Medical School

  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania , 1996 , Philadelphia , PA

Graduate Degree

  • Harvard School of Public Health , 2002 , Boston , MA


  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia , 1997 , Philadelphia , PA


  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia , 1999 , Philadelphia , PA


Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Boston Children's Hospital , 2003 , Boston , MA


  • American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • American Board of Pediatrics, General Pediatrics


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Lee L, Mannix R, Guedj R, Chong SL, Sunwoo S, Woodward T, Fleegler E. Paediatric ED utilisation in the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. Emerg Med J. 2020 Dec 03. View abstract
  2. Flaherty MR, Buchmiller T, Vangel M, Lee LK. Pediatric Magnet Ingestions After Federal Rule Changes, 2009-2019. JAMA. 2020 11 24; 324(20):2102-2104. View abstract
  3. Waltzman ML, Lee LK, Ozonoff A, Kupiec JK, Landschaft A, Kimia AA. Treadmill injuries in children. Am J Emerg Med. 2020 Nov 18. View abstract
  4. Lee LK. Correction to: Celebrating a quarter century of the Injury Free Coalition for Kids®. Inj Epidemiol. 2020 Oct 12; 7(1):59. View abstract
  5. Miller KA, Mannix R, Schmitz G, Monuteaux MC, Lee LK. Impact of COVID-19 on professional and personal responsibilities of Massachusetts physicians. Am J Emerg Med. 2020 Nov; 38(11):2365-2367. View abstract
  6. Green-Hopkins I, Monuteaux MC, Lee LK, Nigrovic LE, Mannix R, Schutzman SA. Use of Ondansetron for Vomiting After Head Trauma: Does It Mask Clinically Significant Traumatic Brain Injury? Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020 Aug; 36(8):e433-e437. View abstract
  7. Lee LK. Celebrating a quarter century of the Injury Free Coalition for Kids®. Inj Epidemiol. 2020 Jun 12; 7(Suppl 1):29. View abstract
  8. Flaherty MR, Kim AM, Salt MD, Lee LK. Distracted Driving Laws and Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities. Pediatrics. 2020 06; 145(6). View abstract
  9. Azad HA, Monuteaux MC, Rees CA, Siegel M, Mannix R, Lee LK, Sheehan KM, Fleegler EW. Child Access Prevention Firearm Laws and Firearm Fatalities Among Children Aged 0 to 14 Years, 1991-2016. JAMA Pediatr. 2020 May 01; 174(5):463-469. View abstract
  10. Mannix R, Lee LK, Fleegler EW. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and Firearms in the United States: Will an Epidemic of Suicide Follow? Ann Intern Med. 2020 08 04; 173(3):228-229. View abstract
  11. Lee LK, Monuteaux MC, Galbraith AA. Women and Healthcare Affordability After the ACA. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 03; 35(3):959-960. View abstract
  12. Lee LK, Chien A, Stewart A, Truschel L, Hoffmann J, Portillo E, Pace LE, Clapp M, Galbraith AA. Women's Coverage, Utilization, Affordability, And Health After The ACA: A Review Of The Literature. Health Aff (Millwood). 2020 Mar; 39(3):387-394. View abstract
  13. Hoffmann JA, Farrell CA, Monuteaux MC, Fleegler EW, Lee LK. Association of Pediatric Suicide With County-Level Poverty in the United States, 2007-2016. JAMA Pediatr. 2020 03 01; 174(3):287-294. View abstract
  14. Mannix R, Lee LK. Doctoring While Woman. Acad Emerg Med. 2020 05; 27(5):434-436. View abstract
  15. Rees CA, Lee LK, Fleegler EW, Mannix R. Mass School Shootings in the United States: A Novel Root Cause Analysis Using Lay Press Reports. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2019 11; 58(13):1423-1428. View abstract
  16. Dorney K, Dodington JM, Rees CA, Farrell CA, Hanson HR, Lyons TW, Lee LK. Preventing injuries must be a priority to prevent disease in the twenty-first century. Pediatr Res. 2020 01; 87(2):282-292. View abstract
