Medical School

  • Duke University School of Medicine , Durham , NC


  • Duke University School of Medicine , Durham , NC


Pediatric Hematology-Oncology
  • Boston Children's Hospital/Dana-Farber Cancer Institute , Boston , MA


Dr. Leslie Lehmann is the clinical director of the Stem Cell Transplantation Program at Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. She specializes in bone marrow and stem cell transplantation and the long-term effects of stem cell transplantation. In addition, she is an assistant professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School.


  • American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Hematology and Oncology


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Richardson PG, Smith AR, Kernan NA, Lehmann L, Ryan RJ, Grupp SA. Analysis of Time to Complete Response after Defibrotide Initiation in Patients with Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease/Sinusoidal Obstruction Syndrome after Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2020 Sep 17. View abstract
  2. Pulsipher MA, Lehmann LE, Bertuch AA, Sasa G, Olson T, Nakano T, Gilio A, Burroughs LM, Lipton JM, Huang JN, Dickerson K, Bertaina A, Zhuang C, Malsch M, Fleming M, Weller E, Shimamura A, Williams DA. A study assessing the feasibility of randomization of pediatric and young adult patients between matched unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation and immune-suppressive therapy for newly diagnosed severe aplastic anemia: A joint pilot trial of the North American Pediatric Aplastic Anemia Consortium and the Pediatric Transplantation and Cellular Therapy Consortium. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2020 Aug 09; e28444. View abstract
  3. Algwaiz G, Aljurf M, Koh M, Horowitz MM, Ljungman P, Weisdorf D, Saber W, Kodera Y, Szer J, Jawdat D, Wood WA, Brazauskas R, Lehmann L, Pasquini MC, Seber A, Lu PH, Atsuta Y, Riches M, Perales MA, Worel N, Okamoto S, Srivastava A, Chemaly RF, Cordonnier C, Dandoy CE, Wingard JR, Kharfan-Dabaja MA, Hamadani M, Majhail NS, Waghmare AA, Chao N, Kröger N, Shaw B, Mohty M, Niederwieser D, Greinix H, Hashmi SK. Real-World Issues and Potential Solutions in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Perspectives from the Worldwide Network for Blood and Marrow Transplantation and Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Health Services and International Studies Committee. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2020 Jul 24. View abstract
  4. DeBoer RJ, Shyirambere C, Driscoll CD, Butera Y, Paciorek A, Ruhangaza D, Fadelu TA, Umwizerwa A, Bigirimana JB, Muhayimana C, Nguyen C, Park PH, Mpunga T, Lehmann L, Shulman LN. Treatment of Hodgkin Lymphoma With ABVD Chemotherapy in Rural Rwanda: A Model for Cancer Care Delivery Implementation. JCO Glob Oncol. 2020 Jul; 6:1093-1102. View abstract
  5. Schoettler M, Lehmann LE, Margossian S, Lee M, Kean LS, Kao PC, Ma C, Duncan CN. Risk factors for transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy and mortality in a pediatric cohort. Blood Adv. 2020 Jun 09; 4(11):2536-2547. View abstract
  6. Im A, Rashidi A, Wang T, Hemmer M, MacMillan ML, Pidala J, Jagasia M, Pavletic S, Majhail NS, Weisdorf D, Abdel-Azim H, Agrawal V, Al-Homsi AS, Aljurf M, Askar M, Auletta JJ, Bashey A, Beitinjaneh A, Bhatt VR, Byrne M, Cahn JY, Cairo M, Castillo P, Cerny J, Chhabra S, Choe H, Ciurea S, Daly A, Perez MAD, Farhadfar N, Gadalla SM, Gale R, Ganguly S, Gergis U, Hanna R, Hematti P, Herzig R, Hildebrandt GC, Lad DP, Lee C, Lehmann L, Lekakis L, Kamble RT, Kharfan-Dabaja MA, Khandelwal P, Martino R, Murthy HS, Nishihori T, O'Brien TA, Olsson RF, Patel SS, Perales MA, Prestidge T, Qayed M, Romee R, Schoemans H, Seo S, Sharma A, Solh M, Strair R, Teshima T, Urbano-Ispizua A, Van der Poel M, Vij R, Wagner JL, William B, Wirk B, Yared JA, Spellman SR, Arora M, Hamilton BK. Risk Factors for Graft-versus-Host Disease in Haploidentical Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Using Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2020 Aug; 26(8):1459-1468. View abstract
  7. Ardura M, Hartley D, Dandoy C, Lehmann L, Jaglowski S, Auletta JJ. Addressing the Impact of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic on Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: Learning Networks as a Means for Sharing Best Practices. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2020 07; 26(7):e147-e160. View abstract
  8. Richardson PG, Smith AR, Kernan NA, Lehmann L, Soiffer RJ, Ryan RJ, Tappe W, Grupp S. Pooled analysis of Day 100 survival for defibrotide-treated patients with hepatic veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome and ventilator or dialysis dependence following haematopoietic cell transplantation. Br J Haematol. 2020 Mar 10. View abstract
  9. Hofmann I, Avagyan S, Stetson A, Guo D, Al-Sayegh H, London WB, Lehmann L. Comparison of Outcomes of Myeloablative Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for Pediatric Patients with Bone Marrow Failure, Myelodysplastic Syndrome and Acute Myeloid Leukemia with and without Germline GATA2 Mutations. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2020 Jun; 26(6):1124-1130. View abstract
