Undergraduate Degree

  • Princeton University , 1977 , Princeton , NJ

Medical School

  • University of Rochester School of Medicine , 1981 , Rochester , NY


Coordinated Surgical Program
  • University of Massachusetts , 1984 , Worcester , MA


  • Massachusetts General Hospital (Children's Service) , 1983 , Boston , MA


  • University of Pittsburgh Eye and Ear Hospital , 1988 , Pittsburgh , PA


  • Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary , 1989 , Boston , MA


Michael J. Cunningham, M.D. is a graduate of Princeton University (1977) and the Rochester University School of Medicine (1981). He completed Pediatrics training at the Massachusetts General Hospital and Otolaryngology training at the University of Pittsburgh. He has practiced as a pediatric otolaryngologist in Boston since 1989.

He is currently Otolaryngologist-in-Chief of the Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement at Boston Children’s Hospital, and Professor of Otology and Laryngology at the Harvard Medical School.

He is the previous Director of the Harvard Residency Program in Otolaryngology, and presently serves as vice chair of the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education committee responsible for overseeing otolaryngology residency and fellowship training in the United States.

He has played an active role in many professional societies.  He was a member of the Executive Committee of the Section on Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery of the American Academy of Pediatrics from 1996-2006, serving as chair from 1998-2002. He additionally chaired the AAP Surgery Advisory Panel, also known as the Surgical Sections Action Group, from 2002-2006. He is a past treasurer and president of the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology, and a past president of the New England Otolaryngological Society.


