EDUCATION

Medical School

  • American University of Beirut , 2003 , Beirut , Lebanon

Residency

Anesthesiology
  • American University of Beirut Medical Center , Beirut , Lebanon

Residency

Anesthesiology
  • Tufts Medical Center , Boston , MA

Fellowship

Pediatric Anesthesiology
  • Children’s National Medical Center , Washington , DC

Fellowship

Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesiology
  • Boston Children’s Hospital , Boston , MA

PUBLICATIONS

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  1. Stratification of Bleeding Risk Using Thromboelastography in Children on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2021 Mar 01; 22(3):241-250. View abstract
  2. Racial Disparities in Perioperative Outcomes in Children: Where Do We Go From Here? Anesth Analg. 2021 03 01; 132(3):676-678. View abstract
  3. Hyperlactataemia as a predictor of adverse outcomes post-cardiac surgery in neonates with congenital heart disease. Cardiol Young. 2021 Feb 09; 1-6. View abstract
  4. Elective Non-Urgent Balloon-Atrial Septostomy in Infants with d-Transposition of the Great Arteries Does Not Eliminate the Need for PGE1 Therapy at the Time of Arterial Switch Operation. Pediatr Cardiol. 2021 Jan 25. View abstract
  5. Importance of Noninvasive Cardiac Output Measurement in Children: Feasibility or Applicability? J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2021 Jan 21. View abstract
  6. Trends in mortality rate in patients with congenital heart disease undergoing noncardiac surgical procedures at children's hospitals. Sci Rep. 2021 Jan 15; 11(1):1543. View abstract
  7. On the Academic Value of 30 Years of the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry. ASAIO J. 2021 01 01; 67(1):1-3. View abstract
  8. Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Morbidity in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: An Institutional Experience. Anesth Analg. 2020 11; 131(5):1607-1615. View abstract
  9. Bilateral Erector Spinae Blocks Decrease Perioperative Opioid Use After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 Oct 12. View abstract
  10. Integration of the Intrinsic Surgical Risk With Patient Comorbidities and Severity of Congenital Cardiac Disease Does Not Improve Risk Stratification in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2020 10; 131(4):1083-1089. View abstract
  11. Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Morbidity in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: An Institutional Experience. Anesth Analg. 2020 Sep 07. View abstract
  12. Thoracotomy Versus Sternotomy: Is it a Matter of Scar? J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2021 Jan; 35(1):128-129. View abstract
  13. Airway Abnormalities in Patients With Congenital Heart Disease: Incidence and Associated Factors. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2021 Jan; 35(1):139-144. View abstract
  14. Considerations for Pediatric Heart Programs During COVID-19: Recommendations From the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society. Anesth Analg. 2020 08; 131(2):403-409. View abstract
  15. Predictors of Increased Lactate in Neonatal Cardiac Surgery: The Impact of Cardiopulmonary Bypass. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2021 Jan; 35(1):148-153. View abstract
  16. Integration of the Intrinsic Surgical Risk With Patient Comorbidities and Severity of Congenital Cardiac Disease Does Not Improve Risk Stratification in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2020 May 29. View abstract
  17. Con: Extubation in the Operating Room After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 Sep; 34(9):2542-2544. View abstract
  18. Patients with craniofacial and noncraniofacial abnormalities: Do they deserve a special attention? Paediatr Anaesth. 2020 03; 30(3):207-208. View abstract
  19. Improving Pediatric Risk Stratification: Reply. Anesthesiology. 2020 01; 132(1):213-214. View abstract
  20. Outcomes of Infants Supported With Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Using Centrifugal Versus Roller Pumps: An Analysis From the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2019 12; 20(12):1177-1184. View abstract
  21. Is Methadone an Opioid Sparing Strategy? J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 02; 34(2):342-343. View abstract
  22. Pulse Oximetry. Pediatr Rev. 2019 Nov; 40(11):605-608. View abstract
  23. Prospective External Validation of the Pediatric Risk Assessment Score in Predicting Perioperative Mortality in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2019 10; 129(4):1014-1020. View abstract
  24. Updates in Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 May; 34(5):1309-1323. View abstract
  25. Highlights from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry: 2006-2017. ASAIO J. 2019 08; 65(6):537-544. View abstract
  26. Adverse Perioperative Events in Children with Complex Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Operative Scoliosis Repair in the Contemporary Era. Pediatr Cardiol. 2019 Oct; 40(7):1468-1475. View abstract
  27. Intraluminal Pulmonary Vein Stenosis in Children: A "New" Lesion. Anesth Analg. 2019 07; 129(1):27-40. View abstract