  10. Elborai Y, Almutereen M, Maher OM, Hafez H, Lee MA, Lehmann L. Changes in glomerular filtration rate and clinical course after sequential doses of carboplatin in children with embryonal brain tumors undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation. J Egypt Natl Canc Inst. 2020 Feb 18; 32(1):9. View abstract
  11. Mahadeo KM, Bajwa R, Abdel-Azim H, Lehmann LE, Duncan C, Zantek N, Vittorio J, Angelo J, McArthur J, Schadler K, Chan S, Tewari P, Khazal S, Auletta JJ, Choi SW, Shoberu B, Kalwak K, Harden A, Kebriaei P, Abe JI, Li S, Moffet JR, Abraham S, Tambaro FP, Kleinschmidt K, Richardson PG, Corbacioglu S. Diagnosis, grading, and treatment recommendations for children, adolescents, and young adults with sinusoidal obstructive syndrome: an international expert position statement. Lancet Haematol. 2020 Jan; 7(1):e61-e72. View abstract
  12. Buchbinder D, Brazauskas R, Bo-Subait K, Ballen K, Parsons S, John T, Hahn T, Sharma A, Steinberg A, D'Souza A, Kumar AJ, Yoshimi A, Wirk B, Shaw B, Freytes C, LeMaistre C, Bredeson C, Dandoy C, Almaguer D, Marks DI, Szwajcer D, Hale G, Schouten H, Hashem H, Schoemans H, Murthy HS, Lazarus HM, Cerny J, Tay J, Yared JA, Adekola K, Schultz KR, Lehmann L, Burns L, Aljurf M, Diaz MA, Majhail N, Farhadfar N, Kamble R, Olsson R, Schears R, Seo S, Beattie S, Chhabra S, Savani BN, Badawy S, Ganguly S, Ciurea S, Marino S, Gergis U, Kuwatsuka Y, Inamoto Y, Khera N, Hashmi S, Wood W, Saber W. Predictors of Loss to Follow-Up Among Pediatric and Adult Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Survivors: A Report from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2020 Mar; 26(3):553-561. View abstract
  13. Youssef A, Hafez H, Madney Y, Elanany M, Hassanain O, Lehmann LE, El Haddad A. Incidence, risk factors, and outcome of blood stream infections during the first 100 days post-pediatric allogeneic and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantations. Pediatr Transplant. 2020 02; 24(1):e13610. View abstract
  14. Whangbo JS, Kim HT, Mirkovic N, Leonard L, Poryanda S, Silverstein S, Kim S, Reynolds CG, Rai SC, Verrill K, Lee MA, Margossian S, Duncan C, Lehmann L, Huang J, Nikiforow S, Alyea EP, Armand P, Cutler CS, Ho VT, Blazar BR, Antin JH, Soiffer RJ, Ritz J, Koreth J. Dose-escalated interleukin-2 therapy for refractory chronic graft-versus-host disease in adults and children. Blood Adv. 2019 09 10; 3(17):2550-2561. View abstract
  15. Li EB, Song JS, Huang JT, Hawryluk EB, London WB, Guo D, Sridharan M, Fisher DE, Rea CJ, Lehmann LE, Duncan CN. Sun exposure and protection practices in children after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A Survey-Based Cross-Sectional Cohort Study. Pediatr Dermatol. 2019 Nov; 36(6):882-886. View abstract
  16. Dieffenbach BV, Madenci AL, Murphy AJ, Weldon CB, Weil BR, Lehmann LE. Therapeutic Impact and Complications Associated with Surgical Lung Biopsy after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Children. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2019 11; 25(11):2181-2185. View abstract
  17. Benson LA, Li H, Henderson LA, Solomon IH, Soldatos A, Murphy J, Bielekova B, Kennedy AL, Rivkin MJ, Davies KJ, Hsu AP, Holland SM, Gahl WA, Sundel RP, Lehmann LE, Lee MA, Alexandrescu S, Degar BA, Duncan CN, Gorman MP. Pediatric CNS-isolated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2019 05; 6(3):e560. View abstract
  18. Lehmann L. Protecting the Selfless: Toward More Comprehensive Care for Pediatric Related Stem Cell Donors. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2019 05; 25(5):e143-e144. View abstract
  19. Schoettler M, Duncan C, Lehmann L. Severe, persistent neurotoxicity after transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy in a pediatric patient despite treatment with eculizumab. Pediatr Transplant. 2019 05; 23(3):e13381. View abstract
  20. Li H, Benson LA, Henderson LA, Solomon IH, Kennedy AL, Soldatos A, Bielekova B, Murphy J, Davies KJ, Lehmann LE, Lee MA, Alexandrescu S, Degar BA, Gorman MP, Duncan CN. Central nervous system-restricted familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis responds to hematopoietic cell transplantation. Blood Adv. 2019 02 26; 3(4):503-507. View abstract
  21. Halyabar O, Chang MH, Schoettler ML, Schwartz MA, Baris EH, Benson LA, Biggs CM, Gorman M, Lehmann L, Lo MS, Nigrovic PA, Platt CD, Priebe GP, Rowe J, Sundel RP, Surana NK, Weinacht KG, Mann A, Yuen JC, Meleedy-Rey P, Starmer A, Banerjee T, Dedeoglu F, Degar BA, Hazen MM, Henderson LA. Calm in the midst of cytokine storm: a collaborative approach to the diagnosis and treatment of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and macrophage activation syndrome. Pediatr Rheumatol Online J. 2019 Feb 14; 17(1):7. View abstract
  22. Schoettler M, Duncan C, Lehmann L, Furutani E, Subramaniam M, Margossian S. Ruxolitinib is an effective steroid sparing agent in children with steroid refractory/dependent bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after allogenic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2019 07; 54(7):1158-1160. View abstract