  • American Board of Otolaryngology


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Gallant SC, Chewning RH, Orbach DB, Trenor CC, Cunningham MJ. Contemporary Management of Vascular Anomalies of the Head and Neck-Part 1: Vascular Malformations: A Review. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 Nov 25. View abstract
  2. Benedek P, Balakrishnan K, Cunningham MJ, Friedman NR, Goudy SL, Ishman SL, Katona G, Kirkham EM, Lam DJ, Leboulanger N, Lee GS, Le Treut C, Mitchell RB, Muntz HR, Musso MF, Parikh SR, Rahbar R, Roy S, Russell J, Sidell DR, Sie KCY, Smith RJ, Soma MA, Wyatt ME, Zalzal G, Zur KB, Boudewyns A. International Pediatric Otolaryngology group (IPOG) consensus on the diagnosis and management of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 Nov; 138:110276. View abstract
  3. Mercier E, Cunningham MJ. Is Antral Choanal Polyp Best Managed by an Endoscopic or Caldwell-Luc Approach? Laryngoscope. 2020 Jun 16. View abstract
  4. Adil EA, Muir ME, Kawai K, Dombrowski ND, Cunningham MJ. Pediatric Subperiosteal Abscess Secondary to Acute Sinusitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Laryngoscope. 2020 12; 130(12):2906-2912. View abstract
  5. Chan KH, Dinwiddie JK, Ahuja GS, Bennett EC, Brigger MT, Chi DH, Choo DI, Cunningham MJ, Elluru RG, Giannoni CM, Goudy SL, Koempel JA, MacArthur CJ, Malone B, Messner AH, Mitchell RB, Park AH, Richter GT, Rosbe KW, Shah UK, Sie KCY, Smith RJ, Sulman CG, Thompson JW, Thorne MC, Wei JL, Wetmore RF, White DR, Zalzal GH, Schoem SR. Advanced practice providers and children's hospital-based pediatric otolarynology practices. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 Feb; 129:109770. View abstract
  6. Brooks JA, Cunningham MJ, Koempel JA, Kawai K, Huang JK, Weitzman RE, Osterbauer B, Hughes AL. To drain or not to drain following a Sistrunk procedure: A dual institutional experience. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2019 Dec; 127:109645. View abstract
  7. Thong G, Dombrowski ND, Kawai K, Cunningham MJ, Adil EA. Balloon Sinuplasty Utilization in the Pediatric Population: A National Database Perspective. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019 10; 161(4):683-687. View abstract
  8. Doody J, Adil EA, Trenor CC, Cunningham MJ. The Genetic and Molecular Determinants of Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma: A Systematic Review. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2019 Nov; 128(11):1061-1072. View abstract
  9. Dombrowski ND, Wolter NE, Irace AL, Cunningham MJ, Mack JW, Marcus KJ, Vargas SO, Perez-Atayde AR, Robson CD, Rahbar R. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the head and neck in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2019 May; 120:93-99. View abstract
  10. Camilon PR, Rahbar R, Cunningham MJ, Adil EA. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma in prepubertal males: A diagnostic dilemma. Laryngoscope. 2019 08; 129(8):1777-1783. View abstract
  11. Dombrowski ND, Wolter NE, Irace AL, Cunningham MJ, Vargas SO, Perez-Atayde AR, Robson CD, Rahbar R. Pleomorphic adenoma of the head and neck in children: presentation and management. Laryngoscope. 2019 Nov; 129(11):2603-2609. View abstract
  12. Jabbour J, Doerfer KW, Robey T, Cunningham MJ. Trends in Pediatric Otolaryngology Disparities Research. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018 07; 159(1):173-177. View abstract
  13. Irace AL, Shank C, Adil EA, Cunningham MJ, Kawai K, Sideridis G, Rahbar R. Changes in Scope of Procedures Performed by Pediatric Otolaryngologists in the Past Decade. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018 Apr 01; 144(4):322-329. View abstract
  14. Adil EA, Medina G, Cunningham MJ. Differentiating Tonsil Cancer from Benign Tonsillar Hypertrophy. J Pediatr. 2018 06; 197:309-309.e1. View abstract
  15. Adil EA, Medina G, Cunningham MJ. Pediatric Tonsil Cancer: A National and Institutional Perspective. J Pediatr. 2018 06; 197:255-261.e1. View abstract
  16. Kenna MA, Irace AL, Strychowsky JE, Kawai K, Barrett D, Manganella J, Cunningham MJ. Otolaryngologic Manifestations of Klippel-Feil Syndrome in Children. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018 Mar 01; 144(3):238-243. View abstract
  17. Jabbour J, Robey T, Cunningham MJ. Healthcare disparities in pediatric otolaryngology: A systematic review. Laryngoscope. 2018 07; 128(7):1699-1713. View abstract
