EDUCATION

Medical School

  • Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons , 1981 , New York , NY

Internship

  • New England Deaconess Hospital , 1982 , Boston , MA

Residency

  • New England Medical Center , 1987 , Boston , MA

Fellowship

  • Boston Children's Hospital , 1988 , Boston , MA

Philosophy of Care

I entered the medical profession based on my strong interest in biology and health care. I enjoy working with children and young patients along with their parents to gain the patient’s full potential for growth, recreation, happiness and a bright future.

PROFESSIONAL HISTORY

  • Member of Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), and American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery.

CERTIFICATIONS

  • American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, General Orthopaedics

PUBLICATIONS

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Variability in Antibiotic Treatment of Pediatric Surgical Site Infection After Spinal Fusion at A Single Institution. J Pediatr Orthop. 2021 Jul 01; 41(6):e380-e385. View abstract
  2. Bracing for infantile scoliosis: no sedation needed. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2021 Jun 28; 280:184-186. View abstract
  3. Preoperative hematocrit and platelet count are associated with blood loss during spinal fusion for children with neuromuscular scoliosis. J Perioper Pract. 2021 Apr 07; 1750458920962634. View abstract
  4. Vitamin D levels and pain outcomes in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients undergoing spine fusion. Spine Deform. 2021 Jul; 9(4):997-1004. View abstract
  5. Scoliosis with Chiari I malformation without associated syringomyelia. Spine Deform. 2021 Jul; 9(4):1105-1113. View abstract
  6. Why Irrigate for the Same Contamination Rate: Wound Contamination in Pediatric Spinal Surgery Using Betadine Versus Saline. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Nov/Dec; 40(10):e994-e998. View abstract
  7. Occipital Plate Fixation in the Pediatric Population. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Oct; 40(9):462-467. View abstract
  8. The growth-friendly surgical treatment of scoliosis in children with osteogenesis imperfecta using distraction-based instrumentation. Spine Deform. 2021 Jan; 9(1):263-274. View abstract
  9. Acute Implant-related Complications in Pediatric Cervical Spine Fusion. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Aug; 40(7):e662-e666. View abstract
  10. Incidence of Proximal Junctional Kyphosis With Pedicle Screws at Upper Instrumented Vertebrae in Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Global Spine J. 2020 Jul 07; 2192568220935107. View abstract
  11. Sprengel's deformity: an analysis of surgically and nonsurgically treated patients. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2021 Jan; 30(1):e1-e9. View abstract
  12. Efficacy of bracing in skeletally immature patients with moderate-severe idiopathic scoliosis curves between 40° and 60°. Spine Deform. 2020 10; 8(5):911-920. View abstract
  13. The Reliability of the AOSpine Thoracolumbar Classification System in Children: Results of a Multicenter Study. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 May/Jun; 40(5):e352-e356. View abstract
  14. Diagnosing and treating native spinal and pelvic osteomyelitis in adolescents. Spine Deform. 2020 10; 8(5):1001-1008. View abstract
  15. Does bracing for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis affect operative results? Spine Deform. 2020 06; 8(3):427-432. View abstract
  16. Intraoperative Use of O-arm in Pediatric Cervical Spine Surgery. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Apr; 40(4):e266-e271. View abstract
  17. Developmental sacral morphology: MR study from infancy to skeletal maturity. Eur Spine J. 2020 05; 29(5):1141-1146. View abstract
  18. Establishing consensus on the best practice guidelines for the use of bracing in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2020 08; 8(4):597-604. View abstract
  19. Chiari I malformations with syringomyelia: long-term results of neurosurgical decompression. Spine Deform. 2020 04; 8(2):233-243. View abstract
  20. Implementing a Multidisciplinary Clinical Pathway Can Reduce the Deep Surgical Site Infection Rate After Posterior Spinal Fusion in High-Risk Patients. Spine Deform. 2019 Jan; 7(1):33-39. View abstract
