I have had the great pleasure of witnessing my patients who were born with congenital heart disease grow up and become active and engaged adults.


Caregiver Profile

Caregiver Profile

Meet Dr. Gerald Marx


Undergraduate Degree

  • Ohio Wesleyan University , 1972 , Delaware , OH

Medical School

  • University of California at Los Angeles , 1976 , Los Angeles , CA


  • Boston Children's Hospital , 1977 , Boston , MA


  • Boston Children's Hospital , 1979 , Boston , MA


  • Boston Children's Hospital , 1982 , Boston , MA

Philosophy of Care

I have had the great pleasure of witnessing my patients who were born with congenital heart disease grow up and become active and engaged adults. Many of my patients have gone on to college, have successful employment, and have families of their own. However, despite these wonderful achievements there is still work to be done to improve the quality of life for all of our newborns, children, adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease. Because of the overwhelming courage and perseverance of my patients and their families, it has become truly an honor for me to be part of their lives. I am proud to be part of the Boston Children’s cardiology and cardiac surgical team, a team dedicated to enhancing the health and lives of all children with congenital heart disease.


Dr. Marx has been caring for patients with congenital heart disease since beginning his cardiology fellowship in 1979. This has included the diagnosis and medical and surgical planning and care of the fetus and newborn. He has followed those patients, and evaluated new patients through infancy, childhood, adolescence and adulthood. In addition, Dr. Marx has concentrated on non-invasive imaging, in particular, the application of two and three –dimensional imaging to the care of his patients. He has also focused on the analysis and care of patients with valve abnormalities, in particular the Cone operation for Epstein’s disease, and on care of patients with aortic and mitral valve disease. Dr. Marx is also a member of the Boston Children’s Hospital committee on bi-ventricular repairs. This group is involved in the selection and medical and surgical treatment and analysis of the outcomes of “bi-ventricular surgery.” His particular research has evolved around the application of echocardiography, in particular three-dimensional echocardiography to improve the diagnosis and care of patients with congenital heart disease. This includes evaluating the outcome of specific surgical procedures such as valve repairs and bi-ventricular surgeries.