  17. Lee LK, Schaechter J. No Silver Bullet: Firearm Laws and Pediatric Death Prevention. Pediatrics. 2019 08; 144(2). View abstract
  18. Lee LK, Monuteaux MC, Galbraith AA. Women's Affordability, Access, and Preventive Care After the Affordable Care Act. Am J Prev Med. 2019 05; 56(5):631-638. View abstract
  19. Hoffmann JA, Stack AM, Samnaliev M, Monuteaux MC, Lee LK. Trends in Visits and Costs for Mental Health Emergencies in a Pediatric Emergency Department, 2010-2016. Acad Pediatr. 2019 May - Jun; 19(4):386-393. View abstract
  20. Stopa BM, Amoroso S, Ronfani L, Neri E, Barbi E, Lee LK. Comparison of minor head trauma management in the emergency departments of a United States and Italian Children's hospital. Ital J Pediatr. 2019 Feb 11; 45(1):24. View abstract
  21. Hoffmann JA, Stack AM, Monuteaux MC, Levin R, Lee LK. Factors associated with boarding and length of stay for pediatric mental health emergency visits. Am J Emerg Med. 2019 10; 37(10):1829-1835. View abstract
  22. Lee LK, Monuteaux MC, Everett W. Early Effects of the ACA on Women's Health Measures. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 12; 33(12):2034-2036. View abstract
  23. Stewart AM, Kanak MM, Gerald AM, Kimia AA, Landschaft A, Sandel MT, Lee LK. Pediatric Emergency Department Visits for Homelessness After Shelter Eligibility Policy Change. Pediatrics. 2018 11; 142(5). View abstract
  24. Lee LK, Mannix R. Increasing Fatality Rates From Preventable Deaths in Teenagers and Young Adults. JAMA. 2018 Aug 14; 320(6):543-544. View abstract
  25. Lee LK. Twenty-two years of injury free. Inj Epidemiol. 2018 Apr 10; 5(Suppl 1):10. View abstract
  26. Monuteaux MC, Fleegler EW, Lee LK. A cross-sectional study of emergency care utilization and associated costs of violent-related (assault) injuries in the United States. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 11; 83(5S Suppl 2):S240-S245. View abstract
  27. Frohlich LC, Paydar-Darian N, Cilento BG, Lee LK. Prospective Validation of Clinical Score for Males Presenting With an Acute Scrotum. Acad Emerg Med. 2017 12; 24(12):1474-1482. View abstract
  28. Monuteaux MC, Fleegler EW, Lee LK. A cross-sectional study of emergency care utilization and associated costs of violent-related (assault) injuries in the United States. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 08; 83(2):310-315. View abstract
  29. Lee LK, Monuteaux MC, Hudgins JD, Porter JJ, Lipsett SC, Bourgeois F, Cilento BG, Neuman MI. Variation in the evaluation of testicular conditions across United States pediatric emergency departments. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Feb; 36(2):208-212. View abstract
  30. Farrell CA, Hannon M, Lee LK. Pediatric spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality in the era of advanced imaging. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2017 Jun; 29(3):286-290. View abstract
  31. Farrell CA, Fleegler EW, Monuteaux MC, Wilson CR, Christian CW, Lee LK. Community Poverty and Child Abuse Fatalities in the United States. Pediatrics. 2017 May; 139(5). View abstract
  32. Hudgins JD, Monuteaux MC, Bourgeois FT, Nigrovic LE, Fine AM, Lee LK, Mannix R, Lipsett SC, Neuman MI. Complexity and Severity of Pediatric Patients Treated at United States Emergency Departments. J Pediatr. 2017 07; 186:145-149.e1. View abstract
  33. Chong SL, Tyebally A, Chew SY, Lim YC, Feng XY, Chin ST, Lee LK. Road traffic injuries among children and adolescents in Singapore - Who is at greatest risk? Accid Anal Prev. 2017 Mar; 100:59-64. View abstract
  34. Lee LK, Fleegler EW, Farrell C, Avakame E, Srinivasan S, Hemenway D, Monuteaux MC. Firearm Laws and Firearm Homicides: A Systematic Review. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 01 01; 177(1):106-119. View abstract