  21. Surgical Fixation Using Screw-Rod Construct Instrumentation for Upper Cervical Instability in Pediatric Down Syndrome Patients. Spine Deform. 2019 Nov; 7(6):957-961. View abstract
  22. Comparative Sacral Morphology in Spondylolisthesis Patients. Spine Deform. 2019 Nov; 7(6):945-949. View abstract
  23. Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Trial (BrAIST): Development and Validation of a Prognostic Model in Untreated Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Using the Simplified Skeletal Maturity System. Spine Deform. 2019 Nov; 7(6):890-898. View abstract
  24. Surgical Treatment of Developmental Spondylolisthesis: Contemporary Series With a Two-Surgeon Team. Spine Deform. 2019 Mar; 7(2):275-285. View abstract
  25. Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Trial (BrAIST): Development and Validation of a Prognostic Model in Untreated Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Using the Simplified Skeletal Maturity System. Spine Deform. 2019 11; 7(6):890-898.e4. View abstract
  26. Surgical Fixation Using Screw-Rod Construct Instrumentation for Upper Cervical Instability in Pediatric Down Syndrome Patients. Spine Deform. 2019 11; 7(6):957-961. View abstract
  27. Comparative Sacral Morphology in Spondylolisthesis Patients. Spine Deform. 2019 11; 7(6):945-949. View abstract
  28. Perioperative acute neurological deficits in instrumented pediatric cervical spine fusions. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2019 Aug 16; 1-11. View abstract
  29. What Are the Indications for Spinal Fusion Surgery in Scheuermann Kyphosis? J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 May/Jun; 39(5):217-221. View abstract
  30. Restoration of normal pelvic balance from surgical reduction in high-grade spondylolisthesis. Eur Spine J. 2019 09; 28(9):2087-2094. View abstract
  31. Correction to: The "Risser+" grade: a new grading system to classify skeletal maturity in idiopathic scoliosis. Eur Spine J. 2019 Apr; 28(4):888. View abstract
  32. Criteria for surgical reduction in high-grade lumbosacral spondylolisthesis based on quality of life measures. Eur Spine J. 2019 Sep; 28(9):2060-2069. View abstract
  33. Surgical Treatment of Developmental Spondylolisthesis: Contemporary Series With a Two-Surgeon Team. Spine Deform. 2019 03; 7(2):275-285. View abstract
  34. Implementing a Multidisciplinary Clinical Pathway Can Reduce the Deep Surgical Site Infection Rate After Posterior Spinal Fusion in High-Risk Patients. Spine Deform. 2019 01; 7(1):33-39. View abstract
  35. Tranexamic Acid Is Efficacious at Decreasing the Rate of Blood Loss in Adolescent Scoliosis Surgery: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Dec 05; 100(23):2024-2032. View abstract
  36. The "Risser+" grade: a new grading system to classify skeletal maturity in idiopathic scoliosis. Eur Spine J. 2019 03; 28(3):559-566. View abstract
  37. Retraction Note: Brace classification study group (BCSG): part one - definitions and atlas. Scoliosis Spinal Disord. 2018; 13:25. View abstract
  38. C2 Translaminar Screw Fixation in Children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2018 Jul; 38(6):e312-e317. View abstract
  39. Sagittal plane parameters in growing rod patients following final fusion. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2018 Mar; 27(2):168-175. View abstract
  40. Early Detection of Scoliosis-What the USPSTF "I" Means for Us. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 03 01; 172(3):216-217. View abstract
  41. Acute Exertional Compartment Syndrome in Young Athletes: A Descriptive Case Series and Review of the Literature. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Feb; 34(2):76-80. View abstract
  42. Benign Natural History of Spondylolysis in Adolescence With Midterm Follow-Up. Spine Deform. 2017 Mar; 5(2):134-138. View abstract
  43. Predicting Postsurgical Satisfaction in Adolescents With Idiopathic Scoliosis: The Role of Presurgical Functioning and Expectations. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Dec; 37(8):e548-e551. View abstract
  44. Staged Growing Rods With Preimplantation of Spinal Anchors for Complex Early Onset Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Dec; 37(8):e606-e611. View abstract