  • American Board of Pediatrics, General Pediatrics
  • American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Management of Congenitally Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries With Intact Ventricular Septum: Anatomic Repair or Palliative Treatment? Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2021 Jul; 14(7):e010154. View abstract
  2. Restriction of Atrial Septal Defect Leads to Growth of Hypoplastic Ventricle in Patients with Borderline Right or Left Heart. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 May 15. View abstract
  3. The Association of Age and Repair Modification with Outcome after Cone Repair for Ebstein's Malformation. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 May 07. View abstract
  4. Biventricular conversion after Fontan completion: A preliminary experience. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 May 04. View abstract
  5. Aortic elongation and bronchial splint for late bronchial complication after neonatal arch reconstruction. JTCVS Tech. 2021 Aug; 8:126-128. View abstract
  6. A multicenter study of three-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation of normal pediatric left ventricular volumes and function. Echocardiography. 2021 04; 38(4):641-645. View abstract
  7. Dynamic Annular Modeling of the Unrepaired Complete Atrioventricular Canal Annulus. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020 Dec 24. View abstract
  8. Resynchronizing Right and Left Ventricles With Right Bundle Branch Block in the Congenital Heart Disease Population. JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2020 12; 6(14):1762-1772. View abstract
  9. Early Infant Symptomatic Patients With Tetralogy of Fallot With Absent Pulmonary Valve: Pulmonary Artery Management and Airway Stabilization. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020 11; 110(5):1644-1650. View abstract
  10. Mechanical Mitral Valve Replacement: A Multicenter Study of Outcomes With Use of 15- to 17-mm Prostheses. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020 12; 110(6):2062-2069. View abstract
  11. Modified Ozaki Procedure Including Annular Enlargement for Small Aortic Annuli in Young Patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020 10; 110(4):1364-1371. View abstract
  12. Speckle tracking echocardiographically-based analysis of ventricular strain in children: an intervendor comparison. Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2020 May 21; 18(1):15. View abstract
  13. A geometrically adaptable heart valve replacement. Sci Transl Med. 2020 02 19; 12(531). View abstract
  14. Congenital aortic and truncal valve reconstruction using the Ozaki technique: Short-term clinical results. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 05; 161(5):1567-1577. View abstract
  15. [Current surgical options and outcomes for newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome]. An Pediatr (Engl Ed). 2019 Nov; 91(5):352.e1-352.e9. View abstract
  16. Flow disturbances and the development of endocardial fibroelastosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Feb; 159(2):637-646. View abstract
  17. Repair of double outlet right ventricle: Midterm outcomes. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Aug 30. View abstract
  18. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography-guided transcatheter closure of multiple mitral paravalvular leaks demonstrating real time avoidance of device-induced valve malfunction. Echocardiography. 2019 07; 36(7):1418-1420. View abstract
  19. Flow disturbances and progression of endocardial fibroelastosis - a case report. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2019 Sep - Oct; 42:1-3. View abstract
  20. Three-Dimensional Mitral Valve Morphology in Children and Young Adults With Marfan Syndrome. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2018 11; 31(11):1168-1177.e1. View abstract
  21. Dehiscence of patch augmentation of a left-sided atrioventricular valve related to strenuous isometric exercise: Case report and failure analysis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 10; 156(4):e165-e168. View abstract
  22. Normal Values and Growth-Related Changes of Left Ventricular Volumes, Stress, and Strain in Healthy Children Measured by 3-Dimensional Echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 2018 07 15; 122(2):331-339. View abstract
  23. Staged ventricular recruitment in patients with borderline ventricles and large ventricular septal defects. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 07; 156(1):254-264. View abstract
  24. Left Atrial Volumes and Strain in Healthy Children Measured by Three-Dimensional Echocardiography: Normal Values and Maturational Changes. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2018 02; 31(2):187-193.e1. View abstract
  25. Valve-sparing repair with intraoperative balloon dilation in tetralogy of Fallot: Midterm results and therapeutic implications. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 03; 155(3):1163-1173.e4. View abstract
  26. A Growth-Accommodating Implant for Paediatric Applications. Nat Biomed Eng. 2017; 1:818-825. View abstract
  27. Recombinant porcine factor VIII for high-risk surgery in paediatric congenital haemophilia A with high-titre inhibitor. Haemophilia. 2017 Mar; 23(2):e93-e98. View abstract
