstract
  69. Associations among maternal depressive symptomatology, state of mind and parent and child behaviors: implications for attachment-based interventions. Attach Hum Dev. 2001 Sep; 3(2):173-99. View abstract
  70. Associations among maternal state of mind, depression, and parent and child behaviors: Implications for attachment interventions. 2001. View abstract
  71. Review of the book Cycles of maltreatment: Facts, fallacies, and interventions. Child Abuse and Neglect: The International Journal. 2001; 25:313-314. View abstract
  72. Predicting parenting behaviors from Antisocial Practices content scale scores of the MMPI-2 administered during pregnancy. J Pers Assess. 2000 Feb; 74(1):146-62. View abstract
  73. Neurobiology of fetal and infant development: Implications for infant mental health. C.H. Zeanah, Jr. (Ed.), Handbook of infant mental health. 2000; 37-59. View abstract
  74. Remembering, repeating, and working through: Lessons from attachment-based interventions. J. D. Osofsky & H. E. Fitzgerald (Eds.), WAIMH Handbook of infant mental health: Vol. 4. Infant mental health in groups at high risk. 2000; 4:35-89. View abstract
  75. Associations between maternal personality and clinical symptomatology measured pre-partum and infant attachment. 1999. View abstract
  76. Associations between maternal antisocial attitudes measured pre-partum and parenting behaviors. 1999. View abstract
  77. Self-corrected reaching in a three-location delayed-response search task. Psychological Science. 1998; 9:66-70. View abstract
  78. Could my child be at risk for developing an anxiety disorder? Special focus on anxiety disorders in children, adolescents, and young adults (2nd ed., pp. 25-27). 1998. View abstract
  79. Predicting parent behavior from the Antisocial Practices Content Scores administered during pregnancy. . 1997. View abstract
  80. The effects of a home visitation intervention on paternal involvement. 1997. View abstract
  81. Associations between maternal depression and infant affect and behavior. 1996. View abstract
  82. The association of maternal depressive symptoms and infant behavioral inhibition at four months of age. 1994. View abstract
  83. Reaching beyond infant forgetting. 1994. View abstract