  35. Monuteaux MC, Mannix R, Fleegler EW, Lee LK. Predictors and Outcomes of Pediatric Firearm Injuries Treated in the Emergency Department: Differences by Mechanism of Intent. Acad Emerg Med. 2016 07; 23(7):790-5. View abstract
  36. Lee LK. One of the Challenges of Bringing Your Newborn Home Begins with Installing the Car Safety Seat. J Pediatr. 2016 Apr; 171:16-7. View abstract
  37. Lee LK, Mulvaney-Day N, Berger AM, Bhaumik U, Nguyen HT, Ward VL. The Patient Passport Program: An Intervention to Improve Patient-Provider Communication for Hospitalized Minority Children and Their Families. Acad Pediatr. 2016 07; 16(5):460-467. View abstract
  38. Lee LK, Farrell CA, Mannix R. Restraint use in motor vehicle crash fatalities in children 0 year to 9 years old. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015 Sep; 79(3 Suppl 1):S55-60. View abstract
  39. Mahajan P, Kuppermann N, Tunik M, Yen K, Atabaki SM, Lee LK, Ellison AM, Bonsu BK, Olsen CS, Cook L, Kwok MY, Lillis K, Holmes JF. Comparison of Clinician Suspicion Versus a Clinical Prediction Rule in Identifying Children at Risk for Intra-abdominal Injuries After Blunt Torso Trauma. Acad Emerg Med. 2015 Sep; 22(9):1034-41. View abstract
  40. Lee LK, Monuteaux MC, Burghardt LC, Fleegler EW, Nigrovic LE, Meehan WP, Schutzman SA, Mannix R. Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities in States With Primary Versus Secondary Seat Belt Laws: A Time-Series Analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Aug 04; 163(3):184-90. View abstract
  41. Monuteaux MC, Lee LK, Hemenway D, Mannix R, Fleegler EW. Firearm Ownership and Violent Crime in the U.S.: An Ecologic Study. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Aug; 49(2):207-14. View abstract
  42. Kiley K, Damian F, MacClaren W, Dupuis JM, Salvatore D, Nolan M, Lee LK. A computerized child passenger safety screening program in the emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2014 Sep; 30(9):631-5. View abstract
  43. Lee LK, Monroe D, Bachman MC, Glass TF, Mahajan PV, Cooper A, Stanley RM, Miskin M, Dayan PS, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N. Isolated loss of consciousness in children with minor blunt head trauma. JAMA Pediatr. 2014 Sep; 168(9):837-43. View abstract
  44. Lee LK, Rogers AJ, Ehrlich PF, Kwok M, Sokolove PE, Blumberg S, Kooistra J, Olsen CS, Wootton-Gorges S, Cooper A, Kuppermann N, Holmes JF. Occult pneumothoraces in children with blunt torso trauma. Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Apr; 21(4):440-8. View abstract
  45. Srinivasan S, Mannix R, Lee LK. Epidemiology of paediatric firearm injuries in the USA, 2001-2010. Arch Dis Child. 2014 Apr; 99(4):331-5. View abstract
  46. Elliott LN, DiGirolamo B, McMahon M, Damian F, Brostoff M, Shermont H, Mooney DP, Lee LK. An Inpatient Child Passenger Safety program. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2013 Nov; 52(11):1022-8. View abstract
  47. Meehan WP, Lee LK, Fischer CM, Mannix RC. Bicycle helmet laws are associated with a lower fatality rate from bicycle-motor vehicle collisions. J Pediatr. 2013 Sep; 163(3):726-9. View abstract
  48. Fleegler EW, Lee LK, Monuteaux MC, Hemenway D, Mannix R. Firearm legislation and firearm-related fatalities in the United States. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 May 13; 173(9):732-40. View abstract
  49. Kerrey BT, Rogers AJ, Lee LK, Adelgais K, Tunik M, Blumberg SM, Quayle KS, Sokolove PE, Wisner DH, Miskin ML, Kuppermann N, Holmes JF. A multicenter study of the risk of intra-abdominal injury in children after normal abdominal computed tomography scan results in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2013 Oct; 62(4):319-26. View abstract