  28. Automated detection of coarctation of aorta in neonates from two-dimensional echocardiograms. J Med Imaging (Bellingham). 2017 Jan; 4(1):014502. View abstract
  29. Fetal Growth Restriction and Long-Term Cardiovascular Risk: Is It Time to Get With the Program? Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 01; 10(1). View abstract
  30. Three-dimensional Echocardiography in Congenital Heart Disease: An Expert Consensus Document from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and the American Society of Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2017 01; 30(1):1-27. View abstract
  31. Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease: an expert consensus document from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and the American Society of Echocardiography. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Oct; 17(10):1071-97. View abstract
  32. Assessment of the Melody valve in the mitral position in young children by echocardiography. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 01; 153(1):153-160.e1. View abstract
  33. Operations for improving left ventricular diastolic function. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2016 Jan; 31(1):101-8. View abstract
  34. Neonatal Mitral Valve Repair in Biventricular Repair, Single Ventricle Palliation, and Secondary Left Ventricular Recruitment: Indications, Techniques, and Mid-Term Outcomes. Front Surg. 2015; 2:59. View abstract
  35. Outcomes and Short-Term Follow-Up in Complex Ross Operations in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Damus-Kaye-Stansel Takedown. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016; 28(1):81-9. View abstract
  36. Review of Congenital Mitral Valve Stenosis: Analysis, Repair Techniques and Outcomes. Cardiovasc Eng Technol. 2015 Jun; 6(2):167-73. View abstract
  37. Biventricular repair for common atrioventricular canal defect with parachute left atrioventricular valve. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2016 Feb; 49(2):546-51; discussion 551-2. View abstract
  38. Linking pediatric obesity to subclinical alterations in cardiac structure and function. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Dec; 7(12):1206-8. View abstract
  39. Fetal aortic valvuloplasty for evolving hypoplastic left heart syndrome: postnatal outcomes of the first 100 patients. Circulation. 2014 Aug 19; 130(8):638-45. View abstract
  40. Perinatal and infant outcomes of prenatal diagnosis of heterotaxy syndrome (asplenia and polysplenia). Am J Cardiol. 2014 Aug 15; 114(4):612-7. View abstract
  41. Feasibility and reproducibility of three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of right ventricular size and function in pediatric patients. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2014 Aug; 27(8):903-10. View abstract
  42. Valve-sparing aortic root replacement and remodeling with complex aortic valve reconstruction in children and young adults with moderate or severe aortic regurgitation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Jun; 147(6):1768-74. View abstract
  43. Utility of preoperative electrophysiologic studies in patients with Ebstein's anomaly undergoing the Cone procedure. Heart Rhythm. 2014 Feb; 11(2):182-6. View abstract
  44. Tricuspid regurgitation or Ebsteinoid dysplasia of the tricuspid valve in congenitally corrected transposition: is valvuloplasty necessary at anatomic repair? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Feb; 147(2):576-80. View abstract
  45. Repair of posterior mitral valve prolapse with a novel leaflet plication clip in an animal model. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Feb; 147(2):783-90; discussion 790-1. View abstract
  46. Late left ventricular dysfunction after anatomic repair of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Jul; 148(1):254-8. View abstract
  47. Multicenter study comparing shunt type in the norwood procedure for single-ventricle lesions: three-dimensional echocardiographic analysis. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Nov; 6(6):934-42. View abstract
  48. Surgical repair of truncal valve regurgitation. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2013 Nov; 44(5):813-20. View abstract
  49. Biventricular conversion after single-ventricle palliation in unbalanced atrioventricular canal defects. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Jun; 95(6):2086-95; discussion 2095-6. View abstract
  50. Echocardiography of transposition of the great arteries. Cardiol Young. 2012 Dec; 22(6):664-70. View abstract
  51. Echocardiography of common arterial trunk. Cardiol Young. 2012 Dec; 22(6):655-63. View abstract
  52. Atrioventricular valve annular remodeling with a bioabsorbable ring in young children. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Nov 20; 60(21):2256-8. View abstract
  53. Staged left ventricular recruitment after single-ventricle palliation in patients with borderline left heart hypoplasia. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Nov 06; 60(19):1966-74. View abstract
  54. Technical performance scores in congenital cardiac operations: a quality assessment initiative. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Oct; 94(4):1317-23; discussion 1323. View abstract
