Undergraduate Degree

  • Ithaca College , 2005 , Ithaca , NY

Graduate Degree

  • University of Connecticut , 2013 , Farmington , CT

Medical School

  • University of Connecticut , 2013 , Farmington , CT


  • Mt. Auburn Hospital , 2014 , Cambridge , MA


  • Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary , 2017 , Boston , MA


  • Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary , 2018 , Boston , MA


  • Boston Children's Hospital , 2019 , Boston , MA

Philosophy of Care

As a physician-scientist and pediatric neuro-ophthalmologist, I focus on treating children with vision and/or eye movement disorders rooted in the nervous system, with the goal of optimizing their visual function and experience over their lifetimes.


  • American Board of Ophthalmology


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Reversal of Visual Loss From Skull Base Osteomyelitis in a Pediatric Patient. J Neuroophthalmol. 2021 Dec 01; 41(4):e728-e730. View abstract
  2. Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Secondary to Carotid Artery Dissection. J Neuroophthalmol. 2021 Dec 01; 41(4):e731-e733. View abstract
  3. Comment on "Fatal GNAQ-mutated CNS melanoma in an adolescent with nevus of Ota". Pediatr Dermatol. 2021 Nov; 38(6):1608-1609. View abstract
  4. Evaluation of the Relationship Between Preferential Looking Testing and Visual Evoked Potentials as a Biomarker of Cerebral Visual Impairment. Front Hum Neurosci. 2021; 15:769259. View abstract
  5. Sectoral Sparing Associated With a Cilioretinal Artery in Arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy. J Neuroophthalmol. 2021 Oct 22. View abstract
  6. Adverse Ocular Events following COVID-19 Vaccination. Inflamm Res. 2021 Dec; 70(10-12):1005-1009. View abstract
  7. Randomized Controlled Trial of a Dichoptic Digital Therapeutic for Amblyopia. Ophthalmology. 2022 Jan; 129(1):77-85. View abstract
  8. Ptosis as Clinical Presentation in a Patient With Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy Type 5. J Neuroophthalmol. 2021 09 01; 41(3):e333-e334. View abstract
  9. Absent Foveal Avascular Zone in Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay. J Neuroophthalmol. 2021 06 01; 41(2):e166-e168. View abstract
  10. Digital therapeutic improves visual acuity and encourages high adherence in amblyopic children in open-label pilot study. J AAPOS. 2021 04; 25(2):87.e1-87.e6. View abstract
  11. Microvasculopathy in Lyme-Associated Papillitis Revealed by Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography. J Neuroophthalmol. 2021 Mar 23. View abstract
  12. Serum Biomarkers in Neuro-Ophthalmology: When to Test. Semin Ophthalmol. 2021 May 19; 36(4):322-328. View abstract
  13. Emerging therapies for amblyopia. Semin Ophthalmol. 2021 May 19; 36(4):282-288. View abstract
  14. Pseudo-Duane retraction syndrome after orbital myositis. J AAPOS. 2021 04; 25(2):121-123. View abstract
  15. Persistent vasa hyaloidea propria/retinae in familial exudative vitreoretinopathy. J AAPOS. 2021 04; 25(2):114-116. View abstract
  16. Improved adherence and treatment outcomes with an engaging, personalized digital therapeutic in amblyopia. Sci Rep. 2020 05 20; 10(1):8328. View abstract
  17. Virtual Visits in Ophthalmology: Timely Advice for Implementation During the COVID-19 Public Health Crisis. Telemed J E Health. 2020 09; 26(9):1113-1117. View abstract
  18. Novel homozygous OPA3 mutation in an Afghani family with 3-methylglutaconic aciduria type III and optic atrophy. Ophthalmic Genet. 2019 12; 40(6):570-573. View abstract
  19. Pediatric Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension. Semin Neurol. 2019 12; 39(6):704-710. View abstract
  20. Poor prognoses of open globe injuries with concomitant orbital fractures. Orbit. 2020 Aug; 39(4):241-250. View abstract
  21. Diagnosis and Imaging of Optic Nerve Head Drusen. Semin Ophthalmol. 2019; 34(4):256-263. View abstract
  22. Imaging Amblyopia: Insights from Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Semin Ophthalmol. 2019; 34(4):303-311. View abstract
  23. Quantitative analysis of optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCT-A) in patients with non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) corresponds to visual function. PLoS One. 2018; 13(6):e0199793. View abstract
  24. Pseudohemangioma in Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy. Ophthalmology. 2018 06; 125(6):903. View abstract