  23. Moneib H, Hafez H, Abdalla A, Hassanain O, Lehmann L, Haddad AE. Day +100 Platelet Count Predicts Survival After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation in Children With Hematologic Malignancies. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2019 05; 19(5):e221-e227. View abstract
  24. Schoettler M, Lehmann L, Li A, Ma C, Duncan C. Thrombotic Microangiopathy Following Pediatric Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Report of Significant End-Organ Dysfunction in Eculizumab-Treated Survivors. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2019 05; 25(5):e163-e168. View abstract
  25. Mahadeo KM, Khazal SJ, Abdel-Azim H, Fitzgerald JC, Taraseviciute A, Bollard CM, Tewari P, Duncan C, Traube C, McCall D, Steiner ME, Cheifetz IM, Lehmann LE, Mejia R, Slopis JM, Bajwa R, Kebriaei P, Martin PL, Moffet J, McArthur J, Petropoulos D, O'Hanlon Curry J, Featherston S, Foglesong J, Shoberu B, Gulbis A, Mireles ME, Hafemeister L, Nguyen C, Kapoor N, Rezvani K, Neelapu SS, Shpall EJ. Management guidelines for paediatric patients receiving chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2019 01; 16(1):45-63. View abstract
  26. Maarouf N, Mahmoud S, Khedr R, Lehmann L, Shaaban K, Ibrahim S, Fahmy S, Hassanain O, Nader N, Elhaddad A. Outcome of Childhood Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia: Children's Cancer Hospital Egypt 57357 Experience. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2019 03; 19(3):e142-e152. View abstract
  27. Shulman DS, Mehrotra P, Blonquist TM, Capraro A, Lehmann LE, Silverman LB, Surana NK, Place AE. A single institutional review of pediatric Bacillus spp. bloodstream infections demonstrates increased incidence among children with cancer. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2019 04; 66(4):e27568. View abstract
  28. Manirakiza A, Dugan G, Hanna C, Nguyen C, Fadelu T, Iradukunda E, Fehr AE, Ruhangaza D, Albert E, Mpunga T, Shyirambere C, Lehmann L. Implementation of a graduated-intensity approach for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a Rwandan district hospital. Blood Adv. 2018 11 30; 2(Suppl 1):19-20. View abstract
  29. Steiner ME, Zantek ND, Stanworth SJ, Parker RI, Valentine SL, Lehmann LE, Josephson CD, Bateman ST, Luban NLC. Recommendations on RBC Transfusion Support in Children With Hematologic and Oncologic Diagnoses From the Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 09; 19(9S Suppl 1):S149-S156. View abstract
  30. Valentine SL, Bembea MM, Muszynski JA, Cholette JM, Doctor A, Spinella PC, Steiner ME, Tucci M, Hassan NE, Parker RI, Lacroix J, Argent A, Carson JL, Remy KE, Demaret P, Emeriaud G, Kneyber MCJ, Guzzetta N, Hall MW, Macrae D, Karam O, Russell RT, Stricker PA, Vogel AM, Tasker RC, Turgeon AF, Schwartz SM, Willems A, Josephson CD, Luban NLC, Lehmann LE, Stanworth SJ, Zantek ND, Bunchman TE, Cheifetz IM, Fortenberry JD, Delaney M, van de Watering L, Robinson KA, Malone S, Steffen KM, Bateman ST. Consensus Recommendations for RBC Transfusion Practice in Critically Ill Children From the Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 09; 19(9):884-898. View abstract
  31. Chhabra S, Liu Y, Hemmer MT, Costa L, Pidala JA, Couriel DR, Alousi AM, Majhail NS, Stuart RK, Kim D, Ringden O, Urbano-Ispizua A, Saad A, Savani BN, Cooper B, Marks DI, Socie G, Schouten HC, Schoemans H, Abdel-Azim H, Yared J, Cahn JY, Wagner J, Antin JH, Verdonck LF, Lehmann L, Aljurf MD, MacMillan ML, Litzow MR, Solh MM, Qayed M, Hematti P, Kamble RT, Vij R, Hayashi RJ, Gale RP, Martino R, Seo S, Hashmi SK, Nishihori T, Teshima T, Gergis U, Inamoto Y, Spellman SR, Arora M, Hamilton BK. Comparative Analysis of Calcineurin Inhibitor-Based Methotrexate and Mycophenolate Mofetil-Containing Regimens for Prevention of Graft-versus-Host Disease after Reduced-Intensity Conditioning Allogeneic Transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2019 01; 25(1):73-85. View abstract
  32. Kernan NA, Richardson PG, Smith AR, Triplett BM, Antin JH, Lehmann L, Messinger Y, Liang W, Hume R, Tappe W, Soiffer RJ, Grupp SA. Defibrotide for the treatment of hepatic veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome following nontransplant-associated chemotherapy: Final results from a post hoc analysis of data from an expanded-access program. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2018 10; 65(10):e27269. View abstract
  33. Kernan NA, Grupp S, Smith AR, Arai S, Triplett B, Antin JH, Lehmann L, Shore T, Ho VT, Bunin N, Iacobelli M, Liang W, Hume R, Tappe W, Soiffer R, Richardson P. Final results from a defibrotide treatment-IND study for patients with hepatic veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome. Br J Haematol. 2018 06; 181(6):816-827. View abstract
  34. Huang JT, Song JS, Hawryluk EB, London WB, Guo D, Sridharan M, Fisher DE, Lehmann LE, Duncan CN. Nonmalignant late cutaneous changes after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant in children. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2018 Aug; 79(2):230-237. View abstract