  55. Improving left ventricular outflow tract obstruction repair in common atrioventricular canal defects. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Aug; 94(2):599-605; discussion 605. View abstract
  56. Temporal enhancement of 3D echocardiography by frame reordering. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Mar; 5(3):300-4. View abstract
  57. Right ventricular papillary muscle approximation as a novel technique of valve repair for functional tricuspid regurgitation in an ex vivo porcine model. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Jul; 144(1):235-42. View abstract
  58. Natural history of exercise function in patients with Ebstein anomaly: A serial study. Am Heart J. 2012 Mar; 163(3):486-91. View abstract
  59. Mitral valve operations at a high-volume pediatric heart center: Evolving techniques and improved survival with mitral valve repair versus replacement. Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Jan; 5(1):13-20. View abstract
  60. Successful eradication of a FVIII inhibitor in a 60-year-old patient with mild haemophilia A using single-agent prednisolone. Hamostaseologie. 2012; 32 Suppl 1:S48-51. View abstract
  61. Ebstein's malformation of the tricuspid valve: short-term outcomes of the "cone procedure" versus conventional surgery. Congenit Heart Dis. 2012 Jan-Feb; 7(1):50-8. View abstract
  62. Mitral annulus segmentation from four-dimensional ultrasound using a valve state predictor and constrained optical flow. Med Image Anal. 2012 Feb; 16(2):497-504. View abstract
  63. Echocardiography of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Cardiol Young. 2011 Dec; 21 Suppl 2:28-37. View abstract
  64. Real-time image-based rigid registration of three-dimensional ultrasound. Med Image Anal. 2012 Feb; 16(2):402-14. View abstract
  65. Changes in left atrioventricular valve geometry after surgical repair of complete atrioventricular canal. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 May; 143(5):1117-24. View abstract
  66. Reproducibility of echocardiographic diagnosis of left ventricular noncompaction. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2012 Feb; 25(2):194-202. View abstract
  67. Impact of early vs. late tracheostomy on weaning: a retrospective analysis. Minerva Anestesiol. 2011 Dec; 77(12):1176-83. View abstract
  68. Echocardiography in heterotaxy syndrome. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2011 Apr; 2(2):253-7. View abstract
  69. Outcome and mortality risk factors in long-term treated ICU patients: a retrospective analysis. Minerva Anestesiol. 2011 Apr; 77(4):427-38. View abstract
  70. Aortic stenosis and severe mitral regurgitation in the fetus resulting in giant left atrium and hydrops: pathophysiology, outcomes, and preliminary experience with pre-natal cardiac intervention. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Jan 18; 57(3):348-55. View abstract
  71. Anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery in hypoplastic left hearts: case series and review of literature. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Jul; 142(1):225-7. View abstract
  72. Patient-specific mitral leaflet segmentation from 4D ultrasound. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2011; 14(Pt 3):520-7. View abstract
  73. Congenital portosystemic venous connections and other abdominal venous abnormalities in patients with polysplenia and functionally univentricular heart disease: a case series and literature review. Congenit Heart Dis. 2011 Jan-Feb; 6(1):28-40. View abstract
  74. Echocardiography for discordant atrioventricular connections. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2011 Jan; 2(1):54-8. View abstract
  75. Cavopulmonary pathway modification in patients with heterotaxy and newly diagnosed or persistent pulmonary arteriovenous malformations after a modified Fontan operation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Jun; 141(6):1362-70.e1. View abstract
  76. Validation of 3D echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular volumes, mass, and ejection fraction in neonates and infants with congenital heart disease: a comparison study with cardiac MRI. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2010 Nov; 3(6):735-42. View abstract
  77. Mitral annulus segmentation from 3D ultrasound using graph cuts. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2010 Sep; 29(9):1676-87. View abstract
  78. Primary left ventricular rehabilitation is effective in maintaining two-ventricle physiology in the borderline left heart. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Dec; 138(6):1276-82. View abstract
  79. Predictors of technical success and postnatal biventricular outcome after in utero aortic valvuloplasty for aortic stenosis with evolving hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Circulation. 2009 Oct 13; 120(15):1482-90. View abstract