  25. Bilateral uveal effusions in a 23-year-old man. Digit J Ophthalmol. 2018; 24(3):13-15. View abstract
  26. Double Optic Disc Pit With Glial Plugs Imaged by Wide-Field Optical Coherence Tomography. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2018 01 01; 49(1):52-54. View abstract
  27. Focal Capillary Dropout Associated With Optic Disc Drusen Using Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography. J Neuroophthalmol. 2017 12; 37(4):405-410. View abstract
  28. Optical coherence tomographic angiography identifies peripapillary microvascular dilation and focal non-perfusion in giant cell arteritis. Br J Ophthalmol. 2018 08; 102(8):1141-1146. View abstract
  29. Congenital anomalies of the optic disc: insights from optical coherence tomography imaging. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2017 Nov; 28(6):579-586. View abstract
  30. Diagnostic genetic testing for patients with bilateral optic neuropathy and comparison of clinical features according to OPA1 mutation status. Mol Vis. 2017; 23:548-560. View abstract
  31. Retinal Loop Vessel Captured with Optical Coherence Tomography-Angiography. Ophthalmology. 2017 08; 124(8):1174. View abstract
  32. PV16-Positive Invasive Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma in an Anophthalmic Socket. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 May/Jun; 33(3S Suppl 1):S2-S4. View abstract
  33. Combined Central Retinal Vein Occlusion and Central Retinal Arterial Obstruction with Cilioretinal Artery Sparing. Ophthalmology. 2017 04; 124(4):576. View abstract
  34. Advances in Amblyopia Treatment: Paradigm Shifts and Future Directions. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 2017; 57(4):117-128. View abstract
  35. The enigma of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy: an update for the comprehensive ophthalmologist. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2016 Nov; 27(6):498-504. View abstract
  36. Peripapillary Capillary Dilation in Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy Revealed by Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 11 01; 134(11):1332-1334. View abstract
  37. Demographic, Systemic, and Ocular Factors Associated with Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy. Ophthalmology. 2016 12; 123(12):2446-2455. View abstract
  38. Atypical Optic Neuritis. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2015 Dec; 15(12):76. View abstract
  39. Genetics of Primary Inherited Disorders of the Optic Nerve: Clinical Applications. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2015 Jul 01; 5(7):a017277. View abstract
  40. Genetic determinants of amidating enzyme activity and its relationship with metal cofactors in human serum. BMC Endocr Disord. 2014 Jul 15; 14:58. View abstract
  41. Pam heterozygous mice reveal essential role for Cu in amygdalar behavioral and synaptic function. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2014 May; 1314:15-23. View abstract
  42. In vivo and in vitro analyses of amygdalar function reveal a role for copper. J Neurophysiol. 2014 May; 111(10):1927-39. View abstract
  43. Peptidylglycine a-amidating monooxygenase heterozygosity alters brain copper handling with region specificity. J Neurochem. 2013 Dec; 127(5):605-19. View abstract
  44. Copper signaling in the mammalian nervous system: synaptic effects. J Neurosci Res. 2013 Jan; 91(1):2-19. View abstract
  45. High serum Cu and Cu/Zn ratios correlate with impairments in bone density, physical performance and overall health in a population of elderly men with frailty characteristics. Exp Gerontol. 2012 Jul; 47(7):491-6. View abstract
  46. Haploinsufficiency in peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase leads to altered synaptic transmission in the amygdala and impaired emotional responses. J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 13; 30(41):13656-69. View abstract
  47. Kalirin-7 is required for synaptic structure and function. J Neurosci. 2008 Nov 19; 28(47):12368-82. View abstract
  48. Amine modulation of Ih in a small neural network. J Neurophysiol. 2006 Dec; 96(6):2931-40. View abstract
  49. Low conductance gap junctions mediate specific electrical coupling in body-wall muscle cells of Caenorhabditis elegans. J Biol Chem. 2006 Mar 24; 281(12):7881-9. View abstract