  35. Turcotte LM, Wang T, Hemmer MT, Spellman SR, Arora M, Couriel D, Alousi A, Pidala J, Abdel-Azim H, Ahmed I, Beitinjaneh A, Buchbinder D, Byrne M, Callander N, Chao N, Choi SW, DeFilipp Z, Gadalla SM, Gale RP, Gergis U, Hashmi S, Hematti P, Holmberg L, Inamoto Y, Kamble RT, Lehmann L, MacMillan MA, McIver Z, Nishihori T, Norkin M, O'Brien T, Olsson RF, Reshef R, Saad A, Savani BN, Schouten HC, Seo S, Solh M, Verdonck L, Vij R, Wirk B, Yared J, Horowitz MM, Knight JM, Verneris MR. Donor body mass index does not predict graft versus host disease following hematopoietic cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2018 07; 53(7):932-937. View abstract
  36. Rubagumya F, Xu MJ, May L, Driscoll C, Uwizeye FR, Shyirambere C, Larrabee K, Fehr AE, Gilbert UD, Muhayimana C, Hategekimana V, Elmore S, Mpunga T, Moore M, Shulman LN, Lehmann L. Outcomes of Low-Intensity Treatment of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia at Butaro Cancer Center of Excellence in Rwanda. J Glob Oncol. 2018 09; 4:1-11. View abstract
  37. Friedrich P, Guerra-García P, Stetson A, Duncan C, Lehmann L. Young Female Donors Do Not Increase the Risk of Graft-versus-Host Disease or Impact Overall Outcomes in Pediatric HLA-Matched Sibling Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2018 01; 24(1):96-102. View abstract
  38. Levine DR, Baker JN, Wolfe J, Lehmann LE, Ullrich C. Strange Bedfellows No More: How Integrated Stem-Cell Transplantation and Palliative Care Programs Can Together Improve End-of-Life Care. J Oncol Pract. 2017 09; 13(9):569-577. View abstract
  39. Bajwa RPS, Mahadeo KM, Taragin BH, Dvorak CC, McArthur J, Jeyapalan A, Duncan CN, Tamburro R, Gehred A, Lehmann L, Richardson P, Auletta JJ, Woolfrey AE. Consensus Report by Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators and Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplantation Consortium Joint Working Committees: Supportive Care Guidelines for Management of Veno-Occlusive Disease in Children and Adolescents, Part 1: Focus on Investigations, Prophylaxis, and Specific Treatment. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Nov; 23(11):1817-1825. View abstract
  40. Ozuah NW, Dahmoush HM, Grant FD, Lehmann LE, LaCasce AS, Billett AL, Margossian SP. Pretransplant functional imaging and outcome in pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma undergoing autologous transplantation. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2018 Jan; 65(1). View abstract
  41. Richardson PG, Smith AR, Triplett BM, Kernan NA, Grupp SA, Antin JH, Lehmann L, Miloslavsky M, Hume R, Hannah AL, Nejadnik B, Soiffer RJ. Earlier defibrotide initiation post-diagnosis of veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome improves Day +100 survival following haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Br J Haematol. 2017 07; 178(1):112-118. View abstract
  42. Song JS, London WB, Hawryluk EB, Guo D, Sridharan M, Fisher DE, Lehmann LE, Duncan CN, Huang JT. Risk of melanocytic nevi and nonmelanoma skin cancer in children after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2017 Jul; 52(7):989-997. View abstract
  43. Khoury HJ, Wang T, Hemmer MT, Couriel D, Alousi A, Cutler C, Aljurf M, Antin JH, Ayas M, Battiwalla M, Cahn JY, Cairo M, Chen YB, Gale RP, Hashmi S, Hayashi RJ, Jagasia M, Juckett M, Kamble RT, Kharfan-Dabaja M, Litzow M, Majhail N, Miller A, Nishihori T, Qayed M, Schoemans H, Schouten HC, Socie G, Storek J, Verdonck L, Vij R, Wood WA, Yu L, Martino R, Carabasi M, Dandoy C, Gergis U, Hematti P, Solh M, Jamani K, Lehmann L, Savani B, Schultz KR, Wirk BM, Spellman S, Arora M, Pidala J. Improved survival after acute graft-versus-host disease diagnosis in the modern era. Haematologica. 2017 05; 102(5):958-966. View abstract
  44. Richardson PG, Smith AR, Triplett BM, Kernan NA, Grupp SA, Antin JH, Lehmann L, Shore T, Iacobelli M, Miloslavsky M, Hume R, Hannah AL, Nejadnik B, Soiffer RJ. Defibrotide for Patients with Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease/Sinusoidal Obstruction Syndrome: Interim Results from a Treatment IND Study. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Jun; 23(6):997-1004. View abstract
  45. Mehta PA, Davies SM, Leemhuis T, Myers K, Kernan NA, Prockop SE, Scaradavou A, O'Reilly RJ, Williams DA, Lehmann L, Guinan E, Margolis D, Baker KS, Lane A, Boulad F. Radiation-free, alternative-donor HCT for Fanconi anemia patients: results from a prospective multi-institutional study. Blood. 2017 04 20; 129(16):2308-2315. View abstract
  46. Chen YB, Wang T, Hemmer MT, Brady C, Couriel DR, Alousi A, Pidala J, Urbano-Ispizua A, Choi SW, Nishihori T, Teshima T, Inamoto Y, Wirk B, Marks DI, Abdel-Azim H, Lehmann L, Yu L, Bitan M, Cairo MS, Qayed M, Salit R, Gale RP, Martino R, Jaglowski S, Bajel A, Savani B, Frangoul H, Lewis ID, Storek J, Askar M, Kharfan-Dabaja MA, Aljurf M, Ringden O, Reshef R, Olsson RF, Hashmi S, Seo S, Spitzer TR, MacMillan ML, Lazaryan A, Spellman SR, Arora M, Cutler CS. GvHD after umbilical cord blood transplantation for acute leukemia: an analysis of risk factors and effect on outcomes. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2017 Mar; 52(3):400-408. View abstract