  50. Mannix R, Fleegler E, Meehan WP, Schutzman SA, Hennelly K, Nigrovic L, Lee LK. Booster seat laws and fatalities in children 4 to 7 years of age. Pediatrics. 2012 Dec; 130(6):996-1002. View abstract
  51. Lee LK, Walia T, Forbes PW, Osganian SK, Samuels R, Cox JE, Mooney DP. Home safety practices in an urban low-income population: level of agreement between parental self-report and observed behaviors. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2012 Dec; 51(12):1119-24. View abstract
  52. Hennelly KE, Mannix R, Nigrovic LE, Lee LK, Thompson KM, Monuteaux MC, Proctor M, Schutzman S. Pediatric traumatic brain injury and radiation risks: a clinical decision analysis. J Pediatr. 2013 Feb; 162(2):392-7. View abstract
  53. Rudloe TF, Schutzman S, Lee LK, Kimia AA. No longer a "nursemaid's" elbow: mechanisms, caregivers, and prevention. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Aug; 28(8):771-4. View abstract
  54. Schonfeld D, Lee LK. Blunt abdominal trauma in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2012 Jun; 24(3):314-8. View abstract
  55. Thompson RW, Krauss B, Kim YJ, Monuteaux MC, Zerriny S, Lee LK. Extremity fracture pain after emergency department reduction and casting: predictors of pain after discharge. Ann Emerg Med. 2012 Sep; 60(3):269-77. View abstract
  56. Fleegler EW, Monuteaux MC, Bauer SR, Lee LK. Attempts to silence firearm injury prevention. Am J Prev Med. 2012 Jan; 42(1):99-102. View abstract
  57. Nigrovic LE, Lee LK, Hoyle J, Stanley RM, Gorelick MH, Miskin M, Atabaki SM, Dayan PS, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N. Prevalence of clinically important traumatic brain injuries in children with minor blunt head trauma and isolated severe injury mechanisms. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Apr; 166(4):356-61. View abstract
  58. Pryor SD, Lee LK. Clinical outcomes and diagnostic imaging of pediatric patients with pneumomediastinum secondary to blunt trauma to the chest. J Trauma. 2011 Oct; 71(4):904-8. View abstract
  59. Mannix R, Nigrovic LE, Schutzman SA, Hennelly K, Bourgeois FT, Meehan WP, Fleisher G, Monuteaux M, Lee LK. Factors associated with the use of cervical spine computed tomography imaging in pediatric trauma patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2011 Sep; 18(9):905-11. View abstract
  60. Lee LK, Dayan PS, Gerardi MJ, Borgialli DA, Badawy MK, Callahan JM, Lillis KA, Stanley RM, Gorelick MH, Dong L, Zuspan SJ, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N. Intracranial hemorrhage after blunt head trauma in children with bleeding disorders. J Pediatr. 2011 Jun; 158(6):1003-1008.e1-2. View abstract
  61. Mannix R, Bourgeois FT, Schutzman SA, Bernstein A, Lee LK. Neuroimaging for pediatric head trauma: do patient and hospital characteristics influence who gets imaged? Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Jul; 17(7):694-700. View abstract
  62. Lee LK, Fleegler EW, Forbes PW, Olson KL, Mooney DP. The modern paediatric injury pyramid: injuries in Massachusetts children and adolescents. Inj Prev. 2010 Apr; 16(2):123-6. View abstract
  63. Kimia A, Lee L, Shannon M, Capraro A, Mays D, Johnston P, Hummel D, Shuman M. Holiday ornament-related injuries in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2009 Dec; 25(12):819-22. View abstract
  64. Kuppermann N, Holmes JF, Dayan PS, Hoyle JD, Atabaki SM, Holubkov R, Nadel FM, Monroe D, Stanley RM, Borgialli DA, Badawy MK, Schunk JE, Quayle KS, Mahajan P, Lichenstein R, Lillis KA, Tunik MG, Jacobs ES, Callahan JM, Gorelick MH, Glass TF, Lee LK, Bachman MC, Cooper A, Powell EC, Gerardi MJ, Melville KA, Muizelaar JP, Wisner DH, Zuspan SJ, Dean JM, Wootton-Gorges SL. Identification of children at very low risk of clinically-important brain injuries after head trauma: a prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2009 Oct 03; 374(9696):1160-70. View abstract