  45. Efficacy of Intraoperative Neurophysiologic Monitoring for Pediatric Cervical Spine Surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Jul 01; 42(13):974-978. View abstract
  46. Allograft Bone Use in Pediatric Subaxial Cervical Spine Fusions. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Mar; 37(2):e140-e144. View abstract
  47. Benign Natural History of Spondylolysis in Adolescence With Midterm Follow-Up. Spine Deform. 2017 03; 5(2):134-138. View abstract
  48. What are the Indications for Spinal Fusion Surgery in Scheuermann Kyphosis? J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Jan 30. View abstract
  49. Brace Classification Study Group (BCSG): part one - definitions and atlas. Scoliosis Spinal Disord. 2016; 11:43. View abstract
  50. Pediatric Nonfracture Acute Compartment Syndrome: A Review of 39 Cases. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Oct-Nov; 36(7):685-90. View abstract
  51. Early Detection of Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescents. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016 Aug 17; 98(16):e67. View abstract
  52. Nonsurgical Management of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2016 Aug; 24(8):555-64. View abstract
  53. Scoliosis Research Society members attitudes towards physical therapy and physiotherapeutic scoliosis specific exercises for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis. 2015; 10:16. View abstract
  54. Spinal deformity progression after posterior segmental instrumentation and fusion for idiopathic scoliosis. J Child Orthop. 2015 Feb; 9(1):29-37. View abstract
  55. Abnormal rib count in scoliosis surgery: impact on the reporting of spinal fusion levels. J Child Orthop. 2014 Dec; 8(6):497-503. View abstract
  56. Efficacy of nonfusion treatment for subacute and chronic atlanto-axial rotatory fixation in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Jul-Aug; 34(5):490-5. View abstract
  57. Displaced intra-articular fractures of the great toe in children: intervene with caution! J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Mar; 34(2):144-9. View abstract
  58. Bracing for scoliosis in 2014: state of the art. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2014 Feb; 50(1):93-110. View abstract
  59. Gain in spinal height from surgical correction of idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Jan 01; 96(1):59-65. View abstract
  60. Pain prevalence and trajectories following pediatric spinal fusion surgery. J Pain. 2013 Dec; 14(12):1694-702. View abstract
  61. Spondylolisthesis: Intra-rater and Inter-rater Reliabilities of Radiographic Sagittal Spinopelvic Parameters Using Standard Picture Archiving and Communication System Measurement Tools. Spine Deform. 2013 Nov; 1(6):412-418. View abstract
  62. The pendulum swings back to scoliosis screening: screening policies for early detection and treatment of idiopathic scoliosis - current concepts and recommendations. Scoliosis. 2013 Oct 29; 8(1):16. View abstract
  63. Surgical management of pediatric radial neck fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Oct 16; 95(20):1825-32. View abstract
  64. Scoliosis after chest wall resection. J Child Orthop. 2013 Oct; 7(4):301-7. View abstract
  65. Complications of plate fixation of femoral shaft fractures in children and adolescents. J Child Orthop. 2013 Jun; 7(3):235-43. View abstract
  66. Distal femoral valgus deformity following plate fixation of pediatric femoral shaft fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Mar 20; 95(6):526-33. View abstract
  67. Clinical practice. Idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents. N Engl J Med. 2013 Feb 28; 368(9):834-41. View abstract
  68. A quality improvement program to reduce unnecessary referrals for adolescent scoliosis. Pediatrics. 2013 Mar; 131(3):e912-20. View abstract
  69. Changing practice patterns: the impact of a randomized clinical trial on surgeons preference for treatment of type 3 supracondylar humerus fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Jun; 32(4):340-5. View abstract
  70. Spinal deformity in young athletes. Clin Sports Med. 2012 Jul; 31(3):441-51. View abstract
  71. Lumbar spine surgery in athletes:: outcomes and return-to-play criteria. Clin Sports Med. 2012 Jul; 31(3):487-98. View abstract