  28. Anesthesia in Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: Defining the Risk. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 Feb; 34(2):470-478. View abstract
  29. Pediatric Risk Stratification Is Improved by Integrating Both Patient Comorbidities and Intrinsic Surgical Risk. Anesthesiology. 2019 06; 130(6):971-980. View abstract
  30. Validation of a Second-Generation Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Monitor in Children With Congenital Heart Disease. Anesth Analg. 2019 04; 128(4):661-668. View abstract
  31. Selected 2018 Highlights in Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2019 Oct; 33(10):2833-2842. View abstract
  32. Sedative and Analgesic Drug Sequestration After a Single Bolus Injection in an Ex Vivo Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Infant Circuit. ASAIO J. 2019 02; 65(2):187-191. View abstract
  33. Anesthesia for high-risk procedures in the catheterization laboratory. Paediatr Anaesth. 2019 05; 29(5):491-498. View abstract
  34. Elective Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support for High-Risk Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2019 Jul; 33(7):1932-1938. View abstract
  35. Bivalirudin for Pediatric Procedural Anticoagulation: A Narrative Review. Anesth Analg. 2019 01; 128(1):43-55. View abstract
  36. Balancing competing risks. Paediatr Anaesth. 2019 01; 29(1):6-7. View abstract
  37. ECMO Primer for the Pediatric Anesthesiologist. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2019; 57(4):72-83. View abstract
  38. Fellowship Training in Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia: History, Maturation, and Current Status. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2019 Jul; 33(7):1828-1834. View abstract
  39. Can We Replace Midazolam With Massage Therapy in the Pediatric Cardiac ICU? Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 08; 19(8):780-782. View abstract
  40. Perioperative and Anesthetic Considerations in Interrupted Aortic Arch. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Sep; 22(3):270-277. View abstract
  41. Comparison of two pediatric cases requiring the use of bivalirudin during cardiopulmonary bypass. Perfusion. 2018 10; 33(7):525-532. View abstract
  42. Inclusion of non-English-speaking patients in research: A single institution experience. Paediatr Anaesth. 2018 05; 28(5):415-420. View abstract
  43. Williams Syndrome and Anesthesia for Non-cardiac Surgery: High Risk Can Be Mitigated with Appropriate Planning. Pediatr Cardiol. 2018 Aug; 39(6):1123-1128. View abstract
  44. Selected 2017 Highlights in Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 08; 32(4):1546-1555. View abstract
  45. Consensus Statement by the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society: Milestones for the Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia Fellowship. Anesth Analg. 2018 01; 126(1):198-207. View abstract
  46. The Evaluation of a Noninvasive Respiratory Volume Monitor in Pediatric Patients Undergoing General Anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2017 12; 125(6):1913-1919. View abstract
  47. Sternal malformations and anesthetic management. Paediatr Anaesth. 2017 Nov; 27(11):1084-1090. View abstract
  48. Pediatric Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry International Report 2016. ASAIO J. 2017 Jul/Aug; 63(4):456-463. View abstract
  49. Outcomes and Costs of Cardiac Surgery in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease. Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Oct; 38(7):1359-1364. View abstract
  50. Perioperative and Anesthetic Considerations in Atrioventricular Septal Defect. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017 Sep; 21(3):221-228. View abstract
  51. Development of a Pediatric Risk Assessment Score to Predict Perioperative Mortality in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2017 05; 124(5):1514-1519. View abstract
  52. Adverse Outcomes in Neonates and Children with Pulmonary Artery Hypertension Supported with ECMO. ASAIO J. 2016 Nov/Dec; 62(6):728-731. View abstract
  53. Development and Validation of a Risk Stratification Score for Children With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2016 10; 123(4):824-30. View abstract
  54. Sedation and Analgesia in Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 08; 17(8 Suppl 1):S225-31. View abstract
  55. Association of Hospital Structure and Complications With Mortality After Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 07; 17(7):684-91. View abstract
  56. Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society 2014 Consensus Statement: Pharmacotherapies in Cardiac Critical Care: Sedation, Analgesia and Muscle Relaxant. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Mar; 17(3 Suppl 1):S3-S15. View abstract
  57. Effects of remote ischemic preconditioning in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery (Remote IMPACT): a randomized controlled trial. CMAJ. 2016 Mar 15; 188(5):329-336. View abstract
  58. Methylprednisolone Does Not Reduce Persistent Pain after Cardiac Surgery. Anesthesiology. 2015 Dec; 123(6):1404-10. View abstract