  18. Lehmann AE, Kozin ED, Sethi RKV, Wong K, Lin BM, Gray ST, Cunningham MJ. Resident responses to after-hours otolaryngology patient phone calls: An overlooked aspect of residency training? Laryngoscope. 2018 05; 128(5):E163-E170. View abstract
  19. Bergmark RW, Ishman SL, Phillips KM, Cunningham MJ, Sedaghat AR. Emergency department use for acute rhinosinusitis: Insurance dependent for children and adults. Laryngoscope. 2018 02; 128(2):299-303. View abstract
  20. Cunningham MJ. Posttonsillectomy Hemorrhage in the Ibuprofen Era: Not Just How Frequent but How Much. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017 07 01; 143(7):649-650. View abstract
  21. Puram SV, Doody J, Cunningham MJ. A Young Boy With Progressive Dysphonia. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017 03 01; 143(3):313-314. View abstract
  22. Wolter NE, Siegele B, Cunningham MJ. Cystic cervical teratoma: A diagnostic and management challenge. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Apr; 95:97-100. View abstract
  23. Gantwerker EA, Bannos C, Cunningham MJ, Rahbar R. Surgical scheduling categorization system (SSCS): A novel classification system to improve coordination and scheduling of operative cases in a tertiary pediatric medical system. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Jan; 92:156-160. View abstract
  24. Adil EA, Kawai K, Dombrowski N, Irace AL, Cunningham MJ. Nasal versus tracheobronchial biopsies to diagnose primary ciliary dyskinesia: A meta-analysis. Laryngoscope. 2017 01; 127(1):6-13. View abstract
  25. Shin JJ, Cunningham MJ, Emerick KG, Gray ST. Measuring Nontechnical Aspects of Surgical Clinician Development in an Otolaryngology Residency Training Program. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 05 01; 142(5):423-8. View abstract
  26. McLaughlin EJ, Cunningham MJ, Kazahaya K, Hsing J, Kawai K, Adil EA. Endoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation-Assisted Resection of Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma: Comparison with Traditional Endoscopic Technique. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 06; 154(6):1145-8. View abstract
  27. Brodsky JR, Cunningham MJ. Letter to the Editor regarding "Tonsillectomy versus Tonsillotomy: A Study of Parental Preference". Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2015 Oct; 79(10):1788-9. View abstract
  28. Bergmark RW, Ishman SL, Scangas GA, Cunningham MJ, Sedaghat AR. Insurance status and quality of outpatient care for uncomplicated acute rhinosinusitis. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015 Jun; 141(6):505-11. View abstract
  29. Bergmark RW, Ishman SL, Scangas GA, Cunningham MJ, Sedaghat AR. Socioeconomic determinants of overnight and weekend emergency department use for acute rhinosinusitis. Laryngoscope. 2015 Nov; 125(11):2441-6. View abstract
  30. Scangas GA, Ishman SL, Bergmark RW, Cunningham MJ, Sedaghat AR. Emergency department presentation for uncomplicated acute rhinosinusitis is associated with poor access to healthcare. Laryngoscope. 2015 Oct; 125(10):2253-8. View abstract
  31. Brigger MT, Cunningham MJ. Malignant cervical masses in children. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2015 Feb; 48(1):59-77. View abstract
  32. Lennon P, Silvera VM, Perez-Atayde A, Cunningham MJ, Rahbar R. Disorders and tumors of the salivary glands in children. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2015 Feb; 48(1):153-73. View abstract
  33. Wang JC, Hamood AN, Saadeh C, Cunningham MJ, Yim MT, Cordero J. Strategies to prevent biofilm-based tympanostomy tube infections. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 Sep; 78(9):1433-8. View abstract
  34. Sedaghat AR, Cunningham MJ, Ishman SL. Regional and socioeconomic disparities in emergency department use of radiographic imaging for acute pediatric sinusitis. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2014 Jan-Feb; 28(1):23-8. View abstract
  35. Sedaghat AR, Phipatanakul W, Cunningham MJ. Characterization of aeroallergen sensitivities in children with allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2014 Jan; 5(3):143-5. View abstract
  36. Sedaghat AR, Phipatanakul W, Cunningham MJ. Prevalence of and associations with allergic rhinitis in children with chronic rhinosinusitis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 Feb; 78(2):343-7. View abstract
  37. Sedaghat AR, Wilke CO, Cunningham MJ, Ishman SL. Socioeconomic disparities in the presentation of acute bacterial sinusitis complications in children. Laryngoscope. 2014 Jul; 124(7):1700-6. View abstract