  80. Recommendations for evaluation of prosthetic valves with echocardiography and doppler ultrasound: a report From the American Society of Echocardiography's Guidelines and Standards Committee and the Task Force on Prosthetic Valves, developed in conjunction with the American College of Cardiology Cardiovascular Imaging Committee, Cardiac Imaging Committee of the American Heart Association, the European Association of Echocardiography, a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology, the Japanese Society of Echocardiography and the Canadian Society of Echocardiography, endorsed by the American College of Cardiology Foundation, American Heart Association, European Association of Echocardiography, a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology, the Japanese Society of Echocardiography, and Canadian Society of Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2009 Sep; 22(9):975-1014; quiz 1082-4. View abstract
  81. In utero valvuloplasty for pulmonary atresia with hypoplastic right ventricle: techniques and outcomes. Pediatrics. 2009 Sep; 124(3):e510-8. View abstract
  82. Identification of candidate biomarkers of therapeutic response to docetaxel in hormone-refractory prostate cancer by proteomic profiling. J Clin Oncol. 2009 May 20; 27(15_suppl):11010. View abstract
  83. Effectiveness of balloon valvuloplasty for palliation of mitral stenosis after repair of atrioventricular canal defects. Am J Cardiol. 2009 Jun 15; 103(12):1770-3. View abstract
  84. Biventricular repair in patients with heterotaxy syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Feb; 137(2):371-379.e3. View abstract
  85. Usefulness of intra-operative epicardial three-dimensional echocardiography to guide aortic valve repair in children. Am J Cardiol. 2009 Mar 15; 103(6):852-6. View abstract
  86. Mitral Annulus Segmentation from Three-Dimensional Ultrasound. Proc IEEE Int Symp Biomed Imaging. 2009; 779-782. View abstract
  87. Fontan fenestration closure has no acute effect on exercise capacity but improves ventilatory response to exercise. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Jul 08; 52(2):108-13. View abstract
  88. Matrix-array 3-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of volumes, mass, and ejection fraction in young pediatric patients with a functional single ventricle: a comparison study with cardiac magnetic resonance. Circulation. 2008 Apr 08; 117(14):1842-8. View abstract
  89. Surgical aortic valvuloplasty in children and adolescents with aortic regurgitation: acute and intermediate effects on aortic valve function and left ventricular dimensions. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Mar; 135(3):552-9, 559.e1-3. View abstract
  90. Fast block flow tracking of atrial septal defects in 4D echocardiography. Med Image Anal. 2008 Aug; 12(4):397-412. View abstract
  91. The utility of FDG-PET in the preoperative staging of esophageal cancer. Dis Esophagus. 2008; 21(5):389-94. View abstract
  92. Surgical outcome for patients with the mitral stenosis-aortic atresia variant of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Feb; 135(2):339-46. View abstract
  93. Clinical utility of Doppler echocardiography in assessing aortic stenosis severity and predicting need for intervention in children. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 May; 29(3):507-14. View abstract
  94. Real-time tracking and shape analysis of atrial septal defects in 3D echocardiography. Acad Radiol. 2007 Nov; 14(11):1298-309. View abstract
  95. Effect of pulmonary artery angioplasty on exercise function after repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Am Heart J. 2008 Jan; 155(1):182-6. View abstract
  96. Changes in left heart hemodynamics after technically successful in-utero aortic valvuloplasty. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Oct; 30(5):715-20. View abstract
  97. Etiology, management, and outcome of pediatric pericardial effusions. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 Jan; 29(1):90-4. View abstract
  98. Time course and relationship between plasma selenium concentrations, systemic inflammatory response, sepsis, and multiorgan failure. Br J Anaesth. 2007 Jun; 98(6):775-84. View abstract
  99. Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease. Cardiol Clin. 2007 May; 25(2):357-65. View abstract
  100. Variables influencing the accuracy of right ventricular volume assessment by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography: an in vitro validation study. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2007 May; 20(5):456-61. View abstract
  101. Coarctectomy reduces neoaortic arch obstruction in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Jun; 133(6):1540-6. View abstract
  102. Aortic root translocation plus arterial switch for transposition of the great arteries with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction: intermediate-term results. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Jan 30; 49(4):485-90. View abstract
  103. Determinants of left ventricular dysfunction after anatomic repair of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Dec; 82(6):2059-65; discussion 2065-6. View abstract
  104. One-stage neonatal corrective repair for d-transposition of the great arteries and complete atrio-ventricular canal. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2007 Jan; 31(1):135-7. View abstract
  105. Three-dimensional echo and videocardioscopy-guided atrial septal defect closure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Oct; 82(4):1322-6; discussion 1326. View abstract