  72. Radiographic analysis of spondylolisthesis and sagittal spinopelvic deformity. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2012 Apr; 20(4):194-205. View abstract
  73. Reliability of the Spinal Deformity Study Group classification of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Jan 15; 37(2):E95-102. View abstract
  74. Incidence of skin complications and associated charges in children treated with hip spica casts for femur fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jan-Feb; 31(1):17-22. View abstract
  75. Multiple level injuries in pediatric spinal trauma. J Trauma. 2009 Sep; 67(3):537-42. View abstract
  76. The effect of reduction and instrumentation of spondylolisthesis on spinopelvic sagittal alignment. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Mar; 29(2):157-62. View abstract
  77. Failure of attempted implant retention in spinal deformity delayed surgical site infections. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Jan 01; 34(1):60-4. View abstract
  78. Reliability and development of a new classification of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis. Scoliosis. 2008 Dec 10; 3:19. View abstract
  79. Locking plate fixation for pediatric femur fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Jan-Feb; 28(1):6-9. View abstract
  80. Locking Plate Fixation for Pediatric Femur fractures,. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008; 28(1):6-9. View abstract
  81. Modern cervical spine instrumentation in children. Spine. 2008; 33(4):379-383. View abstract
  82. Spino-pelvic alignment after surgical correction for developmental spondylolisthesis. European Spine Journal. 2008; 17:1170-6. View abstract
  83. Classification of high-grade spondylolistheses based on pelvic version and spine balance: possible rationale for reduction. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Sep 15; 32(20):2208-13. View abstract
  84. Lateral entry compared with medial and lateral entry pin fixation for completely displaced supracondylar humeral fractures in children. A randomized clinical trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007 Apr; 89(4):706-12. View abstract
  85. Modern segmental cervical spine insrutmentation in children. 2007. View abstract
  86. Locking plate fixation for pediatric femur fractures. 2007. View abstract
  87. A comparison of methods for measuring spinal motion in female patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 Nov-Dec; 26(6):758-63. View abstract
  88. Results and technique of unstable pediatric femoral fractures treated with submuscular bridge plating. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006; 2:177-81. View abstract
  89. Low- grade Spondylisthesis: How pelvic tilt and sacral slope interact with spino-pelvic balance. 2006. View abstract
  90. Pediatric Spine and Multiple Level Injuries, E-poster. 2006. View abstract
  91. Serum levels of nickel and chromium after instrumented posterior spinal arthrodesis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Apr 15; 30(8):923-6. View abstract
  92. Prophylactic pinning of the contralateral hip after unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Dec; 86(12):2658-65. View abstract
  93. Intertrochanteric versus subcapital osteotomy in slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004 Oct; (427):204-12. View abstract
  94. Spondylolisthesis, pelvic incidence, and spinopelvic balance: a correlation study. SPINE. 2004; 29(18):2049-2054. View abstract
  95. Distinct chromosomal rearrangements in subungual (Dupuytren) exostosis and bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (Nora lesion). Am J Surg Pathol. 2004 Aug; 28(8):1033-9. View abstract
  96. Delay in diagnosis of slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Pediatrics. 2004 Apr; 113(4):e322-5. View abstract
  97. Postoperative shoulder-spine spica cast for young children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 Mar-Apr; 24(2):227-30. View abstract
  98. Discoid lateral meniscus: prevalence of peripheral rim instability. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 Jan-Feb; 24(1):79-82. View abstract
  99. Tibial eminence fractures in children: prevalence of meniscal entrapment. Am J Sports Med. 2003 May-Jun; 31(3):404-7. View abstract