  38. Sedaghat AR, Phipatanakul W, Cunningham MJ. Atopy and the Development of Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Children with Allergic Rhinitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2013 Nov 01; 6(1):689-691.e2. View abstract
  39. Sedaghat AR, Cunningham MJ, Busaba NY. Connexin 32 and 43 mutations: do they play a role in chronic rhinosinusitis? Am J Otolaryngol. 2014 Jan-Feb; 35(1):33-6. View abstract
  40. Sedaghat AR, Phipatanakul W, Cunningham MJ. Atopy and the development of chronic rhinosinusitis in children with allergic rhinitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2013 Nov-Dec; 1(6):689-91.e1-2. View abstract
  41. Colello SS, Cunningham MJ, Robson CD, Teot LA. Radiology quiz case 1. Diagnosis: congenital cervical teratoma. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Jun; 139(6):643-5. View abstract
  42. Sedaghat AR, Busaba NY, Cunningham MJ, Kieff DA. Clinical assessment is an accurate predictor of which patients will need septoplasty. Laryngoscope. 2013 Jan; 123(1):48-52. View abstract
  43. Kakarala K, Faquin WC, Cunningham MJ. Radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction of the inferior turbinate in a sheep model. Laryngoscope. 2012 Apr; 122(4):724-9. View abstract
  44. Dwojak SM, Hunt JL, Cunningham MJ. Pathology quiz case 3. Neuroblastoma with cervical metastases. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Jan; 138(1):99-101. View abstract
  45. Sedaghat AR, Cunningham MJ. Does balloon catheter sinuplasty have a role in the surgical management of pediatric sinus disease? Laryngoscope. 2011 Oct; 121(10):2053-4. View abstract
  46. Baig S, Cunningham MJ. Otolaryngology education in family medicine and communication sciences training. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011 Oct; 137(10):984-8. View abstract
  47. Sedaghat AR, Gallagher TQ, Sadow PM, Cunnane ME, Cunningham MJ. Radiology quiz case 2. Pediatric base of tongue thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC). Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011 Sep; 137(9):955, 956-7. View abstract
  48. Cunningham MJ, Lin AC. Pediatric otolaryngology: The maturation of a pediatric surgical subspecialty. Laryngoscope. 2011 Jan; 121(1):194-201. View abstract
  49. Wang JC, Cunningham MJ. Congenital dacryocystocele: is there a familial predisposition? Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011 Mar; 75(3):430-2. View abstract
  50. Swayamprakasam AP, Stover E, Norgett E, Blake-Palmer KG, Cunningham MJ, Karet FE. Importance of early audiologic assessment in distal renal tubular acidosis. Int Med Case Rep J. 2011; 4:7-11. View abstract
  51. Liao S, Durand ML, Cunningham MJ. Sinogenic orbital and subperiosteal abscesses: microbiology and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus incidence. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Sep; 143(3):392-6. View abstract
  52. Kakarala K, Brigger MT, Faquin WC, Hartnick CJ, Cunningham MJ. Cystic pilomatrixoma: a diagnostic challenge. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Aug; 136(8):830-3. View abstract
  53. Brigger MT, Cunningham MJ, Hartnick CJ. Dexamethasone administration and postoperative bleeding risk in children undergoing tonsillectomy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Aug; 136(8):766-72. View abstract
  54. Jung D, Cunnane ME, Cunningham MJ. Radiology quiz case 2. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA), Radkowski grade Ib. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Jul; 136(7):741-3. View abstract
  55. Perkins JA, Manning SC, Tempero RM, Cunningham MJ, Edmonds JL, Hoffer FA, Egbert MA. Lymphatic malformations: current cellular and clinical investigations. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Jun; 142(6):789-94. View abstract
  56. Perkins JA, Manning SC, Tempero RM, Cunningham MJ, Edmonds JL, Hoffer FA, Egbert MA. Lymphatic malformations: review of current treatment. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Jun; 142(6):795-803, 803.e1. View abstract
  57. Shin JJ, Page JH, Shapiro J, Gray ST, Cunningham MJ. Validation of a clinical practice ability instrument for surgical training. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Apr; 142(4):493-9.e1. View abstract