  47. Shulman DS, Lee MA, Lehmann LE, Margossian SP. Outcomes Following Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children With Accelerated Phase or Blast Crisis Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia in the Era of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2016 11; 38(8):610-614. View abstract
  48. Madenci AL, Stetson A, Weldon CB, Lehmann LE. Safety of peritoneal and pleural drain placement in pediatric stem cell transplant recipients with severe veno-occlusive disease. Pediatr Transplant. 2016 Aug; 20(5):687-91. View abstract
  49. Rowe RG, Guo D, Lee M, Margossian S, London WB, Lehmann L. Cytomegalovirus Infection in Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Risk Factors for Primary Infection and Cases of Recurrent and Late Infection at a Single Center. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2016 07; 22(7):1275-1283. View abstract
  50. Al-Herz W, Chu JI, van der Spek J, Raghupathy R, Massaad MJ, Keles S, Biggs CM, Cockerton L, Chou J, Dbaibo G, Elisofon SA, Hanna-Wakim R, Kim HB, Lehmann LE, McDonald DR, Notarangelo LD, Veys P, Chatila TA, Geha RS, Gaspar HB, Pai SY. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation outcomes for 11 patients with dedicator of cytokinesis 8 deficiency. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 09; 138(3):852-859.e3. View abstract
  51. Ullrich CK, Lehmann L, London WB, Guo D, Sridharan M, Koch R, Wolfe J. End-of-Life Care Patterns Associated with Pediatric Palliative Care among Children Who Underwent Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2016 06; 22(6):1049-1055. View abstract
  52. Tapela N, Nzayisenga I, Sethi R, Bigirimana JB, Habineza H, Hategekimana V, Mantini N, Mpunga T, Shulman LN, Lehmann L. Treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Rural Rwanda: Promising Early Outcomes. J Glob Oncol. 2016 Jun; 2(3):129-137. View abstract
  53. Richardson PG, Riches ML, Kernan NA, Brochstein JA, Mineishi S, Termuhlen AM, Arai S, Grupp SA, Guinan EC, Martin PL, Steinbach G, Krishnan A, Nemecek ER, Giralt S, Rodriguez T, Duerst R, Doyle J, Antin JH, Smith A, Lehmann L, Champlin R, Gillio A, Bajwa R, D'Agostino RB, Massaro J, Warren D, Miloslavsky M, Hume RL, Iacobelli M, Nejadnik B, Hannah AL, Soiffer RJ. Phase 3 trial of defibrotide for the treatment of severe veno-occlusive disease and multi-organ failure. Blood. 2016 Mar 31; 127(13):1656-65. View abstract
  54. Shyirambere C, Xu MJ, Elmore SN, Fadelu T, May L, Tapela N, Umuhizi DG, Uwizeye FR, Driscoll C, Muhayimana C, Hategekimana V, Rubagumya F, Nzayisenga I, Shulman LN, Mpunga T, Lehmann LE. Treating Nephroblastoma in Rwanda: Using International Society of Pediatric Oncology Guidelines in a Novel Oncologic Care Model. J Glob Oncol. 2016 Jun; 2(3):105-113. View abstract
  55. Stulac S, Mark Munyaneza RB, Chai J, Bigirimana JB, Nyishime M, Tapela N, Chaffee S, Lehmann L, Shulman LN. Initiating Childhood Cancer Treatment in Rural Rwanda: A Partnership-Based Approach. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2016 May; 63(5):813-7. View abstract
  56. Lehmann L, El-Haddad A, Barr RD. Global Approach to Hematologic Malignancies. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2016 Apr; 30(2):417-32. View abstract
  57. Elborai Y, Hafez H, Moussa EA, Hammad M, Hussein H, Lehmann L, Elhaddad A. Comparison of toxicity following different conditioning regimens (busulfan/melphalan and carboplatin/etoposide/melphalan) for advanced stage neuroblastoma: Experience of two transplant centers. Pediatr Transplant. 2016 Mar; 20(2):284-9. View abstract
  58. Poorvu PD, Barton SE, Duncan CN, London WB, Laufer MR, Lehmann LE, Marcus KJ. Use and Effectiveness of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonists for Prophylactic Menstrual Suppression in Postmenarchal Women Who Undergo Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2016 Jun; 29(3):265-8. View abstract
  59. Stulac S, Binagwaho A, Tapela NM, Wagner CM, Muhimpundu MA, Ngabo F, Nsanzimana S, Kayonde L, Bigirimana JB, Lessard AJ, Lehmann L, Shulman LN, Nutt CT, Drobac P, Mpunga T, Farmer PE. Capacity building for oncology programmes in sub-Saharan Africa: the Rwanda experience. Lancet Oncol. 2015 Aug; 16(8):e405-13. View abstract
  60. Mehta PA, Zhang MJ, Eapen M, He W, Seber A, Gibson B, Camitta BM, Kitko CL, Dvorak CC, Nemecek ER, Frangoul HA, Abdel-Azim H, Kasow KA, Lehmann L, Gonzalez Vicent M, Diaz Pérez MA, Ayas M, Qayed M, Carpenter PA, Jodele S, Lund TC, Leung WH, Davies SM. Transplantation Outcomes for Children with Hypodiploid Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015 Jul; 21(7):1273-7. View abstract
  61. Shulman DS, London WB, Guo D, Duncan CN, Lehmann LE. Incidence and causes of hospital readmission in pediatric patients after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015 May; 21(5):913-9. View abstract