  100. Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis in Children. Seminars in Spine Surgery. 2003; 15(2). View abstract
  101. Prospective reevaluation of the association between thrombotic diathesis and legg-perthes disease. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2002 Sep; 84(9):1613-8. View abstract
  102. Surgical treatment of congenital kyphosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Oct 15; 26(20):2251-7. View abstract
  103. Extrapleural thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion: a modified video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery approach to the pediatric spine. JSLS. 2001 Apr-Jun; 5(2):187-9. View abstract
  104. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head associated with slipped capital femoral epiphysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2001 Mar-Apr; 21(2):189-93. View abstract
  105. Wagner multiple K-wire osteosynthesis to correct coxa vara in the young child: experience with a versatile 'tailor-made' high angle blade plate equivalent. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2001 Jan; 10(1):43-50. View abstract
  106. Titanium elastic nails for pediatric femur fractures: a multicenter study of early results with analysis of complications. J Pediatr Orthop. 2001 Jan-Feb; 21(1):4-8. View abstract
  107. Comparison of single- and dual-rod techniques for posterior spinal instrumentation in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Aug 01; 25(15):1944-9. View abstract
  108. Occipitocervical fusions in children. Retrospective analysis and technical considerations. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1999 Jul; (364):125-33. View abstract
  109. Lumbosacral fusion in children and adolescents using the modified sacral bar technique. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1999 Jul; (364):85-91. View abstract
  110. Excision of the radial head in patients younger than 18 years. J Pediatr Orthop. 1999 Jan-Feb; 19(1):106-13. View abstract
  111. T. dondylar dractures of the distal humerus in children and adolescents. J Pediatr Orthop. 1999 May-Jun;19(3):313-8. 1999; 19(3):313-318. View abstract
  112. Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (V.A.T.S.) in the treatment of pediatric spinal deformity. Harvard Orthopaedic Journal . 1999; 1:107-109. View abstract
  113. Scoliosis and Kyphosis. Ambulatory Pediatrics Care,Dershowitz RA(editor),. 1999. View abstract
  114. Femur fractures in children: treatment with early sitting spica casting. J Pediatr Orthop. 1998 Jul-Aug; 18(4):481-7. View abstract
  115. MRI demonstration of occult purely chondral fractures of the tibia: a potential mimic of meniscal tears. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Sep; 27(9):765-6. View abstract
  116. Segmental spinal dysgenesis: early neurologic deterioration and treatment. J Pediatr Orthop. 1997 Jan-Feb; 17(1):100-4. View abstract
  117. book review Management of Pediatric Fractures by R.Meryn Letts (ed). Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 1996; 87A:630. View abstract
  118. Patellar sleeve fracture: demonstration with MR imaging. Radiology. 1994 Dec; 193(3):825-7. View abstract
  119. Burst fractures of the fifth lumbar vertebra. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Oct 01; 18(13):1878-84. View abstract
  120. Hip disease in adults with Down syndrome. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1993 Jul; 75(4):604-7. View abstract
  121. Latent psoas abscess after anterior spinal fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1992 May; 17(5):590-3. View abstract
  122. Orthopaedic Problems in the Pediatric Patient. Chapter 15 . Orthopedics in Primary Care, Steinberg GG, Akins CM, Baran DT, (eds). 1992. View abstract
  123. Thoracic and Lumbosacral Spine. Chapter 5. Orthopaedics in Primary Care,Steinberg GG, Akins CM, Baran DT, (eds). 1992. View abstract
  124. Disorders of the Lumbar Spine. Chapter 34 . Sports Medicine and the Lumbar Spine ` . 1990. View abstract
  125. Physeal arrest about the knee associated with non-physeal fractures in the lower extremity. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1989 Jun; 71(5):698-703. View abstract
  126. Unicameral bone cyst in the scapula of an adolescent. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1988 Nov; (236):141-4. View abstract