  106. Anatomy and echocardiography of discordant atrioventricular connections. Cardiol Young. 2006 Sep; 16 Suppl 3:65-71. View abstract
  107. Isolation of mesenchymal stem cells from G-CSF-mobilized human peripheral blood using fibrin microbeads. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2006 May; 37(10):967-76. View abstract
  108. Fetal aortic valve stenosis and the evolution of hypoplastic left heart syndrome: patient selection for fetal intervention. Circulation. 2006 Mar 21; 113(11):1401-5. View abstract
  109. Echo-morphological correlates concerning the functionally univentricular heart in the setting of isomeric atrial appendages. Cardiol Young. 2006 Feb; 16 Suppl 1:35-42. View abstract
  110. Fibrin microbeads (FMB) as a 3D platform for kidney gene and cell therapy. Kidney Int. 2006 Feb; 69(3):625-33. View abstract
  111. Three-dimensional echo-guided beating heart surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass: atrial septal defect closure in a swine model. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Nov; 130(5):1348-57. View abstract
  112. Aortic valvuloplasty in the fetus: technical characteristics of successful balloon dilation. J Pediatr. 2005 Oct; 147(4):535-9. View abstract
  113. Balloon dilation of severe aortic stenosis in the fetus: potential for prevention of hypoplastic left heart syndrome: candidate selection, technique, and results of successful intervention. Circulation. 2004 Oct 12; 110(15):2125-31. View abstract
  114. Three-dimensional echocardiography-guided beating-heart surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass: a feasibility study. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Oct; 128(4):579-87. View abstract
  115. Three-dimensional echocardiography-guided atrial septectomy: an experimental study. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jul; 128(1):53-9. View abstract
  116. Respiratory symptoms secondary to aortopulmonary collateral vessels in tetralogy of Fallot absent pulmonary valve syndrome. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Feb 15; 93(4):503-5. View abstract
  117. Assessing fluid responsiveness by stroke volume variation in mechanically ventilated patients with severe sepsis. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2004 Feb; 21(2):132-8. View abstract
  118. Tissue velocity Doppler assessment of atrial and ventricular electromechanical coupling and atrioventricular time intervals in normal subjects. Am J Cardiol. 2003 Dec 01; 92(11):1347-50. View abstract
  119. Application of robotics in congenital cardiac surgery. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2003; 6:72-83. View abstract
  120. Real-time three-dimensional ultrasound for guiding surgical tasks. Comput Aided Surg. 2003; 8(2):82-90. View abstract
  121. Late problems in tetralogy of Fallot--recognition, management, and prevention. Cardiol Clin. 2002 Aug; 20(3):395-404. View abstract
  122. Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease: a continuum of unfulfilled promises? No. A presently clinically applicable technology with an important future? Yes. Pediatr Cardiol. 2002 May-Jun; 23(3):266-85. View abstract
  123. Three-dimensional echocardiography of the atrial septum. Echocardiography. 2001 Jul; 18(5):433-43. View abstract
  124. Valve-sparing operation for balloon-induced aortic regurgitation in congenital aortic stenosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2001 Jul; 122(1):162-8. View abstract
  125. Three-dimensional echocardiographic measurement of left ventricular stroke volume in children: comparison with Doppler method. Pediatr Cardiol. 2001 Mar-Apr; 22(2):116-20. View abstract
  126. "Repaired" aortic coarctation in adults: not a "simple" congenital heart defect. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Mar 15; 35(4):1003-6. View abstract
  127. Acute animal studies of the STARFlex system: a new self-centering cardioSEAL septal occluder. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2000 Feb; 49(2):225-33. View abstract
  128. Echocardiographic characteristics of successful deployment of the Das AngelWings atrial septal defect closure device: initial multicenter experience in the United States. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Apr 15; 83(8):1236-41. View abstract
  129. Three-dimensional echocardiographic analysis of valve anatomy as a determinant of mitral regurgitation after surgery for atrioventricular septal defects. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Mar 01; 83(5):745-9. View abstract
  130. Predictors of respiratory function deterioration after transfer of critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med. 1998 Nov; 24(11):1157-62. View abstract
  131. Transoesophageal echocardiography during scoliosis repair: comparison with CVP monitoring. Can J Anaesth. 1998 Oct; 45(10):925-32. View abstract
  132. Cardiac dysfunction in twin-twin transfusion syndrome: a prospective, longitudinal study. Obstet Gynecol. 1998 Oct; 92(4 Pt 1):557-62. View abstract
  133. New insights and observations in three-dimensional echocardiographic visualization of ventricular septal defects: experimental and clinical studies. Circulation. 1998 Sep 29; 98(13):1307-14. View abstract