  65. Kimia AA, Waltzman ML, Shannon MW, Mays DL, Johnston PR, Hummel D, Ben-Joseph EP, Lee LK. Glass table-related injuries in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2009 Mar; 25(3):145-9. View abstract
  66. Lee LK. Surgical Emergencies: Orthopedic, Chest, and Neurosurgical. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Question Review Book. 2009. View abstract
  67. Aprahamian N, Lee LK, Shannon M, Hummel D, Johnson P, Kimia A. Glass thermometer injuries: it is not just about the mercury. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2009; in press. View abstract
  68. Lee LK. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Question Review Book. Surgical Emergencies: Orthopedic, Chest, and Neurosurgical. 2009. View abstract
  69. Lee LK. Pediatric Orthopedics: Children Are Not Little Adults. 2009. View abstract
  70. Aprahamian N, Lee LK, Shannon M, Hummel D, Johnson P, Kimia A. Pediatr Emerg Care. Glass thermometer injuries: it is not just about the mercury. 2009; 25:645-647. View abstract
  71. Wang VJ, Lee LK. Research Methods and Epidemiology. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Question Review Book. 2009. View abstract
  72. Wang VJ and Lee LK. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Question Review Book. Research Methods and Epidemiology. 2009. View abstract
  73. Lee LK. Booster Seat Demonstration. 2008. View abstract
  74. Lee LK, Damian F, Walia T. Booster Seat Educational Video. 2008. View abstract
  75. Lee LK and Fleisher GF. Trauma management: Unique pediatric considerations. 2008. View abstract
  76. Lee LK and Fleisher GF. Trauma management: Approach to the unstable child II. 2008. View abstract
  77. Lee, LK and Fleisher GF. Trauma Management: Approach to the Unstable Child I. 2008. View abstract
  78. Lee LK and Fleisher GF. Approach to the initially stable child. 2008. View abstract
  79. Lee LK. Controversies in the sequelae of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007 Aug; 23(8):580-3; quiz 584-6. View abstract
  80. Lee LK. Pediatric Non-Accidental Trauma. Emergency Medicine Handbook: Critical Concept for Clinical Practice. 2007; 1093-1099. View abstract
  81. Lee LK, Thompson KM. Parental survey of beliefs and practices about bathing and water safety and their children: guidance for drowning prevention. Accid Anal Prev. 2007 Jan; 39(1):58-62. View abstract
  82. Lee LK, Mao C, Thompson KM. Demographic factors and their association with outcomes in pediatric submersion injury. Acad Emerg Med. 2006 Mar; 13(3):308-13. View abstract
  83. Lee LK. Pallor. Signs and Symptoms in Pediatrics: Urgent and Emergent Care. 2005; 363-369. View abstract
  84. Lee LK, Shannon MW, Arnold J. The use of high frequency oscillatory ventilation in hydrocarbon pneumonitis. Internet Journal of Medical Toxicology. 2003; 6:6. View abstract
  85. Lee LK, Stack AM, Fleisher GR, Thompson CM, Malley R. Therapeutic Human Anticapsular Pneumococcal Antibody Protects against Bacteremia and Mortaility Due to Streptococcus pneumonia type 19f in Infant Rats. Pediatric Research. 2001; 49:241A. View abstract
  86. Koplin Winston F, Arbogast KB, Lee LA, Menon RA. Computer crash simulations in the development of child occupant safety policies. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Mar; 154(3):276-80. View abstract
  87. Hamilton KK, Lee LK, Doetsch PW. A Novel Eukaryotic DNA Repeair Enzyme Recognizes UV-Light Induced Cyclobutane Pyrimidine Dimers. Photodermatology, photoimmunology, and photomedicine. 1991; 38. View abstract