  59. Hospital Costs for Neonates and Children Supported with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. J Pediatr. 2016 Feb; 169:69-75.e1. View abstract
  60. Overall Hospital Cost Estimates in Children with Congenital Heart Disease: Analysis of the 2012 Kid's Inpatient Database. Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 Jan; 37(1):37-43. View abstract
  61. Anesthetic use in newborn infants: the urgent need for rigorous evaluation. Pediatr Res. 2015 Jul; 78(1):2-6. View abstract
  62. Advances in the Care of Adults With Congenital Heart Disease. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2015 Sep; 19(3):175-86. View abstract
  63. An evaluation of a zero-heat-flux cutaneous thermometer in cardiac surgical patients. Anesth Analg. 2014 Sep; 119(3):543-9. View abstract
  64. An unusual and rare cause of acute airway obstruction in the elderly: Forestier's disease. J Emerg Med. 2014 May; 46(5):617-9. View abstract
  65. Phenylephrine as a simulated intravascular epidural test dose in pediatrics: a pilot study. Paediatr Anaesth. 2013 Jun; 23(6):502-9. View abstract
  66. A comparison between dexamethasone and methylprednisolone for vomiting prophylaxis after tonsillectomy in inpatient children: a randomized trial. Anesth Analg. 2012 Oct; 115(4):913-20. View abstract
  67. Performance validation of a modified magnetic resonance imaging-compatible temperature probe in children. Anesth Analg. 2012 Jun; 114(6):1230-4. View abstract
  68. Emergence agitation in children--a view. Middle East J Anaesthesiol. 2011 Jun; 21(2):175-82. View abstract
  69. Carbon monoxide re-breathing during low-flow anaesthesia in infants and children. Br J Anaesth. 2010 Dec; 105(6):836-41. View abstract
  70. Gastroesophageal reflux disease causing a difficult airway. J Clin Anesth. 2010 Aug; 22(5):389-90. View abstract
  71. Detection of carbon monoxide during routine anesthetics in infants and children. Anesth Analg. 2010 Mar 01; 110(3):747-53. View abstract
  72. Dexamethasone with either granisetron or ondansetron for postoperative nausea and vomiting in laparoscopic surgery. Middle East J Anaesthesiol. 2010 Feb; 20(4):565-70. View abstract
  73. Prophylactic amiodarone versus lidocaine for prevention of reperfusion ventricular fibrillation after release of aortic cross-clamp. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2009 Dec; 26(12):1056-60. View abstract
  74. Distinctive presentation of a diaphragmatic hernia 15 years after a traumatic insult. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Aug; 88(2):651-3. View abstract
  75. A randomized trial comparing colloid preload to coload during spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery. Anesth Analg. 2009 Oct; 109(4):1219-24. View abstract
  76. The effect of low-dose remifentanil on responses to the endotracheal tube during emergence from general anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2009 Apr; 108(4):1157-60. View abstract
  77. Iatrogenic severe hyperglycemia in a child undergoing adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy. Paediatr Anaesth. 2008 Oct; 18(10):1002-3. View abstract
  78. A comparison of a silicone wire-reinforced tube with the Parker and polyvinyl chloride tubes for tracheal intubation through an intubating laryngeal mask airway in patients with normal airways undergoing general anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2008 Sep; 107(3):994-7. View abstract
  79. Postoperative severe uvular edema following tonsillectomy in a child with a history of obstructive sleep apnea. Paediatr Anaesth. 2008 Jul; 18(7):673-5. View abstract
  80. Alcohol spray vs. intradermal lidocaine before intravenous cannulation. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2008 Jul; 25(7):604-6. View abstract
  81. A single dose of propofol at the end of surgery for the prevention of emergence agitation in children undergoing strabismus surgery during sevoflurane anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 2007 Nov; 107(5):733-8. View abstract
  82. Lidocaine lollipop as single-agent anesthesia in upper GI endoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc. 2007 Oct; 66(4):786-93. View abstract
  83. Does ondansetron or granisetron prevent subarachnoid morphine-induced pruritus after cesarean delivery? Anesth Analg. 2007 Feb; 104(2):421-4. View abstract
  84. Haloperidol vs. ondansetron for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting following gynaecological surgery. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2007 Feb; 24(2):171-8. View abstract
  85. Emergence agitation in children: an update. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2005 Dec; 18(6):614-9. View abstract
  86. Does pancuronium or cisatracurium delay the rate of arousal following remifentanil-based anesthesia? Middle East J Anaesthesiol. 2005 Oct; 18(3):477-84. View abstract
  87. Muallem endo-tracheal tube introducer: (METTI)--an aid for the difficult airway. Middle East J Anaesthesiol. 2005 Jun; 18(2):385-9. View abstract
  88. Difficult airway management. Middle East J Anaesthesiol. 2004 Feb; 17(4):623-44. View abstract