  134. MRI and echocardiography in children: how do they compare? Semin Roentgenol. 1998 Jul; 33(3):281-92. View abstract
  135. Effect of pulmonary artery stenoses on the cardiopulmonary response to exercise following repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Am J Cardiol. 1998 May 15; 81(10):1217-9. View abstract
  136. Transcoronary ethanol ablation of the atrioventricular node in a young patient with tricuspid atresia. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1998 Mar; 21(3):620-3. View abstract
  137. Neonatal radiofrequency catheter ablation of junctional tachycardias. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 1998 Mar; 2(1):91-100. View abstract
  138. Intraoperative discovery of neuroblastoma in an infant with pulmonary atresia. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Dec; 64(6):1827-9. View abstract
  139. Electrocardiographic markers of late sudden death risk in postoperative tetralogy of Fallot children. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1997 Dec; 8(12):1349-56. View abstract
  140. Fate of mitral regurgitation following repair of atrioventricular septal defect. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Nov 01; 80(9):1194-7. View abstract
  141. Multiplane Transthoracic Echocardiography: Image Orientation, Anatomic Correlation, and Clinical Experience with a Prototype Phased Array Multiplane Surface Probe. Echocardiography. 1997 Nov; 14(6 Pt 1):559-578. View abstract
  142. Two- and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in patient selection and assessment of atrial septal defect closure by the new DAS-Angel Wings device: initial clinical experience. Circulation. 1997 Sep 16; 96(6):1722-8. View abstract
  143. Excessive anaerobic metabolism during exercise after repair of aortic coarctation. J Pediatr. 1997 Aug; 131(2):210-4. View abstract
  144. Supraventricular tachycardia in the fetus: conservative management in the absence of hemodynamic compromise. J Ultrasound Med. 1997 Jul; 16(7):459-64. View abstract
  145. Comparison Between the Mean dP/dt During Isovolumetric Contraction and Other Echocardiographic Indexes of Ventricular Systolic Function. Echocardiography. 1997 May; 14(3):215-222. View abstract
  146. Truncus arteriosus with a single left ventricle: case report of a previously unrecognized entity. Am Heart J. 1997 Mar; 133(3):377-80. View abstract
  147. Three-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation of aortic disorders with rotational multiplanar imaging: experimental and clinical studies. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1997 Mar; 10(2):120-32. View abstract
  148. Evaluation of Ventricular dP/dt Before and After Open Heart Surgery Using Transesophageal Echocardiography. Echocardiography. 1997 Jan; 14(1):15-22. View abstract
  149. Understanding obesity in youth. A statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Atherosclerosis and Hypertension in the Young of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young and the Nutrition Committee, American Heart Association. Writing Group. Circulation. 1996 Dec 15; 94(12):3383-7. View abstract
  150. Possible new autosomal recessive syndrome of lymphedema, hydroceles, atrial septal defect, and characteristic facial changes. Am J Med Genet. 1996 Dec 02; 66(1):69-71. View abstract
  151. [Immunosuppressive treatment of a spontaneous inhibitor hemophilia A using cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisone following prior Factor VIII stimulation]. Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 1996 Nov 23; 126(47):2026-31. View abstract
  152. Volume-rendered, three-dimensional echocardiographic determination of the size, shape, and position of atrial septal defects: validation in an in vitro model. Am Heart J. 1996 Aug; 132(2 Pt 1):376-81. View abstract
  153. Aerobic exercise function of patients with persistent coronary artery aneurysms secondary to Kawasaki disease. Pediatr Cardiol. 1996 Jul-Aug; 17(4):226-30. View abstract
  154. Stent implantation for relief of pulmonary artery stenosis: immediate and short-term results. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1996 May; 38(1):16-23. View abstract
  155. Excision of a pulmonary valve abscess in a 61-year-old woman with single ventricle. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Jan; 61(1):213-5. View abstract
  156. Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of intracardiac blood flow jets. Am J Cardiol. 1995 Nov 15; 76(14):1053-8. View abstract
  157. Management of supraventricular tachycardia in the fetus. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Oct; 7(5):409-13. View abstract
  158. Advances in cardiac imaging in congenital heart disease. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1995 Oct; 7(5):580-6. View abstract
  159. Doppler color flow echocardiography: indispensable application to congenital heart disease. Echocardiography. 1995 Jul; 12(4):413-24. View abstract
  160. Delineation of site, relative size and dynamic geometry of atrial septal defects by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Feb; 25(2):482-90. View abstract
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