  62. Bona K, London WB, Guo D, Abel G, Lehmann L, Wolfe J. Prevalence and impact of financial hardship among New England pediatric stem cell transplantation families. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015 Feb; 21(2):312-8. View abstract
  63. Hacein-Bey-Abina S, Pai SY, Gaspar HB, Armant M, Berry CC, Blanche S, Bleesing J, Blondeau J, de Boer H, Buckland KF, Caccavelli L, Cros G, De Oliveira S, Fernández KS, Guo D, Harris CE, Hopkins G, Lehmann LE, Lim A, London WB, van der Loo JC, Malani N, Male F, Malik P, Marinovic MA, McNicol AM, Moshous D, Neven B, Oleastro M, Picard C, Ritz J, Rivat C, Schambach A, Shaw KL, Sherman EA, Silberstein LE, Six E, Touzot F, Tsytsykova A, Xu-Bayford J, Baum C, Bushman FD, Fischer A, Kohn DB, Filipovich AH, Notarangelo LD, Cavazzana M, Williams DA, Thrasher AJ. A modified ?-retrovirus vector for X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency. N Engl J Med. 2014 Oct 09; 371(15):1407-17. View abstract
  64. Huang JT, Duncan CN, Boyer D, Khosravi H, Lehmann LE, Saavedra A. Nail dystrophy, edema, and eosinophilia: harbingers of severe chronic GVHD of the skin in children. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2014 Dec; 49(12):1521-7. View abstract
  65. Madenci AL, Lehmann LE, Weldon CB. Surgical consultation and intervention during pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Pediatr Transplant. 2014 Dec; 18(8):875-81. View abstract
  66. Pai SY, de Boer H, Massaad MJ, Chatila TA, Keles S, Jabara HH, Janssen E, Lehmann LE, Hanna-Wakim R, Dbaibo G, McDonald DR, Al-Herz W, Geha RS. Flow cytometry diagnosis of dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Jul; 134(1):221-3. View abstract
  67. Cohen LE, Gordon JH, Popovsky EY, Gunawardene S, Duffey-Lind E, Lehmann LE, Diller LR. Late effects in children treated with intensive multimodal therapy for high-risk neuroblastoma: high incidence of endocrine and growth problems. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2014 Apr; 49(4):502-8. View abstract
  68. Bitan M, He W, Zhang MJ, Abdel-Azim H, Ayas MF, Bielorai B, Carpenter PA, Cairo MS, Diaz MA, Horan JT, Jodele S, Kitko CL, Schultz KR, Kletzel M, Kasow KA, Lehmann LE, Mehta PA, Shah N, Pulsipher MA, Prestidge T, Seber A, Shenoy S, Woolfrey AE, Yu LC, Davies SM. Transplantation for children with acute myeloid leukemia: a comparison of outcomes with reduced intensity and myeloablative regimens. Blood. 2014 Mar 06; 123(10):1615-20. View abstract
  69. Hitzler JK, He W, Doyle J, Cairo M, Camitta BM, Chan KW, Diaz Perez MA, Fraser C, Gross TG, Horan JT, Kennedy-Nasser AA, Kitko C, Kurtzberg J, Lehmann L, O'Brien T, Pulsipher MA, Smith FO, Zhang MJ, Eapen M, Carpenter PA. Outcome of transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children with Down syndrome. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2014 Jun; 61(6):1126-8. View abstract
  70. Meserve EE, Lehmann LE, Perez-Atayde AR, Labelle JL. Cyclophosphamide-associated cardiotoxicity in a child after stem cell transplantation for ß-thalassemia major: case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2014 Jan-Feb; 17(1):50-4. View abstract
  71. Croteau SE, Luo HY, Lehmann LE, Chui DH, Neufeld EJ. Novel dominant ß-thalassemia: Hb Boston-Kuwait [codon 139/140(+T)]. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 Oct; 60(10):E131-4. View abstract
  72. Duncan CN, Lehmann LE, Cheifetz IM, Greathouse K, Haight AE, Hall MW, Herschberger A, Hill KS, Moffet JR, Morrison RR, Norris AL, Petrovic A, Spear DA, Steiner ME, Talano JA, Tamburro RF, Wagner J, McArthur J. Clinical outcomes of children receiving intensive cardiopulmonary support during hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2013 Mar; 14(3):261-7. View abstract
  73. Hitzler JK, He W, Doyle J, Cairo M, Camitta BM, Chan KW, Diaz Perez MA, Fraser C, Gross TG, Horan JT, Kennedy-Nasser AA, Kitko C, Kurtzberg J, Lehmann L, O'Brien T, Pulsipher MA, Smith FO, Zhang MJ, Eapen M, Carpenter PA. Outcome of transplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia in children with Down syndrome. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2013 Jun; 19(6):893-7. View abstract
  74. Richardson PG, Corbacioglu S, Ho VT, Kernan NA, Lehmann L, Maguire C, Maglio M, Hoyle M, Sardella M, Giralt S, Holler E, Carreras E, Niederwieser D, Soiffer R. Drug safety evaluation of defibrotide. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2013 Jan; 12(1):123-36. View abstract
  75. Lo MS, Lee GM, Gunawardane N, Burchett SK, Lachenauer CS, Lehmann LE. The impact of RSV, adenovirus, influenza, and parainfluenza infection in pediatric patients receiving stem cell transplant, solid organ transplant, or cancer chemotherapy. Pediatr Transplant. 2013 Mar; 17(2):133-43. View abstract
  76. Elborai Y, Uwumugambi A, Lehmann L. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for thalassemia. Immunotherapy. 2012 Sep; 4(9):947-56. View abstract
  77. Treister N, Duncan C, Cutler C, Lehmann L. How we treat oral chronic graft-versus-host disease. Blood. 2012 Oct 25; 120(17):3407-18. View abstract