  58. Richer SL, Yelken K, Cunningham MJ, Randolph GW, Franco RA. Hypopharyngeal pharyngoplasty for the management of piriform fossa sinus. Laryngoscope. 2010 Mar; 120(3):500-3. View abstract
  59. Benoit MM, North PE, McKenna MJ, Mihm MC, Johnson MM, Cunningham MJ. Facial nerve hemangiomas: vascular tumors or malformations? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Jan; 142(1):108-14. View abstract
  60. Manolis EN, Filippou DK, Tsoumakas C, Diomidous M, Cunningham MJ, Katostaras T, Weber AL, Eavey RD. Radiologic evaluation of the ear anatomy in pediatric cholesteatoma. J Craniofac Surg. 2009 May; 20(3):807-10. View abstract
  61. Lin HW, O'Neill A, Cunningham MJ. Ludwig's angina in the pediatric population. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2009 Jul; 48(6):583-7. View abstract
  62. White WM, Randolph GW, Hartnick CJ, Cunningham MJ. Recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring during thyroidectomy and related cervical procedures in the pediatric population. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Jan; 135(1):88-94. View abstract
  63. BuSaba NY, Cunningham MJ. Connexin 26 and 30 genes mutations in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Laryngoscope. 2008 Feb; 118(2):310-3. View abstract
  64. Nguyen HT, Faquin WC, Weinstein HJ, Cunningham MJ. Pathology quiz case 2. Diagnosis: follicular lymphoma (FL), grade 3, pediatric type. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Oct; 133(10):1063, 1065-6. View abstract
  65. Tang MH, Caruso PA, Cunningham MJ. Radiology quiz case 2. Dual ectopic subhyoid and lingual thyroids. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Sep; 133(9):941-2, 943-4. View abstract
  66. Cunningham MJ, Lin DT, Curry WT, Ebb DH, Yock TI, Curtin HD, Faquin WC. Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 20-2007. An 11-year-old boy with a calcified mass in the nose. N Engl J Med. 2007 Jun 28; 356(26):2721-30. View abstract
  67. Hartnick CJ, Boseley ME, Franco RA, Cunningham MJ, Pransky S. Efficacy of treating children with anterior commissure and true vocal fold respiratory papilloma with the 585-nm pulsed-dye laser. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Feb; 133(2):127-30. View abstract
  68. Lewis CM, Caruso P, Cunningham MJ. Parapharyngeal space lymphadenopathy. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Mar; 37(3):313-6. View abstract
  69. Cunningham MJ. Endoscopic management of pediatric nasolacrimal anomalies. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2006 Oct; 39(5):1059-74, viii-ix. View abstract
  70. Biller CK, Antonacci AC, Pelletier S, Homel P, Spann C, Cunningham MJ, Eavey RD. The 80-hour work guidelines and resident survey perceptions of quality. J Surg Res. 2006 Oct; 135(2):275-81. View abstract
  71. Boseley ME, Cunningham MJ, Volk MS, Hartnick CJ. Validation of the Pediatric Voice-Related Quality-of-Life survey. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Jul; 132(7):717-20. View abstract
  72. Lister MT, Cunningham MJ, Benjamin B, Williams M, Tirrell A, Schaumberg DA, Hartnick CJ. Microdebrider tonsillotomy vs electrosurgical tonsillectomy: a randomized, double-blind, paired control study of postoperative pain. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Jun; 132(6):599-604. View abstract
  73. Emerick KS, Cunningham MJ. Tubal tonsil hypertrophy: a cause of recurrent symptoms after adenoidectomy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Feb; 132(2):153-6. View abstract
  74. Chien W, Faquin WC, Caruso PA, Rabinov JD, Cunningham MJ. Radiology quiz case 4. Intramuscular angioma (IMA). Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Nov; 131(11):1026, 1030. View abstract
  75. Evans AK, Cunningham MJ. Atypical mycobacterial cervicofacial lymphadenitis in children: a disease as old as mankind, yet a persistent challenge. Am J Otolaryngol. 2005 Sep-Oct; 26(5):337-43. View abstract
  76. Mehta RP, Faquin WC, Cunningham MJ. Cervical bronchogenic cysts: a consideration in the differential diagnosis of pediatric cervical cystic masses. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2004 May; 68(5):563-8. View abstract
  77. Cherukupally SR, Mankarious LA, Faquin W, Cunningham MJ. Pediatric non-orbital pseudotumor of the head and neck. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2003 Jun; 67(6):649-53. View abstract
  78. Fechner FP, Cunningham MJ, Eavey RD. Laser therapy for refractory myringitis in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002 Sep; 127(3):163-8. View abstract