  78. Corbacioglu S, Kernan N, Lehmann L, Brochstein J, Revta C, Grupp S, Martin P, Richardson PG. Defibrotide for the treatment of hepatic veno-occlusive disease in children after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Expert Rev Hematol. 2012 Jun; 5(3):291-302. View abstract
  79. Nahata L, Cohen LE, Lehmann LE, Yu RN. Semen analysis in adolescent cancer patients prior to bone marrow transplantation: when is it too late for fertility preservation? Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 Jan; 60(1):129-32. View abstract
  80. Lightdale JR, Randolph AG, Tran CM, Jiang H, Colon A, Houlahan K, Billet A, Sloan S, Lehmann LE. Impact of a conservative red blood cell transfusion strategy in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2012 May; 18(5):813-7. View abstract
  81. Oshrine B, Lehmann LE, Duncan CN. Safety and utility of liver biopsy after pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2011 Apr; 33(3):e92-7. View abstract
  82. Daly KP, Colan SD, Blume ED, Margossian R, Gauvreau K, Duncan C, Lehmann LE, Chen MH. Changes in echocardiographic measures of systolic and diastolic function in children 1 year after hematopoietic SCT. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2011 Dec; 46(12):1532-9. View abstract
  83. Smith AR, Majhail NS, MacMillan ML, DeFor TE, Jodele S, Lehmann LE, Krance R, Davies SM. Hematopoietic cell transplantation comorbidity index predicts transplantation outcomes in pediatric patients. Blood. 2011 Mar 03; 117(9):2728-34. View abstract
  84. Duncan CN, Vrooman L, Apfelbaum EM, Whitley K, Bechard L, Lehmann LE. 25-hydroxy vitamin D deficiency following pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2011 May; 17(5):749-53. View abstract
  85. Duncan CN, Barry EV, Lehmann LE. Tolerability of pravastatin in pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients with bronchiolitis obliterans. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2010 Apr; 32(3):185-8. View abstract
  86. Ullrich CK, Dussel V, Hilden JM, Sheaffer JW, Lehmann L, Wolfe J. End-of-life experience of children undergoing stem cell transplantation for malignancy: parent and provider perspectives and patterns of care. Blood. 2010 May 13; 115(19):3879-85. View abstract
  87. Kheir JN, Lawlor MW, Ahn ES, Lehmann L, Riviello JJ, Silvera VM, McManus M, Folkerth RD. Neuropathology of a fatal case of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2010 Sep-Oct; 13(5):397-403. View abstract
  88. Jacobsohn DA, Gilman AL, Rademaker A, Browning B, Grimley M, Lehmann L, Nemecek ER, Thormann K, Schultz KR, Vogelsang GB. Evaluation of pentostatin in corticosteroid-refractory chronic graft-versus-host disease in children: a Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium study. Blood. 2009 Nov 12; 114(20):4354-60. View abstract
  89. Kesselheim JC, Lehmann LE, Styron NF, Joffe S. Is blood thicker than water?: ethics of hematopoietic stem cell donation by biological siblings of adopted children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 May; 163(5):413-6. View abstract
  90. Peritz DC, Duncan C, Kurek K, Perez-Atayde AR, Lehmann LE. Visceral varicella zoster virus (VZV) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) in pediatric patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2008 Dec; 30(12):931-4. View abstract
  91. Peritz DC, Lehmann LE, Duncan C. Visceral varicella zoster virus (VZV) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) in pediatric patients with chronic GVHD. J Clin Oncol. 2008 May 20; 26(15_suppl):18027. View abstract
  92. Grewal SS, Hunt JP, O'Connor SC, Gianturco LE, Richardson MW, Lehmann LE. Helicobacter pylori associated gastric Burkitt lymphoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008 Apr; 50(4):888-90. View abstract
  93. Duncan CN, Buonanno MR, Barry EV, Myers K, Peritz D, Lehmann L. Bronchiolitis obliterans following pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2008 Jun; 41(11):971-5. View abstract
  94. Al-Mohaya M, Treister N, Al-Khadra O, Lehmann L, Padwa B, Woo SB. Calcineurin inhibitor-associated oral inflammatory polyps after transplantation. J Oral Pathol Med. 2007 Oct; 36(9):570-4. View abstract
  95. Guinan EC, Kalish LA, Berry WS, McDaniel S, Lehmann LE, Diller LR. A novel pattern of transaminase elevation associated with autologous transplant for neuroblastoma. Pediatr Transplant. 2006 Sep; 10(6):669-76. View abstract
  96. Ullrich NJ, Marcus K, Pomeroy SL, Turner CD, Zimmerman M, Lehmann LE, Scott RM, Goumnerova L, Gillan E, Kieran MW, Chi SN. Transverse myelitis after therapy for primitive neuroectodermal tumors. Pediatr Neurol. 2006 Aug; 35(2):122-5. View abstract
  97. Lehmann L, Wagner J, Metzler M. Estrogenic and clastogenic potential of the mycotoxin alternariol in cultured mammalian cells. Food Chem Toxicol. 2006 Mar; 44(3):398-408. View abstract
  98. Treister NS, Woo SB, O'Holleran EW, Lehmann LE, Parsons SK, Guinan EC. Oral chronic graft-versus-host disease in pediatric patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2005 Sep; 11(9):721-31. View abstract
  99. Schumacher DM, Wagner J, Metzler M, Lehmann L. Influence of decreased intracellular glutathione level on the mutagenicity of patulin in cultured mouse lymphoma cells. Mycotoxin Res. 2005 Jun; 21(2):150-2. View abstract
  100. Lehmann L, Esch HL, Wagner J, Rohnstock L, Metzler M. Estrogenic and genotoxic potential of equol and two hydroxylated metabolites of Daidzein in cultured human Ishikawa cells. Toxicol Lett. 2005 Jul 28; 158(1):72-86. View abstract
  101. Bourquin JP, Thornley I, Neuberg D, Brennan L, Kung A, Clark J, Lehmann L, Guinan EC. Favorable outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for relapsed or refractory acute promyelocytic leukemia in childhood. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2004 Nov; 34(9):795-8. View abstract
  102. Treister N, Lehmann LE, Cherrick I, Guinan EC, Woo SB. Dyskeratosis congenita vs. chronic graft versus host disease: report of a case and a review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004 Nov; 98(5):566-71. View abstract
  103. Thornley I, Lehmann LE, Sung L, Holmes C, Spear JM, Brennan L, Vangel M, Bechard LJ, Richardson P, Duggan C, Guinan EC. A multiagent strategy to decrease regimen-related toxicity in children undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2004 Sep; 10(9):635-44. View abstract
  104. von Lilienfeld-Toal M, Dietrich MP, Glasmacher A, Lehmann L, Breig P, Hahn C, Schmidt-Wolf IG, Marklein G, Schroeder S, Stuber F. Markers of bacteremia in febrile neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies: procalcitonin and IL-6 are more reliable than C-reactive protein. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2004 Jul; 23(7):539-44. View abstract
  105. Levy O, Teixeira-Pinto A, White ML, Carroll SF, Lehmann L, Wypij D, Guinan E. Endotoxemia and elevation of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003 Nov; 22(11):978-81. View abstract
  106. Goldberg JM, Silverman LB, Levy DE, Dalton VK, Gelber RD, Lehmann L, Cohen HJ, Sallan SE, Asselin BL. Childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute acute lymphoblastic leukemia consortium experience. J Clin Oncol. 2003 Oct 01; 21(19):3616-22. View abstract
  107. Thornley I, Lehmann L, Ferguson WS, Davis I, Forman EN, Guinan EC. Homozygous alpha-thalassemia treated with intrauterine transfusions and postnatal hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2003 Aug; 32(3):341-2. View abstract
  108. Duggan C, Bechard L, Donovan K, Vangel M, O'Leary A, Holmes C, Lehmann L, Guinan E. Changes in resting energy expenditure among children undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Jul; 78(1):104-9. View abstract
  109. Lehmann LE, Anupindi S, Harris NL. Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Weekly clinicopathological exercises. Case 18-2003. A 15-year-old girl with pain in the left leg and back, pruritus, and thoracic lymphadenopathy. N Engl J Med. 2003 Jun 12; 348(24):2443-51. View abstract
  110. Levy O, Sisson RB, Fryer HE, Goldmann D, Valore E, Ganz T, White ML, Carroll SF, Lehmann L, Guinan EC. Neutrophil defense in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation: bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) and defensins in graft-derived neutrophils. Transplantation. 2002 May 15; 73(9):1522-6. View abstract
  111. Pfeifer W, Levi E, Petrogiannis-Haliotis T, Lehmann L, Wang Z, Kadin ME. A murine xenograft model for human CD30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Successful growth inhibition with an anti-CD30 antibody (HeFi-1). Am J Pathol. 1999 Oct; 155(4):1353-9. View abstract
  112. Parsons SK, Neault MW, Lehmann LE, Brennan LL, Eickhoff CE, Kretschmar CS, Diller LR. Severe ototoxicity following carboplatin-containing conditioning regimen for autologous marrow transplantation for neuroblastoma. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1998 Oct; 22(7):669-74. View abstract
  113. Lehmann LE, Guinan EC, Halpern SL, Donovan MJ, Bierer BE, Parsons SK. Isolated testicular relapse in an adolescent 5 years following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1997 Apr; 19(8):849-51. View abstract
  114. Lehmann L, Zitzelsberger H, Kellerer AM, Braselmann H, Kulka U, Georgiadou-Schumacher V, Negele T, Spelsberg F, Demidchik E, Lengfelder E, Bauchinger M. Chromosome translocations in thyroid tissues from Belarussian children exposed to radioiodine from the Chernobyl accident, measured by FISH-painting. Int J Radiat Biol. 1996 Nov; 70(5):513-6. View abstract
  115. Parsons SK, Castellino SM, Lehmann LE, Eickhoff CE, Tarbell NJ, Sallan SE, Weinstein HJ, Billett AL. Relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia: similar outcomes for autologous and allogeneic marrow transplantation in selected children. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1996 May; 17(5):763-8. View abstract
  116. Bruns J, Lüssenhop S, Lehmann L. [Patellar osteochondrosis dissecans--results of surgical therapy]. Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 1996 Jan-Feb; 134(1):7-10. View abstract
  117. Kern E, Lehmann L, Eckert E, Höcht B. [Mesenteric plication by the Childs-Phillips method for the prevention and therapy of small intestine obstructions. Experiences in 148 cases]. Chirurg. 1980 May; 51(5):308-12. View abstract